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Menz

Distribution area

East of Licheng County, Shandong Province, southeast of Qufu County, Shandong Province, and Hanzhi County, Gansu Province.

Historical source

Origin of `` Meng ''

1. The Lu Nationality who originated in Spring and Autumn. The founding monarch of Lu Guo was the eldest son of Zhou Gongdan , and Zhou Gongdan was the brother of King Zhou Wu. Then Meng should be the descendant of King Zhou Wen's Ji . 2. In the Spring and Autumn Period, there was also a Meng family in Wei Kingdom. Wei Guo was built by Uncle Kang, the younger brother of King Zhou Wu, and is located around Henan and Hebei in the Yellow River basin today. The ancestor of this Meng family is Meng Wei, the brother of Weilinggong. His descendants named Meng with the word “Father”. In retrospect, his ancestor was also King Zhou Wen.

Ancestor

The ancestor of the surname of Meng is the grandfather of Lu Xun's sister- in-law. Qing Father is a man of very bad character, and he has a secret relationship with his uncle and Mrs. Lu Zhuang ; because he has no children , he plots with him and wants to set up the son of his uncle Jiang ’s uncle Jiang Lu. Heres. After the death of Zhuang Gong, his younger brother Ji You set up the son of Zhuang Gong according to the wishes of Zhuang Gong, namely the Gong Gong. Later, Qing's father sent another person to kill Qiangong and wanted to stand on his own. Therefore, the people of Lu Guo hated him very much and said, "Qing Father is not dead, and Lu is in trouble." Qing Father was very scared and fled to Laos . Ji You used bribes to beg him to return to Qing Father, who committed suicide on his way home. At this time, Ji You, the prime minister of Lu Xiang, let Qing father's son Gongsun Ao inherit Qing's position. Because Qing's father ranked the eldest son among his sons, and the word "Meng" represented the largest in the order of brothers; in order to avoid the sin of Xun Jun, Qing's sons and grandsons were renamed Meng Sun. Later, Mencius was simplified to Mencius. Qing's father bullied the monarch, and his sons and grandsons changed their surnames. They all happened in Lu State. Lu Guojian was in Qufu (now Shandong), so this name of Meng came from Shandong.

Meng surname distribution

Pre-Qin period. Meng's first activity was at the intersection of Henan, Shandong, and Hebei. From the Han dynasty to the Tang dynasty , the name of Meng has been distributed in North China, Central Plains, Northwest, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and Sichuan and Hubei, but the main place of activity is still in the land of Hebei and Shandong. After the Tang Dynasty, due to the arrival of northern foreigners in the Central Plains, the regime changed frequently, and several large-scale southward migration movements occurred. During the Song Dynasty, Meng had approximately 320,000 people, accounting for 0.42% of the country's population, ranking 55th. The largest province with the surname of Meng is Hebei, which accounts for about 30% of the total population of the country. Meng surnames are mainly distributed in Hebei, Shandong, and Sichuan, and these three provinces account for 54% of Meng's total population. Followed by Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui and Henan. Two gathering places of Meng surnames Jilu and Sichuan and Hubei have been formed throughout the country. During the Ming Dynasty, there were about 200,000 Meng surnames, accounting for 0.22% of the country's population, and they were the 89th surnames of the Ming Dynasty. The distribution of Meng in the country is mainly concentrated in Shandong, Shanxi, and Hebei. These three provinces account for about 58.7% of the total population of Meng. Secondly distributed in Zhejiang and Shaanxi provinces. Shandong is the largest province with a surname of Meng, which accounts for about 32% of the total population of Meng. In the 600 years of Song Yuanming, the surnames of Meng mainly migrated to the south, east, and west, and Lu, Ji, and Jin became the gathering areas for the surnames of Meng.

The contemporary surname of Meng has reached 3.3 million, ranking the 73rd in the country, accounting for approximately 0.27% of the country's population. From the Song Dynasty to the present 1000 years, the population growth rate of the surname of Meng was V-shaped. The distribution across the country is currently concentrated in Shandong, Henan, and Hebei. These three provinces account for about 46% of the total population of Meng. Secondly distributed in Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shanxi, Heilongjiang, these four provinces concentrated another 28% of the population of Meng. Shandong is the largest province with a surname of Meng, accounting for about 21% of the total population of Meng. There are two large Meng surnamed areas with Lu Yuji and Northeast as the center. During the 600 years from the Ming Dynasty to the present, the degree and direction of the population movement of the surname of Meng mainly relocated from the southeast to the Central Plains and North China, especially the migration to the northeast. The frequency distribution of Meng surnames in the population shows that in Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Heijiliao, central and eastern Inner Mongolia, northern Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu, and northeastern Shanxi, the proportion of Meng surnames in the local population is generally above 0.48%. More than 1%, the area covered by the above accounts for about 18.4% of the total land area, and about 54% of the population of Meng surname live. In most parts of Henan and Jin Dynasty, central Anhui and Jiangsu, northern Hubei, Shanning, most of Gansu, northwest Xinjiang, central and western Inner Mongolia, eastern Liaoning, eastern Jilin and southeast Heilongjiang, the proportion of Meng surnames in the local population is generally 0.24% to 0.48. %, The coverage area above accounted for about 17.6% of the total land area of Meng, and about 26.5% of the people of Meng surname lived there.

Celebrities

Mencius : Mingyi, Ziziyu, Zou Guo (now Zoucheng, Shandong), a thinker in the Warring States Period , and a representative of Confucianism.

Last name culture