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Goushi

Distribution area

Xin'an County: Xin'an County, located in Qinchi County, Qinzhi County, belongs to Hongnong County, which was attributed to the Han Dynasty . At the end of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Dongyuan County was divided. In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Baoding was interposed in Zhongzhou, Jiande was abandoned, and Xin'an County was relocated. Sui Kaihuang changed the county to Guzhou. Hougu Prefecture and Xin'an County replaced each other. In the early days of the great cause, Dongyuan went to Xin'an. Tang Zhenguan was relocated to today's Xin'an, and it never changed. Xinping County: Xinping County was set up in Xinping County, north of the county in the late Sui Dynasty. The first year of Wude was changed to Luzhou, and in the 23rd year of Kaiyuan (735), it was changed to Luzhou. Zhiping Xin (now Bin County, Shaanxi Province). Under the jurisdiction of Xinping, Sanshui, Yongshou, Yilu 4 counties. The area is about Binxian, Changwu, Xunyi, Yongshou and other counties in Shaanxi. Hanoi County: Chu Han Chi. It is now north of the Yellow River in Henan Province and west of the Beijing-Hanzhou Railway. Western Jin moved to Yewang (now in Qinyang, Henan Province).

Historical source

`` Ancient '' origin

The ancient (Gǔ) surname has four origins: 1. It is from the surname of Ji , the descendant of the ancestor of the Zhou family, the descendant of the ancient father- in-law, and the ancient is the clan. According to "Customs", Gu is believed to be after the old father-in-law. And the ancestor of this ancient surname family , according to the " Historical Records · Zhou Benji" records, when King Wu won the world, he was revered as the king, so the ancient father-in-law is King Zhou, and the descendants of his descendants use the ancient as the clan, Said the ancient surname . 2, from the Zhou Dynasty, a doctor was confined to the bitter city, named after the city. According to "Fu Fu Lun", there is a record that "the ancient Cheng clan was divided into the ancient clan." In the Zhou Dynasty, a doctor was confined to the bitter city (in Luyi, Henan Province today), and the descendants became the clan with the ancient Yin. Later, go to the single surname Gu, called the ancient family. 3, from the Northern and Southern Dynasties , the Northern Wei Xianbei have been changed by the Tuyu family. According to the "Wei Shu · Guan Shi Zhi" records, the post-Wei Tuyu family was changed to the ancient family. After entering the Central Plains, it gradually merged with the Han culture and changed to the single surname Gu . 4. There are ancient surnames in the Hui nationality . According to the test, from the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, he entered China and later became the general capital of the ancient capital Baiding in the 14th year of Tianbao (755). According to Gu Chenghou, an old retired teacher from Yangzhou Middle School in Jiangsu, his predecessor, Bai Dingchu, was in Xin'an County (now Xin'an River Basin, Qimen, and Wuyuan, Jiangxi, etc.), and moved to Yangzhou during the Northern Song Dynasty. "Yangzhou Prefecture Chronicle" is contained. Gu's original family tree, which lasted thirty-three centuries, was destroyed by soldiers. In the Ming Dynasty , there was another Hui collector in Yangzhou who also named Gu, known as "Gu Hui". The ancient surname Hui is mainly distributed in Jiangsu and Henan. One of the Hui surnames. Mainly distributed in Yunnan and other places. (See "Chinese Hui Dictionary").

The ancestor of the surname: the ancient father-in-law. The ancient surname originated from the Ji surname. The grandfather of Zhou Wen Wang Jichang was the old father-in-law. When he was the leader of the Zhou people, he led the people to settle in the fertile Weihe Plain at the foot of Qishan. Here, the ancient father-in-law led the people to open up wasteland and cultivate land, develop agriculture, and also built strong city walls and palaces, which enabled Zhou to take shape and gradually become stronger. Gu Gong and his father worked diligently and loved the people, and were deeply loved by the people. After King Zhou Wu established the Zhou Dynasty , he respected the ancient father-in-law as Grand Duke Zhou. The grandfather and grandfather of the ancient generation had a descendant. To commemorate his ancestors, he used the grandfather's title as the surname. The surname was passed down from generation to generation, so the descendants of the ancient surname honored the ancient grandfather and grandfather as the ancestor of the ancient surname.

Migration distribution

The population of the ancient surname was not included in the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland and ranked 75th in Taiwan. The Zhou people originally lived in Qiang (now Wugong County, Shaanxi Province), but were often attacked by the surrounding nomads and lived in peace. Houyi's twelfth generation of grandsons and grandfathers, the great ancestors of King Zhou Wu, then led the people to set up another home. As a result, he settled in Qishan (now Qishan County, Shaanxi Province), and the ancient father-in-law devoted himself to agricultural and political reforms. Finally established a powerful Zhou clan. In order to commemorate him, his descendants formed his family name with his first name as his surname. The descendants of the Tuyu family in the Northern Wei Dynasty also changed their surnames to ancient ones. Gu's living area in Taiwan is mostly Hsinchu, Miaoli and other places, and most of them live in a cluster of ancient families. Such villages can be seen almost everywhere in Miaoli West Lake, Middle East, Pingtung Chaozhou, Zhudong, Yangmei and other places. Gu's relocation to Taiwan occurred during the Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty.

In the sixty years of Kangxi (1721 AD), when the Zhu Yigui uprising called for anti-Qing and Fuming reigns, saying that "Mr. Daming revived Marshal", the Gu family came to Taiwan from Wuhua, Guangdong. Xing waited to live in the east and west of the freshwater port. During the Qianlong reign , another ancient family relocated from Quanzhou, and initially settled in Longtanpo, Taoyuan County, then moved to Taipei, Taitung, and Hsinchu. According to the Qing clan princess Qiu He's "Shanghang County Chronicles" edited: "The ancient clan, Xin'an County, after the ancient prince Zhou Tai, because of the clan." Xin'an is the ancestor of the ancient surname. Prime Minister Guru. He lived in Daizhou (now Daixian County, Shanxi Province) in the "Book of Wei · Topography" which contained: "Daizhou has Xin'an County", and the descendants of the ancient Qiang became descendants and became the local Wang nationality. . The ancient surname of Shanghang has a small population. In the Republic of China, "Hanghang County Chronicles" clan: "There are dozens of households with ancient surnames in Dong'an Township." These "Anxiang" villages where the ancients lived-Mazutan, have now been under the jurisdiction of Lincheng Huangzhu Administrative Village. More than 20 villagers work in agriculture. Due to historical changes, they only know that the ancestors originated in Xin'an County, and there is nothing else to rely on.

Hall number

Xin'an Hall: From the Shang Book of the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Prime Minister's ancient servant. He lived in Daizhou (now Daixian County, Shanxi Province) in the "Book of Wei · Topography" which contained: "Daizhou has Xin'an County", and the descendants of the ancient Qiang became descendants and became the local Wang nationality. . The main hall names of the ancient surnames are: "National Treasure Hall" and so on.

[General couplet of ancient ancestral temple ]

[Ancient surname Ancestral Hall of Four Words] originated from his uncle; look out for Xin'an. ——Anonymous writings of ancient surnames and ancestral halls general couplet code refer to the origin and origin of ancient surnames (see the introduction of the above heads "First and Last Names" and "Four and County Hope Church").

Xiangxian Shize; National Treasure Family Voice. ——Anonymous Zhuan Gu Ancestral Hall General Union This joint is the Gu Nationality Hall "National Treasure Hall" church association. The monarch is called a national treasure; ——Anonymous Zhuan Gu Ancestral Hall General Union This joint is the Gu Nationality Hall "National Treasure Hall" church association.

Nanling first; North Wei Yuanxun. ——Anonymous ancestral ancestral shrine ancestral couplet This joint is the ancient ancestral shrine “Xin'an Hall” (used in Guangdong).

Famous in the Eastern Han Dynasty ; brave champion Lu Qi. ——Anonymous ancient surname ancestral hall universal joint couplet code refers to the early Eastern Han Dynasty, the father was not buried, the neighbour was caught fire, the first concubine went up, defended the fire with his body, the fire died. The Xialian Code refers to the ancient Yezi of the Spring and Autumn Period, crossing the river from Qijinggong . There is a scorpion title, left 骖 is submerged in the water, Gu Yezi holding the hoe in his right hand, and left holding the left 骖 出. The water flows backward for three hundred steps, and he is regarded as Hebo.

〖Five-word universal joint of ancient surname ancestral temple〗 Father's home is far away; pen Gongshi is long. ——Anonymous Zhuangu Ancestral Hall General Union This couplet is the "National Treasure Hall" of the ancient clan.

〖Six-speech universal couple of ancient surname ancestral temple〗

Beggars are true chivalrous men; pengong is the minister of the society. ——Anonymous The ancient surname ancestral hall general couplet couplet code refers to the ancient imperial concubine of Fuping in the Tang Dynasty , a knight in the middle of the construction period. Shang Shu Zheng Zhen had a daughter called Wushuang, so she was very beautiful, and Xu was assigned to Zheng Zhen's nephew Wang Xianke. Later Zheng Zhen was executed for crimes, and Wushuang was put into slavery in the palace to clean the garden. One day, Wang Xianke found a letter under the mattress, which read: "The ancient armor of Fuping County is a caring person in the world. Would you ask him for help?" Wang Xianke went to visit him. With his help, he was finally rescued. Wou Shuang. Guide to the Xialian Code In the Northern Dynasties, the people of the Northern Wei Dynasty were good at riding and shooting. The officials and the officials were still writing books. Because of their merit, Lingshouhou was complicated. At the tip of his head, Emperor Taiwu called him "pen tip", and people called him "pen duke". He repeatedly spoke straight, and Emperor Taiwu said, "Pigong can be called the minister of the society."

〖Seven-word General Union of Ancient Ancestral Hall〗

Xue Fu wrote the longevity formula; Zhi Jian refused to hand over the meditation chart. ——Anonymous Guide to the Common Surname Ancestral Hall General Guide to the United Nations Code Guide Scholars in the Northern Dynasties Gu milling, author of "Longevity Bao Yao". The Xialian Code specifies the tales of King Shiro of the Middle Ages. Sun Kewang is looking for the Zen Dynasty, sending people to ask for his painting "Yao Shun's Zen Painting". Refuse to accept and suffer.

New in the millennium profit; ——Anonymous couple of ancient surnames ancestral hall General couplet This couplet is an inlaid couplet in which the ancient surname Wang clan “Xin'an” is inlaid with the crane family.

Around Ciyun sacrifice the Buddha's power; ——Anonymous written by the ancient ancestral couple of Nazhou Village, Tangjiawan Town, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province (1) According to the village history, the ancient surname of Nazhou Village is the first ancestor and ancient Yubao. It was from Jinglao County, Xinhui County during the Ming Dynasty. Moved here to settle in the village.

[Common Union with Seven or More Words in Ancient Ancestral Hall]

The film is available, and it will be arched at the end; small evils do nothing, trickle into a pool. ——Tang Guqi wrote the ancient surname ancestral hall. This couplet is a quotation from the Tang Dynasty's famous ancient county "Xian Ling Zhen". It is ancient and is famous for "Country Order". Zhen Yun: "Political is not violent, punishment is not lenient, leniency is slow, violent is disability. Small evils do nothing, trickle into a pool. The words are available, and they will be arched at the end. Don't take the trail, the car can be overridden. No To be clear, it ’s better to be unclear, unclear, better unclear. "

The ancient way is based on people, and the filial piety is passed on from generation to generation; ——Anonymous wrote the ancient surname ancestral hall general couplet code, referring to the early Han Dynasty celebrities, Linxiang people. When Guangwu was killed by his father and not buried, the neighbor next caught fire. At the beginning of the battle, he defended the fire with his body, and the fire died. The eunuchs are different and recommended to the DPRK. The Xialian Code refers to the famous celebrities of the Han Dynasty, Gu'an and Xin'an.

Harmoniousness leads to prosperity , one hundred forbearance turns into gold , and concessions in the end of life; Hou De Zai Fu , but goodness is a treasure, and he is noble and humble. ——Anonymous Gu Zulian, Nazhou Village, Tangjiawan Town, Zhuhai, Guangdong (2)

Hongdong traces its origins, the peas have a long history, the ancestral gongzong deqing broadcast; Xin'an Zhengpu spectrum, the roots of the century, the son of filial piety, grandson and grandson. ——Anonymous The ancient clan ancestral temple in Dumusi Village, Liyang City, Henan Province, joined the front flames and the back of the golden vase, admiring Zude Zonggong and Lingshan together; the left Pearl River and the right Xi Gong, but Gu Wenjing Wuwei Hexiu water looks like a long stream. ——Anonymous, Ancient Clan Association of Huangyao Town, Zhaoping County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Appendix: [Ancient Allusions and Fun Facts]

〗 〖Yezi holding 鼋 时期 In the Spring and Autumn Period, there was a warrior named Gu Yezi in Qi State (now in Zibo City, Shandong Province). He was very capable and skilled in water warfare. One time Qi Jinggong was going to Jin State (in the territory of Shanxi Province today), and called Gu Yezi to attend. When crossing the Yellow River, heavy rain started and the water was rough . At this moment, a giant owl (Yuán sound) shook his head and just collided with the ship's side, causing the ship to sway. Suddenly, the giant puppet opened his bloody mouth and left Zuo (horse while driving) nobody in the river. The crowd was frightened and helpless. But Gu Yezi saw this, that is, he pulled his sword into the water, slanted five miles, retrograde five miles, and fought with the giant maggots. Qi Jinggong, who had retreated to the shore, looked at the water surface of the Yellow River. No trace of Gu Yezi was seen, and he said sadly, "Yezi is dead." After a short while, the water surface was red. Gu Yezi held a hoe on his left and his right hand. At the end of the stream, Yan Yue burst out, and Yangtian shouted, and the river flowed back three hundred steps. Everyone regards it as He Bo (He Shen). Qi Jinggong admired: "It's really brave. Before the king set up the brave, but never as heroic as Ye Zi." The solution was given to the ancient Ye Zi Jinpao, and then a five-time guest to greet him.

〖Gu Xizhi 弼 Once, the Emperor of the Northern Wei Dynasty hunted in Beishan and captured thousands of elk. Due to the large number, transportation became a problem. Then he issued a script to Shang Shuling and asked the Guxi to send 500 cars to pick it up. Run the elk. The emperor was well aware of Gu Yan's temperament and humanity. After the messenger took the edict, he said to the left and right soldiers, "In my opinion, the pen prince will not send out so many cars. You should use horses to transport them." The camp was arranged, and horses were transported. Traveled to Baili, I received the ancient chanting table, saying, "This autumn, the ears of the valley will be golden, and the mulberry and soybeans will be spread all over the field. Wild boar and wild deer often go to steal, and flying birds and geese come to peck. Coupled with wind and rain , such a loss is three times different in the morning and evening. I beg the emperor for permission to delay the deer's transportation so that the millet can be harvested as soon as possible and brought into the treasury. "After seeing the emperor, he said: Generally speaking, the pengong can be described as the minister of the society and the national pillar! "

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