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National dispute

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The national dispute is also called the national dispute. This is the problem of the Prince of the Ming Dynasty in the Ming Dynasty . Because there is a saying that "Princes are the root of the country" in ancient China, it is called the dispute of the country. At that time, there were two factions supporting the eldest son of the emperor Zhu Changluo and the lucky king Zhu Changzhang (born by Zheng Guifei) for the princehood. The court ministers in accordance with the principle of the eldest son as the prince in the Ming dynasty, most of them support the eldest son of the emperor Zhu Changluo, and proposed to the Ming Shenzong that the eldest son was the prince. His son Zhu Changzhang was the prince, but he was strongly opposed by the minister and the Empress Dowager Cisheng. Due to the delay of Ming Shenzong's princehood, the ministers were worried. As a result, the upper and lower courts were divided into two factions. Ming Shenzong and the ministers argued for 15 years. It was not until 1601 that Zhu Changluo was named Prince, and Zhu Changluo was named Fu King. However, King Fuk hesitated to leave Beijing to become the prince. It wasn't until the slamming that the public opinion was against Zheng Guifei that the King of Fuk left Beijing to become a vassal, and the crown prince Zhu Changluo was thus firmly established.

National dispute

National Disputes——Events Caused by Emperor Wanli's Delay in Setting Up Prince

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Emperor Wanli -- Zhu Changluo -- Zhu Changyu

Brief introduction of the national dispute: the Wanli Dynasty disputes over who is the prince

The national dispute is also called the national dispute. This is the problem of the Prince of the Ming Dynasty in the Ming Dynasty . Because there is a saying that "Princes are the root of the country" in ancient China, it is called the dispute of the country. At that time, there were two factions supporting the eldest son of the emperor Zhu Changluo and the lucky king Zhu Changzhang (born by Zheng Guifei) for the princehood.

The court ministers in accordance with the principle of the eldest son as the prince in the Ming dynasty, most of them support the eldest son of the emperor Zhu Changluo, and proposed to the Ming Shenzong that the eldest son was the prince. His son Zhu Changzhang was the prince, but he was strongly opposed by the minister and the Empress Dowager Cisheng.

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Due to the delay of Ming Shenzong's princehood, the ministers were worried. As a result, the upper and lower courts were divided into two factions. Ming Shenzong and the ministers argued for 15 years. It was not until 1601 that Zhu Changluo was named Prince, and Zhu Changluo was named Fu King. However, King Fuk hesitated to leave Beijing to become the prince. It wasn't until the slamming that the public opinion was against Zheng Guifei that the King of Fuk left Beijing to become a vassal, and the crown prince Zhu Changluo was thus firmly established.

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The background of the national dispute: Emperor Wanli particularly liked Zheng Guifei

The eldest son of Ming Shenzong Zhu Changluo was born to him and the Queen of the Palace by accident. Ming Shenzong did not like him because Zhu Changluo was born to a court maid.

Wang was formerly a maid of the palace of Cining. On one day of the nineth year of Wanli (1581), where Zhang Juzheng ruled, Ming Shenzong went to the palace of Cining to plead with Empress Cisheng. At that time, the queen mother was absent. Wang Duanshui asked him to wash his hands. When he woke up, he favored Wang. After Wang became pregnant, the queen asked the emperor . The emperor did not admit his actions at first. The queen mother ordered people to take a look at "Inner Living Notes". At this point, the emperor Fang reluctantly acknowledged that the emperor had been named the concubine. At that time, the palace girl was called the "duren", so Ming Shenzong called Zhu Changluo the son of the duren, and did not like him very much.

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There are many concubines in the Ming Emperor Shenzong, among them Zheng, the most favorite, was named Shu Fei in the tenth year of Wanli (1582), and entered into De Fei the following year. In the fourteenth year of Wanli (1586), the Zheng family gave birth to a son, Zhu Changzhang . The Emperor Shenzong was overjoyed, and intended to be named the emperor's concubine. Soon, there were rumors that Shenzong and Zheng Guifei went to the Da Gao Xuan Dian to pray for a pledge of the gods. They agreed to establish Zhu Changyu as the prince and sealed the secret oath book in a jade box, which was kept by Zheng Guifei.

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National dispute process: Zhu Changluo protects his prince

Courtiers support Zhu Changluo

The ministers of the Ming Dynasty were affected by rumors, and they suggested that the eldest son of the emperor Zhu Changlu be listed as the prince as soon as possible to break the rumors. In the fourteenth year of Wanli (1586), the Zheng family gave birth to the same son, and the first assistant Shen Shixing went on the line. The Ming Yingzong was two years old and Ming Xiaozong was six years old. Weak reasons, wait for two or three years before holding. This deepened the anxiety of the ministers, and Hu Ke gave special attention to the fact that Jiang Yinglin, the official member Wailang Shen Yun, and others had set up the East Palace. Among them, Jiang Yinglin's wording was fierce, which enraged Ming Shenzong, throwing the memorial to the ground, and said to the eunuchs around him, “The concubine is sealed for the sake of the East Palace, but the minister ca n’t do anything for him!” Seal. Li Ying has his own young and old, Jiang Yinglin suspects that the monk sells straight, and can reduce extreme duties. "So he derogated Jiang Yinglin as the history of Datong Guangchang.

The officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Shen Lang, and the principal of the Criminal Department, Sun Rufa, successively stated that they were punished. However, the decree of the Emperor Shenzong punishing Jiang Yinglin also pointed out that the prince would be established in the order of the young and old. After that, the minister still asked the eldest son of the emperor, Zhu Changluo, to be the prince, and in 18th year of Wanli (1590), he collectively requested that he be established, and Dumen resigned to exert pressure on the Ming Shenzong. Ming Shenzong had to push it to next year, or when the prince was fifteen years old, and then postulated that it would be held in the spring of the 20th year of Wanli. By August of the following year, Zhang Youde, the Ministry of Industry, proposed that preparations should be made, but was punished by the Emperor Shenzong for not allowing interference. The first assistant, Shen Shixing, opposed the minister and others, and the Shenzong was furious, but Shen Shixing secretly confessed. After this exposure, Shen Shixing's reputation was wiped out, and he had to resign and return home after being impeached. The ministers were either resigned or sent to court.

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Three Kings' Gift

In the first month of the 21st year of Wanli (1593), Ming Shenzong speeded up the process of reform and began to give to the university scholar Wang Xijue. The eldest son Zhu Changlu, the third son Zhu Changzhang and the fifth son Zhu Changhao will be crowned together, and they will choose later Among them, the good is Prince. Wang Xijue was both afraid of offending Ming Shenzong and being attacked by courtiers, so Shang Shu asked the queen to raise his eldest son, so the eldest son was a sister-in-law. However, Shenzong had only previously shown his courtiers, and continued to prepare for the ceremony of the three kings' confinement.

Because Wang Xijue said this, it was clear that Zhu Changluo needed to go through the formalities and questioned the legality of Zhu Changluo as a prince. Therefore, the ministers accused Wang Xijue of Imao Shun, Wang Xijue resigned, and Shenzong was forced to withdraw by consensus. Predestination.

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The end of the national dispute: Zhu Changluo finally stabilized the crown prince

The Crown Prince has been registered, and the national dispute is over, but this is not the case. After the registration, Zhu Changluo 's treatment has not been improved, and his status has not been promoted because of this. The situation is still very dangerous. The "Monster Book Case" in Wanli 31 years is a good proof. The main idea of "The Book of Demon" is to say that Zhu Zongluo's establishment by the Emperor Shenzong as the East Palace is only a last resort, and he will definitely change to Changyu in the future.

A similar "demon book" appeared as early as twenty-six years in Wanli, named "Sadness and Crisis". This book pretended to be the mouth of Zhu Dongji to expose Zheng 's idea of seizure, but due to the suppression of the Sect, this The case is not turbulent. "Monster Book" reappeared after the Prince's Book was set up to remind the courtier that the Prince's position was still unstable. Moreover, the emergence of the "Fantastic Book" is not unfounded, it is closely related to the issue of the kingdom of Zhu Changyu , the king of the blessings. Why do you say that? According to the customization of the Ming Dynasty , Fu Wang should go to his fiefdom when he is an adult. It is called the "land", but Zheng did not completely hesitate to establish the reserve. However, Shenzong deliberately delayed three or two times, which actually released a signal that although the prince had already been established, he could be replaced by the King of Blessing at any time. So courtiers scrambled to invite the kingdom of the blessing king. In this regard, the Emperor Shenzong first used the Fu King Mansion as an excuse; in the forty years of winter, the Fu King Mansion was completed, and Shoufu Ye asked Gao to play the kingdom of the King of Fu. There was no sign of a kingdom of the King of Blessings, so Wang Xianggan, a soldier in the Ministry of War, played the kingdom of the King of Blessings again. In response, Shenzong said that the time of the Kingdom of the Prince was in the spring, and now it is almost over. Go back next year.

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The Minister has long been aware of Shenzong's postponement policy, and has been constantly striving for it. Soon, King Sejong also preached that in order for the kingdom of the blessing king, he must prepare 40,000 hectares of farmland for him. With regard to this harsh condition, Shoufu Ye Xianggao said that it is impossible to do so, but Shenzong still insists on the saying of 40,000, and does not concede, in order to continue to delay time. Later, the cabinet was rumored to want to use the Queen Mother's birthday as an excuse to delay the date of the country, but this proposal was returned by Ye Xianggao, and he himself tried to resign. Later, with the help of Empress Li, the King Fuk finally became a fan in March forty-two years. At this point, the national dispute that has lasted for nearly thirty years has finally come to an end.

In the national dispute, Shenzong is actually inclined to set the son of the concubine Zheng as the prince. This intention is more obvious. Without the minister's inquiries and efforts, Zhu Changluo will eventually become a prince. It is difficult to say. If it shows that the ministers of the generation were obedient to the imperial power, why did they dare to persuade or even oppose the monarch so bravely? If it is said that imperial power is paramount, why did Zhu Changzhang fail to be enshrined as a prince? So it shows that the Qing Dynasty was far from what people imagined. The emperor 's will ruled everything and everything was autocratic. If the behavior of the emperor does not comply with the etiquette law and rules (for example, in the national dispute, the emperor's intention to establish Zhu Changlu as the prince did not conform to the principle of "have a stand and a stand without a stand" in the traditional Chinese social reserve), It will also be opposed by officials, giving up their unreasonable behavior under pressure.

Furthermore, there is a power to restrain imperial power in Chinese traditional political culture, but this restriction does not come from the strong rules of the system, but the rational insistence of officials on political legitimacy to persuade, strive for, and even resign. And so on. Of course, we should not take this kind of constraint too high. After all, this kind of constraint cannot always restrain the deviance of monarchy.

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Conclusion

Under the intervention of the Empress Dowager Cisheng, the Emperor Shenzong finally conceded in Wanli twenty-nine years (1601). The 20-year-old emperor Zhu Changluo was the prince, Zhu Changyu was the blessing king, Zhu Changhao was the king of Rui, and Zhu Changrun was in the favor. King and Zhu Changzhang are King of Gui.

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