在线一本码道高清

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Battle of Dragon Tomb

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The Longling Battle was an important counterattack in the War of Resistance Against Japan . It also belongs to an important battle in the Western Yunnan and Northern Myanmar Conference. The victory of this battle will basically be wiped out by the Japanese troops in Western Yunnan, China, and it will successfully regain 40,000 square kilometers of land in Western Yunnan. It has created conditions for opening the China-India international transportation line, and better supported the battlefield in South China. After the restoration of the Long Mausoleum, the strong positions that the Japanese army relied on in western Yunnan were wiped out, and the Japanese invaders were driven to the Maping River in Mangshi (now in Dehong Prefecture). Since then, there is no danger left.

Battle of Dragon Tomb

Battle of Longling-Expeditionary counterattack war sacrifices the largest and destroys the Japanese

Battle of the Dragon Tombs-a huge victory of our army's initiative to expel all Japanese troops from western Yunnan

In 1941, in order to alleviate Britain ’s predicament on the European battlefield, China took the initiative to contain Japan, and the 100,000 expeditionary forces marched toward western Yunnan. Due to the British strategic decision errors in Southeast Asia, the Chinese expeditionary forces missed the opportunity and failed. It was concluded that western Yunnan was occupied by the Japanese army, China's important international transportation lines and material passages were cut off, and the Japanese army controlled western Yunnan to further deter our country's Chongqing.

In 1943, the Battle of Stalingrad was won, and the United States launched a comprehensive offensive against Japan in the Pacific. In line with the World Anti-Fascist War, it expelled the Japanese invaders from China as soon as possible, opened the main road of China-Myanmar traffic, and gained contact with the world's anti-Fascist battlefield . China decides to expedite western Yunnan again

The Western Yunnan Counterattack Longling was the final decisive battlefield. Here, the Chinese Expeditionary Force and the Japanese Army fought for hundreds of decisive battles. It took more than 5 months to destroy the 56th Division of the Japanese Army known as the "Dragon Corps." group.

Expeditionary Army lost to Longling in World War I

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On May 11, 1944, in order to prevent the Japanese army from flanking the western Yunnan battlefield, Chiang Kai-shek's confidant Song Xizhen led the eleventh army to defend, the twentieth army guarded the east coast of the Nu River, and four strengthened regiments crossed the Nu river to contain the enemy on the opposite side. It cannot reinforce Tengchong.

After the start of the counter-offensive in western Yunnan, the 88th Division forced the crossing of the Nu River to attack Pingjia under the command of Hu Jiayu. Pingjia was a right-wing intersection of Longling and Mangshi. It had an important strategic position. The remaining 400 Japanese troops went to the core of Pingjia. Stubborn resistance awaits rescue, but at this time our army learned from the captured Japanese documents that the Japanese army had learned about our expeditionary army's combat plan and had fully deployed its combat plan. The expeditionary army immediately changed its combat plan, focusing on Longling and Mangshi!

The 56th Army of Longling was relocated to Tengbei. The garrison was only 1500, and its defense was extremely empty. On June 5, the 81st Division of the 71st Army under the leadership of Zhang Shaoxun cut off the reinforcements of Japanese troops such as Songshan and Mangshi and surrounded Longling. On June 10, the Japanese army retreated to the center of the city and waited for reinforcements. The Kuomintang Expeditionary Force appears to be a victory without any suspense. After receiving reports from Zhang Shaoxun and Hu Jiazheng, Song Xizheng reported a victory to Chiang Kai-shek directly, and the country was boiling. The Allies sent a congratulatory message after hearing the good news. However, a dramatic scene occurred at the Longling battlefield at this time: The 56th Division of the Japanese Dragon Regiment was repelled by the 20th Army of the Chinese Expeditionary Force under the deployment of the division commander Matsuyama Yu, and he led a 113th team to the south Back to Longling and Songshan, heavy troops attacked Pingjia and deployed to attack the flank and back of the 71st Army. Recapture the Tenglong Bridge occupied by our army, open the Tenglong Highway, and on June 16 hard tore the expedition's siege of Longling to enter Longling. China's expeditionary army suffered heavy casualties. Song Xizheng ordered the seventy-first army to retreat, and Longling, which became the mouthpiece of our expeditionary army, was spit out stiffly. Under the deployment of Yusan Matsuyama, the Japanese army decided to launch an offensive against the retreating Chinese expeditionary forces in an attempt to destroy the main force of the Eleventh Group. This battle was called the "Meng Miao battle."

Song Xixuan tried to pin Zhang Shaoxun's gangster on the withdrawal. Zhang was overwhelmed with the attempted suicide, and the battle was in danger! At this time, the 9th Division of the Second Army repelled the Japanese army and pushed forward the pressure on the 71st Army. The Eighth Army Rongyi Division arrived in Longling, and after five days of bloody fighting, the two armies returned to the confrontation before the war.

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Dragon Tomb of World War II, Japan's "Dragon Regiment" overthrows

The Japanese army probably had 2,500 troops to strengthen the fortifications in Longling. The national army assembled and prepared for the battle. On July 13, the expeditionary army again launched an attack on Longling. They learned the lesson of the first failure and bombarded with artillery. Longling, the infantry followed up, but the Japanese army's stubborn guards. When fighting for the commanding heights in the southeast, the 88th Division battalion failed three times, and suffered heavy casualties. On the other hand, the 2,000 Japanese troops in Longling actually resisted the siege of more than 30,000 expeditionary forces. The two sides have once again confronted each other.

After the rest of the eleventh group army adjusted 14 fighters, 24 bombers and countless artillery shells to attack Longling, the ground forces were still very difficult! On August 25th, the Chinese army controlled the main strongholds outside Longling. The Japanese army It has shrunk to the center of Longling City, and Longling is in sight, but the war situation has reversed again. The Japanese army launched the last large-scale counterattack to rescue western Yunnan, attempted to rescue Longling, Songshan, and Heping, seized the Yunnan-Myanmar road again, broke the Chinese expeditionary force, and then concentrated their forces against the northern-Myanmar Chinese and American coalition forces. This operation is called "Broken Operation". The battle lasted for a week. The two sides consumed a lot. The 56th Division of the Japanese Army retreated to Mangshi. The 2nd Division of the Japanese Army was trapped in Longling, and the two armies faced off for the third time.

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During the confrontation period, the remnants of the Pingjia Japanese Army who were repeatedly besieged by the Expeditionary Force but could not be escaped escaped. On September 19, Song Xizhen was dismissed for lying about the military situation and always unable to win Longling. His replacement was Huang Jie. On the day of the third siege of Longling, the expeditionary artillery and the U.S. Fourteenth Air Force supported the Chinese army with ground-to-air fire. The 200th Division blocked the inaccessible left passage of Longling from the northwest of Longling. The Second Army launched an attack on the main strongholds of the Japanese army on the Longmang Highway, breaking the Japanese army ’s retreat and support. On October 31, the 71st, 36th, 87th, and 1st Division of the Expeditionary Force went from different directions. The attack on Longling was launched, but they still fought in the periphery. The two sides fought and battled on the position. Blood flowed into the river. The position turned around in the hands of the Japanese and expeditionary forces. Difficult to break into Longling. On November 1st, the 14th Air Force of the US Army launched 7 wild bombings on the Japanese army in Longling. On November 2nd, the city of Longling fell and the Japanese army led all the remnants away from the southwest. The direction was exactly what our army planned. The 200th division failed to block the left passage, the encirclement battle was defeated, and the Japanese remnants were able to escape.

The battle was extremely difficult. The war lasted 156 days. Our army invested more than 110,000 people and killed nearly 30,000 people. The Japanese army wiped out more than 13,000 people. The casualty ratio was 1: 3, except for the Japanese "Dragon Regiment". The fifty-sixth division had excellent combat capabilities and Matsuyama commanded it well. The commander of our army is not good at using defensive weapons to fight, and blindly orders soldiers to fight blindly. A command error caused our army to pay a huge price for casualties before regaining Longling. The battle of Longling was the longest and largest battle in the counter-offensive in western Yunnan. It was also a battle in which the Chinese army's infantry, artillery, and air forces coordinated and won the victory. It was also the initiative of our army to attack and expel all Japanese troops. A huge victory out of western Yunnan.

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Why was the Longling campaign coach transferred before the decisive battle? What's the truth?

This is the battle that sacrificed the most in the expeditionary counter-offensive battle. It has a powerful name: the battle of Longling, and it is the third battle of Longling.

It is said that while the Chinese Expeditionary Force attacked Songshan and Tengchong, the 11th Army responsible for the right-wing attack task extracted the elite troops from the 2nd Army and the 71st Army to form a commando team, bypassing the side of Songshan and directly inserting Longling. On June 6, the soldiers launched a violent attack on the Japanese troops stationed in the front line of Longling County. After two days and nights of fierce fighting, the road connection between Longling and Mangshi was cut off, and most of the strongholds outside Longling City were eliminated. Defeated enemy in.

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On the morning of June 8, the main units of the 87th and 88th Divisions of the 71st Army began to attack the enemy's array in the southeast suburbs of Longling, which was heavily defended by Japanese troops, in an attempt to seize the Mengling slope. The Japanese also desperately robbed the positions captured by the expeditionary forces. The battle was extremely fierce. It became a tug-of-war. The Menglingpo position changed hands nine times. The 263th Regiment of the 88th Division eventually suffered the heavy injury of the commander Fu Biren, and more than 500 casualties of the entire regiment. The position was not completely conquered until 5:00 pm. In the next two days, the expeditionary generals encouraged by the great victory of Menglingpo to split their way to the Japanese army outside Longling City, and the 87th Division conquered the battlefield, dam, Wenbipo, and the old city of Longling, and to the east of Longling The main points of the highway; 88 divisions conquered Guanglinpo, Laodongpo, Fengfengpo, Sanguanpo; the new 33th division conquered Yunlong Temple.

By June 10, all the highlands on the outskirts of Longling were defeated by the expeditionary forces. The male soldiers of the three divisions were besieged by the Japanese invaders in the city. The siege was imminent, and the remaining Japanese troops had to retreat to the city's strong fortifications.

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Seeing that the core stronghold in Longling's painstaking operation was about to fall, the outer Japanese forces immediately organized a large number of reinforcements to solve the siege of Longling. On June 13, just as the expeditionary forces attacked Longling County, more than 2,000 Japanese troops stationed in Tengchong moved south to aid Longling, and more than 1,000 Japanese troops stationed in Mang City also moved north along the Yunnan-Burma Highway and stationed at 500 in Xiangguntang. Many Japanese troops also rushed eastward into Longling, and fierce fighting with the expeditionary forces occurred. Under the pressure of the Japanese elite troops, the main force of the 71st Army of the Expeditionary Force was intercepted by the enemy, and the 87th Division suffered heavy casualties and was almost lost. Forced by the situation, the Expeditionary Force had to retreat to the frontiers of the suburbs on the 16th to save its strength and prepare for another battle. The Expeditionary Force's first attack on Longling was defeated .

Starting from the night of June 16, more than 5,000 Japanese troops stationed in strongholds near Longling County often under the cover of tanks launched surprise raids on both sides of the Yunnan-Myanmar Highway towards the Expeditionary Forces. Both sides suffered heavy casualties. On July 13, the 71st Army assembled another 30,000 troops with five divisions: 87 Divisions, 88 Divisions, Honor 1 Divisions, New 28 Divisions, and 39 New Divisions. From the east, north, and south, they faced the Japanese bases in Longling County. Initiated a second siege, again occupying Japanese positions such as Jichang, Changlinggang, Menglingpo, Guanglinpo, Sanguanpo, and controlled the highway from Longling to Mangshi and Tengchong.

Because Songshan has not yet been recovered, various military supplies cannot be transported to the army through the Yunnan-Burma Highway, causing difficulties in siege of the troops under siege to Longling. In addition, the Japanese army sent the 56th Division to Longling in order to open the road from Mangshi to Longling as soon as possible. The main force of the 1st Regiment and the 2nd Division was more than 15,000. They launched a crazy counterattack against the Expeditionary Force. Under the fierce attack of the enemy's artillery, the new 39th Division stationed outside Longling City had fewer than 100 officers and soldiers, and the new 37th Division was also severely damaged. The 117 regiment and 3 battalions in his defensive position all slain the country, and many positions regained their opponents. Due to the heavy casualties of the soldiers, the Expeditionary Force had to retreat back to the block of the market near 10 kilometers north of Longling City on September 10, and the second attack on Longling was declared a failure.

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In mid-September, the Chinese Expeditionary Army siege of Songshan and Tengchong achieved overall victory. The main forces of the left and right wings gathered in Longling one after another. On September 14th, General Song Xizhen issued a telegraph No. 51, which has become a siege to Longling. On September 22, Song Xizhen was transferred from Longling to Chongqing for training because the trespasser planned. On September 23, Huang Huang Jie acted as commander in chief of the 11th Army and recaptured Longling, a vital strategic fort. Immediately after that, the Expeditionary Force sent the 88th Division to chase the remnants fleeing in the direction of Mangshi along the way, conquering Japanese positions on the front lines of Tuanpo, Zhangjinpo, Nantianmen, and Fangmaqiao successively. On November 11, the whole area of Longling All returned to the hands of the Chinese people.

The "Three Attacks Longling" campaign was the largest and longest fortress battle in the entire counter-offensive in western Yunnan. In the battle that lasted for more than four months, the Chinese Expeditionary Force has invested 115,000 troops. After three battles, it has gone through hundreds of battles, destroying more than 10,000 Japanese troops (except when more than 400 remnants broke out and fled). Outside the city of Mang, the rest were wiped out), while the Chinese Expeditionary Army paid a casualty price of 29,803 people. The Longling Battle was the longest time-consuming and sacrifice battle in Western Yunnan's counterattack, but it was also the battle that wiped out the Japanese army the most.

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According to the December 1945 “Statistics of Western Yunnan Campaign” and “Statistics of Western Yunnan Loss during the Anti-Japanese War” report of the National Government: During the Anti-Japanese Anti-Offensive Campaign in Western Yunnan, our army invested 162,000 troops, of which Longling 11 divisions of 12 divisions, accounting for 71%. The full-time service lasted 236 days, of which Longling was 156 days. There were 50474 casualties in our army, of which 29803 were Longling casualties, accounting for 59%. There were 25,393 enemies in full service, of whom 13,200 were Longling, accounting for 52%.

The Longling Battle was an important counterattack in the Anti-Japanese War. It also belongs to an important battle in the Western Yunnan and Northern Myanmar Conference. The victory of this battle will basically be wiped out by the Japanese troops in Western Yunnan, China, and it will successfully regain 40,000 square kilometers of land in Western Yunnan. It has created conditions for opening the China-India international transportation line, and better supported the battlefield in South China.

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Longling Campaign Group Map: The Allied Forces' Grain Transport Army and Captured Japanese Equipment

These civilians fixed the rice on the saddle, and then transported the packed food to the battle front of Longling. These supplies were brought to the warehouse from the Tapa airdrop zone.

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This small road that Marco Polo had traveled during his trip to China has been built as a highway along the Myanmar border from Longling to Ledo. In the photo, a truck is loaded with gasoline and is passing by a small temple on the outskirts of Tengchong, China.

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Chinese troops are on the way to the front. They followed the Yunnan-Burma Highway to the front, now at the Longling Pass between Baoshan City Wall and a small courtyard.

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Chinese men, women, and children are building a causeway that passes through a paddy field to connect the Yunnan-Burma Highway with the Tengchong Highway in the northeast of Longling.

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Japanese equipment seized by the Honorary 1st Division of the Chinese 8th Army on Pagoda Hill north of Longling, China.

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The Chinese people watched the convoy passing through Longling, Yunnan, to Kunming, China.

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The rice dumplings filled with rice marched towards the Longling battlefield along the mountain road. The rice they carried was brought from the Tapa Airdrop Zone to a warehouse on the Yunnan-Burma Highway.

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How about the casualties at the Longling Campaign? The Japanese have never been safe

In early June 1944, while the Chinese Expeditionary Force attacked Songshan and Tengchong, the 11th Army, which was responsible for the right-wing attack, extracted the elite troops from the 2nd and 71st Army to form a commando and bypass the Songshan flanks. Straight into Longling, began the arduous battle of Longling.

On June 6, the expeditionary forces launched a violent attack on the Japanese troops stationed in the front line of Longling County in three ways. After two days and nights of fierce fighting, the road connection between Longling and Mangshi was cut off, and the University of Longling City was eliminated. Defeated enemy in some strongholds.

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On the morning of June 8, the main units of the 87th and 88th Divisions of the 71st Army began to attack the enemy's array in the southeast suburbs of Longling, which was heavily defended by Japanese troops, in an attempt to seize the Mengling slope. The Japanese also desperately robbed the positions captured by the expeditionary forces. It became a tug-of-war. The Menglingpo position changed hands nine times. The 263th Regiment of the 88th Division eventually suffered the heavy injury of the commander Fu Biren, and more than 500 casualties of the entire regiment. The position was not completely conquered until 5:00 pm. In the next two days, the expeditionary generals encouraged by the great victory of Menglingpo to split their way to the Japanese army outside Longling City, and the 87th Division conquered the battlefield, dam, Wenbipo, and the old city of Longling, and to the east of Longling The main points of the highway; 88 divisions conquered Guanglinpo, Laodongpo, Fengfengpo, Sanguanpo; the new 33th division conquered Yunlong Temple.

By June 10, all the highlands on the outskirts of Longling were defeated by the expeditionary forces. The male soldiers of the three divisions were besieged by the Japanese invaders in the city. The siege was imminent, and the remaining Japanese troops had to retreat to the city's strong fortifications.

Seeing that the core stronghold in Longling's painstaking operation was about to fall, the outer Japanese forces immediately organized a large number of reinforcements to solve the siege of Longling.

On June 13, just as the expeditionary forces attacked Longling County, more than 2,000 Japanese troops stationed in Tengchong moved south to aid Longling, and more than 1,000 Japanese troops stationed in Mang City also moved north along the Yunnan-Burma Highway and stationed at 500 in Xiangguntang. Many Japanese troops also rushed eastward into Longling, and fierce fighting with the expeditionary forces occurred. Under the pressure of the Japanese elite troops, the main force of the 71st Army of the Expeditionary Force was intercepted by the enemy, and the 87th Division suffered heavy casualties and was almost lost. Forced by the situation, the Expeditionary Force had to retreat to the frontiers of the suburbs on the 16th to save its strength and prepare for another battle. The Expeditionary Force's first attack on Longling was defeated .

Starting from the night of June 16, more than 5,000 Japanese troops stationed in strongholds near Longling County often under the cover of tanks launched surprise raids on both sides of the Yunnan-Myanmar Highway towards the Expeditionary Forces. Both sides suffered heavy casualties. On July 13, the 71st Army assembled another 30,000 troops with five divisions: 87 Divisions, 88 Divisions, Honor 1 Divisions, New 28 Divisions, and 39 New Divisions. From the east, north, and south, they faced the Japanese bases in Longling County. Initiated a second siege, again occupying Japanese positions such as Jichang, Changlinggang, Menglingpo, Guanglinpo, Sanguanpo, and controlled the highway from Longling to Mangshi and Tengchong.

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However, because Songshan has not yet been recovered, various military supplies cannot be transported to the army through the Yunnan-Myanmar Highway, resulting in difficulties in siege of the troops under siege to Longling. In addition, the Japanese army sent 56th to Longling in order to open the road from Mangshi to Longling as soon as possible. The main force of more than 15,000 divisions and 2nd divisions launched a crazy counterattack against the Expeditionary Force. Under the fierce attack of enemy artillery, the new 39 divisions stationed outside Longling City had fewer than a hundred officers and men, and the new 37 divisions were also severely damaged. All the soldiers in the 3rd Battalion of the 117 regiment that held its position were dying, and many positions regained their opponents. Due to the heavy casualties of the soldiers, the Expeditionary Force had to retreat back to the block of the market near 10 kilometers north of Longling City on September 10, and the second attack on Longling was declared a failure.

In mid-September, the Chinese Expeditionary Army siege of Songshan and Tengchong achieved overall victory. The main forces of the left and right wings gathered in Longling one after another. On August 22nd, Chiang Kai-shek transferred Song Xiyu from Longling to Chongqing for training, because Chiang Kai-shek had released the news of the restoration of Longling in Chongqing, but the remnants were not cleared up yet. Song Xizheng's position was represented by Deputy Commander-in-Chief General Huang Jie. The expeditionary force adjusted the strategy of besieging Longling. While attacking the traffic position between Longling and Mangshi to prevent the reinforcement of enemy soldiers, it concentrated the powerful forces of 10 divisions. On October 29, they launched their third total attack on Longling City.

After five days of fierce fighting, on November 3rd, the Japanese army that guarded Longling was wiped out, and Longling, a vital strategic fortress, was recaptured. Immediately after that, the Expeditionary Force sent the 88th Division to chase the remnants fleeing in the direction of Mangshi along the way, conquering Japanese positions on the front lines of Tuanpo, Zhangjinpo, Nantianmen, and Fangmaqiao successively. On November 11, the entire Longling area All returned to the hands of the Chinese people.

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The "Three Wars Longling" campaign was the largest and longest-running fortress battle in the Western Yunnan counter-offensive. In the battle that lasted for more than four months, the Chinese Expeditionary Force has invested 115,000 troops. After three battles, it has gone through hundreds of battles, destroying more than 10,000 Japanese troops (except when more than 400 remnants broke out and fled). Outside the city of Mang, the rest were wiped out), while the Chinese Expeditionary Army paid a casualty price of 29,803 people. The Longling battle was the longest time consuming and the biggest sacrifice in the counter-offensive operation in western Yunnan, but it was also the battle that wiped out the Japanese army the most during the anti- Burma resistance in Yunnan.

According to the December 1945 “Statistics of Western Yunnan Campaign” and “Statistics of Western Yunnan Loss during the Anti-Japanese War” report of the National Government: During the Anti-Japanese Anti-Offensive Campaign in Western Yunnan, our army invested 162,000 troops, of which Longling 11 divisions of 12 divisions, accounting for 71%. The full-time service lasted 236 days, of which Longling was 156 days. There were 50474 casualties in our army, of which 29803 were Longling casualties, accounting for 59%. There were 25,393 enemies in full service, of whom 13,200 were Longling, accounting for 52%. The full-service loss was RMB 73,941.6 million, of which Longling lost 67,117.6 million yuan, accounting for 91.59%.

After the restoration of the Long Mausoleum, the strong positions that the Japanese army relied on in western Yunnan were wiped out, and the Japanese invaders were driven to the Maping River in Mangshi (now in Dehong Prefecture).

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Conclusion

A x56 division 146th wing, a 148th wing 3rd squadron, a 18th division 114 wing, a 229th wing, a 56th engineering corps, and a 56th artillery wing fought in Longling. During the strategic confrontation, Captain Tajima of Japan entered Longling to form a pseudo-government in Longling County and served as Zhao Pengcheng as the pseudo-mayor. The war in Longling, several times large and small, can be summed up as the Three Wars Longling.

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