Top ten female doctors in ancient China


The top ten female doctors in ancient China : The TV drama "Female Doctor · Biography of the Ming Concubine" was popular, and female doctors in ancient China also attracted much attention. Ancient Chinese medicine is quite developed. Chinese medicine is "one of the three great quintessences of China". From the perspective of medical history in China, most famous Chinese medicines are men, and women are rarely seen. In fact, many female doctors with superb medical skills also appeared in ancient times. They have noble medical ethics, exquisite medical skills, save the lives and help the people, and get rid of the diseases for the people, and they are admired and praised by future generations. The ten women of Yizheng, Baogu, Zhang Xiaoniang, Tan Yunxian , Zeng Yan, Chun Yuyan, Hu Yan, Xing's , Jiang's , and Fang's are known as the top ten female doctors in ancient China. Here are 10 famous female Chinese medicine practitioners in ancient China.

Top ten female doctors in ancient China

Top ten female doctors in ancient China——excellent medical skills

The only legendary life of the only female doctor in history

Yi Yi, a native of Hedong when Emperor Hanwu , is now Yongji. It is the first recorded female doctor in the history of our country, and is hailed as the first female doctor.

He was summoned into the palace because of his superb medical skills, and he was specially treated for the empress . It is the first of four female doctors in ancient China (the aunts of the Jin Dynasty , the Yi people of the Western Han Dynasty, the lady Zhang of the Song Dynasty , and Tan Yunxian of the Ming Dynasty ).

Desperate in life

During Emperor Hanwu's reign, the parents of Yiyi were framed by Tai Cuizhi, the chief medical officer of the Taiyuan Hospital, and both died. The orphan Yiyi, who was just born, was taken away and adopted by his good friend Xu Shanyou. Righteous and talented, Yiyi has a soft spot for medical skills and is determined to become a doctor. Helpless to be a woman, coupled with the resolute obstruction of my adoptive father, I had to steal medicine. The adoptive father consecrated in the plague and told her life before death. The grief reinforced her determination to be a noble doctor of virtue. Since then, he has worshipped Chang Wu's first doctor, Zheng Wukong, as a teacher. In order to learn higher medical skills, he entered the court, and after many tortures and persecutions, after many prisons, he was not humble and humble. He has been a breast doctor, a female doctor, and a female attendant doctor, and was eventually captured by Emperor Hanwu as the first female national doctor in Western Han history.

Picking up medicine since childhood

Yizhen was interested in herbs since he was a child. He started to collect medicine in his teens and smashed them to treat the wounds after being smashed. Whenever Lang Zhong passes by, she always asks for advice humbly and raises her ears to listen to medical treatment. Over time, he has learned a lot of medical knowledge and accumulated rich clinical medical experience.


Healing patients who have been cured for a long time

On one occasion, a patient with a swollen abdomen was brought from outside. The belly was larger than a pregnant woman who was about to give birth, her umbilical eyes were prominent, her body was skinny, and her breath was suffocating . After Yizhen inspected her carefully, she took out a few silver needles, pierced the patient's abdomen and legs a few times, and took out a pack of medicine powder and sprinkled it on the patient's umbilical eye, and wrapped it with silk moistened with hot water. And give the patient Chinese medicine. After a few days, the patient's swelling gradually subsided. Within 10 days, the patient could get up and move. Since then, the name of Yiyi's doctor has spread throughout the circle.


Was imprisoned by Emperor Hanwu to treat the empress

Emperor Hanwu ’s mother, the Empress Dowager, was old and sick. When Emperor Hanwu heard that people were superb in medical treatment, she sent someone to make an unannounced visit. The results prove that Yiyi is not only good at medical intractable diseases, but also proficient in surgery and acupuncture. The medicines used are only plants and leaves in the mountains, but the effect is very good. As a result, Emperor Hanwu took her into the palace and became the special doctor of the Empress Dowager. After she arrived in the palace, she really cured the Queen Mother's illness. One day, the queen mother asked her, do you have a son or a brother? Yiyi said, "There is only one younger brother who is righteous, but his behavior is not modest and he cannot be an official." However, because the Queen Mother liked her so much, she still invited Emperor Han Wu, and Feng Yiyi was Zhonglang, and she was made up for the Shangdang County.

The Queen Mother died in the third year of Yuan Shuo (126 BC). Therefore, the medical activities of Yizheng should be before 126 BC. Unfortunately, neither her life nor her medical achievements have been handed down. If this woman, like Changjin, is compared with flowers, it should be a blooming white lotus flower, quiet and tough.

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Introduction to the famous female doctor Bao Gu, the first female acupuncturist

Aunt Bao, named Qianguang (circa 309-363 AD), a member of Shangdang (now Shanxi Changzhi), is the fourth female in ancient China (Aunt Jin in the Jin Dynasty , Yiyi in the Western Han Dynasty, Lady Zhang in the Song Dynasty and Tan Yunxian in the Ming Dynasty ) One of the famous doctors. She is a famous alchemist in Jin Dynasty and proficient in moxibustion. She is the first female moxibustion scientist in the history of medicine in China.

Hearing success

Aunt Bao was born in an official and Taoist house. Father Bao Liang, also known as Jing, Zi Xuan, innocent and intelligent, learned the history of classics, self-cultivation, learning both inside and outside, know Hetu Luoshu. He served as the servant of the Yellow Gate and the eunuch of the South China Sea, and governed parts of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces today. Aunt Bao was caught in the ears of his father from an early age and was very interested in Taoist teachings. During his father's tenure in the South China Sea, he met Ge Hong, who was equally religious. His father "sees Hong Shenzhi deeply and regards his wife as his wife."

Marry a physician Ge Hong to help practice alchemy

After marrying Ge Hong, Aunt Bao became his effective assistant. Many of the first-aid techniques of moxibustion in Ge Hong's works are related to Gao Ming's moxibustion. Disciple Huang Chuping helped Ge Hong study alchemy, and Ge Hong copied works to heal the people around him. Aunt Bao and Ge Hong have a deep love for both places and fly together, and ushering together, we compose a story in the history of China.


Superb medical skill is the first female moxibustor in China

Aunt Bao grew up in a family of Taoist and Taoist priests, and was deeply influenced by Taoism. She then practiced alchemy in Luofu Mountain, Guangdong. Bower's medicine is superb, especially in moxibustion. He is well-known for treating neoplasms and warts. She adapted to local conditions, obtained materials locally, and performed moxibustion with the locally produced red foot moxa, which achieved significant results. Later people called this moxa "Bao Gu Ai". "Every wart, one moxibustion will heal immediately. He will not only heal the disease, but also get glamorous." Aunt Bao is the first female moxibustor in Chinese history. Unfortunately, Bao Gu did not leave a book for future generations. However, later generations thought that Ge Hong's "Anxie Reserve Emergency Formula" absorbed some of her academic thoughts and medical achievements. For example, there are 109 acupuncture prescriptions in the book, of which more than 90 are included, and the treatment effects, operation methods, and precautions of moxibustion are discussed in detail and comprehensively, which is likely to benefit from Bao Gu's moxibustion Summary of experience.

Clever treatment of ugly women becomes beautiful

One day, Aunt Bao was on her way back to practice medicine collection, and saw a young girl taking a picture by the river, shed tears while taking photos. Aunt Bao went forward and saw that there were many dark brown tumors on her face, which was very ugly. The villagers therefore despised her and could not find a man, so Gu Ying weeped. Bao Gu asked the reason, that is, the red-footed wormwood was taken out of the medicine pouch, rubbed into wormwood, ignited with fire, and gently smoldered on the girl's face. Soon, all the crickets on the girl's face fell off, no scar was visible, and she turned into a beautiful girl. She was grateful and went away with joy.

Fairy-tale beauty famous for generations not afraid of hardships begging Bao Guai

Bao Gu's technique is not only famous for a while, but also passed on for generations, until the Ming and Qing dynasties, there are also people who are not afraid of hard to beg for Bao Guai. There was a poem praising: "Yuejingling, the head of Yuejing, the curtain of jujube flowers. I came to beg for three years, and I should return to eternal spring."

After the death of Bao Guxian, he built the Bao Gu Temple in commemoration

After Ge Hong died in Luofu Mountain, Bao aunt and his disciple Huang Chuping went to the Yuegang Hospital in Guangzhou, while practicing the path while treating the people. She inherited the medical skills of her husband and father, plus her own research, the medical skills are more exquisite. She is often cured by medicine, and people call her Bao Xiangu. After her death, the Lingnan people specially built the Baogu Temple in Sanyuan Palace under the Yuexiu Mountain in Guangzhou to commemorate her.

"Taiping Guangji" Contains: Cui Wei Fortunately Wins Bao Gushu

In the book "Tai Ping Guang Ji", in "Biography of Cui Wei", there is such a record: After Bao Gu rose to the immortal, to the Tang Dynasty Yuanyuan Festival, when the Fanyu people in Guangdong set up a rare treasure in a Buddhist temple, Bao Gu became A begging old man, accidentally broke people's wine, and was not able to pay for compensation. He was beaten. Cui Wei showed pity and took off his clothes. One day, he encountered Cui Wei again on the road. Aunt Bao said: Xie Zi got out of trouble for me. I was battered, and I ’m good at burning warts. Today, I have been given a little by Yuegangshan Ai. Every time I see a wart, I just succumb to it. Not only will I get better, but I will also be beautiful. In Yu'er, Wei came out to try Ai. If Aunt Bao said, then the old monk introduced him to the mountain to rule a warrior with a wealthy family name, Ren Rich. After the Ai came out, he got worse. Ren Weng Gao Wei said: Xie Jun recovered from what I had suffered. According to this record, Baogu ’s Yuegangshan Ai is regarded as a god Ai, reflecting that Baogu ’s reputation is well-deserved. The Yuegangshan Ai made by her is very effective. Talking about removing the beautiful myth, it may be that Cui Wei indirectly obtained the burning technique of Bao Gu's disciples.

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Northern Song Dynasty female doctor Zhang Xiaoniang introduced the famous female surgeon

Zhang Xiaonianzi was a famous folk female physician during the Jiayou period of the Northern Song Dynasty. According to legend, her magical medicine was taught by the fairy in the mountain and she was presented with "Anthracite Alien". She is one of the four major female physicians in ancient China.

A legendary doctor who has mastered surgery

In the Song Dynasty , Zhang Xiaoniang was a surgeon. It was said that it was a medical technique passed on to her by a silver-haired old man. She also gave her a copy of "Anthracite Anomaly". After continuous research and practice, she finally became a female doctor proficient in surgery. . All patients with ulcers and sores came to seek medical treatments, and after Zhang Xiaoniang's diagnosis and treatment, all of them showed remarkable results. Later the couple became local doctors.

Secret formula for beauty and skin is loved by women in the palace

The concubine and queen of the emperor's harem heard that the highly skilled folk strange woman called Zhang Xiaonian into the palace and asked Zhang Xiaonian for a house for beauty and skin care to keep the skin smooth and youthful. Not old. After that, Madam Zhang took herself as an experimental subject, and constantly formulated the beauty and beauty formulas based on Chinese herbal medicine. There are facial cleansing, shampooing, bathing, fragrant clothing, and Yuyan recipes for the princesses, and for them. Solve various gynecological problems. Because of the remarkable effect of Yang Yan Fang, she has become a beauty secret recipe that noble women and husbands of the palace are rushing to use, and she has also become a gentle and gentle female physician.


Emperor Renzong named "Little Lady Zhang"

Emperor Renzong saw that the concubines in the harem had been adjusted by Zhang Xiaonianzi's beauty formula, and each became beautiful, flower-like, creamy, white and tender, and couldn't help Longyan Dayue, and also saw Zhang Xiaonian over thirty years old, still like eighteen sons Emperor Renzong then called Zhang Xiaonianzi a "woman medical saint" and gave her the name "Zhang Xiaonianzi." (During the Tang and Song dynasties, men called younger and more beautiful women regardless of whether they knew each other. They were all called "little girls". Emperor Renzong embodies Zhang Xiaoniang's medical skill, which allows women to return to their old age and maintain their youthful beauty. .)

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Female doctors of the Ming Dynasty talk about Yunxian: how true is the history of Yunxian

Tan Yunxian (1461-1556) was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu in the Ming Dynasty . He was born in a family of medicine. Among the four female doctors in ancient China (Yi Han in the Han Dynasty , Baogu in the Jin Dynasty , Zhang Xiaoniang in the Song Dynasty , and Tan Yunxian in the Ming Dynasty) One.

Mastery of Mastery

Tan Yunxian was born in Tianshun in the Ming Dynasty for five years. His grandfather Tan Fu and grandmother Ru's were famous doctors at the time. His uncle talked about the economic officer to the head of the household, and his father talked about the officer to the Nanjing criminal department. . Tan Yunxian was clever from an early age, and her grandmother asked her to study medicine. She learned the superb medical skills under her grandmother's teaching. Before her death, her grandmother passed on the pathology collected and compiled in her life to Tan Yunxian. After talking about Yunxian, he married Yang with a man named Yang. After suffering from qi and blood disorders shortly after the marriage, she diagnosed and tried medicines. Later, she gave birth to three daughters and one son, Yang Ye. Whenever the child was sick, she personally treated them. . It wasn't until her grandmother died that she was really a lay doctor.

Famous for treating female patients in lay medicine

Tan Yunxian began to heal people as instructed by his grandmother. In the feudal society of the time, many high-class women were reluctant to ask male doctors for treatment because of their male and female defenses, so they often suffered from illness. The reputation of Tan Yunxian's female doctors led these women to seek her treatment. After many successful cases, Tan Yunxian's reputation gradually spread throughout the country.


Author of "Miscellaneous Female Doctors", an ancient rare medical case book

When Tan Yunxian was 50 years old, thinking that her grandmother had told her that "Rushou Seventy Three" had passed two-thirds in the dream, she compiled and compiled it based on the medical theory taught by her grandmother and her clinical evidence. Women's Medical Miscellaneous Books.


A total of 31 medical cases were recorded in "Miscellaneous Women's Medicine", which is one of the individual medical cases written earlier in the history of Chinese medicine. The book mainly records gynecological medical records, which include evidence of sexual abortion, menstrual diseases, postpartum diseases, and abdominal agglomeration. It also records Tan's skilled use of moxibustion, which is rarely seen in ancient China. Specialist Medical Record. "Female Doctor's Miscellaneous Words" writes medical records in a retrospective manner. Therefore, the diagnosis and treatment process of each medical record is very clear. There are not many recorded cases, but from the perspective of clinical treatment, they are all very successful cases, which is worthy of reference for future doctors. Due to the inconvenience of women at that time, the book "Miscellaneous Female Doctor" was copied and copied by Yang Yun, the son of Tan Yunxian.

His son died in his later years and his grandson was convicted

After 50 years of age, her medical skills have become more sophisticated. Unfortunately, she did not write a medical book anymore. Unfortunately, her son died prematurely, and her grandson died of the crime. A woman who suffered so badly in her old age naturally had no intention of writing. Ming Shizong Jiajing thirty-five years, Tan Yunxian died at the age of 96.

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Qing Dynasty's famous doctor Zeng Xun

Zeng Yi, the word Bo Yuan, also known as Lang Qiu. In the second year of Qing Xianfeng (1852), he was born in an official and gentry family in Huayang County, Sichuan (now Chengdu). At the age of ten, his father, Zeng Yongzu, was in the Xiyang office in Jiangxi, and his mother, Zuo Xijia, returned to his hometown in Sichuan with his children. In order to give his children a better education, Zuo Xijia moved her home to the Huanhuaxi area near Chengdu. This new home is close to the former residence of Tang Fu, a great poet. Under the teachings of Zuo Xijiachunchun, Zeng Yi studied scripture history from an early age, and was good at Dan Qing and Ci Ci. Many patients have lost their lives because of ineffective treatment. Zeng Yi had pity for the innocence of the villagers, and hated the quack doctors for not knowing the cold temperature, and the incompetence of the ancient ancestors. The prescriptions are all excerpted one by one and studied carefully.

personal opinion

   As a self-taught doctor, Zeng Jun doesn't stick to the family theory in medical theory. She believes that: Zhang Zhongjinggu of the Han Dynasty was the sacred of Chinese medicine, and his treatise on Febrile Diseases was regarded by the medical doctors of the later generations as a guide. Each of the four families of the Jin and Yuan dynasties also has its own advantages, which should be imitated. It is argued that the practitioners of today should not be confined to the ancient methods and ancient methods, but should "consider their minds, meet their elites, pick their own biases, and be able to penetrate through them and change endlessly." In this way, you can receive better results. As she witnessed the plague and ravaged the villagers, she highly praised blastologists such as Ye Tianshi and Wu Jutong, thinking that these doctors "can transport ancient recipes to cure the diseases of today's people." The "Blast Plague" argued that the book "is good at protecting people's body fluids and does not specialize in logging." It also said that "the body has been turned into danger by passing through four fevers , all of which can be attributed to this book."

The dialectics are quite careful

Zeng Zheng's syndrome differentiation is quite careful. For example, in treating blast disease, she not only pays attention to blast injury, but also considers the yang (qi) after injury. She pointed out: After the plague was cured, her complexion turned yellow, her tongue was pale, she didn't want to drink water, she didn't eat, and her yang deficiency became the main cause of Xiaojianzhong Tang. "The evil of the warm virus belongs to fire and yang, and the consequences of injury to yin are obvious, but after the illness, yang deficiency is often ignored by doctors. It can be seen from this that Zeng Yun's understanding of the treatment of plague is very comprehensive.


Zeng Zheng applied Cheng Fang and did not stick to the main provisions stipulated in the original book, and often expanded its scope of application. Such as "Jin Kui Sui Lue" Zhi jujube Xiefei decoction, the rule "sputum sputum to lungs, can not wheeze, or drink without rest." However, Zeng Zheng claimed that "this prescription has effects on the symptoms of wetness, drinking, and back pain." And for example: "Waizijiu wet jaundice, each must first right rib pain and cold limbs, medical Xin Wenfu a little more, taking this prescription will heal, this experience is also good." Zeng Yi often formulates his own prescriptions. The medication is very precise and the cooperation is very ingenious. Some have experienced it in person. For example, when she was 32 years old, she had yin yang throat paralysis, which was very dangerous. She put 1.5 grams each of Shangguixin, Paojiang, and Licorice into a tea bowl, flushed it with boiling water, and steamed the medicine tea bowl with water Take the medicine in the tea bowl and swallow it slowly, finally out of danger. Later, she cured many patients with this recipe.


Value folk experience

Zeng Yan attached great importance to folk experience. She heard a soldier somewhere in the north of the hospital saying that before he had gone to the army, he had been rickets, could drink or eat, there was nothing he could do. After a few days, he wandered to a market, went thirsty, and had no tea to buy. I saw a hawker who cooked a dozen chickens in a large pot and sold them. The soldier was really thirsty. He negotiated with the hawker and bought some chicken juice in the pot to quench his thirst. Unexpectedly, the chicken sauce is thick and fresh, and the coke will be lowered immediately after eating. So, the soldier even bought a few large bowls of chicken juice to drink. In the future, he used chicken soup and porridge as his main diet, and his stomach gradually opened up, and his symptoms gradually improved. The speaker is careless and the scent is intentional. After hearing this, Zeng Yun remembered carefully that in the future, when she encountered such hysteria, she would use thick chicken juice and a little ginger to cure it.

Zeng Zheng lived in the late Qing Dynasty, when the western winds gradually spread to the east, and many old folks didn't know Western medical knowledge, and they were blindly opposed. However, Zeng Yi can be widely used and used. She often tells patients to "save labor to protect brainpower", "to inhale fresh air to protect the lungs", and to strengthen "exercise to circulate blood (pulse)", especially for women, she believes that "old women, You prisoner is deep in the boudoir, can not be sullen, not only because of depression in the midst of sorrow, that is, the air is not flowing, there are many diseases, and the job is also the reason. " It can be seen that Zeng Zheng's thinking is more progressive.

At the age of 20, Zeng Jun and Yuan Xuechang, a scholar from the south of the Yangtze River (named You'an), were married. Yuan was born in Wujin , Jiangsu, and he learned outstanding things. After combining with Zeng, he traveled to Fujian, Anhui, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi provinces for more than 20 years. During that time, husband and wife emphasized day and night, and they sang harmony, which made Zeng Yan both in literature and medicine. There is progress.

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Female doctor Chun Yuyan from the Han Dynasty

Chun Yuyan was a court female doctor during the Emperor Xuan Dynasty of Han Dynasty, and was the earliest full-time obstetrician and gynecologist in China. She was unfortunately dragged into the court struggle, intimidated by Mrs. Huo, and poisoned Queen Xu. Later he was granted refuge by Huo Guang and was at large.

Chun Yuyan is also a famous female doctor in the Han Dynasty , her medical skills are superb, but her image in history is far from the glory of her elder female doctor.

When Chun Yuyan was a Emperor of the Han Dynasty, she was a female doctor in the court. Her husband was a family court guard and worked hard. Therefore, Chun Yuyan always wanted to find a good job for her husband. When Emperor Xuan Emperor Han Xuan, General Huo Guangda held great power and had great power. Therefore, Chun Yuyan took an opportunity to consult with Huo Guang's woman and asked Madam Huo to help transfer her husband to Anchi. At this time, Emperor Xu Xingjun of the Emperor Xuan Xuan was pregnant and was about to give birth. Mrs. Huo was about to remove Empress Xu Pingjun and send her daughter Huo Chengjun to the palace to replace Xu Pingjun as queen. When Mrs. Huo saw that Chun Yuyan wanted something from herself, she immediately made a plan, threatened to lure him, forced Chun Yuyan to poison Xu Pingjun, and promised to protect her. Chun Yuyan had a hard time riding a tiger , so she had to smash the aconite medicine into the palace, take the opportunity of the Queen Xu's diagnosis and treatment, and poison her. She ruthlessly poisoned the Queen Queen after giving birth. Afterwards, the Huo family strove to protect each other, and Emperor Xuan Han did not delve into the matter. Huo Chengjun was also able to enter the palace and become the second queen of Emperor Han Xuan.


But the truth is clear. Five years later, the Huo family failed in a coup and led to the extermination of the clan. The position of Queen Huo Chengjun was deposed and entered the cold palace. Twelve years later, Huo Chengjun committed suicide in Yunlin Pavilion. Although there is no special note on the ending of the female doctor Chun Yuyan in the history books, it must have been implicated by the Huo family, and the end will not be very good.

Chun Yuyan is undoubtedly a murderer, and the crime cannot be forgiven. But we also mourn for her. Often, some people fall into a trap of conspiracy without reason and misunderstanding. On the stage of literary works or movie dramas, most of these bizarre encounters, and almost all ended in comedy. Unfortunately, in real life, it must be a tragedy.

Huo Xian ’s method begins with calling the other party ’s aliases intimately and with the respect of the nation ’s supreme commander-in-law ’s wife, a few “little husbands” are enough to upset the other party ’s soul . In the future, the pressure of being a queen was placed on Chun Yuyan's shoulders, so that Chun Yuyan found his importance. She finally accepted it, of course, for the sake of desire. However, if she does not accept her, her end is obvious. The Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the country killed a lowly woman in her inner house, no different from killing a mouse. She just needs to declare a guilty guilty-such as being found stealing and refusing to arrest-witnesses can fill a train. Who knows if she died unfairly? Chun Yuyan can pretend to promise and flee. However, she holds a handle sufficient to destroy the Huo family. Although there is no explanation in the history books, it can be inferred that Huo Xian will not be out of guard. I'm afraid the police have arrived before Changan City has escaped. If she accuses Huo Xian of wanting her to murder the queen, who can believe it? At the time of agriculture, there was very little social population movement. She and her husband and children had nowhere to hide.

There is so much helplessness in life that I can't decide for myself. I accidentally plant it on the thief's boat and cannot help myself. So what we need is a multidimensional society, a society ruled by law, and a tolerant society, so that those who are fiddled with fate are protected. If they refuse to yield to darkness, they can still jump out of right and wrong.

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Introduction to Famous Doctor Hu Yan

Hu Yan, No. See Suzi, also known as Seen Girl or Seen Girl, lives in Taibai Mountain (located in the south of Shaanxi County). According to Hu Xun's "Preface to Huang Ting's Interior Collection of Five Tibetans and Six Men's Supplements and Discharges", the later title is the year of Wuchen (AD 848), then Hu Yuan is a late Tang dynasty.

The works of Hu Yan, "Tang Zhi" is a volume of "Inner Scenery of Huang Ting". A volume of medical books in the "Chongwen General Catalog" of Song Dynasty, "A Book of Huang Ting's Interiors and Five Collections of Six Poems", and a book of Dao's books in "The Scenery of Huang Ting," were written by a woman, Hu Hu. "The General Catalog" also recorded a volume of "Inner Scenery of Huang Ting", Yu Xi Yun: "" Tang Zhi "," Tong Zhi "and written by Hu Yan, three books of medical examinations," Inner Scenery of Huang Ting, five internal organs, six " Also written by Hu Yan, or a book ", but" Song Zhi "is written in a volume of" Huang Ting Interior Scenery, Five Collections and Six Treasure Maps "written by Hu Yan, and there is a" Huang Ting Interior Scenery Picture ", which seems to be two books. Or two transcripts of the same work. Hu Zhi's works written in Song Zhi include: one volume of Huang Ting's exterior scenes and three volumes of Buxie's interior scenes. Also, see the ten volumes of Suzi's "Biography of the Cave Fairy", this Suzi is suspected to be another person.

The works written by Hu Yuan as seen today include: A volume of "Inner Scenery of Huang Ting, Five Tibetans and Six Mansions", which is included in the methods of the Orthodox Department of Taoism in the Ming Dynasty . A volume of "Illustrations of Six Treasures" can be found in the "Complete Collection of Taoist Books"; the orthodox "Tao Zang" cave xuanbu spiritual figure national font name also contains the "Huang Ting interior scene of five internal organs and six spleen supplementary and diarrhea map" one volume.


There are two works in the "Inner Scenery of the Five Courts of Huang Ting and the Six Treasures" and "The Diagram of the Rehabilitation of the Five Titans and the Six Titans in the Inner Scenery of Huang Ting", with the same purpose, but the words differ from each other. Both chapters have prefaces that share the same idea, with slight differences in text. Previously, the lungs, heart, liver, spleen, and gall bladder were successively analyzed. The order of analysis of each viscera is as follows: First, the illustration, the physiological anatomy position, shape, weight, function, etc. of a certain viscera; Reconcile each viscera with three methods: three, phase disease method, diagnosis of viscera and viscera disease; four, cure the disease, the right medicine, each with a prescription; five, tuna method to regulate the liver, spleen, kidney, bile four qi Six, taboo method, food taboo in time, such as kidney disease "Do not eat pepper in October" and so on; seven, guide method, labor limbs, the purpose is to activate the tendons and veins to accumulate wind and evil air.

"Huang Ting Jing" is a basic classic of Taoism health care, and it has had extensive influence in the Northern and Southern Dynasties . However, due to the obscure writing of the "Huang Ting Jing", the Southern and Northern Dynasties only spread among the upper class scholars with a certain cultural literacy. In the early Tang Dynasty, Liang Qiuzi Bai Luzhong first commented on "Huang Ting", which had a certain influence on the popularization of health theory in "Huang Ting". However, Bai Luzhong's note is still based on "Huang Ting". Although some famous words are interpreted, it is still inevitable. In the Tang Dynasty, the study of "Huang Ting" became more and more prosperous.

The compilation of the Zhus and the rise of heresy made the later generations rare. The difference is almost a thousand miles. The so-called heresy is probably to explain the meaning of "Huang Ting" from the perspective of mysticism.

Hu Yan can be regarded as a unique expert of "Huang Ting" in the late Tang Dynasty. The main characteristic of her study of "Huang Ting Jing" is to eliminate the mysterious factors. From a purely medical perspective, she is clear and not complicated. The Tao can be learned, and the technique can be cultivated. Those who study the "Huang Ting Jing" and Taoist health techniques cannot be ignored. Because of his many words, he is not good at the author, and dares not to say right and wrong, and does not care.

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Top ten female doctors in ancient China: Xing Clan in the Southern Song Dynasty and Fang Clan in the Ming Dynasty


In the elaborate "East of Qi Dongye" Vol. 18, Xing's a female doctor with a good skill is recorded. She was from the Southern Song Dynasty Shaoxi. At the time, the cabinet official Han Pingyuan was on a business trip and invited her to diagnose her own pulse to see if her body could successfully complete the trip. After Xing's diagnosis, he thought that his body was not a big problem, but his wife's body should be concerned. As expected, Xing's wife died a few months later.

At that time, there was also a prime minister named Zhu Shengfei. His daughter-in-law was ill, and he also invited Xing to come for treatment. After Xing had seen it, she said that it was a minor illness, and she would be fine without medication, but she could not get pregnant, and she would definitely die if she became pregnant. The whole family did not believe that Xing was alarmist and baseless. But the situation later, as Xing said, the woman died shortly after pregnancy. A thorough evaluation of Xing said: "I have a lot of ancient and modern doctors. I did n’t know the wife before I knew the death of my wife, and I was pregnant before I died. Woohoo, God!"


Jiang and Fang

Xiuning people of Anhui in Ming Dynasty . Jiang's wife, Fang's wife. The two sons-in-law, inheriting family studies, specialized in pediatrics. All those who have convulsions, epilepsy and dysentery are treated for spring. People praised them as masters of Divine Medicine.

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In ancient China, doctors were basically men. Under the background of Confucian ethics dominance and the emphasis on "the difference between men and women" and "the relationship between men and women", in ancient times there were always "women's diseases are difficult to cure", "Ningzhi ten men, never cured" A woman. " Especially for female patients in the emperor's harem, male doctors were particularly "untouchable". Even if you are seriously ill, you can't just ask a male doctor to go to the palace to see a female patient. Therefore, in this case, many female doctors with superb medical skills appeared in ancient China.

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