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Ni

Distribution area

Qiancheng County, Shandong. The rule is in Qiancheng, and the old city is in Guangrao County, Shandong Province. Jurisdiction lies in Boxing, Gaoqing, Binxian and other places in northern Shandong today.

Historical source

The surname Ni is the 111th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.14 % of the Han population in China .

"Ni" originated

Ni surname comes from four sources: 1. From Cao surname . After the second son of Huang Wugong, the descendant of Emperor Huangdi , he was named after the country. According to "Common Chronicles of the Clan", "Surnames of the Swords of Niujie" and "Ciyuan", during the Spring and Autumn Period, the Emperor Wu Wu sealed his second son to the concubine (the old city is now in the state of Tengzhou, Shandong Province), and established the Lao Kingdom for Lao vassal. The descendants are named after the country, and are called 郳. During the Warring States Period, the Chu State was destroyed by the Chu State , and the name was changed to avoid the hatred (ní, not simply "Er"), and then the name "Ni" was added next to "阝" followed by "亻". At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, there was Ni Kuan , who was the descendant of the male and the male. 2. In the Spring and Autumn Period, after the descendants of Li Guolai. Avoid revenge changed to Ni's . According to "Shang Youlu", the other ethnic group was named Ni after the state-owned Lili came from the Spring and Autumn Period. 3. From other ethnic groups changed their surnames or minorities. According to "Book of Wei", the posthumous name of Bei Fu in the later Wei Dynasty was changed to He , and later changed to Ni; the Qingqi Manchu Eight Banners had the Ni surname, and they lived in Ninggu tower ; Manchu, Mongolian, The Tujia and other ethnic groups have Ni surnames. 4. From the business prince Erbo. The Shang princes had children, and their descendants were Ni surnames.

Ancestor

Ni Kuan. Qiancheng (now Guangrao County, Shandong Province), Minister of the Western Han Dynasty, Water Conservancy House. Governing "Shang Shu", Li Shi Yu Shi, Zhong Fu, Zuo Nei Shi and other positions, and later worshiped Yu Shi Fu. During his tenure, he attached importance to water conservancy construction, dispatched migrant workers, and flowed up the south bank of Zheng Guoqu to open six auxiliary canals so that the surrounding highlands could be irrigated. He has outstanding political achievements and is supported by the people. Kuan is a descendant of 颛 顼 . During the time of King Zhou Wu, the descendants of Feng Yu were sent to Yifu Yan. Due to their contribution to Zhou Tianzi, their second child (as soon as he said fat) was not a vassal. It is called a small country . He has repeatedly honored King Yiyi from the Qi Emperor, so he has glory for a while. In the Warring States Period, the State of Chu was destroyed by the State of Chu, and the descendants took the State as their clan. Later, due to avoiding revenge, the name "Yi" was removed and the name "Ni" was added. Due to the divergence of opinions among the people who started the country, Ni Kuan, a descendant of Ni Kuan, has seen the annals of history and has a famous reputation.

Reproduction

Now, in Tengzhou and Zaozhuang, Shandong Province, there are two places called Ercheng. According to research, these two places are the hometown of the Spring and Autumn Period. Of course, this is also the original birthplace of the surnames and surnames of later generations. . After the kingdom of Chu was destroyed by Chu, it gradually moved northward, and most of them settled in the place of Qiancheng, and then multiplied and prospered, and gradually became Ni Xing Qiancheng County. During the Warring States Period, some people in Song Dynasty said that this time, the surname Ni had been registered in Henan in this period. In the two Han dynasties, the surnames of Ni (郳) in the history books gradually increased, except for Kuan, who were mostly scattered in history books, such as the concubine of the concubine, Bing Jialiang, Yangzhou thorn history proverbs, Jiuzhen obedience, 羌 主 库, Linhuai (This is Anhui) People Changqing, Qi Guolin Ziren Meng and so on. It can be seen that the surname of Ni (郳) at this time is still mainly reproduced in Shandong, and some have entered the northern area of Anhui. Later in the Southern Dynasties, there were Jiangyin princes Ni Qi and Shang Shu Zuo Yun Tong Ping Zhang Ni Shu, indicating that during the Han and Wei dynasties, the surname had been changed to Ni, and that the surname Ni had been relocated to Jiangnan due to social unrest. . During the Northern and Southern Dynasties of the Jin Dynasty, Ni surname was rare in Shi Shu. At the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the surname of Ni was gradually spreading in the north, and today Ni, surnamed Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, and other places all have activities of surname Ni. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, due to the An Shi rebellion and the Huang Chao uprising, the people did not talk about life , and the people were miserable , and then Ni moved to Jiangnan in large numbers. In the Song Dynasty, there were many people in the annals of history, and from the analysis of their place of origin, it shows that in this period, the surname of Ni has been distributed in Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian and other places. At the end of the Song Dynasty, due to the Yuan Dynasty 's ancestors besieging the remnants of the Southern Song Dynasty , the torches of Jiangnan, Zhejiang, and Fujian were all around , and the Yuan soldiers went everywhere to burn and plunder, and the people fled to the wind , so Ni surrendered gradually. Today Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the people suffered calamity again, the fire was over, the jade and stone burned, and the population in East China, Central Plains, and Central South plummeted. In the early Ming Dynasty, the Ming government immigrated from Shanxi in order to restore the local economy. As one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty , Ni was relocated to today's Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hebei and other places. Ni moved to Taiwan, and in the Qing Dynasty , Ni crossed from Fujian. In this period, there are also those who surnamed Ni went from Shandong to Guandong to the three northeast provinces. Today, Ni surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Jiangsu, Hubei, Shanghai and other provinces and cities. Ni surnames in the three places account for about 60% of the Han population in the country.

Hall number

1. Junwangtang: Qiancheng.

2. Independence Hall: Jing Jing, Jing Jing, Dai Jing, Yide, Shide, Chengde, Unity, Zhenyi, Jianben, Newspaper, Chongben, Airi, Ningyuan, Yongsi, Jiyi, Jiyi Kindness, joyfulness, yongmu, yi'an, peide, kindness, dedication, etc.

Celebrities

Ni Si: Huzhou Gui'an (now Wuxing, Zhejiang), Song Dynasty scholar, official. He has served as the minister of the Ministry of Rites and Shangshu of the Ministry of Rites . His knowledgeable and authored authors include Jingjingtang Magazine, Qishan Jiayi Draft, and Jianshan Ji.

Ni Kun: (1301-1374), Yuan Dynasty painter and poet. Formerly known as 珽, Ziyuan Town, No. Yunlin, Alias Fantasy Xiasheng, Jing Manmin, etc. Changzhou Wuxi Meili Geduo Village (now Wuxi Meili Town, Jiangsu). There are "Water Bamboo House Map", "Rongji Zhai Map", "Yu Zhuang Autumn Map", "Yushan Forest Map", "Yuhan Forest Pine Map", "Autumn Pavilion Tree Map", "Strange Stone Bush Map" , "Bamboo branches" and other handed down.

Ni Yuanlu : (1593-1644), Ming Chen, painter. The word Yuru, No. Hongbao, was born in Shangyu, Zhejiang. You Shan walks on grass, draws landscape dianthus, the ink is faint, and it is very elegant and elegant. There are "Ni Wenzhen Collection", "Sparse Forest Bamboo and Stone Map", "Hong Bao Ying Ben" and so on.

Last name culture