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Yin

Distribution area

Runan County: Four years of Emperor Han Gao (203 BC). The government is located in Pingyu (now Henan Province), which is equivalent to today's area from Shangcai County in Henan Province to the north of Huaihe River in Anhui Province. Chen County: Huaiyang Kingdom in the Western Han Dynasty, Chen Kingdom in the Eastern Han Dynasty , Chen County was changed when the Emperor was offered, and Chen County (now Huaiyang County, Henan Province) was governed. Sui and Tang dynasties are Huaiyang County of Chenzhou.

Historical source

The surname Yin is the 104th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.16 % of the Han population in China . Yin surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Shandong, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hebei, Shaanxi, and other provinces. Yin surnames in the five provinces account for about 58% of the Han population in China.

"Yin" comes out

There are three sources of Yin's surname: 1. From the child's surname, after the deed. According to "Customs", "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Tongzhi · Clanlue", Pan Geng moved from Yin (the old city is now Qufu, Shandong, Shandong) to Yin (the old city is northwest of Anyang, Henan), Said Yin Shang. King Zhou Wu exterminates the emperor, and the elder brother of the emperor Wang Xun, who started in the Song Dynasty. Those who are not allowed to be ancestors, will be named after the old country. 2. Take the water near the residence as the clan. According to the "Tongzhi · Clan Profile" and "The Surname Anxious", there is Yinshui in Yuzhou, Henan, and residents use water as their clan. 3. The surname changed from another tribe.

Ancestor

Yin Qi. The son of Emperor Xi, the ancestor in the legend of the Shang tribe. Qi was born to her mother, Jane Di, swallowing her eggs, so she was given a surname. Qi served as an apprentice in Emperor Shun when he was in charge of enlightenment. Later, due to Zuo Dayu's successful water management, he was sealed in Shang (now southwest of Shangqiu, Henan Province), and his descendant Sun Chengtang established the Shang Dynasty. During the period, he moved the capital five times, and when he passed it to Pan Geng, he moved from Qian to Yin (in the area of Anyang, Henan Province today), so he was named Yin Shang and Qi was later called Yin Qi. Shang was passed down to Zhou Shi by Zhou. Later, Zhou Wuwang was sealed and Wang Xi's brother Weizi started in Song Dynasty (now Shangqiu, Henan Province) to worship King Tang. In addition, most of the descendants of Yin Shang did not confess their rewards, so they named the surname Yin after their original country name, and they respected Yin Qi as their ancestor.

Migration distribution

In the pre-Qin period, the activities of the Yin surname were relatively extensive. The Wei state of Henan in the Warring States period, the Wei state in the Jilu region, and the Qin state in the Shaanchuan area all had Yin footprints, but the Henan region has always been the main place of activity of the Yin surname. By the end of the Qin Dynasty, the main clans of the Yin family were clustered in the King of Hanoi, Qinyang City, Henan Province today. The Qin and Han dynasties had a surname of Yin in Hueiji, Zhejiang. In the early Western Han Dynasty, Yin moved south to Runan and Xihua in the upper reaches of the Huaihe River to form the famous Yin Runan Wang tribe. During the Three Kingdoms and the Two Jin Dynasties , Yin moved from the Huaihe region to the southeast and crossed the Yangtze River into the Jiangnan region. In the Tang and Song dynasties, the surname Yin formed a clan in Jiangsu. In the Ming Dynasty , the surname Yin had spread throughout the country. During the Ming Dynasty, Yin had about 120,000 surnames, accounting for about 0.13% of the country's population, ranking 130th. Jiangsu is the largest province with the surname Yin, accounting for about 36% of the total population of the surname Yin. The country is mainly concentrated in Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang. These four provinces account for about 69% of the total population of Yin. For more than 600 years in the Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties, the population of Yin surnamed mainly migrated to the southeast, and the gathering center of Yin surnamed Jiangsu has been formed.

The contemporary surname Yin has a population of nearly 1.7 million and is the 111th largest surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.14% of the national population. The population growth rate of Yin surname has been increasing for 1000 years since the Song Dynasty . Currently, the surnames Yin are mainly distributed in Yunnan and Jiangsu. These two provinces account for about 44% of the population of the Yin surname in the country, followed by Anhui, Shandong, Hubei, and Hebei. These four provinces have concentrated another 20%. Yin's largest province is Yunnan, which accounts for about 31% of the country's population. The country has formed a gathering area of Yin surnames centered on southwest Yunnan and eastern Jiangsu and Anhui. The surname Yin is widely distributed, but uneven. The frequency distribution of Yin surnames in the population shows that in most of Yunnan, southern Sichuan and Guizhou, western Guangxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Chongqing, and Anhui, Jiangsu and Anhui, Shanghai, Hubei, Anhui and Jiangxi, Ganxia, western Gansu, Yin The distribution frequency of surnames in the population is about 0.21%, and the central area can reach more than 1.6%. The area covered by the above surnames accounts for about 21.8% of the total area of the country. About 48% of the Yin population live in this area. In most of Shandong, northern Anhui and Jiangsu, central Hubei and Zhejiang, northern Hunan and Guizhou, southeastern Henan, southern Chongqing, central Guangxi, Sichuan and Gansu, southeast Qinghai, southern Shaanxi, most of Liaoning, and central Heilongjiang, the surname Yin is in the crowd The distribution frequency is between 0.14% and 0.21%. The area covered by the above area accounts for about 25.6% of the total area of the country. About 31% of the Yin population live in this area.

Hall number

The main hall names of the surname Yin are: "Wozhitang", "Qinjiantang", "Animal Hall", "Xi Laotang" and so on.

Celebrities

Yin Shubai: a native of Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, a painter of the Qing Dynasty . He is good at painting Hui, Fa Zong Chen Chun and Wu Shouping. He writes quietly, has a beautiful charm, and is especially good for small paintings. In his later years, he wrote fruits and vegetables. The works handed down include "Cold Bamboo and Cold Spring Maps", "Chiming Figures" and "Three Autumn Pictures".

Yin Fu: Martyrs (1910-1931), leader of the Communist Party of China, one of the revolutionary heroes. His last works are compiled "Yin Fu Selected Works", "Yin Fu Selected Works" and so on. I wrote "Blood Words", "May 1st, 1929", "Go ahead, China!" ”And other red agitation poems, translated the biography and poetry of the poet Hungarian democratic revolutionary Petofi.

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