The Four Talented Women of the Republic of China


In 1912, the feudal dynasty that ruled China for more than two thousand years was overthrown, and the Republic of China was formally established. The May 4th New Culture Movement that followed brought democracy and science to the hearts of the people, and the deep-rooted feudal ideas gradually evolved. A large number of female writers and works have appeared in the Chinese literary world. They were unique due to their unique creative style and aesthetic tendency, which made the male writers of the time refreshed . In particular, they infiltrated their daring pursuit of love and unremitting exploration into their literary works, achieving a more vivid and strange effect, and became a strong fresh blood in literature at that time. Among them, Lu Bicheng , Xiao Hong , Shi Pingmei , and Zhang Ailing are all known as the " Four Talented Women of the Republic of China ".

The Four Talented Women of the Republic of China

The Four Talented Women of the Republic of China——A New Chapter of Feminism with a Pen

Which of the four talented women of the Republic of China

During the Republic of China , many talented women emerged. Among them, Lu Bicheng , Xiao Hong , Shi Pingmei , and Zhang Ailing were all known as the " Four Talented Women of the Republic of China ."

Lu Bicheng, as the first female editor of Ta Kung Pao, is famous in the Beijing-Tianjin area in the early 20th century. Her poem creation has extremely high talents and talents, known as "the last female poet in the past three hundred years"; Xiao Hong, known as "the literary Luo of the 1930s", is the most destined of the four talented women of the Republic of China A miserable woman is also a legend. She has the same life experience as the female poet Li Qingzhao ; Shi Pingmei is under 27 years old and has only six years of creative career, but she has poetry, novels, scripts, reviews and other genres. Regarding Zhang Ailing, in 1961, Professor Xia Zhiqing of Columbia University ’s Department of East Asian Literature published "History of Modern Chinese Literature", which highly praised the modern Chinese writer, and said that "The Golden Lock" is the best novella in China since ancient times. ".

Lu Bicheng

Lu Bicheng (1883-1943), a native of Jingde, Anhui, was born in 1884. Lu Bicheng and her sisters Lu Huiru and Lu Meiyi are famous for their poems. They are known as "Sanhuai in Huainan and the world is famous." When Lu Bicheng was 12 years old, her accomplishments in poetry, calligraphy and painting had reached a very high level. With Lu Bicheng's poems, I couldn't help making a case. When someone told him that it was actually the work of a 12-year-old girl, he couldn't believe it.

In many of Lu Bicheng's articles, she talked about the idea of how to build a strong country. She believes that in this competitive world, if China wants to become a powerful country, it must work together with 40 million people, so the power of 20 million women cannot be ignored. Emancipating women and equalizing men and women is the only way to strengthen the country. She hopes to use her own power to influence the world and save the people. In 1912, Yuan Shikai became the interim president of the Republic of China in Beijing. Lu Bicheng was hired as the secretary of the presidential palace. She was ambitious and wanted to show her ambitions, but the dark officialdom made her feel discouraged . Lu Bicheng resolutely resigned from Beijing and moved to Shanghai.

民国四大才女是哪四位 民国四大才女的最终结局

Lu Bicheng

He died alone at the age of 61 in Hong Kong, Kowloon on January 24, 1943. He left no dead bones, cremated his ashes and noodles into pills, and cast them in the South China Sea. There are many talented men and senior officials in the society with whom she associates, but in the matter of marriage, the shadow of her early abandonment has been troubled, coupled with her self-confidence, she always feels that there is no match for her, so she prefers to be alone . When a friend asked about her marriage, she replied, "There are not many men who can be praised in their lives." As a result, Lu Bicheng was elegant, but never married.

Xiao Hong

Xiao Hong was born in Hulan District, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province in 1911. Famous female writer. In 1935, with the support of Lu Xun , the famous work "The Field of Life and Death" was published. In 1936, in order to get rid of spiritual distress, he went to Japan and wrote prose "Lonely Life", a long group poem "Sand Grains" and so on. He arrived in Hong Kong with Duan Muzhen in 1940, and later published a novella "Marble" and a famous novel "Hulan River".

Known as "the literary Luoshen of the 1930s", Xiao Hong is the most miserable woman among the four talented women of the Republic of China and a legendary figure. She has the same life experience as the female poet Li Qingzhao and has been in extreme misery. It is the more unfortunate among the misfortunes. However, she faced the whole world with her weak and sick body, and experienced the experience of rebellion, awakening, and resistance and the fight with fate again and again in the disaster of the nation.

民国四大才女是哪四位 民国四大才女的最终结局

Xiao Hong

On January 12, 1942, the Japanese occupied Hong Kong. Xiao Hong's condition worsened and she was taken to Happy Valley Health and Hospital, Hong Kong. Due to misdiagnosis by the quack doctor, the throat was misplaced. The operation made Xiao Hong unable to eat and her body was weak. On January 15, Duanmu Yiliang and Luo Binji transferred Xiao Hong to Queen Mary Hospital. The next day, Xiao Hong's spirit gradually recovered. She wrote on the paper, "I will stay with the blue sky and clear water forever, leaving the half of the" Red Mansion "for others to write." , Unwilling, unwilling. "On January 21st, the Queen Mary Hospital was taken over by the Japanese army, and Xiao Hong was sent to the temporary hospital set up by the Red Cross in St. Titus. On January 22, 1942, Xiao Hong died forever and left the world lonely in the midst of war, at the age of 31. On January 24, Xiao Hong's body was buried in Repulse Bay after cremation at the Japanese crematorium behind Happy Valley.

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The Peerless Love of the Four Talented Women of the Republic of China and Gao Junyu

The love between Gao Junyu and Shi Pingmei is twisted and firm. The two of them acted like a firework in the sky, performing a brilliant and peerless love in a short life.

Comments on the Heart of Hukou

Gao Junyu was born in a wealthy merchant family in Shanxi Province in 1896. As a boy, he was very concerned about social and political issues. At the age of 20, Gao Junyu was admitted to Peking University. In Beijing, the birthplace of progressive thought at that time, Gao Junyu was influenced by radical new culture and new ideas, and soon became the leader of the student movement. During the patriotic parade on May 4, 1919, Gao Junyu was one of the backbone of the organization. In 1922, Gao Junyu was elected as a member of the Central Committee at the "Second Congress" of the party. At the beginning of 1924, he joined Li Dazhao , Mao Zedong and others as members of the Communist Party to participate in the first National Congress.

In 1924, the Beiyang government launched a large-scale raid on members of the Kuomintang and Communist Party in Beijing. After Gao Junyu disguised himself as a chef and escaped from danger, he received instructions from his superiors and returned to Shanxi to establish a party organization. Before leaving, he decided to look at the person who couldn't hold his heart-Shi Pingmei.

At the first meeting of the hall

One day in 1920, a fellow student-like man was giving an anti-imperialist and anti-feudal speech at the fellowship of the Shanxi Guild Hall in Beijing. He was Gao Junyu. Shi Pingmei listened carefully and was deeply infected. During the encounter in Shanxi Guild Hall, both people left a deep impression on each other. Through correspondence, Shi Pingmei and Gao Junyu gradually established friendship. Sometimes they meet to take a walk along the shore of Taoranting Lake in the southern suburbs of Beijing. In conversation, they found that they had many of the same ideals and ambitions.

Frustrated and fateful

In the summer of 1923, Shi Pingmei completed her studies at Beijing Normal University. After graduating, she was hired as a national language teacher and physical education teacher at her affiliated middle school. This fall, she received a letter from Gao Junyu. There was only a fiery red maple leaf with a few lines written on it with a brush: "Autumn mountains cannot be closed, a red leaf sends acacia." This sudden courtship letter put Shi Pingmei into worry and conflict. She thought for a long time and wrote a line on the red leaves: "The withered flower basket cannot bear this bright red leaf."

It turned out that Shi Pingmei's first lover was Wu Tianfang, a gifted genius who once studied in the United States. Although he has a family, he has been madly pursuing Shi Pingmei. In their third year of dating, a sudden visit allowed Shi Pingmei to meet Wu Tianfang's wife and children. In the end, she chose to leave. This emotional setback lost her courage to pursue love and marriage again.


Gao Junyu is also a married man. In 1914, at the age of 18, he was married to a woman named Li in the county under the auspices of his father. From the beginning, Gao Junyu tried to resist the marriage, but was severely rejected by his father. After meeting Shi Pingmei, Gao Junyu strengthened his belief in getting rid of the shackles of feudal marriage. After being rejected by Shi Pingmei, Gao Junyu said to his brother: "My love for her has not only weakened, but has strengthened."

Ivory ring to show love

After returning to the above-mentioned Gao Junyu Hukou, he must leave Beijing for Shanxi. The night before he left, he went to Shi Pingmei. That night, he told Shi Pingmei that he would terminate the marriage contract when he returned to Shanxi. Shi Pingmei didn't say anything, but she was determined not to marry for life. Gao Junyu did not break his word. Under his efforts, in the autumn of 1924, the marriage that lasted for 10 years and ended in name ended.

In September 1924, Gao Junyu went south to Guangzhou to serve as Sun Yat-sen 's secretary. Shi Pingmei ’s birthday is coming. Gao Junyu bought a tooth ring on the street and attached the smaller one to the letter. He sent it to Shi Pingmei, who was far away in Beijing. The other was worn on his own . Shi Pingmei put on the ivory ring, and she understood that the pair of white rings symbolized that the two would always maintain a "pure friendship like snow and ice."


Pure bone buried outside Taoranting

In October 1924, Feng Yuxiang launched a coup in Beijing and established the Beijing Interim Government headed by Duan Qirui . He asked Sun Yat-sen to go north to "communicate the country". On the last day of the year, Gao Junyu arrived in Beijing with Sun Yat-sen. Back in Beijing, he participated in the preparations for the National Convention Facilitation National Congress. But years of hard life and emotional stagnation made this young man's body no longer supportable. Soon, he was admitted to the hospital. During this period, Shi Pingmei came to visit almost every day. The two talked speculatively. Sometimes, their hands wearing ivory rings were held tightly together. Later, Gao Junyu, who was discharged shortly after suffering from acute appendicitis, was admitted to the hospital again. Due to major postoperative bleeding, Gao Junyu died at the age of 29 on the morning of March 6, 1925. According to Gao Junyu's wishes during his lifetime, he was buried by Tao Ranting.

Depressed and Endless

Gao Junyu's death has dealt a huge blow to Shi Pingmei. She feels that she is too fragile, too decisive, and did not combine with Gao Junyu early. So, she often cried on Gao Junyu's grave, saying that she killed Gao Junyu and owed him a lot. On Gao Junyu's tombstone, Shi Pingmei wrote: "Junyu, I can't hold the life of your sudden comet, I can only shed the remaining tears to your grave until I can't come to see you."

In September 1928, Shi Pingmei, 26, died of illness in Beijing. Before she died, she still wore the white ring on her hand. People buried her next to Gao Junyu's tomb, and fulfilled the two people ’s last wish “to fail to live together in their lives and to bury the hills after death”.

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The three men of Xiao Hong, the four talented women of the Republic of China, are the source of creative inspiration


Xiao Hong , a feudal landowner family, born in Hulan, Heilongjiang Province on June 2, 1911 (January 1905 to 1913, Hulan District, Harbin after 2004), lost his mother in 1928 After studying in Harbin, I was exposed to progressive ideas and Chinese and foreign literature since the May 4th Movement. I was particularly influenced by the works of Lu Xun , Mao Dun, and American writer Sinclair, and developed a strong interest in literature.

In 1930, Xiao Hong was opposed to an arranged marriage, fled the family, was abandoned after cohabiting with her middle school classmates, was stranded in a hotel, and submitted to the newspaper in distress. Therefore, she met Xiao Jun of the newspaper, and the two fell in love. Xiao Hong also started writing road. Xiao Hong's life was completely cold-shouldered. The most successful of her works is the memorable novel Hulan River, which was named the ninth place in the 20th Century Chinese Novels by Hong Kong's "Asian Literary Circle".

Known as "the literary goddess of literature in the 1930s", Xiao Hong is the most miserable woman among the four talented women of the Republic of China . She is also a very personal writer in the history of modern literature. She refused to give and refused mediocrity throughout her life. In her struggle against traditional society and her pursuit of freedom of love, it is even more reflected in her literary creation. Regardless of the selection of the subject matter or the use of techniques, Xiao Hong refused the established method, found another way, and insisted on her unique and unique style. In the history of Chinese literature, Xiao Hong brought the living conditions, customs and culture of people in the desolate wilderness peculiar to the northern countryside into the literary arena for the first time, making the literary are strange and infinitely novel.


Xiao Hong's childhood was not good. The biological mother died prematurely. After her father Zhang Ting continued the string, her stepmother Liang Yalan and her sister Xiao Hong were not close. According to Ye Jun, deputy director of the Xiaohong Research Center of Heilongjiang University, his father Zhang Tingju served as the principal of Hulan Elementary School, the president of Popular Press, and the secretary of the Provincial Department of Education at the time. old. After Xiao Hong's mother died, her family situation deteriorated. Zhang Tingju was unable to take care of his work and family management. He was in a bad mood and did not have a good attitude towards his children. These have left Xiao Hong as a child.

The grandfather of Xiao Hong who loves Xiao Hong at home is his grandfather Zhang Weizhen. Ye Jun said: "She often plays games with her grandfather in the back garden, planting flowers, planting vegetables, plucking grass, catching butterflies, etc. This back garden later appeared in" Hulan The big garden in "The River". After her grandmother died, Xiao Hong moved to her grandfather's house, and her grandfather also taught her to read poems. The grandfather gave her a carefree childhood, leaving a beautiful memory and accomplishing her future Literary imagination. "

民国四大才女之萧红的三个男人 是创作灵感的源泉

In elementary school, Xiao Hong's composition was often praised by teachers. Ye Jun revealed: "Students recalled that one of her compositions," The Rain ", was very impressive."

The complicated family environment led Xiao Hong's character to be rebellious, and she knew how to resist. Zhang Tingju once booked a family relationship for Xiao Hong, and persuaded her to give up her studies after graduation from Xiao Hong primary school and marry her. Xiao Hong wanted to go to high school, forcing her father to make concessions. Ye Jun restored some details at the time, "Xiao Hong's negative resistance at home for one year was inconclusive. She let off the wind and said that if her family did not agree to go to school, she would imitate the elementary school classmate to be a foreign aunt in Hulan Catholic Church."

In 1928, Xiao Hong showed her literary talent when she was in middle school in Harbin, and published an article in the school journal. Ye Jun said: "Xiao Hong's work published in the school magazine was a poem called" Journey to Jilin "in the era of Dongte No. 1 Middle School. The original text is not there. The purpose is to describe the feelings and excitement of the whole class when they went to Jilin Spring Tour. Scene. During this period, her favorite works of Lu Xun, Mao Dun and other new literature writers. The American writer Sinclair's "The Abattoir" also had a profound impact on her. "

When reporters mentioned that Xiao Hong ’s middle school was deeply influenced by the May 4th Movement and new culture, and participated in the May 30th Movement and the student parade against the construction of railways in Japan in 1928, Ye Jun said, “Xiao Hong participated in the May 5th Movement in support of the May 5th Movement. The fundraising and charity performances held by the 卅 Movement. At that time, a little girl was also starred in the drama "Aoshuang Zhi". In 1928, flyers were distributed in the parade. "

民国四大才女之萧红的三个男人 是创作灵感的源泉

Xiao Hong did not give up her academic thought after finishing junior high school. At that time, she met a cousin named Lu Zheshun. It was a student of Harbin Law and Political University at that time. After meeting Xiao Hong, Xiao Hong was encouraged to study in Peiping. In the experience of studying in Peiping, Xiao Hong and Lu Zheshun had to return to Harbin because the Lu family cut off the economic source. Some books portray the experiences that the two people had in favor of each other in Ye Jun ’s opinion. “Xiao Hong had a marriage contract with Wang Enjia at that time, and Xiao Hong went to the North Plains to study. After arriving in Peiping, Lu made a request for cohabitation, which was rejected by Xiao Hong. . "

In January 1931, Xiao Hong returned to Hulan during the winter vacation and was placed under house arrest. She severed her relationship with her family. At the end of February, Xiao Hong went to Peiping. Soon fiance Wang Enjia chased to Peiping. By mid-March, Xiao Hong and his fiance left Beiping and returned to Harbin.

The two lived together. After Xiao Hong became pregnant, Wang Enjia disappeared. The character of Wang Enjia is very negative. Ye Jun introduced: "Wang Enjia is a teacher at Harbin Sanyu Primary School. When she fell in love with Xiao Hong, she studied at the Harbin Institute of Technology Night School. Xiao Hong didn't have any bad feelings at the beginning. It was a door-to-door match . However, Wang Enjia had some bad habits. Later, Xiao Hong accidentally discovered that he had a bad habit of smoking and had a bad feeling in his heart. Wang in Xiao Hong ’s words did not have a negative evaluation of words. He should be a man with good nature. Finally He abandoned Xiao Hong at the Dongxingshun Hotel. There is no material to explain what happened, so it is a mystery. "

Xiao Hong had a big belly at the time and could only stay at the Dongxingshun Hotel. The owner of the hotel had forced Xiao Hong to pay off the debts, "because of the 400 yuan owed", Ye Jun explained, "the boss was hopeless to pay the money, claiming to sell it to Daowailou (lower grade) Brothel). "

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The Legendary Life of Lu Bicheng, the Four Talented Women of the Republic of China

Lu Bicheng was born in 1883. His father, Lu Fengqi, was a junior scholar and the first scholar of Ding Chou in Guangxu for three years. He was a co-researcher of the National History Museum and a scholar of Shanxi. He has a collection of 30,000 volumes. At the age of 12, his father died. Because there was no man in the Lu family, the clan took the property of the Lu family in the name of the inheritance of the property, and agreed with Wang Bi when he was 9 years old. He saw that the Lu family had changed and quickly retired. .

In 1904, Lu Bicheng met Ying Gongzhi, the general manager of Tianjin's Ta Kung Pao, and was praised by Ying Gongzhi with his wonderful literary skills, becoming the first female editor of the newspaper. Since then, Lu Bicheng's reputation has risen, and it is unacceptable. Since then, she has set up a women's school, promoted women's rights, and traveled abroad to study. Later, she resigned from the post of secretary of the presidency due to disdain Yuan Shikai as emperor.

The turbulent times, the old and the new, the dramatic changes in society, and the unusual circumstances of individuals, made Bicheng's words unique, colorful, and attracted worldwide attention. Lu Bicheng was a maverick new woman of that era and an outstanding female poet in modern times. Her poetic creations have extremely high talents and talents. As an important member of the famous literary group before and after the Revolution of 1911 , Nanshe was called For "the last female poet in nearly three hundred years". Long Yusheng's "Selected Cis of Famous Scholars in the Past Three Hundred Years" recorded 649 poems of sixty-eight famous celebrities, and behind the five palaces of Lu Bicheng, he was known as "a generation of Ciyuan". The writer Pan Boying described her words, "Foot and Yi An leaning back and smiling , looking at each other and smiling. " Nearly Mr. Qian Zhonglian's "The Record of the Nanshe Yin Altar" will treat Lu Bicheng as "the earthly comet, the husband and the young daughter. " Thinks that "(Bicheng) is the first female poet in modern times and is not in the middle of Anhui."


Lu Bicheng was born in an official family. Her father Lu Fengqi once studied in Shanxi. However, when she was 12 years old, her father died of illness and had no children. Her family refused to distribute her inheritance. Her mother had no choice but to take the four sisters of the Lu family. Departed to Yan Fengsheng, the uncle of the Salt Division Ambassador (Bapin Guan) in Tanggu.

Eight years later, under the influence of the feminist trend of thought in the late Qing Dynasty, Lu Bicheng intentionally went to Tianjin to "visit women's schools" and was severely cursed by his father-in-law, and taught women to be "adhering to women's ethics." Indignantly, Miss Bicheng, 20 years old, fled her home and ran into Tianjin alone.

In 1923, more than 20 years after Lu Bicheng ran away from home, Lu Xun once gave a famous speech "After Nora left", talking about the two results that Nora will face after leaving: Either fall or return. Because it was difficult for women to be financially independent at the time, "freedom is not something that money can buy, but it can be sold for money." He also warned young people that "dreams are good; otherwise, money matters."

揭秘民国四大才女之吕碧城传奇人生 生平简介及著作

At that time, when the anger and excitement gradually disappeared when leaving home, Lu Bicheng was the first to realize this real problem: she was empty-handed, penniless, and had no money to buy a ticket. When she was thinking hard, through conversation with the passengers on the bus, she accidentally met a noble man, the owner of Tianjin Fozhaolou Hotel. This kind woman was very sympathetic to Lu Bicheng's encounter. She not only replenished her ticket, but after arriving in Tianjin, she also brought Lu Bicheng, who had nowhere else to go, to settle in her home. Knowing that this is not a long-term plan, Lu Bicheng inquired and learned that Mrs. Fang lived in the newspaper of the Ta Kung Pao in Tianjin, and wrote a long letter to her. Unfortunately , this letter was just seen by Ying Feng, the general manager of the Ta Kung Pao. After reading it, I couldn't help praising Lu Bicheng's literary talent, and also learned that Lu Bicheng was the sister of the talented girl Lu Meicheng who she had known earlier, and went to the Buddha happily. Visit the floor. After the two met, they talked very well, Ying Yingzhi greatly appreciated Lu Bicheng's talent and courage, and immediately agreed to hire her as a trainee editor of the Ta Kung Pao. This was a decisive event for Lu Bicheng, which meant that she had a third path beyond the "fallen" and "return" faced by the women who ran away from home at that time-an independent life path.

Soon after, Lu Bicheng published a series of rigorous and brilliant poems in Ta Kung Pao. Because of their wide-ranging vision and mind, they won praises. At that time, celebrities sang peace and visited.

Moreover, Lu Bicheng's article attracted an unexpected friend for her.

On June 10, 1904, Lv Bicheng, who was living in Yingying's house, was reading a book. The concierge came in with a business card and said, "Here is a man who combed his hair." Lv Bicheng took the business card, read the book, "Autumn "Gu Jin". After the porter introduced this person, Lu Bicheng saw the guest wearing a robe and a horse gown, dressed as a man, but with a woman's hair bun on his head, long and erect, with bright eyes, full of vitality, extraordinary vigor, a look Is not ordinary.

揭秘民国四大才女之吕碧城传奇人生 生平简介及著作

This person was Qiu Jin, who was later named "Jianhu Woman", and was preparing to study in Japan. Qiu Jin also used “Bicheng” as his name, so many people often mistake Lu Bicheng ’s poems as Qiu Jin ’s works, and Qiu Jin ’s reading of Lu Bicheng ’s works also tastes like a homology, so before this stay in Japan , Come here to visit.

When Lu Bicheng and Qiu Jin talked, they couldn't help feeling a sense of meeting and hating each other. That night, Lu Bicheng was about to stay at his residence in Qiu Jin, and had a long talk all night, sleeping together. Regarding the weakness of the country, the corruption and incompetence of the government, and the crisis of the nation, the two of them are right away in terms of their views, but in terms of specific methods, they have their own choices. Qiu Jin tried to persuade Lu Bicheng to go east with her to help him plan a revolution. However, Lu Bicheng claims to be a cosmopolitan. Although she sympathizes with the revolutionaries, she has no political attempt. Instead, she prefers to start with education, inspire people's wisdom, and shift the social atmosphere in order to prepare for the future.

The meeting between Lu Bicheng and Qiu Jin was less than four days, but it was the first time. The two agreed that Qiu Jin would go to Japan for a revolutionary cause, and Lu Bicheng advocated public opinion in the country, echoing each other. Qiu Jin also angrily canceled his "Bicheng" title and made it exclusively for Lu Bicheng, achieving a relationship between the two extraordinary women.

On July 15, 1907, Qiu Jin was killed in Shaoxing. Lu Bicheng wrote "Biography of the Revolutionary Woman Qiu Jin" in English and published it in newspapers in New York, Chicago, and other places in the United States, which caused a lot of repercussions and once put herself in danger.

Lu Bicheng not only has outstanding talents, but also stands alone in dressing and dressing. She likes to wear dresses, and she likes clothes with large peacocks. The female writer Su Xuelin wrote in the article "The Female Poetess Lu Bicheng and Me" that although her fate has caused her and Lu Bicheng to never meet, she has always admired her. She once "cut a picture of her from a magazine, in black The tulle dance shirt is embroidered with peacock feathers on the chest and waist, and a few feathers are inserted on the head.

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The love of Zhang Ailing, Shi Ailing and Hu Lancheng

Zhang Ailing and Hu Lancheng, one of the most prestigious female writers in Shanghai at the time, and one of the key members of the Wang pseudo government . In the troubled times, their acquaintance, acquaintance, love, and the last break up were all called "legends." One day in the early spring of 1944, on the lawn of a courtyard in Nanjing, there was a middle-aged man lying on a rattan chair reading a magazine. When he saw a novel, he just read the beginning and couldn't help but sit up straight and read it again and again.

This man is Hu Lancheng, and his novel is Zhang Ailing's Blockade.

Hu Lancheng was born in 1905 in Hu Village, Yi County, Zhejiang Province. He was poor since childhood and suffered a lot. He fought the world with his bare hands. He originally had a wife Yufeng. When Yufeng died, Hu Lancheng borrowed money to bury his wife's soul, but he ran into the wall everywhere. In response to this, Hu Lancheng later recalled: "I have no love for the disaster that is falling apart, and the love of the world, and it is impossible for me to shed a tear. I cried when I was young, and I have returned it to my mother. Weeping, all have been returned to Yufeng, this heart has returned to the heaven and earth! "This is the literati living at the bottom of the society alone to enter the world, indifferent to his own personality, dignity, values.

So when Wang Jingwei gathered talents around to organize a pseudo-government, they looked at Hu Lancheng. Hu Lancheng ignored the right and wrong in black and white and became a national sinner. At this time, Hu Lancheng had already served in Wang's pseudo-government and was recovering from illness in Nanjing. When he received the eleventh issue of the magazine Heaven and Earth from Su Qing and read The Blockade, he was overjoyed . The fraternity between the literati and the literati made him curious about the author Zhang Ailing. So he immediately wrote a letter to Su Qing, praised Zhang Ailing's novels, and expressed his willingness to meet the author. In reply, Su Qing said that the author was a woman and had a high score. This is what makes Hu Lancheng never forget Zhang Ailing.

Soon, he received the twelfth issue of Heaven and Earth from Su Qing, with not only Zhang Ailing's article but also her photo. He wanted to meet Zhang Ailing more and more. When Hu Lancheng returned to Shanghai, he went to Su Qing to meet Zhang Ailing as an enthusiastic reader. Su Qing declined politely, because Zhang Ailing never saw people easily. But Hu Lancheng insisted on seeing and asked Su Qing for his address. Su Qing hesitated before writing to him-Room 65, 6th Floor, Apartment, No. 192, Hude Junction, Jing'an Temple Road. Hu Lancheng won the prize.

民国四大才女之张爱玲的情史 爱玲和胡兰成的爱情

Although at this time, he is a widower, and it is his second marriage. Hu Lancheng went to Zhang Ailing's house happily the next day. The Hurd Road where she lived was not far away from the beautiful park on Daxi Road. But Zhang Ailing really didn't see the stranger. Hu Lancheng did not hesitate, and handed in a note from the crack of the door, wrote the reason for his visit, his home address, and phone number, and could meet with Ms. Ai Ling at her convenience. The next day, Zhang Ailing made a phone call to Hu Lancheng, saying that he would go to see him, and soon arrived. Zhang Ailing rejected his visit and went to see him in person, and her idea became quick. In fact, earlier, Hu Lancheng was detained for guilty of Wang Jingwei. Zhang Ailing once accompanied Su Qing to Zhou Fohai's house to express affection.

Therefore, she knew him. So we met. When he really met, Hu Lancheng only said that it was totally wrong with him. First, he thought Zhang Ailing was tall, and second, she thought she was sitting there, childish and poor, not like a writer, but an immature female student. But he talked for five hours. From judging the current popular works, to asking Zhang Ailing's monthly writing income. It is rude to ask such a question to a young lady who met for the first time, but "because I know each other, I understand", the two already have a sense of familiarity, so Zhang Ailing did not find Hu Lancheng's words very abrupt. Hu Lancheng sent Zhang Ailing to the alley and walked side by side. He suddenly said, "How tall is your figure?" With just this sentence, he suddenly narrowed the distance between the two. The subtext of "how can this be" is compared from the perspective of whether two people are fit or not, provided that the two have been treated together as men and women. Zhang Ailing was surprised and almost resentful, but it was really good.

民国四大才女之张爱玲的情史 爱玲和胡兰成的爱情

The next day, Hu Lancheng went back to visit Zhang Ailing. Her room was so luxurious that he disturbed him. Hu Lan took shape and said that when Liu Bei entered the room of Mrs. Sun during the Three Kingdoms , she had such an army. That day, Zhang Ailing wore a pair of sapphire silk trousers and glasses with a yellow frame. Years later, Hu Lancheng had clear memories of these details. After that, he went to see Zhang Ailing every day. One day, he mentioned to Zhang Ailing the photos published in "Heaven and Earth", and Zhang Ailing took it out and gave it to him. He also wrote a few words in the back: after seeing him, she became very low, very low, to the dust. But her heart was rejoicing, and flowers bloomed from the dust.

This year, Hu Lancheng was 38 years old and Zhang Ailing was 24 years old. But soon they were in love.

The way they talk about love seems to be a continuation of their initial acquaintance. Hu Lancheng works in Nanjing and returns to Shanghai once a month. He lives for eight or nine days. Every time he returned to Shanghai, he did not return to his own home in Meiliyuan, but went straight to Hurd Road to see Zhang Ailing first. The two are together every day, when whispers are endless. But the world did not understand the feelings between them at that time, only felt that Hu Lancheng's political identity was traitor, and he had a wife's room, so old that he could almost be Zhang Ailing's father. Everyone in the world thinks this kind of love seems a little incredible, and they all regret it for Zhang Ailing. She didn't think so. Hu Lancheng knew Zhang Ailing, the nobility and elegance in the background of her aristocratic family, and her thoughts of being happy in time because of her childhood misfortune.

Just this one "knows" is perhaps the biggest reason for Zhang Ailing to fall in love with Hu Lancheng. In fact, through careful analysis, Zhang Ailing is not a secular person, she does not judge a person by earthly values. She doesn't have any political ideas, but just treats Hu Lancheng as a man who knows her, not as a traitor to the puppet government of Wang. She doesn't care about Hu Lancheng's wife's room, because she doesn't seem to think of everlasting things. In a letter, she said to Hu Lancheng, "I thought, you can come and go with me in the future." Maybe she only cares about Hu Lancheng's love for her at the moment, and she doesn't want to think more.

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During the Republic of China, many talented women emerged. Among them, Lu Bicheng, Xiao Hong, Shi Pingmei, and Zhang Ailing were all known as the "Four Talented Women of the Republic of China."

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