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Nong

Distribution area

Yanmen County: During the Warring States Period, King Zhao Wuling first set up Yanmen County, and Qin and Han caused it. Yanmen County is equivalent to the Daixian area of Shanxi Province today. It has Yanmen Pass and is one of the great towns of the Great Wall.

Historical source

Origin of "agriculture"

There are three sources of agriculture:

1. From the Shennong family, is the descendant of Emperor Yan , with the word of the father. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Wang Wu of the Zhou Dynasty enlisted the descendants of the Shennong clan to serve as the chief agricultural officer, to take charge of agricultural production, and to pray for good years. His descendants took Nong as the clan.

2, from the official name. The official responsible for managing agriculture in ancient times was called the agricultural official. Those who hold this official post have the surname "Nong" in the official name, which is called Nongshi.

3. The surnames from other ethnic groups and minority nationalities have peasant surnames : ① Zhuang Nong surname changed to Han surname. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Zhao Songming practiced annihilation of the relatives of the Zhuang tribe of Nongdong, Guangxi, and the people of Nongdong deputy "Congliang" in the name of the surname, and changed it to Han. In order to avoid the scourge of head killing and extermination, some of the Nongdong Zhuang people surnamed Zhao , and part of them reluctantly cut off the love. They left Nongzi next to others and named farmers as their surnames. They also said in their genealogy that their ancestors came from Shandong with Di Qing . ② The Dai people originally had the Sunong family, and the Han family name was changed to the Nong family.

Ancestor

Shennong's. That is Emperor Yan, as well as Lie Shanshi, Lie Shanshi, Li Shanshi, Lianshanshi ... Lai Shanshi ... "Yi Ci Ci" is called "the sacrifice of sacrifice is not made by Shennong", and Shennong's has the world. King, Emperor Yan, Chidi, and Emperor Emperor. Shennongshi was originally the leader of the Jiang tribe in the Jiangshui Basin. Later he invented agricultural implements using wooden hoe, teaching people to raise them, making ceramics, weaving, and using fire. He has made great achievements and won the king by fire. Qufu, the capital of Shandong Province, was later revered as the god of agriculture. Shennong Shi once traveled mountains and rivers, tasted all kinds of herbs, searched for cures and detoxification medicines to save the lives of wounds, and later died of ingestion of "Flame Child" by ingestion. The "Shen Nong's Materia Medica" is based on his works. Yan Emperor Shennong reigned for 120 years and passed on the seven generations of hereditary Shennong for a total of 380 years. Shennong has a son called Zhunong, also known as Yanju, or Yanju. Some of his descendants used Nong as the surname, which is called Nong, and it has been passed down from generation to generation. Therefore, the ancestor of the Nong surname is Shennong.

Migration distribution

The peasant surnames are not among the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. In ancient times, Emperor Yan was the leader of a well-known clan tribe. His tribe worshipped the Phoenix totem, and the Huangdi clan who worshiped the dragon totem was considered the ancestor of the Chinese nation. Yandi's tribe is very good at agricultural production, and the planting industry is very developed, and the planting industry is more secure than hunting and gathering, so his tribe is prosperous. Among the descendants of Emperor Yan, there is Shennong, who is said to teach the world to sow and plant land, which is very respected and famous. And some of the descendants of the Shennong family use Nong as the surname, which is called Nong, and it has been passed down from generation to generation. By the Zhou Dynasty , agricultural production occupied a more important position in social production. The court also set up an official post called "Nongzheng", which is responsible for the world's agricultural production and praying for good weather . It is an important official post. Some of Nongzheng's descendants are named after their official names, which is another origin of today's farmers. Another peasant surname originated from the Nong family of the Guangxi Zhuang people in the Northern Song Dynasty. The Northern Song Dynasty was poor in fighting the wars in northern Liao and Xixia , and had no time to look south. Three years of Xiangfu (1010), the Jiaozhi Li dynasty was established. The Jiaozhi Li dynasty took advantage of the relaxation of the southern frontier of the Northern Song Dynasty to occupy the Zhuang land, plunder the population, and squeeze property. The war between Emperor Songzong of Song Dynasty and Jiaozhi Li Dynasty. Constantly invading the coast of Guangxi. Nong Zhigao rebelled and established the "Dali Calendar State" in Luyou State (now east of Jingxi County), and Li Dezheng, a cousin king, sent troops to suppress it. Nong Zhigao repeatedly requested to attach to the Northern Song Dynasty. The Northern Song Dynasty ignored it in order to avoid troubles in the southern frontiers. Nong Zhigao established the "Southern Kingdom" in Ande (now Jingxi County). Huang You four years (1052), led the public to capture Luzhou City (now Nanning City), claiming to be " Emperor Renhui", changed the country name to "Da Nan Kingdom", the year was called the calendar. Then, the commander went east along Yujiang River. In more than 10 days, Lianke arrived in Guangzhou city along 9 rivers. Nong Zhigao's army also grew rapidly from 5,000 to 50,000. No less than 57 days around Guangzhou City. The Northern Song Dynasty dispatched troops to besiege, and Nong Zhigao led his division back to Guangxi to defeat Song Qing's Di Qing at Kunlun Guanguirenpu. The feudal rulers violently conquered the resistance of the Zhuang ancestors. On the one hand, they massacred and on the other hand plundered the Zhuang ancestors as slaves. As a result, the survivors gradually accepted the Han culture under the whip and merged with the Han people . After defeating Nong Zhigao, Zhao Songming carried out the extermination of the relatives of Nong Buddhism, and the people of Nongdong deputy "Congliang" in the name of surname, changed to Han. In order to avoid the scourge of head killing and extermination, some of the Nongdong Zhuang people surnamed Zhao, and part of them reluctantly cut off the love. They left Nongzi next to others and named farmers as their surnames. They also said in their genealogy that their ancestors came from Shandong with Di Qing. According to the genealogy of the Nong clan: "... the ancestor of the Taizu ancestor, originally a grandson of the imperial descent, has more than 2,000 years of history, and the lineage has proliferated, scattered in various provinces and counties, and has its own generation. Until the emperor's year, the Nong One surname was recruited by Shandong Province with Di Wuxiang (Qing) to the south. Thousands of hundreds ... each scattered in Yunnan, Guangdong, Vietnam, etc ... "The farmer surname is the genuine Zhuang. Due to the brutal suppression of the uprising by the rulers, future generations are still reluctant to mention this historical event, so they dare not admit that their ancestors have a connection with Nong's surname (Yu slightly).

Hall number

Jiayutang: According to legend, the Nongshi is a descendant of the Shennongshi, and the Shennongs teach the people Jiaji (planting crops), which is the name of the church.

[General couplet in the ancestral hall of the peasant surname ]

〖Four-word General Union of Ancestral Hall of Nongxing〗

From Nongzheng; look out at Yanmen. ——Anonymous Zhuannong Ancestral Hall General Union full-fledged code listed the county's surname and the surname origin (see the introduction of "First, Surname Surname" and "Four, Junwangtang").

Chun Shou Ci Ling; Chinese name Confucianism. ——Anonymous Zhuannong Ancestral Hall, General Union, Shanghai United Nations Codes, Agricultural Codes. The next couplet code specifies that Nongyi and Nongzhi Branch, and they are collectively known as a generation of Confucianism.

〖Five-character General Union of Nongsong Ancestral Hall〗

Winding path leads to the valley; Chen Shimu Xiaofeng. ——The common name of the ancestral ancestral hall of the unnamed peasants and the ancestral ancestral ancestral hall of the common name is the traditional word “agriculture” in which the peasant surname is embedded in the crane top.

〖Seven-character General Union of Nongsong Ancestral Hall〗

The good news from Yan is long and safe; Menner is auspicious and happy. This couplet is inlaid with the word "Yanmen" (county) inhabited by the Wang family with the surname of the farmer in Heding Code.

〖Nongseong Ancestral Hall with seven words or more〗

The Chinese scholar is famous for Confucianism, and Chu has two. Chun'an Xianling is called Wushuang. The shanghai code specifies the code of Confucianism. The next couplet code specifies the code for Dai Chun'an Lingnong.

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