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Yuanshi

Distribution area

Hunan County: Han County, Henan County, namely Qin Sanchuan County, governs Puyang (now Luoyang City, Henan Province). Yanmen County: Zhao Guozhi County during the Warring States Period, equivalent to the current Dai County in Shanxi Province.

Historical source

Yuan

The surname of Yuan (Yuán) has five origins: 1. After Yin Shang Yuan milling, the surname Yuan has been passed down from generation to generation. 2. Named after Ji , who was the descendant of Bi Gonggao, the fifteenth son of King Zhou Wen of the Kingdom of Wei in the Spring and Autumn Period, after Bi Wangao , the place name was Shi. 3, from Tuoba surname, the descendants of Xianbei, to Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty now changed his name to the Yuan family. 4, from the Fu family name Xing Gu, Yun changed. 5, from Xuan surname, in order to avoid the emperor Tai Kuanghao 's father Zhao Kuanglang, the emperor Zhao Xuanlang in the Northern Song Dynasty, changed his name to the Yuan family.

Ancestor

Yuan milling. This Yuan Yuan is from the Shang Dynasty sage Yuan Yuan. According to the "Five Books of Surnames", the Emperor Yi of the Shang dynasty abandoned the Prince to accept the Emperor Xin as the successor of the emperor. Therefore, the Shang Dynasty already had Yuanshi. Yuanshi has a history of more than 3000 years. From the above analysis, although the Yuan family in China has many clues, it can still be classified into two main streams: one after the Zhou Dynasty King of the Han nationality, and the other one is the Tuoba family of the Xianbei nationality assimilated by the Han nationality. After that, their first areas of activity were in Henan and Hebei in the Yellow River Basin. This can be confirmed from the origins of many Yuan people in history. For example, the Tang Dynasty poet Yuan Zhen and the famous minister Yuan Jie were all from Henan. This branch of the Yuan family Feng Yuan milling is the first ancestor of the surname of Yuan.

Tuobayu (Wu Emperor of Northern Wei Dynasty). According to the "Wei Shu · Guan Shi Zhi" records: "The Yellow Emperor Zichang Changyi Shaoziyi, besieged the northern soil, the Yellow Emperor wins the soil by the king, the northern custom refers to the soil as the extension, the latter is the post, so the Tuoba clan. The Emperor Wen changed to the Yuan clan. It was Tuoba surnamed as the surname. "According to the" Northern History Weibenji "and" Tongzhi Clan Profile ", the same records are also available. From this we can see that the history of the Tuoba family of the Northern Wei Dynasty has more than 1,600 years. The Tuoba of the Xianbei ethnic group established a modern state in Inner Mongolia and other places in the northwestern part of the country , and was later destroyed by the former Qin Yuejian . After the battle of Yuanshui , Tuobayu (word Shewan) rebuilt in 386 AD and became the king of the country. In the same year, it changed its name to Wei, and it was called Northern Wei in history. First built the capital Pingcheng (now Datong, Shanxi Province), and later Emperor Xiaowen Tuobahong moved to Luoyang. The governing area is bounded by the Mongolian Plateau in the north, eastern Xinjiang in the west, western Liaoning in the east, and Huaihe River and Qinling Mountain in the south. A total of 17 emperors, 171 years. Therefore, the Yuan family's Feng Tuoba was the ancestor of the surname of Yuan.

Migration distribution

The Yuan surname did not enter the top 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. According to the Qing Dynasty scholar Zhang Jian's "Five Books of Surnames", "Emperor Yi was abandoned and accepted by Xin, Taishi Yuanyuan struggled according to law, and the Yuan Dynasty was in the Shang Dynasty." By the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period of the Zhou Dynasty, Wei Guohe There were two Yuan surnames in the Wei Kingdom. At the time of the Northern and Southern Dynasties , there were at least three more foreign races that changed their surnames to Yuan. China's Yuan family can be classified into two main streams: one is the Queen Zhouwen of the Han nationality, and the other is the Tuoba family of the Xianbei nationality that was later assimilated by the Han nationality. They all initially operated in Henan and Hebei along the Yellow River. According to Customs, it originated in the Spring and Autumn Period. Yuan was originally a place name and was the elder of Yuan Dynasty, the son of Wei Wuhou . His descendants were called Yuanshi. This Yuan family appeared in the Wei Kingdom in the Spring and Autumn Period before 2000, and was built by Bi Wangao, the descendant of King Zhou Wen's fifteenth son. At that time, Yuanshiyi, according to research, is now Yuanshi County in Hebei Province. This place is the place where this Yuan originated. Another Yuan family is a descendant of ethnic minorities. According to the "Wei Shu · Gao Zu Ji" records, this Yuan family is a descendant of Xianbei. After Wei and Jin in the late Han Dynasty, the north and south of China separated, and the Tuoba family dominated the north. The Northern Wei Dynasty was established. When it was passed to Emperor Xiaowen, he admired the Han culture. In 496 AD, he changed his surname to the Yuan family and moved his capital to Luoyang. The original birthplace of Yuanshi was in Henan and Hebei provinces in the Yellow River basin. The Wang people live in Henan County, which is now Luoyang City, Henan Province. In addition, Hunan, Jiangxi and other places also have the Yuan family .

Celebrities

Yuan Zhen : Zi Yanhe, the sixth son of Emperor Wenwen, the younger brother of Emperor Xiaowen. In the 9th year of Taihe (485 years), King Feng Shiping was transferred to Shuling and changed to King Pengcheng. Xuanwu Yongping was killed in the first year (508), and entrusted with envoys, servants, and false Huangpi, who oversaw Chinese and foreign military eunuchs and leaders Situgong, and said that Wuxuan King. He was buried in Changshan Beishan on November 6.

Yuan Zhen : The word is small. He was from Henan (now Luoyang) during the Tang Dynasty . In the first year and the first year, the countermeasures were ranked first. Ren Zuo left behind. Early opposition to powerful eunuchs, but later attached to eunuchs. Yuan Zhen is Bai Juyi 's friend, and they jointly promote Xinlefu. The two are equal, and they are called Yuanbai in the world; Yuanhe style in poetry. He has authored 100 volumes of " Yuan's Changqing Collection", and 60 volumes are kept. The legendary "Huizhen Ji", which records the events of Zhang Sheng and Cui Yingying , was later written in The West Chamber. 52 years old.

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