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Guanlong Noble Military Group

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The “Guanlong Group” is a statement put forward by some scholars, who called the “Guanlong Group” the gate-valve military forces whose main place of origin in the Northern Wei Dynasty was around Guanzhong, Shaanxi, and Longshan (also known as Liupanshan) in Gansu. In order to ensure the safety of the capital Pingcheng (now northeast of Datong, Shanxi), the Northern Wei Dynasty established six military towns in the border areas, namely northern Hebei and southern Inner Mongolia, collectively known as the six towns (Wuchuan Town is one of them). In the early days, most of the soldiers in the six towns were Xianbei aristocrats, and part of them were powerful Chinese, but later Han people gradually became the main body. In 533 AD (the second year of Yongxi), Guanzhong Dahang Tai He Ba Yue accepted the secret order of Emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty, began to confront Gao Huan , and led the integration of military forces in Guanlong area. Guanlong Group, from now on!

Guanlong Noble Military Group

The Strongest Military Group in Ancient China——Guanlong Noble Military Group

Brief Introduction of Er Zhu Rong's Life

Er Zhurong (493-530), the word Tianbao, Bei Xiurong (now Lanxian County, Shanxi), Qihu nationality, general and minister in the late Northern Wei Dynasty. In his early years, he attacked his father and became the chief leader of the Qihu Ministry. He was a tribal aristocracy with great status. After recruiting troops and horses, the strength of the North Wei ruler embraced him to suppress the peasant uprising. Er Zhurong conquered the North and South during the troubled world, gradually clarified the weakness of the Wei Dynasty, and continued to strengthen his power, and finally gained the emperor's self-respect and power. Eventually he was killed by Emperor Wei Zhuang due to his arrogance and arrogance, only 38 years old. In history, Zhu Rong was infamous and was included in the ranks of traitors, but his outstanding military ability was recognized.

Er Zhurong (493-530), a male in the late Northern Wei Dynasty, a native of Xiurong (now Lanxian, Shanxi). In his early years, he attacked his father and became the chief leader of the Qihu Ministry. He was a tribal aristocracy with great status. During Zhengguang's reign, the peasant uprising became a trend of Ebara, so he took the opportunity to spread his wealth to "recruit righteousness and give him horses", and organized a cavalry team of 4,000 people. In just a few years, his strength developed very quickly. The ruler of the Northern Wei Dynasty was deeply disturbed and had to drink to quench his thirst. He expressed his convictions to the governor of Jinjue, Zhu Rongjia, and successively became guerrilla generals, champion generals, general Pingbei, and governor of Hokkaido. Later, he was promoted to governorate and led the military forces of the six states: Fen, Fen, Guang, Heng, and Yunzhou. During his term of office, he repeatedly rebelled against the six states' turmoil and contributed to the stabilization of people's production. It was a pity that afterwards, he flew up and down again and died in political struggle. It is worth mentioning that the four dynasties of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , the Northern Qi Dynasty , the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty all started in the army of Er Zhurong.

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Yu Wentai Introduction to the Life of Quan Wenyu, the Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty

Yu Wentai (507-556 years), the character black otter (one for Heitai), a native of Wuchuan (now Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia), Xianbei, the actual founder and power minister of the Western Wei Dynasty, and the founder of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , in power 22 year. After the Western Wei Dynasty, he was revered as the king of kings, the ancestor of the temple, and the first year of Wucheng (559). He was revered as the emperor of Wen, an outstanding military strategist, military reformer, and commander.

Emperor Yuwen Tai of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Small print black otter (one for black Thai). First out of the Xiongnu, then Yan returned to Wei and emigrated to Wuchuan (now Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia). During the Six-town Uprising in the late Northern Wei Dynasty, Yu Wentai participated in the uprising army that was less than Xiu Li and Ge Rong. Following the suppression of Ge Rong by Yu Zhurong, Yu Wentai moved to Jinyang as usual, under the control of Er Zhu Rong's general, He Ba Yue. In three years (530) in Yong'an, Zhu Tianguang and He Baeyue entered Guanzhong to suppress the Wanlu Ugly Slave Uprising, and Yu Wentai settled Guan Long from He Baeyue. After Er Zhu's failure, Gao Huan ordered He Ba Yue to be the Kansai Dahangtai, and Yu Wentai was his powerful assistant. In the third year of Yongxi (534), after Hou Mo Chen Yue killed He Ba Yue in Pingliang (now southwest of Pingliang, Gansu), Yu Wentai succeeded his army, defeated Hou Mo Chen Yue, and advanced eastward according to Chang'an. Later Emperor Xiaowu Wu and Gao Huan were at odds with each other and Yuwentai was appointed as a general. The following year, Yu Wentai killed Wei and became emperor, and set Yuan Yuan torch as Emperor (Wei Wendi), changed Yuan Datong to Western Wei, and the political power was actually in the hands of Yu Wentai.

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Li Zhi and Wu Zetian conspired to destroy the Guanlong aristocracy and end the five-thousand-year gatekeeper politics

As mentioned in the last issue, in the last year of Zhenguan, although Emperor Taizong Li Shimin wanted to distribute the power behind the stage and behind the scenes and support the imperial scholars and the Han people to restrain the idea of weakening the three gatekeepers. Due to the death of Wei Zheng and Fang Xuanling , the old gentry of the Gaomen in Kanto was weak, and the Hanshi Dai people were unable to shock for a while, and because of the rebellion of the prince, the grandson Wuji led the Yi Chujun, and made the Guanlong new aristocracy temporarily dominant. . The balance was broken again, all forces surging undercurrents, and as Li Shimin crashed, Gaozong Li Zhi ascended the throne. Suppressing Guanlong ’s new aristocratic gatekeepers, improving the status of Hanmenshi ’s absolute manager, and stabilizing the old Guandong gatekeepers , these tasks can only be left to the young Li Zhi.

Now the huge shadow lingering next to Li Zhi is Ling Yange's number one hero. He has the support of a supporter, a well- intentioned power master, and the grand leader of the new nobility of Guanlong Noble, Sun Wuji. With the death of Li Shimin, there are very few heroes left in Lingyan Pavilion. In addition to the identity of the relatives of the royal family, the grandson has no worries, and his power is unshakable. At the beginning of the reign of Emperor Gao Zong of the Tang dynasty, he monopolized the power of the DPRK and took advantage of the case of Princess Gao Yang to play on the topic and arrogantly executed two princes including the famous Xue Wanche, two princesses, three horses, and exiled the king Li Daozong, Prime Minister Yu Wenjie, the celebrity lost his mental power, and the grandfather Chai Zhewei, and the former Prime Minister Fang Xuanling deserved it, and completely defeated the power of the former Kanto high gate. As a result, the bureaucracy of the Hanmen Dai ethnic group gradually marginalized, and the Baiguan who still could be above the court had to passively degenerate into the counsel of "stealing authoritative power and damaging goodness" by the grandson. Seeing that Sui Gaozu Yang Jian , Sui Shizu Yang Guang , Tang Taizong Li Shimin, and other generations of British masters who have weakened the clans for decades, the reform achievements are about to be ruined. Once Taizong Zhenguan ’s weather gradually disappeared, he went back to the Western Wei and Northern Zhou era. Longmen Valve covers the danger with one hand. (Don't say that Changsun Wuji has changed. Before and after the change of Xuanwumen , saddled horses and horses have been righteous and courageous, and they have made plans. How did the revolutionary Changsun Wuji become what it is today, old-fashioned, power-hungry, and conspiracy tricks? No, no. The grandson Wuji never changed, only his position changed, but the Guanlong nobles behind him now cover the sky with one hand. If power is not locked in a cage, it will grow more greedy and greedy until it is covered with clouds.)

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What can the young Li Zhineng do at this time, besides crying and tearing down, approving the execution of his brothers and sisters, what can he do with patience? This is another important evidence of Li Zhi's weakness. In fact, the situation forced it, not because Li Zhi did not rise up, but his opponent was too powerful. He must be patient, he must wait, he must rely on his mighty power to ensure the throne, and he must skillfully bypass his surveillance and dig his allies from the court.

First of all, he thought of Wu Zetian , but why did he think of a woman? The officials in later generations thought that Li Zhi was obsessed with Wu Zetian so much that he would be capricious for love. Yes, but I think this is just a level. Behind royal love often has extremely deep calculations. The most important point is the "temptation" of the eldest grandson! I ca n’t move the personnel arrangement of the Guanlong noble family, but I just want to choose my own love arbitrarily, okay, which shows that I ’m still a bit powerful You can also open up and open up; No, even the granddaughter ’s family is in charge of your grandchildren, what do you want to do! Then look at the background of Wu Zetian, Wu Zetian is the second daughter of the founder of the Tang dynasty, the mother Yang, (from the Sui Dynasty royal family His father was the younger brother of King Yang Xiong , Suining, and Yang Da. Mr. Bai Shouyi believes in "China's General History" that "according to the rank of the samurai prince , it should belong to the newly promoted senior clan. Therefore, Wu Zetian is not from the Dai landlord bureaucratic family, but from the free Dai landlord bureaucracy. Gentry bureaucracy "

. Understand? Wu Zetian ’s father is a senior representative of the Hanmen Dai family, the mother is a former royal noble, and she is also a “talent” of Li Shimin (there must have been Li Zhi and Wu Mei Niang since Li Zhi ’s ascension. The wind of incest, of course, the Tang Dynasty was more liberal, and it was not an injustice to accommodate the harem of the previous generation. His father accepted his brothers Li Jiancheng and Li Jianjun relatives after the Xuanwumen). How many layers of meaning are revealed here? 1. Li Zhi is an adult, and I have to decide for myself (choose the first emperor to Zhaoyi), so I will dare to be so willful; 2. The spring of the Hanmen Dai noble is here, hurry up 3, Blessings of the old aristocratic gatekeepers are also blessed, and the grandson Wuji can no longer be the only one in the family. This anomalous action is tantamount to sworn sovereignty and the general mobilization of the marginalized forces, and of course harvest love by the way. What is the clever character of Changsun Wuji, would he not understand these meanings? But it is precisely because Li Zhiji is so savvy that he only chooses "Zhaoyi" instead of "Queen", limiting this abnormal behavior to "housework" only. Without rising to the level of "state affairs", how could Changsun Wuji have refused? As a result, Wu Zhaoyi, one of the twin saints, re-entered the palace, and began a "love story" with the revolutionary couple with Li Zhi.

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At the same time, under the careful preparation of Li Zhi, the title of Sikong left after Li Ke's execution was first awarded to another minister of trust. At the same time, using this as a reason, he sent a special person to give a portrait of Li Ji and wrote an inscription for the portrait himself. In the words, he said, "I am the age of a beautiful woman, and I am the official of the dynasty. The old minister of Maude, but the public. " At that time, there were still a number of heroes in Lingyan Pavilion, including the grandson Wuji, but Li Zhi said to Li Ji that he was "just fair". He was obviously provoking Li Ji, who was born in Wagangzhai, has outstanding merits, and was very affectionate. The relationship between the Takeshi Group represented by Changsun Wuji and the civil servant group who is the first to look forward to it, the more friendly the Li Ji line is, the greater the blow to Changsun Wuji forces. In addition, after taking Wu Zhaoyi, let him be a strong signal to accompany his secretary and confidant around him, and use the "talent" of Wu Zetian to clean up the eyeliner of the Guanlong nobles in the harem, and then contact the outer court with Wu Zetian's family affairs The upstarts of the Han people and the high-ranking officials of the Kanto area gathered forces to identify follow-up reserve talents and to separate and strip off the Guanlong noble group, which is not afraid of Changsun. Finally, in the post-Wu Tiantian incident, Li Zhi insisted on his own opinion, and when he and his grandson Wu Ji held stalemate for nearly a year, Li Ji, who had long been forbearing, made the key statement in support of Li Zhi on behalf of the imperial military: "This family affairs, Why bother asking outsiders! ''

In November 655, Li Zhiming and Si Ji Li Ji presided over the ceremony and awarded Xi Xi to the Emperor Wu Family . Before hiding behind the scenes, Wu Zetian, who advised Li Zhi, was able to formally come to the stage and accept the official congratulations. The two husbands and wives cooperated with each other and cooperated tacitly, hitting the Guanlong gate with high pressure and strengthening the monarch's centralized power.

In 659, the long-lost elder grandson Wuji was finally fired and exiled to Qianzhou. He was soon forced to commit suicide, and his party feathers were already cleared from the court.

In 660, Li Zhi had an attack of wind, and was once dizzy and unable to watch the government, so he asked the Empress Dowager to formally act as his agent, temporarily taking imperial power and overseeing the government.

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In the past few years, Tang Jun's expedition to the north has been discussed. Su Dingfang attacked Western Turkic and Baekje. Cheng Mingzhen and Xue Rengui defeated Goguryeo in a row. Liu Rengui defeated the army at the Baijiangkou. Tiele, Guizi, Shule and other dependent rebellions were also attacked. It was easy to calm down, the Datang army was invincible, and the prestige of the Li Zhi and Wu Zetian couples was as good as ever.

In 664, the Great Tang Empire officially opened the Emperor Empress and Emperor Emperor regimes, and Wu Zetian has since become the most powerful and politically prominent queen in history.

In 666, Li Zhifeng meditated on Mount Tai, and Wu Zetian ascended to the altar as the queen of unprecedented history, proclaiming that heaven and earth are full of officials and people, and the two-holy system cannot be shaken.

In the same year, nearly 80-year-old Li Ji took charge of the expedition to conquer Goguryeo. It took two years to accomplish this in one fell swoop, sweeping the caves of the Northeast Asian powers that had supported hundreds of thousands of soldiers and established the country for nearly 700 years. Yang Jian and Yang Guang , Li Shimin's unfinished aspirations of the three generations of British masters.

It can be said that during the nearly thirty years of Wu Zetian's participation in politics, the Empress Dowager was the actual prime minister of the Datang Empire, and during the period of Li Zhi's serious illness, he could not resign for the Empire. Later officials watched Li Zhi as a wife and slave who obeyed the Empress Dowager. The author had to suspect that Wu Zetian deliberately devalued her husband Li Zhi in order to act on behalf of Tang Lizhou in the later period. This method can degrade Li Yuan from Li Shimin's case. Supported by. But then Wu Zetian lost power and carried a scapegoat for his husband on many "evil actions", such as degrading and killing the grandson Wuji, the execution of the queen Xiao Shufei , the execution of the abolition of Prince Li Zhong, etc., but the final decision was and can only be Li rule. It can be said that during the second sage dynasty, the Empress Dowager decided that every important matter was almost at the same time in the common interest of their husband and wife. Li Zhizhen does not want to move people, Wu Zetian can not move. For example, Wang Fangyi, as a relative of the Queen, is still able to lead soldiers to fight, and his military achievements are impressive. Another example is the abolition of their common son , Prince Zhang Huai, Li Xian . It is also because Li Xian's sharp edge not only contends for power with the regent queen, but also directly threatens Li Zhi's throne.

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On the other hand, at this time, Empress Wu is no longer as simple as Li Zhi's wife. Under Wu Zetian's many years of operation, she has become the new leader of the Han people. The Li Zhi is even more advanced to the current marriage stage. It's like political friendship. As a wise and profound generation of Mingjun, Li Zhi was also alert to the rise of Wu Zetian. In 664 AD, Li Zhi once feared the power of the Empress Dowager, but unfortunately the ink of the posthumous book was not dried , and he had to change his mind. The prime minister Shangguanyi used his family to make sacrifices, paving the way for the era of the Second Holy Age. . At that time, the world had no objection to the phenomenon of the Double Holy Immortal Dynasty. The main reason was also the example of the former Emperor Sui Wen and the sole fox queen. Instead, they also collected the nobles who were nostalgic for the Sui Dynasty.

If the Empress Wu died long before Li Zhi, who was four years younger than himself, then in addition to being a concubine to Li Shimin, it was a dark history that was not known to the public at that time, and it would inevitably become a folkbook and a longing for the people of the city. The model queen who holds the rivers and mountains together.

Afterwards, Wu Zetian was able to replace Tang Jianzhou on behalf of Tang. The reason that there was no major turmoil and war in the process of revolution was that it had a lot to do with collecting a lot of people's hearts and recruiting relatives in the decades during which she assisted in politics. In particular, she recruited Hanmen talents to compile thousands of books, secretly decided to take part in government affairs, and divided powers. The “Beimen bachelor” she called at the time was also a political class that she could successfully regent in the future. Taiwan, what's his name? " But what's more important is that Wu Zetian, as the general agent of the Han people's Dai party, became the master of the empire after the death of Gaozong, and was ruled by the queen queen and the emperor, and by the emperor and the emperor . It was also a new era in which the gatekeeper politics was completely destroyed, and the Hanmen Dais became the absolute managers of the empire. Just when Wu Zetian completed Li Shimin's centralization cause that he had always wanted to accomplish during his lifetime, he was worthy of the inheritance of " zhengguan rule " and enlightened the " open prosperous world ", which is historically known as "zhengguan legacy".

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The Guanlong Military Group that emerged from the Northern Wei Dynasty, why the military strength is still so strong after several dynasties

Many friends are probably very familiar with the history of the Sui and Tang Dynasties and must have heard the title of Guanlong Group. Speaking of the Guanlong Group, it has great power. Since the end of the Northern Wei Dynasty, they have become the core composition of the four dynasties of the Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Zhou Dynasty , and the Sui and Tang Dynasties.

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The birth of the Guanlong Group is closely related to the defense system of the six towns deployed in the border area by the Northern Wei Dynasty. The closest of the six towns to the Guanlong Group is Wuchuan Town (now west of Wuchuan County, Inner Mongolia). This town of Wuchuan, as the main site guarded by the Northern Wei Dynasty at that time, gathered a large number of generals. Many people from Wuchuan townships became important figures after the rebellion of the Six Towns. For example, the founder of North Zhou Yu Wentai was the general of Wuchuan Town, and the grandfather of Yang Zhong, the father of Emperor Yang Jian of Sui Dynasty, was also a Wuchuan soldier.

These soldiers from Wuchuan Township are responsible for defending the northern frontiers of the Northern Wei Dynasty. However, with the reform of the Taihe system and the reform of Emperor Xiaowen under the auspices of the Emperor Feng in the Northern Wei Dynasty at the end of the 5th century, the Xianbei accelerated the pace of Hanization, and they treated the veterans stationed in Beisai with contempt. It led to the famous Six-town Uprising and shaken the Northern Wei rule. With the political turmoil in the late Northern Wei Dynasty, the nobles of Wuchuan Town gradually came to the west of Guanzhong and Longshan because of the need of military expedition, and became the predecessor of Guanlong Group.

However, the Guanlong Group can unite as a whole, because it implements the strategy of integrating the army system and Hu Han. Yu Wentai organized the soldiers from Wuchuan into an army, and led the army with Wuchuan people, so that the Western Wei regime was firmly in the hands of Wuchuan people. Because the Western Wei Dynasty ruled the Guanlong area, it was also known as the Guanlong Group. In order to fight against the Eastern Wei Dynasty, Yu Wentai created a military system, with the Twelfth General and Eight Pillars as their generals, all of whom came from Wuchuan and became the rulers of the Western Wei Dynasty and later the Northern Zhou Dynasty.

For example, in the Eight Pillars, there was Li Hu, the grandfather of Li Gao , who was later Tang Gao , and his great achievements; Li Ye, the grandfather of Li Mi at the end of the Sui Dynasty, mastered strategy; and the old father of the Northern Zhou, Sui, and Tang dynasties. At that time they were all changed to the Xianbei surname, and each commanded the headquarters to fight against Eastern Wei and Northern Qi .

The Guanlong Group was originally proposed by Mr. Chen Yinke. Chen Yinke's "Second Edition of Jinming Pavilion Series" once said: "Take the brutal and intensive blood outside the plug and inject the decadent body of the Central Plains culture. The old dye is removed, the new machine restarts, and it expands and expands. Therefore, it is possible to create an unprecedented world situation. It is said that the strong root of the Guanlong Group lies in the fusion of national cultures, and the powerful military force and the spirit of endeavor have created a splendid Sui and Tang world empire.

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At the beginning of the founding of the Western Wei Dynasty, the territory was narrower than that of the Northwest, and in the face of the powerful Eastern Wei Dynasty, it could only unite the noble lords inside. Therefore, Yuwen Tai stands in the Eight Pillars, which are: Yu Wentai, Yuan Xin, Li Hu, Li Yan, Yu Jin, Du Guxin, Zhao Gui, Hou Mo Chen Chong. On the periphery of the entire group, the generals of the six towns in the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Xianbei aristocrats in the Wuchuan town of Beibei, and the tyrants in the Guanlong region such as Jingzhaoweiyu, Hedong Liuze, Taiyuan Guoyan, Wugong Suchun, Hanoi Sima, Dunhuang Linghu And so on. The Xianbei generals, Wuchuan Hans generals and Guan Long Haojie were unified under the Western Zhou Dynasty, which greatly consolidated the imperial power and enhanced the combat effectiveness of the army.

By the end of the Sui Dynasty and the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, cracks had appeared in the Guanlong Group. Historian Huang Yongnian believes that the Guanlong Group only existed in the Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Zhou Dynasty, and the early Sui Dynasty. By the time of Tang Gaozu, less than half of the heroes and prime ministers were from Guan Long, and they could not be called a group. However, this powerful military bloc, with its military and political advantages, assisted Western Wei and Northern Zhou to unify the North , and helped Yang Jian unify the country, which is of great significance. Its long-term value may be inclusive of diverse ethnic styles.


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How did the Guanlong Group in the Central Plains form and how did it finally withdraw from the historical stage?

The Guanlong Group is a new ruling class that has completed the reconstruction of China, and the glory of the Sui and Tang Dynasties is their work.

The term "Guanlong Group" was coined by Mr. Chen Yinke from the historical circles. After the uprising in the six towns of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Er Zhurong took advantage of the opportunity of counterinsurgency to integrate a group of outstanding heroes. Later, those heroes who created the Northern Qi , Northern Zhou and even the Sui and Tang dynasties all listened to orders under the command of Er Zhurong.

When the ambitious Er Zhu Rong was assassinated by the Northern Wei Emperor , his generals split.

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Gao Huan mastered most of his strength by wooing Hebei gatekeepers, generals from Xianbei, and the survivors of the six towns. This is the predecessor of Beiqi.

But Guanzhong's Wuchuan soldiers, headed by He Ba Yue, disobeyed Gao Huan's leadership. Not long after He Ba Yue was assassinated, the generals led Yu Wentai to fight against the court of Gao Huan. This is the predecessor of Beizhou.

The crucial moment came, and the "Guanlong Group" began to form at this time.

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Guanzhong at that time was particularly poor after hundreds of years of war. However, the Kanto area led by Gao Huan has a large population, rich land, and sufficient soldiers.

In order to survive, and to confront that powerful opponent, Yu Wentai began a set of reforms.

Juntian Ling: Based on the Northern Wei Dynasty, thoroughly implemented in Guanzhong. The broken in Guanzhong gave him the right soil.

Prefectural military system : Pingfu is established in various places, each with more than 1,500 soldiers. The supreme leader of the Fubing is a general of eight pillars.

Modulation of rents: a tax system in which households pay grain, serve for themselves, and pay for the country.

Gate valve integration: Yu Wentai twisted the Han gate valves of Hedong Pei , Hedong Xue , Hedong Liu , Hongnong Yang , Dunhuang Linghu, etc. into a string with Xianbei aristocrats through official positions, marriage, etc. The Hu-Han confrontation problem since the "Yongjia Nandu" was truly solved.

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Look at the effects of these measures.

The equalization order guaranteed the state to control a certain number of self-cultivated farmers, and solved the dysentery that the wealthy gatekeepers controlled the land and population since the Eastern Han Dynasty .

The government system ensures that the country has sufficient soldiers and armed forces, and solves the problem of privatization of the army since the Wei and Jin dynasties.

The modulation of the rents has solved the problem of taxation for hundreds of years of troubled times.

Gate valve integration is the guarantee that a series of measures will be implemented. On the basis of ensuring everyone's interests, a national governance system should be re-established.

This national governance system consists of the Hanbei Xianbei people and the Han gatekeepers in Guanzhong, Longxi, Hedong and other places. They occupy all official positions, from the General Zhu Guo of the imperial court to the county decree.

This is the Guanlong Group.

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Because the Guanlong Group is the whole of this regime, as long as it is not in their interests, they will be discussed by them.

Yu Wenyu was absurd and insane, they chose Yang Jian , and the Sui Dynasty was established with beauty;

Yang Guang wanted to get rid of their control and reuse southern clans, so the Sui Dynasty perished and Li Yuan was happy to become emperor.

As long as they don't like it, they can change the dynasty at any time, so Li Shimin reused the Guandong heroes to check and balance. Li Zhi adopted Li Zezetian as the emperor's elder grandson who later attacked the Guanlong Group, and Wu Zetian opened an imperial examination to select scholars.

In the end, after the Anshi Rebellion , the weakened Guanlong Group merged with the "five surnames and seven families" of Kanto to jointly support half of the Tang Dynasty .

There is an end to any business, whether it is "Guanlong Group" or "Five Surnames and Seven Family", a man named Zhu Wen is ushered in. On the edge of the Yellow River, the heads of the killed were billowing.

Since then, China has no more nobles.


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The life of Li Hu, one of the Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty, profile of Li Hu

Li Hu's ancestral home is Longxi Chengji (now Qin'an, Gansu), and was the fifth grandson of Li Hao (one of Li Hao), the monarch of the Western Liang Dynasty during the Sixteen Kingdoms. Li Hao was born to Li Xi, the second monarch of Xiliang, known as the post-Xiliang lord. Li Yansheng was born in Li Chong'er . After the extinction of Xi Liang, he went to the Northern Wei Dynasty and went to Hongnong. Li Chong'er was born to Li Xi, an official to Jinmen Township, and once led the heroes to guard Wuchuan (now Wuchuan County, Inner Mongolia), and settled in Wuchuan. Li Xisheng Li Tianxi (one for Li Tianci), the officer-in-chief of the military to the army guards. Li Tianxi is Li Hu's father.

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In his early years, Li Hu was the old part of Taibao Heba Yue. When Li Hu was young, he had great ambitions. He liked to read books without saving chapters. He was particularly good at archery. Yuan Hao entered Luoyang, and Li Hu followed He Ba Yue to calm him down. Li Hu was conquered by the founding son of Jinshou County, and he had 300 households. He paid tribute to General Ningshuo and captain of Tunqi. Later, He Bayue defeated Wan Ling ghost slaves and stayed in Longxi town. He was promoted to Dongyongzhou assassination, and later he became general Wei. He Baueyue kept Long You in the town, appointed Li Hu as the governor of Zuoxiang (a governor of the left army), and entrusted him with internal and external military forces.

In the third year of Yongxi (534 years), He Ba Yue was killed by Hou Mo Chen Yue. Li Hu was crying very sad. The generals proposed to support Dai Yuwen Tai . Li Hu did not agree and went straight to Jingzhou to persuade the brother of He Ba Yue. Ba Sheng came to receive the men of He Ba Yue, but He Ba Sheng did not accept his opinion. At this time, Li Hu heard that Yu Wentai had replaced all soldiers led by He Ba Yuetong, and rushed back from Jingzhou. When he passed by She Xiang, he was captured by Gao Huan 's generals and sent to Luoyang. Emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty amended to prepare for the capture of the Guanzhong area, and was greatly pleased by Li Hu. He immediately appointed him as General Wei and gave him a large sum of money, and sent him to Yuwentai to assist the town to guard the customs. Later, Yu Wentai and Ding Hou Mo Chen Yue coincided with Gao Huan entering Luoyang. Li Hu led his army to welcome Emperor Xiaowei of the Northern Wei Dynasty to Tongguan. He was awarded the rank of General Xiaoqi on the basis of merit, plus three divisions of Yitong. In December of the same year, Lingzhou (now north of Lingwu County, Ningxia) assassinated Cao Ni to rebellion. Yu Wentai sent Li Hu, Li Yan, and Zhao Gui to Lingzhou to attack Cao Ni.

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On the first month of the first year of the reunification (535 years), Yu Wentai embraced the Yuanbao torch as the emperor and established the Western Wei Dynasty as the Emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty. In the same month, Li Hu and others recruited Fei Yetou (a broken field head) to join forces with them to attack Lingzhou for a total of 40 days. Cao Ni couldn't hold on, so he asked for surrender.

Li Hu later went to Zuo Fushe, Lieutenant, and gave his surname to Ohno. In the three years of reunification (537 years), Li Hu was awarded the title of Fengxi Xionggong, and Anding Gongyu Wentai, Guangling Wang Yuanxin, Zhao Jungong Li Zhi, Hanoi Gongdu Guxin , Nanyang Gong Zhao Gui, Chang Shan Gong Yujin, and Pengcheng Gong Mo Chen Because of his assistance, Chong has become the supreme military attache with the title of "Pillar State", known as "Baizhu State".

In the four years of Datong (538 years), the Western Wei Dynasty and the Eastern Wei Dynasty were at war. The military formations arranged by the two countries were very large, and their heads and tails were far apart. From morning to night, the two sides fought dozens of times in total, and the smoke and dust spread everywhere. Can't see each other clearly. Du Guxin and Li Yuan were on the right, Zhao Gui and Yi Feng were on the left. They lost in the battle, and they did not know where the Emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty and the prime minister Yu Wentai were, so they left their soldiers and ran first. come back. Li Hu, Nianxian and others belonged to the follow-up forces. When they saw Duguxin and others retreating, they left the battlefield with them. Yu Wentai therefore had to burn down his tent and return, leaving Sun Tong, the chief of Yitong III, to guard Jin Mao.

The Western Wei attacked the Eastern Wei this time, and there were very few soldiers left in the Guanzhong area. The captured Eastern Wei soldiers were scattered among the people. When they heard that the Western Wei troops were defeated, they tried to make a mess. Li Hu and others came to Chang'an and couldn't think of good countermeasures. They and Taiwei Wangmeng and Shushe Zhou Huida and others served the prince Yuanqin out of the city and stationed in Weibei. The people plundered each other, and the Guanzhong area was very disturbed. The captain of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, Zhao Qingque , and the people of Yongzhou, Yu Fude , took the opportunity to rebel, occupying the small city of Changan, and then occupying Xianyang in Fude. Send down troops in order to resist the Western Wei generals returning from the battlefield. The people in the main city of Chang'an organized each other to resist Zhao Qingque and fight with him every day. Most of the Governor Hou Mo Chenshun attacked the down soldiers of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, defeated them many times, and scared them down from the city.

In the seventeenth year of Datong (551), Li Hu died. After the establishment of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , Li Hu was pursued as Tang Guogong, and his name was Xiang.

When Emperor Sui Wen Yang was the Prime Minister of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, he returned to Li Hu 's real name Li . In the first year of Wu De (618), Li Hu's grandson Li Yuan was ascended to the throne and established the Tang Dynasty . He pursued Li Hu as Emperor Jing, the temple name was Taizu, and the tomb was called Yongkang.


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Conclusion

The Guanlong Group is a political group composed of upper-level rulers of the Western Wei and Northern Zhou Dynasty headed by the Yuwen family. The members of the group are "those who are capable of smelting Guanlong, Hu and Han nationalities with military abilities." , Since there is no military and military division. " Since the end of the Jin Dynasty, many literati have taken refuge here. The members of Yuwentai Army are mainly Xianbei in six towns, and the number is also small. Whether it is to expand military strength or make a political difference, he must and first must be cultural To gain recognition with the landlord classes in the Guanlong region, a strong political and military alliance must be established with them. It was against this historical background that the so-called Guanlong Group was born.

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