South of Xupu County, Hunan Province.
"Gu" comes out
1. Gu surname is the surname of Gu Guo from Xia Dynasty . According to historical records, during the Xia Dynasty , the descendants of the Kunwu family were sealed by the vassal states Gu Guo (now Fan County, Henan), and the nearby people of Kunwu and Peng Wei, all of which were important in the lower Yellow River. Pillars and barriers in the east. In the late Xia and early Shang dynasties, Gu Guo was destroyed by Shang Tang . After the death of the kingdom, the descendants of King Gu's family were scattered all over the country. 2. In the early years of the Han dynasty , Sun Yao, the descendant of the Yue king Gou Jian , was sealed in Dongyi (now Zhejiang Yongjia) because of the annihilation of the Qin dynasty, and later he sealed his son Yuhuiji, known as Gu Yuhou. Later, the descendants of Gu Yuhou took the surnamed Gu as the surname, thus forming a resident of Gu surname .
From the Three Kingdoms to the Tang Dynasty , Gu's name was always one of the four major surnames of Jiangdong. After the Tang Dynasty , due to various reasons, Gu 's family continued to relocate to the north and south. Until the Ming Dynasty , Gu not only lived in today's Shandong, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Fujian, Guangdong, Sichuan and other places, but also in the north of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and other places. However, looking at the history of the Gu family, from ancient times to the present, its development and reproduction center has been in the Jiangsu and Zhejiang area. Therefore, most of Gu's historical celebrities came from the south, especially Jiangsu. For example: Wu Guozhang met Gu Yong in the Three Kingdoms period, and the Jiangnan clan leader and Gu Yongzhi's Sun Gu Rong, who supported Sima Rui in the Western Jin Dynasty; Gu Jinzhi, an Eastern Jin painter; Gu Yewang, a literary discipline scholar in the Southern Dynasty; Ying; Gu Dingchen, a scholar of Wuyingdian University in the Ming Dynasty ; Gu Xiancheng , an anthology secretary of the Ministry of Civil Affairs; Gu Yanwu, a thinker and scholar in the Ming and Qing dynasties; Gu Zuyu, a historical geographer; Gu Zhenguan, a poet of the Qing dynasty , Gu Donggao, a colleague, and other surveyors Are all from Jiangsu today. Gu Tang, a poet in the Tang Dynasty, is now from Zhejiang, and Gu Hongzhong, a painter of the Five Dynasties Southern Tang Dynasty , is from Jiangnan; Gu Junen, a peasant rebel army at the end of the Ming Dynasty, was led by Hubei.
Gu Kaizhi: In the Eastern Jin Yixi years, Ren Tong always stood by, and was versatile, with poetry, calligraphy, and fine painting. He was known as "cause, paint, and crazy". His paintings are mainly portraits of people, gods, Buddhas, animals, landscapes, etc. Later generations commented that his paintings were "intention to save the pen first, to draw as much as possible". He is the author of "On Painting" and "Wan Jin Shengliu Hua Zan", which have greatly influenced the development of Chinese painting.
Gu Yanwu: A man from the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, he was very knowledgeable and studied in the aspects of the national code system, county elders, astronomical elephants, river owls, soldiers and peasants, and hundreds of classics in history and exegesis. In his later years, the study of the classics focused on the textual research, and the development of the Pu Xue in the Qing Dynasty had an influence on the Wu School and Wan School in the later textual research. He is the author of "Ri Zhi Lu" and "Five Books of Phonetics" and is one of the most respected scholars in Chinese history.
Gu Xiancheng : Ming Dynasty , known as Mr. Dong Lin. He once lectured with Di Yuncheng and Gao Panlong in Donglin College. And Zhao Nanxing and Zou Yuan are labeled as the Three Kings. They talked about political figures and got the support of some scholars and formed a group, which is the Donglin Party in history.