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Liao

Distribution area

Runan County: Emperor Han Gao set the county for four years. Compared with the current area between Henan Luohe River and Huaihe River, east of the west line of Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Anhui Cihe River, west of Xiqiao River and north of Huaihe River. Eastern Han Dynasty ruled Pingyu. Julu County: Emperor Qin Shihuang set the county for twenty-five years. The Eastern Han Dynasty moved southwest of Ning Jin.

Historical source

"Liao" Origin

Liao (Liào 飂) surname is ancient and has many origins.

1. Name your surname, descended from Liao Shu'an in ancient times, with the name of the country. According to "Zuo Zhuan Zhao Gong 29" and "Customs", it is said that Emperor Xun had a descendant called Shu An. In summer time, due to being sealed in the State of the State (also known as State of the State , now Tanghe County, Henan Province South), hence the name Shu (an ancient Liao word) Shu'an, and its descendants are named after the country name Liao , which is named Liao in Henan.

2. Named from Ji , the descendant of King Zhou Wen, the son of King Biao, and named after Fengyi. According to "Guangyun" and "Summary of Surnames", King Zhou Wen had a son named Biao Liao, who was named after Liao Yi, and his descendants also named Liao as the name of the Liao. This Liao family looked at the giant deer.

3, descended from the surname of Yao, the descendants of Yao and Shun's vassals, Tao , with the name of the country. According to "The Potential Husband", "After Tao Tingjian was confiscated, he was sealed in the concubine (now Gushi County, Henan), and his descendants took the country as the clan." Britain, Li and other small countries, that was built by the descendants of Yan Tao. King Chu Mu defeated Britain and established two kingdoms in four years, and his descendants had the kingdom as the family name; or the surname as the family name, the Liao family.

4, from avoiding the tyranny of Yin Xuan, changed by the surnames of Miao and Yan. According to the "source of the ancestral hall of Xiaoxi and Liao surnames", the surnames of Miao and Yan were given by the emperor . In the late Shang Dynasty, when King Yin Dai was in power, he was cruel and innocent. Northwest (now the Yellow River at the junction of Shaanxi and Shanxi), changed its name to Liao.

5, from the surname Zhang , into the Liao family and changed the surname. According to the "Liao Family Genealogy", Zhang Yuan, a Fujian native from the Ming Dynasty , entered the Liao family and changed his surname to Liao.

6. Liao surname comes from the surnamed Ci or other minorities. In the twenty-three years of the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, seven indigenous peoples from Taiwan were named Liao; the Gelao, Yao, Shui, Miao and other ethnic groups all have the Liao surname.

Ancestor

Liao (飂) Uncle. The emperor was born in Ruoshui and lived in Emperor Qiu (now southeast of Liyang, Henan Province). He was the ancestor of the Chu Kingdom in the south. Ann. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Liao was destroyed by Chu. The people used the name of the country as the surname Liao, and Liao Shu'an was the emperor of Liaofeng and respected as the ancestor of Liao.

Migration distribution

Liao surname originated in Henan Province. Runan County, the largest county in the history of Liao surname, came here in the early days. At that time, the prosperity of Liao surname in Henan was self-evident. At the time of Qin and Han dynasties, the surname Liao began to move to surrounding areas. The Belarusian branch forms a giant deer county. In addition, Runan Liao, the descendant of Liao Hui, moved to Henan to avoid the chaos of the Qin Dynasty (according to the "Liao Family Origin"). During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, following the " Yongjia Rebellion ", the northern surname of Liao moved to the south. Born from Liao Shizhen, he lives in Nanjing, Jiangsu, and his two sons live in Luoyang and Yongjia, Zhejiang. Passed from Liao Yanling, Ren Wuwei (now Gansu Province) eunuch. Another hermit in the Jin Dynasty, Liao Tang, Jiangle (now Fujian), was the earliest to enter Fujian. In the Tang Dynasty, many people entered Fujian. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, the surname Liao entered the Fujian province with Chen Yuanguang and his sons. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, the surname Liao entered the Fujian province with Wang Chao and Wang Shenzhi. One of Liao Hui passed to Liao Chongde and served as the deity order of Jiangxi. Later people moved to Ninghua Shibi Village in Tingzhou, Fujian, and then moved to Hangzhou and other places. In the Song Dynasty , the surname of Liao was already a big surname in Fujian, and celebrities were born. The migration of Liao Hui's family before the Yuan Dynasty is clearly stated in the "Genealogy of Xingliao Clan": "Their ancestors lived in Runan, and during the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties, they were relocated to various parts of Jiangnan due to northern wars. In Tang Dynasty , their ancestors were The capital of Jiangxi Province, to avoid the chaos at the end of the Tang Dynasty, moved to the Ninghua Stone Walled House in Tingzhou, Fujian. Later descendants moved to Shunchang due to chaos, and Liao lived in Fujian. Shanghang, Yongding, and into Guangdong-Dapu, Meixian, Xingning, Wuhua and other areas. "In the Ming Dynasty, Shanxi Dahuai Shu Liao moved to Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Beijing and other places. In the Qing Dynasty , Fujian, Guangdong and Liao surnames entered Taiwan and moved to Thailand and Singapore. Today, the Liao surname is mostly in Jiangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Guangdong and other provinces. The Liao surname in the above five provinces accounts for about 73% of the Han population in the country. The Liao surname is the 66th largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.34% of the national Han population.

Hall number

Wu Weitang: During Tang Zhenguan's reign, Liao Chongde served as a county deity (now Ningdu, Jiangxi Province) with remarkable achievements and won the hearts of the people. Chongde's fathers once served as Wuwei eunuchs, and their descendants have been prominent for hundreds of years since the Tang Dynasty . Wuwei Hall is the most widely spread and most populated Liao Family Hall. "The fathers of Chongde used to be Wuwei eunuchs, and their descendants have been prominent for hundreds of years since the Tang Dynasty. They all use Wuwei as their nickname." Today's Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and other provinces and even Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Most of Liao's surnames in Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines are descendants of Wuweitang.

Shicaitang: It is one of Liao's main hall names. The connotation of "Shi Cai": First, there is longevity and blessing. "Only those who benefit the government can benefit the people and the villagers, can they have such a good blessing." Second, the Emperor Song (Qin Zong) imperial seal "Shi Cai Tang." , More prominent and glorious. Liao Gang was a courageous, strategic, and prestigious minister of the Song Dynasty . His great-grandmother lived to the age of 93, and his great-grandfather died at the age of 88. They both saw their fifth-generation grandson . The Liao family has been caring for the elderly with white hair, so Liao Gang named his hall "Shi Cai Tang". Many clan surnames in the later generations like to use "Shi Cai Tang" as the hall name.

Runan Hall: Runan County is the earliest birthplace of Liao surname. Runan Hall is the hall name of Runan County, the birthplace of Liao people. It is the oldest hall name of Liao surname.

Guolietang and Zhongxiangtang: Shuhan Liaohua, Guan Yu master. Guan Yu was defeated, and Liao Hua pretended to be dead on the battlefield and had to flee back to Shu. Bai Yidu was the eunuch, and moved to the right to ride a general, lead a stabbing history of the state, and seal the Zhongxiang Hou, so he was called "Zhongxiangtang". And because he was decisive, he was called "Guo Lie Tang".

Ziguitang: In the Song Dynasty, Liao Junyu used the Qinglang and the prefecture of Yingzhou to learn. He built a study room in Guishan called "Ziguitang", so Liao's name is "Ziguitang". Wan Shitang: Song Shugong Shang Shu Liao Gang, married Qin's wife Zhang , who had four sons, all princes , the emperor gave each officer two thousand stones, and five fathers and sons shared ten thousand stones. Shi Yun: Wan Shijia has a long history, Sanzhou Shize, Gua Jinxin, and Luan Shiqing Rongchang.

Qing Wutang: According to the "Liao Family Genealogy": "In the early Ming Dynasty, Zhang Yuanzi entered the Liao family", which is the source of the Zhang Liao family in Guanpo, Fujian. This group of people took a word from Zhang Shijun looking at "Qinghe" and Liao Shijun looking at "Wuwei", which together became "Qing Wu Tang".

In addition, Liao's main hall names are: "Zhongxiang Hall", "Chuiyu Hall", "Chongyuan Hall", "Xingde Hall", "Zigui Hall", "Zhiben Hall", "Bensi" Hall "," Wugui Hall "," Wucheng Hall "," Mu Wei Hall ", etc.

Clan characteristics

1. Liao surname originates from the north, and has evolved over the generations to become the south surname .

2. Most of Liao's churches have codes. For example, "Guo Lie Tang" came because of Guan Yu's master Pu Liaohua's decisive action; "Zi Gui Tang" was named after Liao Junyu of Song Dynasty built a study in Guishan.

3. Liao Mingren has performed well in the fields of politics, classics, literature, history, etc., especially in modern history. Such as Liao Zhongkai , Liao Chengzhi father and son.

4, Liao surnames are arranged in a regular order, so they are read perfectly. For example, the genealogy of the Liao clan compiled by Liao Chunsheng contains the behavior of the surname of Liao in Jiangsu: "Cleanness, integrity, good manners, peace, peace, prosperity, and prosperity."

The surname of Liao surnamed the class words engraved on the memorial tablet of the ancestral temple rebuilt during the Xianfeng reign of the Qing Dynasty during the period of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty . Talented, shining in the court.

In the 17th year of the Republic of China , the Liao Family in Quanzhou County of Guangxi re-edited the "Liao Family Genealogy". Sixty characters were selected from the "Thousand Characters", as the Liao family added 60 generations: Hongwei Jia Jinyun, Dashi Zhilian Bearing. Qisheng has long been thinking about building, Yi'an Baohuixin. Ren Chao Rumao studied, Ji Yi respected Chaoming. And Qingliang Shengguang, writing for Kang Jing. Affected by Yizong Daoyuan, Yongding was established. Use Zhen for hair, then chapter Wan Shiying.

Liao's new unified word generation: three, talent, four, Uygur, Zheng, learning, acting, Zong, Ze, Li, Wei, Shang, Cheng, Zhang, Zhong, Shu, Jun, Zhi, Xi, Hong, industry, Min, Zhe, Ti, Dao, Da, Yuan, Kang, Rong, He, Chao, Xian, Barrier, He, Hua, Hua, Guo, Ren, Zhong, Shu, Hong, Liang, Orchid, Jade, Bing, De, Text, hope, new, light.

The genealogy of the Liao family in Longnan, Jiangxi Province is: Shao Ting is the country's honor, and his radiance resonates.

The genealogy of De Angong in Magang County, Daya Township is: De (XV) Xianchun Rong Rui Jingming, Xianggong Yanqing since Tiancheng, the article shows that Ren is precious, and Yuan Shaoyuan has Qi Junying.

The genealogy of Wuwei Qianshi Gong in Dongshi Town is: Ru (nineth generation) Zong Dengyuyue Yuanyan, Meng Ren in the last period of Qingchang period, the court Chengyu followed Fangxi, and the Huaguo article was in response.

The genealogical tree of Yingyinggong in Tianwei and Sankou in Sancen Township is: Day (Sixth Century) Dayu Yinggui, Siqin Shaoyingshi, Wencai Dengkejia, Zhentai Longxing, Jia Sheng Bu Chunhui, Guangqian Sun Xian, Zu Ze Hi detached.

The ancestral genealogy of Wu Wei Shi Chong Gong of Guanyin Township is: National (Fifteenth) Thai Min An Feng Jing Yun, Wen Jing Wu Wei Zhen Jia Sheng.

The genealogy of Houfu Dao Lie and Dao Shungong are: Shou Zewu, Yongshi Dynasty, and Cheng Tianlu; Chunsong Qianzaomao, Langui Four Seasons Spring, Yanyi Mouyuan, Hongtu Deyexin .

The genealogy of Zhao Gong of Houfu Dao is: Chong (XII) has a glorious sky, a rich and wealthy Nianjia, a defensive ancestor, and the same family.

The pedigree of Tian Xinggong embedded in Pingzhai is: again (I) You Yongyuan Dao, Tianli Zhenshi, Yi Ke Shishi, great achievements, continued to be famous, heirs, etiquette and longevity, Qiu Long EMI, Zong Xuqing, Rongchang.

The genealogy of Rixianggong in Xikou, Qingwu is: Zong (I) Friends of Yongyuan Dao, the heart of the step-children of Nida, for the imperial land, well-known name Wan Shiqin, Qian Qianrong, Zhongshou lifetime gold. (Press: This faction and the following seven factions belong to Zhang Liao.) The six old princes: Xin (21st) can attack Xiande, according to ancient and modern times, and has a long history of origin. Method, Ki-ching type hardware door.

The character genealogy of Wuwei Anxi in Taipei is: Wen (30th Century) Zhang Keli, morality is the first, but he can keep the world and be blessed by heaven.

The genealogy of the son-in-law of Zicheng, Tucheng Township, Taipei County: Zi (nineth generation) state scribe, Mu Pengcheng in his heart, Sheng Wuguang Qianlie, and seek to enjoy the world.

The genealogy of Qin Pugong in Xitun District of Taichung City is: Guang (Fifteenth) Ming Zhengda, overthrowing the virtues of the world, and Yao Zhenjiachang.

The character genealogy of Wengong Xia Zhuangzai in Taichung City is: Fu (eighteenth century) family Deyi 惇 Renli, Huaguo's historical book.

The genealogy of Dayuchi and Makeng in Daxi Town, Taoyuan County are: Lie (XIV) Shiwen Guoyi, Ding Caifuchang, Cangwu Qianzaomao, Dangui Wuzhixiang.

Tianbei Gangwei Riwanggong's character genealogy is: the emperor (tenth) of the imperial court, the heart of the university should be first, the glory of the consecrated world of fame, and the rank of the prince is also a sage.

The genealogy of Wu Weigen Biao Gong is: (Dafang) Xiang (XIV) Chaozhen Guizhen Xinzhen, Qingyun Xingwen Yuan Dechang; (Late Room) Xiang (XIV) Chaozhen Gengshuiji Rui, Desheng Ronghua National Rejuvenation (common to the big room and the late room) Sheng (twenty-eighth) Deng Fengcai Chuanfangfa, Xiuwen Wujin Lanqing, Zhongliang Renyi Honglong King, Gui Han Xiongguang Wan Shiying.

The genealogy of the Xuanpu Li Yuanbiao of Xiluo Town is: Wen (XVI) Ming Dengshi Jinsong Guoen, Wu Youzheng Town Fengtian Falong.

The genealogy of Li Minggong, a small eggplant in Xiluo Town, is as follows: Li (13th Century) scribes are beginning to rise, Bishiju Renju Naideng, Hengli conscience has virtue, Yi Zhao Xiaoyi has Fang said, Shi Fengmao is right. It is advisable to admire, heir to the family, Shan Shanneng, Rongzhe Xiang Huiyan and Bo Qing, Yang Guangzhi Zhi Gao Teng.

Zheng Keng's genealogy is: after Rong (fourteenth century) ascended to the top, Guanghua Zhenshichang, Songqing everlasting, rich and prosperous.

Celebrities

The distant ancestor Liao Shuanggong, the word can be ridiculed, No. Xilou, the fifth generation of Liang Shichu, awarded the Hengzhou eunuch, then the family Yuheng. Worshipping the prime minister, entering the country of Nanyang County, the founder of the country, eating Hengshan in Yiyi, the ancestor of the Liao family in Hengshan. Ten sons, eldest son Kuangtu, is a bachelor of Chutian Cefu, with ten volumes of collected works. Fifth Shirui Gong, moved from Hengshan to Jiangxi. It is also said that the eighth to Sizhenggong, the word Kui III, was returned to Hengshan from Zhenhe, Tai'an County, Ji'an Prefecture, Jiangxi Province in the 2nd year of Ming Hongwu (1369). For Du Changling, Rank Man was crowned by the old Hengyue. The third son of Ning Gong, Chang Binggan lived in Puyang and was the ancestor of the Liao family in Poyang; second son Bingkun and Bu Juyongxing. Binggan descendants multiply the four towns, such as Xiatang, Changling, Shizhun, Chunguangpu, Shuangzhou, Bashao, Huanggang and other places.

Liao Fu: A native of Xiangyang (now Hubei Province). One of them is Liao Fu, a scholar of Eastern Han Dynasty , and poetry and painting. Full of economy, proficient in astronomy and wind angle examination, enjoyed a high reputation in the academic circle at that time.

Liao Zhan: Pinglin (now northeast of Suixian County, Hubei), Wang Mang , the general of the Green Forest Uprising Army in the late years of the New Dynasty, defeated and killed the Han Dynasty king Liu Jia.

Liao Hua: A native of Xiangyang (now Xiangfan, Hubei Province), a right-handed riding general of the Shu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms , and Feng Zhongqing Hou.

Liao Gang: No. Gao Feng, Shunchang (now Fujian), Chongning Jinshi in the Northern Song Dynasty, relied heavily on the monarch, the official to the Ministry of Industry Shangshu . Knowing everything, he opposed the traitor's administration, and at that time Cai Jing Qin Yun had the dictatorship and was afraid of it. Not only was an outstanding writer, politician, thinker in the Song Dynasty , but also a military strategist. Author of "Peak Collection". He has four sons, all of whom are generals, and his five sons and fathers each have an age of more than 2,000 Ishigu.

Liao Heng: A native of Shunchang in the Song Dynasty . He was smart from a young age. He was six at the age of nine. He was thirteen at the age of Zhongxiang.

Liao Zhuang: Jishui people, Ming Xuande Jinshi, officer to the Ministry of Justice Zuo Lang. Sexuality is straight, and he once wrote and satirized.

Liao Jin: Born in Zhejiang Province, Ming Dynasty famous Confucian, academically profound, known as "Liao Five Classics".

Liao Hui: Born from Sichuan Province (now Langzhong), the leader of the Sichuan peasant uprising in the late Ming Dynasty, entitled "Sweeper King".

Liao Yan: Qu Jiang (now a member of Guangdong Province), a writer in the Qing Dynasty , has a sharp writing style. Good cursive, such as ancient wood Han Shi, can play. Author of "The Twenty-seven Songtang Collection" and so on.

Liao Kuangtu: a native of Qianzhou (now Jiangxi Province) and a bachelor of Tiancefu in the Tang Dynasty . Good at Wenzao, and therefore famous.

Liao Zhenggu: Jiangle in the Song Dynasty, served as the county of Xi'an, opposed Wang Anshi's " Young Seedling Law ", and authored "The Return to the Field".

Liao Zhixiang: The Shunchang people of the Song Dynasty were very intelligent. They were able to write at the age of seven. Later, he went to the provincial capital to take the exam, and was sick. According to rumors, the hermit Chen Yu said, "Yu Nai is an immortal, but he can't stay here for a long time."

Liao Junyong: Puxi people in the Yuan Dynasty , loyalty and filial piety. He once lost the soil to bury his father, used the righteousness to save money, relieved the refugees, and spread the story .

Liao Yongan: a member of Chaohu (now Anhui Province) in the Ming Dynasty. Di Yongzhong, General Zhengnan, Hou Deqinghou, Sun Junguan to the Governor.

Liao Yunzhang: a painter of the Qing Dynasty, whose work "spots the splendid beauty, the winner is the treasure." His son Shou Peng "adhered to his family's learning, but also good at sketching."

Liao Yunjin: Female, a native of Huating in the Qing Dynasty, a kind of poetry, and author of "Zhi Yunlou Poetry Draft", which includes "Yong Qiuyan Poems", the sentence "Sad spring rain and incense are exhausted, I will return to my hometown first." Guang For chanting.

Liao Shouheng: a native of Jiangsu Province, who was the minister of the Qing Dynasty and minister of military aircraft . His brother Feng is well-known for his Confucianism. He Shitong passed the classics, especially pushing the New Deal, and went to the governor of Zhejiang.

Liao Ping: a well-researcher in Sichuan, a scholar in Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty, a well-known scholar. Author of "Four Translation Library Series", "Six Translation Library Series" and so on.

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