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American Revolutionary War

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The American Revolutionary War, or the American Revolutionary War, was a war between the British Empire and the revolutionaries of its 13 North American colonies, as well as several European powers. This war started mainly against British economic policy, but later, because France joined the war against Britain, the scope of the war far exceeded British North America. As a result of the British exploitation of the colonies and the development of the North American colonial economy, in order to oppose the British economic policies, the North American people have been fighting. Beginning in Lexington in April 1775, the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 adopted the "Declaration of Independence" drafted by Thomas Jefferson , proclaiming the birth of the United States. After the hard struggle of the North American people, the British and the United States finally signed the "Paris Peace Treaty" on September 3, 1783, and Britain recognized American independence. The American War of Independence ended British colonial rule, achieved the independence of the country, established a more democratic bourgeois political system, was conducive to the development of American capitalism, and played a role in promoting the subsequent revolutions in Europe and Latin America.

American Revolutionary War

American War of Independence-US Independence from British Colonialism

Brief Introduction to the American War of Independence: the United States successfully broke away from the British colony

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), or the American Revolutionary War, was a war between the British Empire and its 13 North American colonies, as well as several European powers. This war started mainly against British economic policy, but later, because France joined the war against Britain, the scope of the war far exceeded British North America.

As a result of the British exploitation of the colonies and the development of the North American colonial economy, in order to oppose the British economic policies, the North American people have been fighting. Beginning in Lexington in April 1775, the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 adopted the "Declaration of Independence" drafted by Thomas Jefferson , proclaiming the birth of the United States.

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During the war, Britain was able to use their naval superiority to occupy the colonial seaside cities, but how to control the rural areas confused them. After the hard struggle of the North American people, the British and the United States finally signed the "Paris Peace Treaty" on September 3, 1783, and Britain recognized American independence. The American War of Independence ended British colonial rule, achieved national independence, established a more democratic bourgeois political system, was conducive to the development of American capitalism, and played a role in promoting the subsequent revolutions in Europe and Latin America. This war also prepares for the establishment of Canada in the future.

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Background to the American Revolutionary War: Thirteen U.S. states plot to leave Britain

The Revolutionary War of North America (American Revolutionary War, 1775-1783), a revolutionary war in British North American 13 colonies against British colonial rule and for national independence. Also known as the American Revolutionary War or American Revolution.

In the middle of the 18th century, with the development of the North American colony economy and the enhancement of the American national consciousness, the contradictions between the British and North American colonies became more and more intense. In particular, after the Seven Years' War , in order to make up for the loss of the war , Britain intensified the exploitation and oppression of the colonial people, thereby developing the colonial anti-British struggle from economic and political struggle to armed struggle.

In March 1770, the Boston tragedy occurred.

In 1773, the Tea Tax Act was passed, causing a tea incident in Boston.

In 1774, five intolerable decrees were promulgated (such as the closure of the Boston Harbor, the addition of British garrisons, the abolition of Massachusetts' autonomy, and the establishment of British jurisdiction over colonies, etc.) to politically and militarily tighten control and suppression of colonies.

In 1772-1774, a communications committee was established in each colony to lead the struggle against Britain.

From September 5 to October 1774, the North American colonies held a joint colonial conference in Philadelphia, which was historically called "The First Continental Congress." Except for Georgia's absence, 55 representatives from 12 other colonies attended the meeting (mostly wealthy merchants, bankers, plantation slave owners, and Georgia did not attend because of the Governor's obstruction).

The Continental Conference passed the Declaration of Rights, asking the British government to lift various economic restrictions and five high-pressure laws on the colonies; reiterated that the colonies should not be taxed without the consent of the colonial people, and asked the colonies to exercise self-government and withdraw the British garrison. If Britain does not accept these requirements, the North American colonies will boycott British goods from December 1 and ban the export of any goods to Britain.

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The Continental Conference also submitted a "Peace Petition" to the British King, stating that the colonies remained "loyal" to the British King. After the meeting, the colonies began to prepare for the uprising, train the militia and store arms. Although the Continental Conference did not raise the issue of independence, it was an important step for the colonies to form their own regime.

On April 18, 1775, in Lexington and Concord near Boston, the colonial Patriots fired guns of resistance and kicked off the War of Independence.

On April 19, 1775, the British army in Boston was ordered to go to Concord to seize the arms of the colonial militias, and they were ambushed by the militia near Lexington on the way back and forth, losing 286 people. The Battle of Lexington kicks off

On May 10, 1775, representatives of the North American colonies convened the second Continental Conference in Philadelphia.

On June 14, 1775, it was decided to establish the Continental Army, and the following day George Washington was appointed commander in chief. In July of the following year, the Continental Congress adopted a declaration of independence, proclaiming the independence of 13 colonies from Britain.

In May 1776, the Second Continental Conference was held in Philadelphia, which strengthened the determination of war and independence, and signed the famous Declaration of Independence on July 4 as an opportunity. The Declaration of Independence was considered to be established by the United States. At the beginning, this day (July 4) was also regarded as the National Day by the United States.

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Causes of the American Revolutionary War: Why is it called the Lexington Gunfire?

In the center of Lexington, USA, there is a statue of a militia holding a rifle. The militia was valiant and stomped on the stone wall with his feet firmly, his eyes staring forward. Underneath, there is a very simple stone monument without any thought. The inscription reads: Hold your ground. Do n’t shoot before the enemy fires; but if the enemy insists on forcing the war on us, then let the war begin here! This is to commemorate the first of the famous Independence War in American history This battle-Lexington stands.

Columbus in Spain discovered the Americas at the end of the 14th century, and then British, French, and Western colonial nations took over North America in the hands of Native Americans. This laid the bane for future wars.

At the end of the 15th century, the Spaniards opened up new routes to the Americas. For the next four centuries, the Spaniards, the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French, and the British fought fiercely around the ownership and maritime hegemony of North American colonies. By the mid-18th century, Britain became the owner of most of the land in North America. The remnant colonial rule of the British colonial government caused resistance from the North American people.

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In the late 18th century, with the development of the colonial economy, contradictions intensified.

On the night of December 16, 1773, the North American people broke out the "Boston Tea Incident" in opposition to the "Tea Tax Law" of the United Kingdom.

In the early morning of April 19, 1775, 800 fully armed British light infantry, led by a major, marched towards Lexington. Suddenly, they found a group of North American militia standing on the grass in front of the village.

"Stop moving!" The militiamen ordered.

"Don't listen to them, rush!" The major raised his command knife.

"Bang!" The gunshot went off, and the bullets flew in the sky. The heroic militia rushed to the British colony, killing and injuring 274 people. The colonial army fled back to Boston in a hurry, and the militia achieved a huge victory. Since then, a new page in American history has opened-the American Revolutionary War broke out!

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The American War of Independence: How did the United States break away from British rule?

The American Revolutionary War (1775 ~ 1778), with the main battlefield in the north, the British army took the initiative. The overall strategy of the British army is to control the eastern coast of North America with the navy, and advance from the north and south of Canada and New York with the army, to open the front lines of Lake Champlain and Hudson Valley to isolate the most resolute New England colonies against Britain. The other colonies were individually broken. The colony has weak power, and basically adopts the principles of avoiding decisive battles, preserving its strength, defeating its enemies, and seeking foreign aid.

In May 1775, the colonial militia took the initiative to attack, successively captured Fort Ticonderoga, Crown Point and other places, and besieged Boston.

On June 17, 1775, T. Gage, the governor of Massachusetts and the commander of the British army, sent 2,200 troops to attack the Bunker Hill and Brid Hill militia positions that besieged Boston several times. The militia fought bravely and repelled the British offensive twice. Although they abandoned their positions due to depletion of ammunition, they achieved the results of annihilating the enemy for the first time. In order to stir up Canadian anti-British sentiment, the U.S. forces split into two lines to attack Canada.

In November 1775, R. Montgomery's left army captured Montreal, and later joined the right army led by B. Arnold on the lower St. Lawrence River.

At the end of December 1775, about 1,000 U.S. troops stormed Quebec in a snowstorm. Since then, the U.S. forces have besieged Quebec, which contained some of the British forces.

In May 1775, the British sent troops back, and the US troops retreated.

In March 1776, the British army was forced to withdraw from Boston after 11 months of siege.

On July 4, 1776, the North American Continental Conference adopted the Declaration of Independence, officially declaring the independence of 13 colonies in North America.

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At the end of August 1776, following Gage as commander of the British army, he led the British 32,000 men to attack New York with the cooperation of the naval fleet. Washington commanded 19,000 soldiers to fight in front of each other. Under the powerful offensive of the British army, they lost a lot and suffered heavy losses. In November, they led the remaining 5,000 people to retreat to New Jersey. The British chased the US troops to the Delaware River, and then entered the camp for winter. Taking advantage of the British army's lack of alertness, Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas Eve, attacked the British army in Trenton, captured nearly a thousand people, and defeated the British army again in Princeton on January 3 of the following year. The battle between Trenton and Princeton reinvigorated the morale of successive US troops.

In the summer of 1777, in order to cut off the relationship between New England and other states, the British determined to split north and south into the three roads and open Lake Champlain-Hudson Valley: all the way from the south shore of Lake Ontario, eastward along the Mohawk River, on the way It was defeated by the U.S. forces; another 7,000 people were led by J. Bergoy and went down Lake Champlain to try and command the third way, which was the British army in Albany in New York. However, Hao did not go north as planned, but led 18,000 troops south.

September 26, 1777 captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Conference. Borgo rushed into the solitary army and was besieged by Saratoga (now Skylerville) by 12,000 US troops and guerrillas.

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The Historical Impact of the American Revolutionary War: How to Evaluate the Revolutionary War?

November 30, 1782. The new British government and the United States reach an armistice agreement. On September 3, 1783, the two sides signed a peace treaty in Paris, and Britain was forced to recognize American independence.

The American War of Independence is a typical example of small victory over big and weak victory over strong. This victory opened the way for the subsequent French Revolution and the independence of the Latin American National Liberation Movement.

The victory of the American War of Independence has promoted the modern bourgeois democratic revolution in continental Europe and Latin America. It ended British colonial rule, achieved the independence of the country, established a more democratic modern political system, and also played a role in promoting the subsequent revolutions in Europe and Latin America.

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The War of Independence of the United States did not solve the problem of land and slavery. As a result, after the independence of the United States, the North and South developed on two different economic paths, which eventually led to the outbreak of the American Civil War (Civil War).

The victory of the War of Independence lifted the United States out of British colonial rule, achieved national independence, established a more democratic political system, and set an example for the national independence movements of the peoples of Latin America and promoted the European revolution in the 18th century. The Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of 1787, and the new political system established by it are valuable heritage of human civilization. It is both a war of national independence and a democratic revolution.

The American Revolutionary War was the first large-scale colonial war for national independence in world history. Its victory opened a gap in the colonial system of the British Empire and set an example for the colonial national liberation war.

The War of Independence was another democratic revolution. It overthrew the British colonial rule and created the world's first federal presidential republic: the United States of America. At the same time, it eliminated the remnants of the eldest son's inheritance law and the continuation of the limited law With the commission tax, slavery contracts were basically abolished. Thus liberating productive forces and opening a broad path for the development of the American economy. As Lenin puts it, "The history of the modern civilized United States began with a great, truly liberated, truly revolutionary war."

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Conclusion

The American Revolutionary War was the first large-scale colonial war for national independence in world history. Its victory opened a gap in the colonial system of the British Empire and set an example for the colonial national liberation war.

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