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Chang's

Distribution area

Taiyuan County: King Xiang of Qinzhuang in the Warring States Period (246 BC) was set up as a county, and it was ruled by Jinyang (now southwest of Taiyuan, Shanxi Province). Plain County: The Western Han Dynasty County, located in the Plain (now southwest of Plain County, Shandong Province), compared with the counties of Shandong Plain, Ling County, Yucheng, Qihe, Linyi, Shanghe, Huimin, Yangxin, etc. Western Shandong. Gangwon-gun: It is located in Chongqing County, Sichuan Province. Hanoi County: Located at the time of Chu and Han , the government is located in Huai County (now southwest of Wushe County, Henan Province), which is north of the Yellow River in Henan today and west of the Jinghan Railway (including Ji County). Western Jin moved to Ye Wang (now Qinyang, Henan Province). Wuwei County: In the second year of Han and Yuan Dynasty (121 BC), the former Xiongnu Hugh slaughtered the king to set up the county and ruled Wuwei (now northeast of Minqin, Gansu Province).

Historical source

The surname is the 94th largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.8% of the Han population in China .

"Often" origin

One; from the surname "Ji", named after the eup. According to "Tong Zhi. According to "The Clan Strategy", after King Wu defeated the merchants, Prince Wen was in Kang State, known as Uncle Kang in the world. After Wu Geng's rebellion was calmed down, Uncle Kang was re-sealed in the Wei State. Later, Uncle Kang sealed his son in Changyi, and later became Chang's . The second concubine was changed because of taboos. The World Version contained the Heng Clan after the Heng Huigong of the Chu Kingdom in the Spring and Autumn Period. Come to avoid the name taboo of Song Zhenzong Zhao Heng . "Heng" and "chang" have the same meaning. According to the "History of the Road", the Three Emperors also had the Chang Family after the Wu Kingdom during the Warring States Period. In mythology, the Minister of the Yellow Emperor often followed Chang Xi.

Ancestor

Uncle Kang is the younger brother of King Zhou Wu. Because his land was Kangyi, he is called Kang Shufeng, also known as Uncle Kang. At the beginning of the week, Shang Geng's son Wu Geng launched a rebellion and was suppressed. Uncle Kang was again affected by the area around the Shangyuan and the Yinmin seven ethnic groups, and established the Wei Kingdom (now along the Yellow River in Henan and Hebei). Song (now Qi County, Henan Province), later moved to Diqiu (now Puyang, Henan Province). At that time, the princes had a system of collecting and collecting eunuchs. Uncle Kang had a son who was sealed by Wei Guo, who was seized by him—chang (now southeast of Tengzhou, Shandong Province). After Qin unified the world, the Wei Kingdom was destroyed. Later, some people took Yi as the clan, called Chang, and Zun Kang as the ancestor of the surname.

Migration distribution

Shandong and Jiangsu were the birthplaces of the early surnames. This pattern of origins made the surnames scattered in the north and south of the Dajiang River very early. According to the report, during the Warring States Period , the northern Henan, southern Hebei, and southern Wu and Chu all had common surnames. In the Western Han Dynasty, there was Chang Hui from Taiyuan (now Shanxi Province). He once served with the Wu Xi as a Huns. After being detained for more than ten years, he returned to Han. The officer went to General Right, and he was named Chang Luohou. So prominent. At the same time, Changxing also formed a great hope in Shandong, where it originated, and had a plain county. On the occasion of the Three Kingdoms in the late Han Dynasty, "the people of Chang's Jiangyuan (now east of Chongqing County, Sichuan Province) often show themselves." Sometimes celebrities often broadcast and often chant. During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, Henan and Gansu often flourished and became Wangs. In the time of Cao Wei, Changlin , a man from Wen (now Wenxian County, Henan Province), was in Gaoyang Township, and he was a doctor of Guanglu. Later, he became a prince, and his family was honored and noble. Changlin IV, Sun Changzhen, and his family members moved to Liangzhou (now Gansu Province). Later generations also had more officials and officials, so Wuwei County, with a surname of Chang, was formed. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, more people were named Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province) and Xinfeng (now Lintong Northeast). Xinfeng often has a lot of people who have a surname of the official court, which is very prominent. From time to time, people from Xinfeng often moved to Fujian (present-day Fujian). Later generations multiplied in Fujian and Guangdong. Therefore, Fujian and Guangdong often surnamed Xinfeng as their ancestor, and Changyu as their ancestor. In the Song Dynasty, the name of Heng was forced to be changed to avoid surnames, which injected a new spring into the family of Chang. During this period, Chang's migratory footprint traveled from Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei and other places to Fujian and Guangdong, and later entered Yunnan and Guizhou. In the Ming Dynasty, there were sparsely populated places in Shanxi where the surname Chang was forced to move. In the Qing Dynasty, the surnames came to Taiwan and settled in Singapore and other places. Today, the surnames are mostly in Henan, Shanxi, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Hebei and other provinces. The five surnames in the above five provinces account for about 63% of the nation ’s Han surnames.

Celebrities

Chang Yan: Shuyuan Gangyuan, Eastern Jin historian. He once served as a regular servant of Sanqi in Han Dynasty. After entering Jin, he lived in Jiankang (now Nanjing, Jiangsu Province). Author of "Huayang Kingdom", "Book of Han" and so on.

Chang Yuchun : Zi Boren, Anhui Huaiyuan people, Han nationality, Ming Dynasty famous . Long arm shot, great courage. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, he started from Liu Ju . In the fifteenth year (1355), he voted for Zhu Yuanzhang , the vanguard, the governor, the marshal of the unified army and the marshal of the middle wing. Gong Ning Guo, Zhong Liu Ya, wrapped up and fight again. Marshal of the Provincial Governor Mabu Shuijun. Twenty-three years of defeat, Chen Youliang Yu Kanglang Mountain, fought for three days, set fire to Hanzhou, the lake was red. The following year, he entered Pingzhang's political affairs and led his army to surround Wuchang, forcing Chen Li to descend. From attacking Zhang Shicheng , followed by a surprise soldier. On Gongfeng E Kingdom. Wu Yuannian (1367) and Xu Daxing went to the north to join the army. They were vice generals and princes . Successively take Shandong, Henan, and Hebei counties and counties. In the first year of Hongwu (1368), he conquered the capital city (now Beijing) and switched to Taiyuan. Two years and Li Wenzhong led the army to the north to conquer Kaiping. The division was also ill, chasing Kaiping King and Zhongzhong Wu. Life will never be defeated. He claims to be able to run 100,000 troops across the world, and the army is called "often 100,000".

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