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Venturi

Distribution area

Yanmen County: The Warring States Zhao Wuling Wangzhi County, the Qin Dynasty and the Western Han Dynasty ruled the goodness (now Shanxi Yuyunan). It is equivalent to the areas north of today's Shanxi Hequ, Wuzhai, Ningwu and other counties, west of Hengshan, Inner Mongolia's Huangqihai, and south of Erhai Lake, and relocated to the Yin Museum in the Eastern Han Dynasty (now northwestern Shanxi County).

Historical source

"Text" origin

There are five sources:

1. Named from Ji , a surname named after the 谥. According to the relevant data in Customs and Customs, in the last years of the Shang Dynasty, the Zhou people living in the Weihe River Basin gradually became stronger. Shang Wang Wending felt the threat of Zhou, and used the excuse to kill the leader of the Zhou people (Ji surname). After Ji Chang , the son of the quarter calendar, succeeded in his efforts and won the support of the Chinese people, he was named the Xibe by King Shang Ye. Because Zeb's popularity was too high, the king of King made another excuse to imprison Sib and release him. After the Xibe returned to Zhou, he was supplemented by Jiang Shang, a virtuous minister, and successively annexed Yu, Rui, Li (now southwest of Changzhi, Shanxi), Chong (now north of Songxian, Henan), and built Fengyi (now west of Luan, Changan, Shaanxi). As the capital of the country, a "three-pointed world" situation has formed, and its strength surpasses that of the Shang Dynasty. After 50 years of his reign, after his death, his son, King Zhou Wu, inherited his last will and completed the great business of destroying the merchants. He established the Zhou Dynasty in the 11th century BC, and built his capital in Gao (now east of Luan, Chang'an, Shaanxi). Chase Xibo as King Zhou Wen. Among the sons and daughters of the king of Wen, there are those who use his nickname "wen" as the surname, which is called the Wen family . For Shaanxi Wenshi.

2, after the Zhou Dynasty General Wei Zi. According to the "Summary of Surnames", the Wei Kingdom established in the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty (Zhou Fengfeng's princes of the surname of Ji, the first capital was founded in Chaoge <now Qi County, Henan>, and moved to Chu Qiu <now Henan County) >, And then moved to the capital of Emperor Qiu <now Henan Poyang>, which was destroyed by the Qin 209 years ago). When Wei Xiangong was in the Spring and Autumn Period, there was a general named Sun Wenzi , a very prestigious character, a descendant of Sun Wenzi There is the ancestral word as the clan, called Wen clan, is Henan clan.

3, from the surname Jiang , who is descended from Yan Emperor Jiang Wenshu . According to relevant information, at the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Wu Wang Fengyan's descendant Sun Taiyue's Miao Wenshu Yu Xu (now Xuchang City, Henan Province ) established the Xu Kingdom as the Jiang Family. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Xu Guo was forced by Zheng Chu to move the capital four times. He moved the leaves in 576 years ago (now southwest of Ye County, Henan), moved to the city in 553 years ago (now southeast of She County, Anhui Province), and relocated in 529 years ago. In 524, Bai Yu (now Xixia, Henan) moved to Rongcheng (now southeast of Lushan County, Henan) in 506, and it was destroyed by Chu in the early years of the Warring States Period (one said that it was destroyed by Wei), and his children and grandchildren scattered. In addition to the name of the original country "Xu", there is also the name of the uncle Wen, the monarch of the founding country of Xu, as the surname .

4, from the (female for) surname, (female for) the grandchildren of Man, named after the 谥. During the Warring States Period, Qi Guo (now Shandong) had a noble Tian Wen , grandson of King Qi Wei , known as Meng Tajun , and had thousands of diners under his door. He was a famous politician at the time. Later, during the rebellion of the noble Tian Jia of the Qi Kingdom, Meng Tajun fled to the Wei State (the vassal state that was sealed in the Western Zhou Dynasty, now in the north of Ruicheng, Shanxi Province). Later generations also used "Wen" as their clan, which was Shanxi Wen's.

5, from the surname to avoid taboos to change the last name. In the Jin Dynasty after the Five Dynasties, in order to avoid Jin Gaozu's Shi Jingtang's name, the surname "Jing" was changed to "Wen". For example, in the Song Dynasty, Wen Yanbo and Wen Tianxiang , their ancestors (during the Tang and Five Dynasties) were respected surnames. The distribution of Wen's surnames dates back to the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period, that is, the Wen clan people relocated to the Jianghuai area. At the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, the humanities of the Chu Kingdom served as a doctor in the Yue Kingdom and assisted the King Gou Jian of the Yue Kingdom . In the Western Han Dynasty, Luxian County (now Lujiangxi, Anhui) was a humanist. Emperor Jing served as Shu Dushou in the last year and contributed to the development of local culture. One of his descendants developed and reproduced in Sichuan. From the Western Han Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms period, the Wen family living in Henan mainly distributed in Kaifeng, Nanyang, Yongcheng, and Gushi. There are the ruins of Wengu City in the southeast of Gushi County, and there are unearthed cultural relics of the Han Dynasty , which are said to be the place where the Wen family lived. After the Tang Dynasty , Wen's was widely distributed throughout the country, and said it flourished in Shanxi and Jiangnan. According to research, the surname Wen ranks 100th among the most common Han surnames in China. Near Singapore and other state-owned surnames overseas Chinese . Junwangtang Hall No .: Xinguotang, Zhengqitang: Wen Tianxiang of Song Dynasty is the left prime minister, the letter of the National Hou, enters Chaoyang, Yuan conceals Zhang Hongfan, Wen Tianxiang is captured, and Yan Yan is unyielding for three years. ".

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