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Bishop

Distribution area

Hanoi County, Henan Province, Dongping County, Shandong Province, Taiyuan County, Shanxi Province, Henan County, Henan Province.

Historical source

The surname Bi is the 125th surname in China today and has a large population, accounting for about 0.1% of the Han population in China .

"Bi" Origin

There are three surnames for Bi (Bi): 1. After surname Ji , who was the fifteenth son of King Zhou Wen, he was named after the country. According to the "Common Chronicles" and " New Tang Book · Prime Minister's Genealogy Table", King Zhou Wen's fifteenth son was tall and sealed at the end (the site is now north of Changan and Xianyang in Shaanxi Province), so he called Bi Gonggao and established Bi Guo. Bi Gonggao's son Bi Wanshijin was sealed in Wei. Later generations changed his surname to Wei and became a famous surname in the Warring States Period . Those who still lived in Bi Kingdom, then named the country by their surname, called Bi , and passed down from generation to generation. 2. Changed by Ren . According to the "World Version": "It was changed by the surname." 3. Surnames from other ethnic groups and minority surnames are Bi.

Ancestor

Bi Gonggao. Early week famous politician. Regarding the source of the surname of Bi, historically, the ancient books about the surname have the same research results. For example, "Summary of Surnames" said: "After the 15th son of King Zhou Wen, Bi Gonggao took the country as the surname, hope "Out of Hanoi, Dongping, Taiyuan"; "The Book of Prime Ministers of the Tang Book" states: "After Bi Gonggao"; "The Genealogy of Family Names" also records: "Zuo Zhuan has Bi Wan, and Jin Jin has Bi Yang. " In the last year of the Shang Dynasty, the fifteenth son of King Zhou Wen was tall, and he made great achievements in following the martial arts of King Zhou Wu. After the establishment of Xi Zhou, he was responsible for handling prisoners detained by King Shang Ye . He adopted leniency, rehabilitated many unjust prisons, and commended the heroes who were victims of Zhizhi, thus rising to fame as one of the "four holy days of the week". Later he was sealed in Bi Guo by King Zhou Wu, and his title was public. The world is called Bi Gonggao. After the collapse of Wu Wang, he was one of Gu Ming's ministers. He and Zhou and Zhao Ergong assisted the government, which made the economic and cultural development of the Zhou dynasty, and formed a prosperous age of " rule of Chengkang ". His descendants have a family name, called the surname. They respected Bi Gonggao as the first ancestor of Bi.

Migration distribution

Bi Guo more than 3,000 years ago was north of Changan and Xianyang in Shaanxi today, which means that the north and south sides of Weishui are the birthplace of Bi. In the spring and autumn, Bi Wanshijin, a descendant of Bi Gonggao, was closed to Wei due to his work. By the time of his great-grandson Wei Wenhou , the three families were divided into Jin , so there was a person whose surname was changed to Wei . Nevertheless, it is an indisputable fact that Bi's roots in Shanxi at this time. During the Warring States Period, Teng Guo (now Shandong Tengzhou) had a battle, indicating that the surname Bi had entered Shandong at this time.

In the pre-Qin period, Bi surnamed mainly from a large area north of the Yellow River in Henan and Shanxi. In the Western Han Dynasty, the general of South Vietnam took the surrender of Han and was named Hou. There is Bi Yebai, a Qiang (now Chenzhou, Hebei Province). These historical facts show that Bi has expanded to the north of Hebei today, and Guangxi in the south has Bi. At this time, a surname Bi migrated to Dongping, Shandong Province, and multiplied to become a local hope.

During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the surname of Bi, who lived in Dongping County, flourished and flourished. It can be described as a family of celebrities and celebrities. At this time, the names of the biblical people in history books, many fathers, sons, brothers and other related persons. In addition, the surnames of Taiyuan County, Hanoi County, and Henan County have become stronger and stronger. After the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Lian family changed their surnames and moved to Luoyang, which made the surnames of Henan County to be more prosperous, and to Yin and Hanoi.

After the Tang Anshi rebellion , Jing Hong (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province), Bi Hong, entered Shu, and the Sun family, a teacher of Bi, was relocated to Xuchang (now Dongping, Shandong Province). In the late Tang Dynasty, due to avoiding the looting and the chaos of Huang Chao , there were Bi and Nanhu and the two lakes. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Bi Shi'an , a native of Yunzhou (now Datong, Shanxi Province), descended from Zhengzhou, Henan, and his grandson, Bi Liangshi, first moved to Caizhou, Caijing, and escaped from Jiangdong after the shame of Jingkang . At the same time, some surnames Bi moved to Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Anhui, and other places due to benevolence or refuge. In the early Ming Dynasty, Shanxi Bi was one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty and was relocated to Shaanxi, Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin and other places.

After the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty , the surnames of Henan and Shandong followed the trend of breaking through the Guandong and moved to the three northeast provinces by sea. At this time, there are also people with a surname from the coast going to Taiwan, or to Southeast Asia, Europe and the United States.

Today, Bi surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Shandong, Henan, Heilongjiang, and other provinces. The Bi surnames in the three provinces account for about 70% of the Han nationality's population. The surname Bi is the 125th surname in China today and has a large population, accounting for about 0.1% of the Han population in China. The surname Bi is a common surname in today's books. It is widely distributed, such as Beijing, Tianqing, Cangzhou, Shangyi, Huanghua, Fuping, Hebei, Pingyi, Longkou, Taiyuan, Shanxi, Jianli, Hubei, and Jinxi. There are rivers, Chongren, Guangxi's Tianlin, Wuchuan in Guangdong, Estuary in Yunnan, and Hejiang in Sichuan. The Bi surname accounted for about 0.11 of the Han population nationwide, ranking 125th.

Celebrities

Bi Shumin: Female, born in Xinjiang in 1952, attended secondary school of Beijing Foreign Studies University. He joined the army in 1969 and served as a soldier in the Tibet Ali Plateau at the intersection of the Himalayas, Gangdise, and Karakorum, and returned to Beijing in 1980. After 20 years of medical work, he began to write professionally and published a total of 2 million words. He has won the solemn literature award, the fourth, fifth and sixth hundred flowers awards of the novel monthly, contemporary literature award, Chen Bo blowing literature award, Beijing literature award, Kunlun literature award, PLA literature and art award, youth literature award, Taiwan 16th China Times Literary Awards, Taiwan's 17th United Daily News Literature Awards and more than 30 literary awards. National-level writer. Attending physician of internal medicine. Master of Arts, Beijing Normal University.

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