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Yan

Distribution area

Taiyuan Prefecture: Also known as Taiyuan County. During the Warring States Period, King Xiang of Qin Guozhuang was established for four years (Yiyi, 246 BC), and was governed by Jinyang (present-day Taiyuan, Shanxi Province). At that time, his jurisdiction was in the southern part of Wutai Mountain and Guanying Mountain in the present Shanxi Province, and in the northern part of Huoshan. Henan County: During the Qin Dynasty, it was named Sanchuan County. In the second year of the Western Han Dynasty, Gaozu (Bingshen, 205 BC) was renamed Henan County, and it was governed by Liyang (now Luoyang, Henan). At that time, the jurisdiction was in the lower reaches of Luoshui and Yishui in the south of the Yellow River in Henan, and Shuangyu and Jia The upper reaches of the Luhe River and the area around Yuanyang County in the north of the Yellow River have 22 counties, which are roughly equivalent to today's Henan Province Mengjin, Yanshi, Gongyi, Liyang, Yuanyang, Zhongmu, Zhengzhou, Xinzheng, Xinmi, Linru, Ruyang, Yichuan, Luoyang and other counties and cities. Tianshui County: In the third year of the Western Han Dynasty, Yuanding was set up (Ding Yi, 441 BC) and the county was located in Pingxiang (now Tongwei, Gansu). At that time, the jurisdiction was in Tongwei County, Qin'an County, Dingxi County, Gansu Province , Qingshui County, Zhuanglang County, Gangu County, Zhangjiachuan County and the northwest of Tianshui City, eastern Longxi, and northern Yuzhong area.

Historical source

The surname of Yan (Yan Yán) is written as "yan", and the Yan family is derived from the following:

1. From the surname Ji . After the emperor was born to the Emperor Huangdi , he was named after the fiefdom. According to "The Origin of the Surname" and others, it is said that there are descendants of descendants, inheriting the surname of Ji, and the Northern Zhou Dynasty is the ancestor. 2. From the surname Ji. After being the king of Zhou Kang , he was also named after the fiefdom. 3. From the surname Ji. After Tang Shuyu , he was named after the fiefdom . 4. From your surname. The people of the Chu Kingdom had Yan Ao. The fiefdom from the royal family of the King of Chu, belongs to the name of Fengyi. 5. Originating from the Mongolian ethnic group , it originated from the Yueluote Department of Zarut Mongolia in the late Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty. 6. Originating from the Manchu , from the Jurchen tribes of the Ming Dynasty, it belongs to the tribe name Hanhua changed to surname. 7. Originating from the Daur tribe , from the Daur tribe in the Qing Dynasty, it belongs to the tribal name changed to the surname. 8. Originated from other ethnic minorities, and belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the last name. 9. Yan surname Jin Duanjian wrote the word "YAN". Another branch named Yan was Yan.

Ancestor

Ji Zhongyi, Ji Xie , Ji Yi, and Yan Ao.

Migration distribution

In the pre-Qin period, Yan had been active in Henan, Shanxi, and Hubei. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Yan moved westward to Shaanxi and Gansu, then to Sichuan, eastward to Shandong, and northward to Hebei and Inner Mongolia. In the Tang Dynasty , the Yan surname developed rapidly in Shanxi and became one of the ten famous surnames in Taiyuan County. After the Tang and Song dynasties, the surname Yan began to appear in Jiangnan. During the Song Dynasty, Yan surnamed nearly 200,000 people, accounting for 0.25% of the country's population, ranking 74th. During the Ming Dynasty, the surname Yan was approximately 120,000, accounting for 0.13% of the country's population, ranking 120th.

The current Yan surname has a population of more than 3.1 million and is the 75th surname in the country, accounting for about 0.25% of the national population. From the Ming Dynasty to the present 600 years, the population of Yan surging has increased from 120,000 to nearly 3.1 million, an increase of 25 times. The growth rate of the Yan surname is much higher than the growth rate of the national population. The rate is V-shaped. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in the four provinces of Henan, Shandong, Hebei, and Shanxi, accounting for about 55% of the total population of Yan, followed by Anhui, Heilongjiang, Gansu, Shaanxi, and Liaoning. These five provinces have concentrated another 27%. Henan is home to 16% of the total population of the Yan family, making it the largest province of the Yan family. The high percentage of Yan surnames distributed throughout the country are in Henan, Luji, and Longxi. In the past 600 years, the main migration direction of the Yan surname was the return of the Central Plains to the west and east, and fewer immigrants to the south. Yan surname is one of the more common surnames in areas north of the Yangtze River. In Yujin, Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, most parts of Inner Mongolia, most of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, northern Hubei and Anhui, western Liaoning, northeastern Qinghai, most of Liaoning, and central Heilongjiang, the Yan surname generally accounts for more than 0.5% of the local population. The central area can reach more than 2.8%. The coverage of the above areas accounts for about 30.8% of the total area of the country, and about 72% of the Yan surnames live. In other areas to the east of Qinghai Lake and north of the Yangtze River, the Yan surname generally accounts for 0.25%-0.5% of the local population. Its coverage area accounts for about 14.3% of the country's total area, and about 17% live Yan surname crowd.

Hall number

Taiyuan Church: Li Wang Church.
Henan Church: Li Wang Church.
Tianshui Church: Yi Wang Li Church.
Right Xiangtang: Tang Dynasty Yan Libenshan Danqing, worship the right prime minister. At that time, Jiang Ke became the prime minister due to his military achievements. At that time, people had the praise of "Xuanwei Desert on the left, and Danqing on the right".

Sun Moon Hall: The name of the Yan Clan Ancestral Hall in Peixian County and Feng County, Jiangsu Province is "Sun Moon Hall", which contains the meaning that Yan Ermei and his descendants did not help the Qing Dynasty and opposed the Ming Dynasty.

Clan characteristics

1. There is no strict line between the Yan family names. Although the surnames Yan are different, they are all surnamed because of being sealed by Yan Xiang. Some genealogies edited by the surname Yan themselves cannot correctly distinguish who they came from, which shows that the early history of the surname Yan is not testable.
2. The Yan family name originates from northern China, and it has also multiplied in large parts of northern China throughout the history. It is a typical northern family name .
3. Yan's family has many branches and detailed branches. Especially valuable is the corroboration of classics. The most detailed ancient book describing the origin of Yan's surname is the " New Tang Book · Prime Minister's Genealogical Table". He wrote thousands of words to describe it as his surname. Rare.

Celebrities

Yan Ji: A woman from Liyang , Henan in the Han Dynasty. She was the empress in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and ruled the Sixth Palace.
Yan Liben : The brother of Yan Lide, the most famous painter of the Tang Dynasty . He inherited family studies and taught Zhang Sengzhang and Zheng Shishi . He can change the ancient times and the present, and is good at drawing characters, especially fine portraits, and calligraphy. "," Bu Yi "," Job Tribute "and other pictures.
Yan Ciping: A painter in the Song Dynasty , who is good at painting landscapes, figures, and especially workers and cattle, is quite vivid. The critics said that it was "like Li Tang, but he didn't catch it." Surviving works include "Cattle Cattle" and so on.
Yan Xishan : a native of Wutai, Shanxi (now Dingxiang), graduated from a Japanese non-commissioned officer school, a member of the Alliance, a Kuomintang veteran, and a governor of Shanxi after the Revolution of 1911. He has been in Shanxi for nearly 40 years. After the Kuomintang fled to Taiwan, he served as "Minister of Defense" , Died in Taipei in 1960, at the age of 77.

Last name culture