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Nie

Distribution area

Hedong County: The governing place is Anyi (now northwest of Xia County, Shanxi Province). Xin'an County: Jin'an was changed from Xindu County to Xin'an County, and the governing office was new (now Chun'an West, Zhejiang Province).

Historical source

Nie

Nie (Niè) has four origins: 1, from the surname Jiang . According to "The Surname Anxious", in the Spring and Autumn Period, Ding Gong of Qi State sealed his grandson Yu Niecheng (now west of Chiping County, Shandong Province, and north of Qingfeng County, Henan Province) as a vassal of Qi State, called Nie State. The descendants of future generations take the country as the clan. 2. From the surname Ji . According to "Yuanhe Surname Compilation", in the Spring and Autumn Period, Dr. Wei (a doctor in Chu State ) was eaten in Nie (now Puyang, Henan Province), and his descendants took the land as the clan. In the "Dictionary", Doctor Wei adopted the land of Liaocheng in Shandong Province today, while Chu has Uncle She, but Nie Shu, Yuan and Du think the ancient books are wrong). 3. The ancient place name is Nie Bei, which belonged to Xing Guo in the Spring and Autumn Period (now Pingping West in Shandong Province), and belonged to Qi after death. 4. Nie or Nie surnames from other ethnic groups: Jews entered China in the Song Dynasty and adopted the Han surname in the Yuan and Ming dynasties, among which Nie surname. The surname of Manchurian lives in Liaoyang. Jinman, Tujia and other ethnic groups all have this surname.

Ancestor

Jiang Shang. The word Ziya is also called Lu Shang, Lu Wang, and Qi Taigong. He was a famous politician and military strategist at the beginning of the week. Fishing by the Weishui River, was hired by Wen Wangli as a photo. Later King Zuowu fell into power and made great achievements, and was the first founding hero of the Zhou Dynasty . Feng Yuqi when he became king. When it was passed down to Qi Dinggong , Dinggong sealed its support to Nie, and the descendants of the later generations took the country as the family name and named Nie surname. They respected Jiang Shang as the ancestor of Nie.

Migration distribution

Regarding the exact birthplace of Nie, there is no way to verify it because of divergent opinions , but Nie's origin in this area of Yulu should be undoubtedly right. The first Nie surname seen in the annals of history was Nie Zheng from the Warring States Period. He was from South Korea (now southwest of Jiyuan, Henan Province), and later in the Western Han Dynasty was Yanmen Mayi (now Shuozhou, Shanxi Province). Weng Yi), in the Eastern Han Dynasty, there was Nie Jibao from Yingchuan Xiangcheng (now Xiangcheng, Henan Province), and Nie Shang, the queen guardian of Shu County (now Chengdu, Sichuan Province). It shows that before the Eastern Han Dynasty, Nie surnamed North as its central area of reproduction and development. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, Nie surname developed rapidly in Xia County, Shanxi, and presents a large number of ethnic groups. It has produced the largest number of Nie surnames in history—Hedong County. In addition, due to social turmoil at this time, Nie surname has been relocated to the south of the Yangtze River. Among them, Nie surnamed in the Xin'an River basin has developed and gradually formed the Nie surname of Xin'an County. At this time, the characters in the history books are Wu Nie You of the Three Kingdoms , Nai Zhang (now Nanchang, Jiangxi Province), and Nie Song from the Liang Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty. At the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Nie surname flourished in the two major counties mentioned above, and relocated to the surrounding areas with the two places as the center.

During the two Song dynasties, the Nie surnames seen in the annals of history were mostly from the south, and they are present in Fujian, Hunan, Hubei and other places, especially after the South Song Dynasty's partial safety in Lin'an. At the end of the Southern Song Dynasty, because the North had been ruled by the Yi for many years, it was relatively stable compared to the South. New features of Nie's reproduction appeared, that is, the North developed smoothly and the South avoided chaos and relocation. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, due to warlord disputes and plagues, the Central Plains, East China, and Central and South China were starving and wild. After the Zhu Ming dynasty ruled the country, in order to restore the local economy, they forcibly migrated from Shanxi, which was not reached by the war. As a result, Shanxi Nie surname was one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty and was relocated to Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Anhui. After the middle of Ming Dynasty, there were those who moved to Taiwan from the coastal Nie surname . At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Zhang Xianzhong Tuchuan caused the population of Sichuan and Chongqing to drop sharply. When Huguang filled Sichuan , the surnames of the two lakes entered the river. After the Qing Dynasty , Nie surnames were more widely distributed. Today, Nie surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Hubei, which account for about 15% of the Han nationality's population. The Nie surname is the 126th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.1% of the Han population in China.

The main hall names of Nie's surname are: "Ci Shutang", "Three Halls", "Circle Creek Hall", "Hedong Hall" and so on.

[General couplet of Nie Xing Ancestral Hall ]

〖Nie Xing Ancestral Hall Four Words General Union〗

From Nie Guo; look out to Hedong. ——Anonymous Nie Surname Ancestral Hall General Union Code refers to the origin and county of Gong (see the introduction of the above heads "First and Last Names" and "Four and County Hope Churches").

Chivalrous revenge; Han Shiminong. ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral temple general couplet joint code refers to the Korean Tatar Nie Zheng during the Warring States Period, because of avoiding hatred hidden between the butchers. During Han Liehou , Minister Yan Sui and Xiang Guo, Han Guo, settled resentment in the struggle for power, begging Nie Zheng to take revenge, and send a hundred golden ladies to Nie's mother to wish his life. Nie Zheng did not agree with him on the grounds that his mother was not allowed. After his mother died, he went to Xiangfu with a sword and assassinated Han Yan, and then committed suicide. The Xialian Code refers to the poet Nie Yizhong of the Tang Dynasty . In the last year of Xiantong, the junior junior officer, the official Huayin County Wei, had no intention of official career. His poems are mostly five-character, and the language is popular. It is an excellent work in the late Tang poems. A poem in "A Wounded Field" describes the sufferings of farmers: "Selling new silk in February and smashing new valleys in May . The flesh of my heart. I wish the king ’s heart would turn into a candle of light.

There is a chant for compassionate farmers; ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral hall general couplet code refers to Tang Nie Yizhong, working poems, "Tian Family Poems": "Selling new silk in February, smashing new valleys in May. Healing the sore in front of his eyes, but he was swollen. "Xialian Code refers to Song Nie Chang, who was born from Taixue's official office and led Kaifeng House. In desperation, he dared to kill.

〖Five Words General Union of Nie Xing Ancestral Hall〗

Kusawa Xinchudi; poetry poet of late Tang Dynasty. ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral hall General couplet This joint is Nie's ancestral hall "Ci Shutang" church couplet.

〖Nie Xing Ancestral Hall of Six Languages General Union〗

Yin Niang was a teacher and a heroine; ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral hall universal joint couplet code refers to Tang Nie Yinniang learned sword with the old Ni. The Xialian Code refers to the murder of Qing Nie Shuer's father. He was awarded the title of "Xi Zhaoxue", but Xie Si was the posthumous officer.

〖Nian Xing Ancestral Hall of Seven Characters General Union〗

The rivers and mountains are still beautiful; the east is bright and the weather is new. ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral hall general couplet This couplet is an inlaid couplet in which the word "Hedong" in Nie surname county is inlaid with a crane roof.

The heroes of the ancient British style: the heroes of the Nine Emperor Samurai. ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral shrine general couplet code refers to the Nie political affairs code of the Korean Tatars during the Warring States Period. Xialian Code refers to the Han Dynasty Nieyi Nie Yidian.

〖Nie Xing Ancestral Hall with more than seven words General Union〗

On the Mount Tian, the name goes on forever; before the Lianshan Pass, the meritorious service covers thousands of years. ——Anonymous Nie Surname Ancestral Temple General Union full code refers to the Qing Dynasty Zhili Tito Nie Shicheng, Hefei people. Brave in nature, during the Guangxu period, during the Sino-French Vietnam war, he was successful in defending Taiwan. In the Sino-Japanese battle, Shi Cheng guarded the Motianling with a solitary army, repeatedly withdrew from the Japanese army, regained the Lianshan Pass, and killed Japanese officers. After President Wu Yijun. The Eight-Power Allied Forces attacked Tianjin, Nie Shicheng fought to resist the enemy, and was finally killed.

Xia Lie went out together, donated his life to make it difficult; he heard ten things on the festival, and then he died. ——Anonymous Nie surnamed ancestral hall general couplet code refers to the famous celebrity Nie political code of the Zhou Dynasty. The Xialian Code refers to the Nishi Yao Shidian in the Song Dynasty .

The wine striker will return, and a pavilion will obliquely shine purple; the end of the song is missing, and the number of peaks will be dark. ——Anonymous Nie Xing Ancestral Hall General Union This joint is the Nieer Pavilion of Yuantong Mountain in Kunming, Yunnan Province.

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