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Fang

Distribution area

Henan County: In the second year of Han Gaozu (205 BC), it was changed to Feng County, Sanchuan County, where it was ruled: Liyang (now northeast of Luoyang, Henan). Xin'an County, where the government was founded (now Chun'an, Zhejiang), moved to Shexian, Anhui.

Historical source

"Fang" origin

Fang's has a long history of nearly 4,700 years, and it is from Fang Lei . The eldest son of Emperor Shennong Yanxi, the eldest son of the eighth emperor, Yu Lei, and Lei Yingong was sealed on Fangshan (now Yuzhou City, Henan Province) when Huang Di fell on Chiyou . The descendants used the land as their clan, and were divided into the surnames Lei and Fang . By the time of the Western Zhou Dynasty King Xuan , there was a general called Fang Shu who was brilliant and brave. He was ordered to march south and calmed the Jingman rebellion, and made great contributions to the resurgence of Zhoushi. Therefore, the genealogy of many Fang surnames in later generations adopted the phrase "after the uncle Fang of Zhou Dafu".

Hall number

Henan Hall, Dunxu Hall, Liugui Hall, Liben Hall, Lunxu Hall, Durengtang Jule Hall, Dunyi Hall, Yongsi Hall, Great Training Hall, Youqing Hall Yongxi Hall, Baiyun Hall, Faxiang Hall, Shi En Hall, Zhuang Ao Hall View Hall, Yang Mu Pavilion, Guang Yuan Hall, Guang Qi Hall, Zheng Xue Hall, Shuo Yuan Hall.

Migration distribution

In the pre-Qin period, Fang's name was active in Henan, but was not active. It was not until the end of the Western Han Dynasty that after Fang moved to the north of Anhui in the east , he developed and formed a large clan. In the Tang Dynasty , Fang's surnames had been distributed in Central Plains, East China and Jiangnan. During the Tang and Song dynasties, Fang's footprints appeared in Hainan, Guangdong, Fujian and other places, and entered Taiwan in the early Qing Dynasty. During the Song Dynasty, Fang surnamed about 450,000 people, accounting for about 0.58% of the country's population, and the surname ranked 35th. At that time, the largest province with a surname of Fang was Fujian, which accounted for about 37% of the country's total surname. The distribution of Fang surnames in the country is mainly concentrated in Fujian, Anhui, and Zhejiang. The three surnames Fang surnames account for about 78% of the total population of Fang surnames in the country, followed by Hunan and Jiangxi. Fang surnames in the two provinces account for 12% of the total population. %. All over the country, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui, and Hunan surnames have formed. During the Ming Dynasty, there were about 440,000 Fang surnames, accounting for 0.48% of the country's population, and were the 48th surnames of the Ming Dynasty. In the 600 years of Song Yuanming, the net population growth rate of the country was 20%, and the growth of Fang's population almost stopped. At that time, the distribution of Fang surnames in the country was mainly concentrated in Zhejiang and Anhui. These two provinces accounted for about 55% of the total population of Fang surnames, followed by Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Fujian, and Hubei. 30%. Zhejiang is the largest province with a surname of Fang, accounting for about 36% of the country's total population. During the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the overall distribution of Fang surnames changed greatly, and its population moved mainly from north to southeast and from south to north. The distribution of the surname of Fang surnamed centered on Zhejiang and distributed around the country re-formed throughout the country. The population center of Fang surname moved from southeast to north.

The contemporary surname Fang has a population of more than 4.1 million and is the 63rd surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.33% of the country's population. From the Ming Dynasty to the present 600 years, the Chinese surname population increased from 440,000 to 4.3 million, an increase of nearly 10 times. At present, the country's distribution is mainly concentrated in Anhui, Zhejiang and Henan provinces, accounting for about 37% of the total population of Fang surname, followed by Guangdong, Hubei, Liaoning, Fujian, Hunan, these five provinces concentrated another 33% of Fang surname population. Anhui is the largest province with a contemporary surname of Fang, which accounts for 15% of the total population. There are two gathering places in Henan, Hubei, Anhui, Zhejiang and Fujian and Guangdong. The distribution of Fang's surname in the population shows that Fang's surname is one of the more common surnames in the east, southeast, and Yunnan. In most areas of Anhui and Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Southeast Henan, eastern Hubei, eastern Guangdong, southwest Guangxi, most Yunnan, and western Liaoning, the proportion of Fang surnames in the local population is generally above 0.45%, and the central area reaches 1.7%. Above, its coverage area accounts for about 12.5% of the total area of the country, and about 57% of the people with surname Fang live. In northern Anhui and Jiangsu, eastern and southern Henan, western Hubei, northern Chongqing, northern and southeastern Hunan, central Guangdong, most of Hainan, western Guangxi, eastern and northwestern Yunnan, southwestern Gansu, most of Liaoning, eastern end of Heiji, In southeastern Inner Mongolia, the proportion of Fang's surname to the local population is generally between 0.3% and 0.45%. Its coverage area accounts for about 12.7% of the total area of the country, and about 20% of Fang's population live.

Celebrities

Uncle Fang: Minister Zhou Xuan , who once led a troop of three thousand to attack the Chu National University and won the victory . He is a great contributor to the resurgence of Zhou Shi, and he has gained great fame. The "Uncle Fang" in the Book of Songs describes this extraordinary war. Congratulations "Uncle Wanglong Fang" means noble fame and reputation.

Fang Fengchen: Song Dynasty champion. A native of Zhejiang Chun'an, a famous educator of the Southern Song Dynasty , Chunyou ten years (1250) champion, Li Zong named "Fengchen". Author of "filial piety", "Shang Shu Shi Zhuan", "Introduction to Gewu" and other books.

Fang Hui: Anhui Huizhou. Famous poet, writer. Poetry and simple poetry, reflecting the suffering of the people. Author of " Xu Gu Ji", "Tong Jiang Ji", "Tong Jiang Sequel", "Bi Liu Ji", " Xu Gu Jin Zhi", "Yan Bao Xie Poetry Review" and so on.

Fang Weixia: Revolutionary martyr, educator, Mao Zedong's teacher. One of the main leaders of the August 1 Nanchang Uprising and the Guangzhou Uprising, he has successively served as Director of the Political Department of the Red Army School of Minxi, Director of the General Affairs Department of the Central Provisional Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic, Minister of Education and Minister of Justice of the Soviet Government of Hunan and Jiangxi. He was killed in 1936 after the traitor had been informed.

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