The four sons of the Republic of China (or the four sons of the modern era) refer to four famous family children during the Republic of China. There are different opinions about the identities of the four, but Zhang Xueliang and Yuan Hanyun both saw their own opinions. The four sons are as follows (introducing his father, mainly in the Republic of China): Zhang Xueliang, the eldest son of Zhang Zuolin , the great marshal of the Northeast Feng Department. Yuan Hanyun, named Ke Wen, was the second son of the first President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai . Alas , the royal family of the Qing Dynasty , the son of Gongqin Belle, the king of Jia County. Sun Ke , son of KMT Prime Minister Sun Yat-sen . Zhang Boju , the son of Zhili Dudu Zhang Zhenfang. Zhang Xiaoruo, the son of Zhang Ye, the chief of the agricultural business. Lu Xiaojia, son of Zhejiang Inspector Lu Yongxiang. Duan Hongye, the son of the governing Duan Qirui . In the first 15 years of the Republic of China, when politics fell over the river, political disputes arose. In these political battles, it was a big point for the warlords of the two departments to fight for central power. The establishment of the government. The title of " Four Sons of the Republic of China " originated during the period of the Northern Warlords ; the appearance of "Four Sons" was the result of an alliance against Cao Yu ;
Who are the four sons of the Republic of China? In the early years of the Republic of China, the upper classes in Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai referred to the four legendary grandchildren at that time as the grandsons of the four kings. Zhang Boju, Zhang Xueliang , Yun, and Yuan Kewen are also known as the "four sons of the Republic of China."
I. Zhang Boju, China's largest collector
Zhang Boju (1898—1982), the character family, No. Cong Bi, nickname Youchun master, Mr. Haohao, a native of Xiangcheng, Henan.
Zhang Boju's father, Zhang Zhenfang, is a native of Xiangcheng, Henan. According to relevant information, Zhang Zhenfang was a scholar in Guangxu's 30 years and was the brother-in-law of Yuan Shikai's elder brother. After the founding of the Republic of China, he served as Governor of Henan, but was removed from office because of the unfavorable suppression of the Bailang Uprising. In 1915, Yuan Shikai became the emperor. As one of the planners, he organized the National Petition Federation, a vice president and deputy director of the preparatory office for the ceremony.
Zhang Boju was intelligent by nature. He was a private student when he was 7 years old. He was able to write poems when he was 9 years old.
Zhang Boju is a cultural wonder who is a collector of connoisseurs, painters, poets, and researchers of Peking opera.
Master Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001) is Han Qing, a native of Haicheng, Liaoning Province. One of the four great men in the Republic of China.
Zhang Xueliang's father, Zhang Zuolin , became a veritable warlord in Northeast China with his bravery in the autumn of troubled times.
The young marshal waved his troops several times and became famous in two battles.
After the Japanese killed Zhang Zuolin, the young commander led the Northeast, fought a big battle with the Soviets, and withstood the Japanese pressure, "changing flags and changing flags." In order to save strength and avoid being provoked by the Japanese army and "without resistance" to withdraw from the Northeast, after "September 18th", he was "armed" with General Yang Hucheng and was held by Jiang for most of his life. He died in Honolulu, Hawaii in 2001 with 101 years of life.
Zhang Xueliang was the chief of the Playboy at the time. Opium, cocaine, and female stars were all good.
In the early years of the Republic of China, the upper classes in Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai referred to the four legendary grandchildren at that time as the grandsons of the four kings. Zhang Boju , Zhang Xueliang , Yun , and Yuan Kewen are also known as the " four sons of the Republic of China ."
I. Zhang Boju, China's largest collector
Zhang Boju (1898—1982), the character family, No. Cong Bi, nickname Youchun master, Mr. Haohao , a native of Xiangcheng, Henan. He was intelligent from a young age, he was a private student at the age of 7, he was able to write poems at the age of 9, and enjoyed the reputation of "Prodigy".
Zhang Boju's father, Zhang Zhenfang, is a native of Xiangcheng, Henan. According to relevant information, he was a scholar in Guangxu's 30 years, and the brother of Yuan Shikai 's brother. After the founding of the Republic of China, he served as Governor of Henan, but was removed from office because of the unfavorable suppression of the Bailang Uprising. In 1915, Yuan Shikai became the emperor. As one of the planners, he organized the National Petition Federation, a vice president and deputy director of the preparatory office for the ceremony.
Mr. Zhang Boju is a cultural wonder who is a collector of connoisseurs, painters, poets, and researchers of Peking opera.
Master Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001) is Han Qing, a native of Haicheng, Liaoning Province. One of the four great men in the Republic of China. Zhang Xueliang's father, Zhang Zuolin, was a famous warlord in the early years of the Republic of China, and became a veritable warlord in the northeast with his bravery in the chaotic autumn. The young marshal waved his troops several times and became famous in two battles.
After the Japanese killed Zhang Zuolin, the young commander led the Northeast, fought a big battle with the Soviets, and withstood the Japanese pressure, "changing flags and changing flags." In order to save strength and avoid being provoked by the Japanese army, what was then called "the non-resisting general" led the Northeast Army to withdraw from the Northeast. After "September 18", he and General Yang Hucheng "armed" and were mostly detained by Jiang. 101 Gao Shou died in Honolulu, Hawaii.
She used to be the descendant of the famous Suzhou champion, Pan Shien, the well-known prime minister of the Qing Dynasty, formerly known as Pan Baiqin, also known as Pan Huisu. In her early childhood, the noble mother Shen Guixiang hired a famous teacher to teach her music and painting, so she played well on the pipa and her painting skills were solid. When her mother died at the age of 13, she was sold to a brothel in Shanghai by her stepmother Wang . In such a fierce and fierce encounter, she picked up unexplained sorrow and exhibited a different kind of cave. Dong Qiao, the president of Apple Daily, described her in the 1930s in that "Forever Pan Huisu": "Ting Ting Ran is standing beside a bottle of plum, and the long black cheongsam and long ear pendants set off the gentle The charm of the Republic of China , the tassel is warm, the spring light turns, and she can almost hear her softly speaking Beijing dialect with Wu Yin. "
Such an inferior qualification was first-rate Xue Tao in ancient times, and even more popular in the Republic of China. She is in the Shiliyangchang Shanghai nickname "Princess Pan", but unlike other social flowers, she mostly receives official guests. Her guests are mainly second-class hooligans in Shanghai Baixiang. These people come to her home every day to heartily To "make a show" and eat "flower wine", she was too busy to take care of herself. Most of the "triads" in the Republic of China wore tattoos, and Princess Pan also stabbed a fragrant flower on her arm. Therefore, whenever I think of Pan Su, the first thing that comes to my mind is the scene of a Yanliqi woman with thorny arms and a blade of grass, thinking of the worldly jubilation and wanton excitement, and the fact that she is in it without being half-tacky. Although Linglong was hurt in her life, she had nothing to do with " red face ", and even with a sense of disobedience, she couldn't help but pout and steal music.
If it wasn't for Zhang Boju , Pan Su's life as a prostitute might not have ended so early. One of the famous " four sons of the Republic of China " (the other three are Pu Yi 's brother Xi , Yuan Shikai 's second son Yuan Kewen, and young handsome Zhang Xueliang ), and his father Zhang Zhenfang is Yuan Shikai's cousin, Beiyang warlord veteran, and China Salt Founder of Industrial Bank. The strangeness of Zhang Boju seemed to be able to fully enjoy Zhang Hui's body: Boju was born in a giant, Yushu was facing the wind , his face was like a horn, and his eyebrow was like a willow leaf. He had a natural charm, and he poured all his energy into a pair of Danfeng eyes. Actually, Jia Baoyu 's bones, Nalan Rongruo 's temperament, disregarded the opposition of his parents, withdrew from the military world, tired of fame. Since then, reading, singing, writing, antiques, and beauty have been in the circle of celebrities, and they are truly a big boy in the capital. Such a pair of strange men and women, Jin Fengyulu meet each other, it is victory but countless. Zhang Boju fell in love with Pan Su at the first sight and wrote a deputy couplet on the spot: Pan Buzhongzhongqing, Shibu Xiangchen gave birth to socks; the concubine sang on the song, and Qian Qiuhu entered the lute. The phrase explains the charm, with a few lines of words, which fully describes Pan Su's expression and features, which has won the hearts of beautiful women. Their love angered Zang Zhuo, a KMT general who had a marriage contract with Pan Su, who placed Pan Su under house arrest at the Yipinxiang Hotel at the intersection of Tibet Road and Hankou Road.
Unexpectedly, the infatuated Zhang Boju actually asked his friend to buy Zang Zhuo's guards. In a dark night, he was alone and involved in danger, robbing Pan Su. It was in 1935, Pan Su was 20 years old, and Zhang Boju was 37 years old. Since then, the two have been ups and downs in their lives, with each other . After marriage, Zhang Boju discovered Pan Su's talent for painting, not only greatly appreciated, but also focused on cultivation. Under his recommendation, she was twenty-one years old, and formally paid a visit to the famous teacher Zhu Defu to study flower and bird painting, and then invited Wang Mengshu, Tao Xinru, Qi Jingxi, Zhang Mengjia and other teaching directors. At the same time, she also asked her to learn ancient texts with Xia Renhu, this Xia Renhu Is the father-in-law of the famous writer Lin Haiyin. There is great Confucianism in conversation, and there is no Bai Ding, and Pan Su progresses quickly. Zhang Boju took her to tour the famous mountains and rivers , looking for artistic inspiration from the magnificence of nature. In addition, Zhang's rich masterpieces are also a model for her study.
The earliest existing ink painting in China, the "Spring Tour" by Zhan Ziqian in the Sui Dynasty, Li Bai's only authentic "Post on the Balcony", Lu Ji's "Ping Fu Tie", Du Mu 's "Zhang Hao Hao Shi", Fan Zhongyan 's "Tao Fu Zan", Cai Xiang's self-written poems, Huang Tingjian's cursive scrolls, etc., these sounding fabulous names, whatever they are, are valuable national treasures. Pan Su reads: "For decades, there has been no winter or summer, nowhere in the North and South, always staying in touch with the pen, the case is not empty, tireless, and immersed in the creation of sketches all day long." Zhang Daqian praised her paintings, "the ancient charm of the ancient times It is close to the Tang people. It is called Yang Shengkeye, which is beyond the reach of the fifth generation. " Shi Shuqing, a well-known cultural relics appraiser, once wrote a post on Pan Su's "Autumn Scenery of Mountains and Rivers": "The landscapes made by Hui Su's life are like Zhang Sengzhu of the Southern Dynasty and adhere to the six methods of Sheykh. There is really no bone family method. This white cloud is red. Tree, a rare author among contemporary painters. "
After the founding of New China, her paintings were used as gifts to visiting Japanese emperors, British Prime Minister Thatcher , and Bush. She is already the leading turquoise landscape painter in modern times. The painting is like a person. Pan Su's painting is like her own inner monologue.
Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible....see more
Born in the thirteenth year of Tongzhi , Xun was the fifth son of Bailer Zaizhi, so he is known as the "Five Grandpas". Zai Zhi's biological father is Yi Ji. Since the eldest son of Emperor Daoguang Yi Wei has no son, Zai Zhi has the purpose to serve as a concubine. In terms of blood, He is the grandson of Yi Ji, and Yi Ji is the grandson of Cheng Yongwang, one of the four major calligraphers in the middle of Qing Dynasty.
In the seven years of Guangxu , Xun was enthroned by the general of the town of Enfeng, and subsequently entered the palace with the purpose of serving as a companion to Guangxu in the upper study. Thirty-three years of Guangxu, the title of Enfeng plus the auxiliary country. Later, Mr. Xiyuan's history of chess, piano, calligraphy, and paintings was all-perfect. Some people thought that it was related to his experience of “coming to study in the study room” when he was a teenager. Read "experience. It seems that Cheng also "accompanied reading in the study," and ruined "accompanied reading in the study."
There is some truth to this analysis. "Study with the companion" allows him to read a lot of books and lay a solid foundation of Chinese studies, but it also allows him to know the horror of suffering life from Guangxu, and the sadness of living in a cage. So he became the most talented "naughter" among the descendants of the clan, and was one of the four sons of the Republic of China .
A wicked braid handsome
On the evening of June 30, 1917, Zhang Xun and Zhang Shuai, who led three thousand braids into Beijing, took some of them to open the palace door. According to the agreement between the Republic of China and the Emperor Xuantong , the Imperial Palace is still used by the abdicating emperor, except for the special silver allocation, which is protected by the laws of the Republic of China. Therefore, even if there is a widow who wants to see Pu Yi , she still meets Cheng Yi during the day, and never had a door knock at night.
However, the eunuch did not cross-examine and led people to the Yangxin Hall. Xundi Puyi had already been waiting in the Yangxin Hall. It seemed that the advance meeting had been “connected” in advance. The next day, July 1st, Zhang Xun dressed himself and took the guard to enter the Wumen Gate. At this time, the gate of the Wumen Gate had been wide open, and the city head had been changed from plain to plain and full of dragon flags.
The city of Beijing changed suddenly overnight, the Qing Dynasty was restored, and Xuan Tong regained the throne. In Zhang Xun's words, this was called "Feng Zheng Da Zheng". The most lively place is the clothes shop in Shijiu City. The robes and jerseys have become a popular item. When the clothes shop is out of stock, the crowd rushes to the shroud shop. Originally, the suit was fashionable, and the robe and gown became a beautiful scenery for a while.
Mr. Xiyuan, who is thinking about the drama at home, received a notice from the palace that he will perform the drama tomorrow at the Jiangxi Guild Hall to show the celebration of the restoration of the Qing Dynasty. The notice also requires the assistant public grandson to perform on stage ... I know it well, this "notification" is definitely not a funeral "hanging up", because according to the rules of the court, Tianhuang Guixun sits in the pavilion and sings it. "Ya", if you really want to be on stage, you lose your identity. What's more, the venue for the performance was chosen in the Jiangxi Guild Hall, not in the palace, Shufangzhai. It must be the work of the "restoration fanatics" to think of Zhang Xun's "hort".
Born in Jiangxi, Zhang Xun was born in poverty. He joined the army from an early age. Because of his fierce fighting, he was promoted according to his military strength. He was once transferred to the Beijing division, and he had a fascination for Ci Xi 's obedience. He had a preference for Peking opera. Performing Peking Opera in Jiangxi Hall to celebrate Zhang Xun's "great achievements" is purely in his favor, taking the opportunity to trust.
Sugawara wanted to reject it, but thought about it, it ’s better to sing the “Sadness” of “One Thousand Loyalty” and let those birdies who want to take me as a step forward know that my grandfather is not fuel-efficient light.
I decided to talk to Yuan Kewen immediately. Although Yuan Kewen is the son of Yuan Shikai , and is the most valued by Yuan Shikai, he is not enthusiastic about the imperial system. He has poems to prove his annoyance towards the imperial system. Suddenly, the terror urged three dreams. It was windy and windy in the heights of Jue Ling, and he could not reach the top of Qionglou. "
He is still dissatisfied with his father's restoration of the imperial system. Now that Zhang Xun has abolished the imperial emperor, he naturally scoffs. When I heard him ask him to play "A Thousand Loyalty" in the "Terrorist Killing", he immediately knew what it meant, and when he said, "Ran, it's just the outrage."
"Pick up the earth, mountains, and rivers in one load. The four are all empty . After a long journey, the desert is flat, the mountains are high, and the Yangtze River is rolling. The city is strong, seeing the mountains and rivers, who knows me to Xiangyang. "The sad song is desolate, the gas is irritable, it is really miserable and sings with tears .
This "Thousands of Loyalty" is a famous tragedy and tragedy. It is about Ming Dynasty Zhu Xi conquered Nanjing, Emperor Jianwen and his emperor disguised themselves as monks, and escaped from Nanjing to Xiangyang. The ancestors were monks and emperors, Jianwen emperor was monks and monks, Jiangshan changed hands, the bloody rain and rain, all the way saw the loyal ministers killed, the people suffered, the lives were ruined , the tragedy of the world ... 溥 侗, Yuan Kewen performed on the stage in a forgotten manner, vividly sing. However, there are people on the stage who are sitting on the needles : It's right to sing "Deng Deng Dian". Why ... Zhang Xun is rushing and rushing away.
Don't buy Zhang Zongchang 's account
In 1927, the bandit general Zhang Zongchang, who governed Shandong, wanted a beautiful birthday.
At that time, Yang Du, a well-known restorationist who persuaded Yuan Shikai to rise to the throne, was making a living under Zhang Zongchang. He voted for Zhang Zongchang, and proposed to invite "big names" to Jinan to hold a concert in Zhang Zongchang.
This proposal was in the middle of Zhang Zongchang's arms, so he prepared for Guangyang, invited famous people, and finally invited Mei Lanfang , Yu Shuyan, Li Wanchun, Cheng Yiqiu, etc. to visit Jinan. At a banquet for the "big names", Zhang Zongchang rose up and asked Mei Lanfang, what about the scenes of Yuan Er and Wu Wu in the fourth son of the Republic of China ?
Mei Lanfang replied that the two were experts in the industry, and Liyuan had always respected him. It was originally a chat on the dinner table. The questioner may not have the intention. He did not know that Yang Du heard the words and offered loyalty: wouldn't it be Yuan second and twenty-five?
Yuan Kewen received a telegram to discuss with Wu Yeye. The two have a close friendship, and it is not unusual to sing at the same stage. But Ye Wuya refused flatly, and also scolded Zhang Zongchang: "Your bandit general, capricious villain, how many aunts and wives can't figure out. Now after a cheap birthday, he wants his grandfather to join the team. Grandpa is a gentleman. Tianhuang is expensive, how can I be with you! Grandpa will not go! Grandpa does not appreciate your face! "
Later, he persuaded Yuan Kewen not to hold this stinky foot. However, the full man didn't know that the hungry man was hungry. At this time, Yuan Kewen was at a loss, and he was ashamed to speak. When he encountered this opportunity to earn a lot of money, he didn't want to give up, so he went south to Jinan. As for how much Koyo earned during this trip? It must be a lot. Just writing a middle hall for Zhang Zongchang, he received Koyo? Thousands.
At the meeting, Yuan Kewen and Cheng Yiqiu sang "Piano Picks", and the audience was full of joy. Zhang Zongchang was even more proud: Yuan Shikai's son sang for the show He Chunqiu for me. I have a lot of face. However, after the scenery was a disaster, a few months later, the Northern Expeditionary Army conquered Jinan, and Zhang Zongchang became a bereaved dog . The Northern Expeditionary Forces investigated the affair. Mei Lanfang, Yu Shuyan, Li Wanchun, Cheng Yiqiu and other original actors lived on singing and made no mistakes. Yuan Kewen, the son of Yuan Shikai, the first sinner of the Republic of China, became the target of public criticism. At one time, the argument that Yuan Er was in a group with bandit generals and Yuan Er was not a good kind was widely spread.
The Government of the Republic of China issued a warrant for this, calling Yuan Kewen a warlord's wickedness, and even publishing his book "Shangshang Private Ride" is strictly forbidden. Yuan Kewen fled to the Shanghai concession by himself. He remembered the "confession" that Zhang Wuye had scolded Zhang Zongchang for not associating with, and he regretted it: "Yu Wuye is brilliant! I would have known this, this Guangyang does not earn anything!" From Shanghai Concession to Tianjin Concession, he died in 1931, only in his forties.
Of course, this can't be resentful. Yuan Kewen's unbridled and unruly is different from the unruly and unruly Ye Wuye. It is common for him to smoke big cigarettes and stay in the Qinglou. It's flat. Yuan Kewen's funeral became an anecdote in Tianjin at that time. It was a sensation. Monks, Dao, and gangs formed a troop convoy. The most eye-catching were the women who came to the Qinglou.
Afterwards, someone applauded Grandpa Wu, saying that Grandpa Wu had foresight. Wu Wuye said truthfully: "I never dreamed of the following things. I just can't look at Zhang Zongchang's virtues, and annoy him, and don't want to ignore him."
In the early years of the Republic of China, the upper classes in Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai referred to the four legendary grandchildren at that time as the grandsons of the four kings. Zhang Boju, Zhang Xueliang, Yun, and Yuan Kewen are also known as the "four sons of the Republic of China."