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Gongsun

Distribution area

Fufeng County: Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty placed right Fufeng as one of the three assistants. The Three Kingdoms Wei Dynasty was changed to Fufeng County. West of Chang'an County, Shaanxi Province. Gaoyang County①: There was Gaoyang Township in the ancient times, and it is northwest of Qi County, Henan Province today. At the end of the Qin Dynasty, he claimed to be a "Gaoyang drinker", and Gao Yang pointed this way. ②: Emperor Hanyang set up Gaoyang County and governed Gaoyang (now Gaoyang East, Hebei Province). Jin once set Gao Yangguo and Zhibo Lu (now south of Yi County). The Northern Wei Dynasty had only Gaoyang County, which still governed Gaoyang. Sui waste.

Historical source

"Gongsun" comes from:

Gōngsūn Gongsun has a wide range of surnames, and there are two main categories: 1. descendants from princes of various countries during the Spring and Autumn Period, with the title of Jazz. In the spring and autumn, the princes of various countries, regardless of the title of the knight, liked to be called public. According to "Guangyun", "After the ancient seal of the Gong, they all called themselves Gongsun, so their surnames are many, not even one tribe." According to "Tongzhi", "Gongsun, the grandson of the princes in the Spring and Autumn Period, is also considered to be the clan. , Said the Gongsun family , known as the nobles. Or Huangdi surnamed Gongsun , because they thought the family. ". 2, from the surname of Ji , Huang Di Xuanyuan's descendants are Gongsun. The Gongsun family first appeared in ancient times. According to "History of the Road", "Shen Nong's mother-in-law Xi, Emperor Shaodian, was a prince, and his surname was Gongsun. Emperor Xuanyuan's first name was Gongsun, and he was later changed to Ji." Among all his descendants, some are named Gongsun , Called Gongsun.

The ancestor of the surname:

Yellow Emperor Xuanyuan. Huang Di is the son of Shao Dian. His surname is Gongsun and his name is Xuanyuan. Legend has it that Shennong's half-brother and his brother-in-law, "King Shaodian Monarch, the world is a prince", in his descendants, some people use Gongsun as the surname. Emperor Huang Dixuan once surnamed "Gongsun" and later changed to Ji. Of all his descendants, some are named Gongsun, others are Ji , and a few are named Xuanyuan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the princes of various countries mostly like to be called "public". Under the system at that time, the monarch would be inherited by the eldest son of the monarch. Before formally ascending the throne, you should first become the prince. At this time, the other sons will be called princes, while the sons of the princes are also princes, and the sons of the princes are the grandsons. The descendants of these Gongsuns changed their names to Gongsun in order to highlight the descent of the royal family that their ancestors had. In this way, the honor of Gongsun as a surname spread widely. At this time, the source of its surname was varied and varied . Therefore, the ancestor of Gongsun is Huangdi Xuanyuan.

Migration distribution

Gongsun's surname is not included in the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland and Taiwan. In ancient times, the word Sun could be used to refer to the descendants, and the word Gongsun could also be used to refer to the descendants of the Duke and Nobles. Some descendants of the princes and nobles are proud of the title of Gongsun, and they have become surnames for generations. There is also an ancient book "Tongzhi" which says that Huangdi surnamed Gongsun in ancient times, so this name has been widely circulated. The surname of Gongsun has a long history . According to the records in Road History, Xuanyuan's first name was Gongsun, and then changed to surname Ji. From this point of view, it is not surprising that the term "Gongsun" has been honored since ancient times. From "Guangyun", it is recorded that "after being sealed, they are all called Gongsuns." It can be seen that the descendants of the princes of the nations during the Spring and Autumn Period are respected as Gongsuns. From "Tongzhi · Clan's Chronicles", "Gongsun's clan is known as the noble." It can be seen that the meaning of "Gongsun" was extended later, and most people also called the sons of your grandson as Gongsun. Such as the "son" of people. It is said that Gongsun, who was born in the home of the princes in the Spring and Autumn Period, simply named Gongsun as his surname, also known as Gongsun. It can be seen that the Chinese people with the last name Gongsun are not all inherited from Huangdi in the same vein, and some of them are descendants of the Spring and Autumn Nobility. In any case, Gongsun's long history, nobility and honor are incomparable to other ordinary surnames. The Wangs live in Gaoyang County (now northwest of Linzi County, Shandong Province); Fufeng County (now East Xianyang County, Shaanxi Province).

Hall number

White Horse Hall: The post-Han Gong Sun Xun was named a general to discuss prisoners, defeating Hu Lu repeatedly, except for the history of the governor of Liaodong. Often riding white horses, Wu Yan was afraid of him and told each other: "We must avoid the white horse's long history."

Zhongyitang: In the spring and autumn, Gongsun Jisuo and Cheng Ying were both Zhao Shuo's guests. Zhao Shuo was killed by Tu Anjia, and Shuo's wife gave birth to a son. Gui Jiu and Cheng Ying designed to save the Zhao's orphan : Gui Jiu hid his son in the mountains, and sent Cheng Ying to Tu Anjia to report that he was an orphan of the Zhao family. Tu Anjia killed Gongsun Jijiu's son as Zhao's orphan and Gongsun Jijiu. Cheng Ying protected the orphan of the Zhao family when he grew up, and finally reported the revenge of Zhao Shuo. It is said that Gongsun Jijiu gave up his son and his own loneliness, and was loyal and righteous.

Celebrities

Gongsun Long: Zi Zibing, a logician of Zhao Guo during the Warring States Period, was a self-evident family among the hundreds of scholars. In ancient times, he was called a "famous artist". . Gongsun Long has the famous book "White Horse" and so on.

Gongsun Jijiu , a Jin nationality in spring and autumn, a guest of Zhao Dun and Zhao Shuo's father and son. The birth and death years are unknown, and the main activities were during the Jin Jinggong period (599-581 BC). He is the protagonist of the famous Chinese ancient loyalty story "The Orphan of the Zhao Family ".

Gongsun 鞅: That is, Shang 鞅 . Defenders of the Warring States Period. Later, in the Qin State Reform, he successfully sealed the fifteen eups of the Shang Dynasty, and named it Shangjun because he was called Shangyang. He was not reused in Wei State first, and then voted for Qin Xiaogong to preside over the reform. In the two reforms, he "has no law but expensive" and promoted the new law. After the death of Xiao Gong, he was framed and cracked to death, leaving books such as Shang Shang Fang Sheng.

Gongsun Qi: That is, Bai Qi . Known as "human slaughter," one of the four generals of the Warring States Period (the other three were Wang Xi , Lian Po , and Li Mu ). Born (now northeast of Shexian County, Shaanxi Province), in the history of China, since Sun Wu and Wu Qi , he has been an outstanding military strategist and commander.

Gong Sunhong : Zi Ji, a native of Zichuan during the Han Dynasty . Poor family, and herdsmanship. It wasn't until the age of 40 that I learned about "Spring and Autumn". He was twice worshiped as a doctor in Emperor Hanwu and Yuanguangshi, and once served as a Xiongnu. Later he was promoted to prime minister in Yuanshuo and Feng Pingjinhou.

Gongsun Shu : Zi Ziyang, Fufeng Maoling (now Xingping County, Shaanxi). It is well-known for describing skilled officials and exterminating thieves. Wang Mang usurped the Han and stated that he was appointed to guide Jiang Suzheng (that is, Shu County Taishou). In the last year of Wang Mang, the world was disturbed, and the heroes competed, and Shu Sui claimed to be the assistant Han general and the leader of Yizhou. It was Shi Gongsun Shuyu in Shu, when the people secretly said that Wang Mang called Huang, Shu Yu followed, so he called Bai, calling himself "White Emperor." The soldiers were refined with the supplies of Shu land, the Quartet princes returned to the Japanese congregation, and the Southwest Yichang also came to lose their contributions. Until the first year of Emperor Guangwu's construction in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25th year AD), he became an emperor by himself, with the family name of "Family", Jianyuan Longxing, changed Yizhou to the Lieutenant of the Lili, and Shu County to Chengdu Yin. Officials at all levels below. Gongsun is very succinct, and superstitious and taboo, saying that he is observant of small things and ignores the general. After he ascended the throne, he rashly abolished copper coins and set up official cast-iron money, which made the folk currency impractical. The children were distributed in counties and counties. One country's government affairs were left to Gongsun 's family , and they refused to prevent the ministers from entering the concubine. As a result, the minister was more resentful. Emperor Guangwu mixed with each other in the U.S., and sent to persuade the persuasion to obey. In the eleventh year of Jianwu (three to five years), Han Tingnai sent troops to conquer and was rejected. In the following year, Wu Sima, the reindeer, raised his troops to attack the city, smashed Chengdu, swept the army, and killed the Gongsun family . The "marriage" was killed by the Eastern Han Dynasty. Ji Gongsun Shucai was named emperor according to Yizhou, where every twelve years. Later generations called it the "jumping horse". Du Fu once had a poem saying, " Wolong is leaping to the end of the loess, and people are lonely."

Gongsundu : Famous Leopard, Zizi, Xiangping (Liaoyang) from the Eastern Han Dynasty. Shao followed his father to avoid officials and moved to Xuanzang. Tai Shougong Sun Yingyu loved it, and learned to get a wife for his teacher. At first, he was the official of Xuanzhang County, and later he was still Shulang. In the six years of the Emperor Lingdi's Zhongping (AD 189), Dong Zhuo was in power, and Du Rong Xu Rong became Dong Zhuo's confidant and recommended him, and he served as Liaodong Tai'an. He has a low degree of birth and is regarded as a name by his name. After taking office, punish the mighty and kill Liwei. Xiang Xiangping ordered Gong Sun Zhao to kill in the city. Kill more than a hundred families like Tian Shao. Terrified in the county. In the first year of the Emperor Xianping's reign (190 AD), he saw the chaos in the world. He struck Wudang in the west, opened up territories and spread abroad. Liaodong County, led by the branch, is the three counties of Liaodong, Zhongliao and Liaoxi. Except for the Liaodong Taishou, the other two counties each have their own Taishou. He also crossed the sea to capture Donglai Zhuxian (Shandong Dengzhou Peninsula) and set up Yingzhou thorn history. Xuanzang and Donglang Erjun gradually came under their control. Then became independent Liaodonghou, Pingzhou Mu. When Cao Cao was in power, he was a mighty general, Yongning Xianghou. At that time, the Central Plains held disturbances and was unable to take care of the border county. He died in the 9th year of Emperor Xian'an's construction (AD 204).

Gongsun Jun : Bei Ping Shou from the Eastern Han Dynasty, Shu Zuo was born, and by his own talents, he gradually became a general general. He confronted the northern minorities with a tough attitude, and fought fiercely and made the frontier.

Last name culture