In 1912, the feudal dynasty that ruled China for more than two thousand years was overthrown, and the Republic of China was formally established. The May 4th New Culture Movement that followed brought democracy and science to the hearts of the people, and the deep-rooted feudal ideas gradually evolved. A large number of female writers and works have appeared in the Chinese literary world. They were unique due to their unique creative style and aesthetic tendency, which made the male writers of the time refreshed . In particular, they infiltrated their daring pursuit of love and unremitting exploration into their literary works, achieving a more vivid and strange effect, and became a strong fresh blood in literature at that time. Among them, Shi Liang , Sheng Aiyi , Wu Jianxiong , Chen Hengzhe , Su Xuelin , Lu Xiaoman , Ling Shuhua , Xie Wanying , Lin Huiyin , and Zhang Ailing were called the top ten talented women of the Republic of China .
| Republic of China Shi Liang: |
Shi Liang (March 27, 1900—September 6, 1985), a female character, was born on March 27, 1900 in a poor intellectual family in Changzhou, Jiangsu, and was admitted to a female teacher in Changzhou in 1915; 1919 Participated in the May 4th Movement, he was the vice president of Changzhou Student Union; he was admitted to Shanghai Law University in 1923, and served as the instructor of the Nanjing Political Workers Training Institute after graduating in 1927; Shanghai Women's World Salvation Congress , serving as a director; in 1936, he was an executive member of the National Salvation Federation. She was arrested and imprisoned by the Kuomintang government for participating in and leading the Anti-Japanese Salvation Movement. She is one of the famous "seven gentlemen" in history; she is a famous Chinese jurist, politician, and the first Minister of Justice of the People's Republic of China; Vice Chairman, Vice Chairman of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the National League Central Committee; died September 6, 1985 at the age of 85.
Sheng Aiyi (1900-1983), born in Wujin County, Jiangsu Province, is the seven daughter of Sheng Xuanhuai, the largest capitalist in Shanghai. Sheng Aiyi was clever and knowledgeable from a young age, and she was the most beloved daughter of Sheng Xuanhuai. Sheng Aiyi studied at Shanghai St. John's University. She is fluent in English, can write good embroidery, and writes well. At the age of 16, Sheng Aiyi was already a magnificent and magnificent lady. Sheng Aiyi inherited Sheng Xuanhuai's outstanding genes with talent and courage. Sheng Aiyi is soft and beautiful on the outside, but tough and tough inside, and unruly, she has experienced waves throughout her life.
Chien-shiung Wu (1912.5.31-1997.2.16), born in Liuhe Town, Taicang, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, Chinese American, well-known nuclear physicist, known as " Mrs. Curie of the East", World Physics The queen, the mother of the atomic bomb, the queen of nuclear physics, the Chinese lady Curie, the first lady of the physical sciences, the greatest experimental physicist, has made worldwide contributions in the field of beta decay research. Wu Jianxiong is the only scientist among the top ten talented women of the Republic of China.
Republic of China Chen Hengzhe
Born in Changzhou, Jiangsu, historian, China's first female professor. Chen Hengzhe is a great intellectual of the Golden Decade of the Republic of China with Ren Hongzhang and Hu Shi's generation. They have one of the biggest characteristics. No matter whether they are studying literary and historical law or science, technology, medicine and agriculture, they are first and foremost social critics. They always speak up on social issues. Asking questions.
Su Xuelin (March 26, 1897-April 21, 1999, at the age of 102), formerly known as Su Xiaomei, milk name Rui Nu, Xiaomei, scientific name Xiaomei, Zi Xuelin, pen name Ruinu, Ruilu, Xiaomei, Lu Yi, Ling Fen, Lao Mei, etc. Later, because she was promoted to Beijing Higher Women's Teachers College, the word "small" was omitted and changed to Sumei. After returning from law, he used the word name, Su Xuelin. Born in Lingxia Village, Taiping County, Anhui, born in Limen County, Rui'an County, Zhejiang Province, she has been engaged in education all her life and has taught at Hujiang University, National Anhui University, and Wuhan University. He later taught at Taiwan Normal University and Cheng Kung University. She keeps ploughing and is known as an evergreen tree in the literary world.
Lu Xiaoman (1903-1965), a native of Changzhou, Jiangsu, is a modern female painter. He studied under famous artists such as Liu Haisu, Chen Banding and He Tianjian, and was absorbed as a professional artist in Shanghai Chinese Painting Academy in his later years. He has participated in the first and second national art exhibitions in New China. Lu Xiaoman is good at drama, and once co-authored with Xu Zhimo the five-act play "Kun Kun Gang". She also knows Kunqu, can play Pi Huang, write a good article, has a profound ancient writing skills and a solid ability to modify the text. Because of his marriage with Xu Zhimo, he became a famous modern figure. He died at the Shanghai East China Hospital on April 3, 1965 at the age of 63.
Republic of China-Ling Shuhua
Ling Shuhua can indeed be called "the soul of the Gaomen Giant". His grandfather, Ling Chaogeng, was a rich man in Panyu, Guangdong; his father, Ling Fupeng, and Kang Youwei were both scholars on the same list. When Ling Shuhua was a child, he studied under the palace teacher Miao Suzhen; when he was a long time, he learned English from Gu Hongming ; when he was at the age of miraculous, he met the Indian poet Tagore and married the talented man Chen Xiying, and became close friends with Xu Zhimo and Hu Shi; in middle age, He also called "Xiajia Sanjie" with Su Xuelin and Yuan Changying.
Bing Xin (October 5, 1900-February 28, 1999), formerly Xie Wanying, Fujian Changle, member of China Democracy Promotion Association (DPP). Chinese poet, modern writer, translator, children's literature writer, social activist, essayist. The pseudonym Bingxin is taken from "A Bingxin in a Jade Pot". Before and after studying abroad in 1923, he began to publish newsletter essays entitled "Send Young Readers", which became the foundation of Chinese children's literature. In 1946 he was hired by the University of Tokyo as the first foreign female professor in Japan to teach "Chinese New Literature" and returned to China in 1951. Bing Xin died at the Beijing Hospital at 21:12 on February 28, 1999. At the age of 99, he was called "the old man of the century".
Lin Huiyin (June 10, 1904-April 1, 1955), female, Han nationality, Fujian Minxian (now Fuzhou), was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang. Formerly known as Lin Huiyin, its name comes from "Poetry Daya Siqi": the big cockade sound, but the best male. " Later, because it was often mistaken for a writer "Lin Weiyin" at that time, it was renamed "Hui Yin". Famous Chinese architect, poet and writer. The first wife of Liang Sicheng , the designer and architect of the People's Heroes Monument and the national emblem deepening plan of the People's Republic of China. In the early 1930s, he studied modern Chinese architecture with Liang Sicheng with modern scientific methods and became a pioneer in this academic field. Later, he obtained great academic achievements in this area and laid a solid scientific foundation for the study of ancient Chinese architecture. In literature, he has written prose, poetry, novels, scripts, translations, and correspondence. His masterpieces are "April Day in the World", "Lian Deng", and "Ninety-nine Degrees". Among them, "You Are the Earth in April" is the most well-known and widely read.
Zhang Ailing, a modern Chinese writer, originally born in Tangshan City, Hebei Province, was originally named Zhang Ye. Born on September 30, 1920 in a deceased aristocratic mansion in the Western District of Shanghai Public Concession. Her works include novels, essays, movie scripts, and literary works. Her correspondence has also been studied as part of her work. In 1944, Zhang Ailing became acquainted with Hu Lancheng. In 1973, Zhang Ailing settled in Los Angeles. On September 8, 1995, during the Mid-Autumn Festival , Zhang Ailing's landlord found that she died in an apartment on Rochester Avenue in Westwood, California, and died of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease. 75 years old, she died a week when she was found. On September 30, her friend held a memorial service for her. After the memorial service, the ashes were scattered into the Pacific Ocean.
On the stage of the Republic of China, a group of beautiful and smart elves are active. They are stars on the social field, educators who advocate feminism, or dazzling stars on the stage, or outstanding poets and painters ... As pure as a clear spring, and as passionate as some, they were the top ten talented girls of that era.