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List of Emperors

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The Northern and Southern Dynasties was a period of division in Chinese history after the Jin Dynasty, starting from 420 AD and ending in 589 for a total of 169 years. The Southern Dynasties experienced the Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen dynasties, and the capitals were all under construction (now Nanjing, Jiangsu). Liu Song is the largest, strongest, and longest ruling regime in its territory, with 4 generations and 8 emperors for a total of 59 years. Qi totaled 23 years and spanned three generations and seven emperors. Liang has a total of 52 years and has 3 generations and 4 emperors. Chen Shouwei Fan 33 years, 3 generations and 5 emperors. In the north, Tuoba Gui, the leader of the Tuoba Ministry, established the Northern Wei Dynasty in 386 AD, and then unified the Yellow River Basin. In the early 6th century, the Northern Wei Dynasty was divided into Eastern Wei and Western Wei. Thereafter, the Eastern Wei Dynasty was replaced by the Northern Qi Dynasty. The Western Wei Dynasty was replaced by the Northern Zhou Dynasty. In the early period of the Northern Wei Dynasty, the capital was Pingcheng (now Datong, Shanxi), and the capital was Luoyang. The Northern Wei Dynasty has been a nation for more than 100 years, and it has 9 generations and 12 emperors. The Eastern Wei Dynasty took Lucheng as the capital, and it lasted 16 years. The Western Wei Dynasty was Chang'an. After 3 emperors, it shared the country for 22 years. Beiqi is a regime established by the Gao family of the Xianbei Han people. It has been in power for 28 years and has three generations and six emperors. Northern Zhou Dynasty is a dynasty ruled by Yuwen Xianbei. It lasted 3 generations and 5 emperors for 24 years. The five dynasties in the north are collectively referred to as the Northern Dynasties in history.

List of Emperors

List of emperors from the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Which kings appeared in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties?

About Song Wudi Liu Yu Song Wudi Liu Yu is known as "The First Emperor of the Southern Dynasty"

Emperor Song Wu Liu Yu (April 16, 363-June 26, 422) was born in Jingyu (present day Tongjiang, Jiangsu), born in Suiyuli (now Tongshan, Jiangsu) of Pengcheng County, with a nickname of Deyu, nicknamed slave, Han nationality. He had made two expeditions to the north and regained Luoyang, Chang'an and other places with outstanding achievements. Outstanding politician, reformer, and military strategist. In the three years in Long'an, he joined the army to uprising, settled the war, and eliminated the separatist forces such as Liu Yi, Lu Xun, and Sima Xiu, which led to a unified situation in the south that had not been seen for a century. Dedicated to the North Expedition, eliminating Chu, Xishu, Nanyan, and post-Qin countries. During the ruling period, he learned the lessons of the former Tu nationality's powerful and powerful bosses, restrained the merger of powerful and powerful, implemented earth breaking, rectified the rule of the government, re-used the cold door, belittled, and abolished harsh laws, and improved the political and social conditions. He has made significant contributions to the development of the Jiangnan economy and the protection of the Han culture, and is known as the "first emperor of the Southern Dynasties."

Chronology

In 363 AD, Liu Yu was born.

In 404, Liu Yuping settled the Xuanxuan rebellion and became the last minister of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

In 409 AD, Liu Yu made a northern expedition and destroyed Nan Yan.

From 405 AD to 415 AD, Liu Yu wiped out the major separatist forces in the South, unified the South, and achieved unprecedented unification in the Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties.

In 416 AD, Liu Yu went north again and attacked the post-Qin Dynasty.

In 420 AD, Liu Yu became independent and established Liu Song.

In 422 AD, Liu Yu died of illness.

Biography

Song Gaozu Wu Emperor Liu Yu (April 363-June 422), was born in March of the first year of Xingning. The ancestors were from Pengcheng (now Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province). Later, his ancestors moved to Jingkou (now Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province). Liu Yu was born in Zhenjiang today. According to the Book of Songs: The Emperor Wudi, Liu Yu is the 21st grandson of Liu Jiao, the younger brother of the Chu emperor of the Han dynasty, Liu Yuan. The founder of the Song Dynasty in the Northern and Southern Dynasties , known as Emperor Song Wu in history. Outstanding politician, outstanding military strategist, and commander in Chinese history. Liu Yulong'an joined the army for three years (399 years). In 413, Liu Yu persecuted Yizhou's indulgence. Inward, southward defeated Lu Xun and regained Guangzhou; conquered Jiangling and killed Liu Yi, the separatist; struck Chengdu to destroy the perpetrators of the separatist; rammed Xiangyang and chased Sima Xiu, the separatist. After the fall of the 13th year of Yixi (417), Qin Dynasty, July 10, 420 (June 14th, Song Wudi Yongjun), Liu Yu abolished Emperor Gong Emperor Sima Dewen, and established himself as Emperor. Song, Du Jiankang, the beginning of the Southern Dynasty. A series of reform measures before and after he became emperor further cracked down the decaying and dark aristocratic and gentry forces, improved the political and social conditions, laid a solid foundation for the Yuan Jiazhi rule , and laid the embryonic shape of the Southern Dynasties. He was hailed as the "King of Chaos Generation" by the great thinker of the Ming Dynasty.

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Emperor Song Shao, Liu Yifu, killed the second Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty

Emperor Song Shao Liu Yifu (406-424), the second emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty . The small-character chariot, the eldest son of Emperor Song Wu of Liu Yu, took the throne in the first three years (422 years) of Yongchu, and was renamed "Jingping" the following year (since 423).

Biographies

Young Emperor Liu Yifu (406-424), was the second emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty, the character car soldier, the eldest son of Emperor Liu Yu of the Song Dynasty, and his mother, Mrs. Zhang. Yixi was born in Jingkou in 406 years. In the twelfth year of Yixi (416 years), Liu Yifu worshiped Yuzhang Gongzi when he was 10 years old. Song Taijian, worship Song Shizi. In the first year of Yuanxi (419), he became Prince Song. Emperor Liu Yu was accepted as Zen Emperor. In the first three years of Yongchu (422 years), Liu Yu died. His crown prince, Liu Yifu, the emperor, was 17 years old and ordered an amnesty. The next year changed its name to "Jingping". Honored Empress Dowager Xiao Wenshou was the Empress Dowager, and the crown prince Sima Maoying was Empress. Sima Maoying is the daughter of Princess Haiyan of King Gong.

When Liu Yifu was a prince, he was a small group. When his father Liu Yu was sick, he was left unchecked and was better off. The dragon boat often moved to the Tianyuan Pool, playing on the water, dancing and dancing, and melodious orchestra. It was not until the fall of the moon and fatigue struck that they spent the night on the dragon boat.

Before the end of his life, Liu Yu ordered Minister Gu Ming's prince to take the throne (that is, Emperor Song Shao). Because of his inexhaustible game, he was assisted by Si Kong Xu Xianzhi, Zhong Shuling Fu Liang, and the leading general Xie Hui. The young master, the prime minister is one by one, and the mother does not worry about coming to the DPRK. "

When Liu Yifu was in office, he was rude, and was a matter of pleasure. Youth and adolescents have no innocence, but they know how to play and play, what fathers are mourned, and what military affairs are important, let alone mind. The ministers said nothing and would not listen. Wei Bing made a foul, defeated the battle, the general confessed himself, the people were dismayed, he didn't care, he was carefree, he was happy and happy, and he didn't worry about the sky.

In June 424 AD, civil and military officers Xu Xianzhi, Tan Daoji, and others led in and brought Liu Yifu, who was asleep, to the shore, collected his seal, and abolished him as the king of Yingyang in the name of the queen queen. He was soon killed at the age of seventeen. Xu Xianzhi also sent Liu Yizhen to Xin'an, and Liu Yu's third son Liu Yilong became emperor.

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Brief Introduction of Emperor Song Wenyi Liu Yilong to Initiate the Ruling of Yuanjia, but Controversy

Emperor Song Wenyi Liu Yilong (407-453 March 453), a small print car, was the third emperor of the Song Dynasty in the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China. The small character car, the third son of Emperor Song Wu Liu Yu , ascended the throne in 424, reigned for 30 years, with the title "Yuanjia", the title "Emperor Wen", and the temple name "Taizu". Liu Yilong continued to implement Liu Yu's strategy of governing the country, clearing his household registration on the basis of the Eastern Jin Dynasty ’s rudeness, ordering the people to waive the “through rent” debts owed to the government, and implementing a series of measures such as persuading students, promoting agriculture, and recruiting people, Being able to rest and recuperate, social production has developed, and the economy and culture have become increasingly prosperous. From "three years, the gangsters have died, the confession is offered, and it ends at the old age. It ’s only a matter of time when you return in the morning," and The officials are not enough. The home is full of people, even if things are difficult, turning the ditch into a ditch can be avoided at all times. Wherever there are hundreds of households, there are cities in the city, ballads and dances, touching the crowds, and covering the Song Dynasty. , History called Yuan Jiazhi . Militaryly, Liu Yilong inherited the policy of Liu Yu's Northern Expedition . From 430 to 431, he consulted Henan during the battle between the Northern Wei Dynasty and Rou Ran, but returned without success.

Biographies

Ascended the throne

In the first year of Yongchu (420), King Feng Yidu. After Gao Zu Liu Yu died of illness, the prince's righteousness succeeded (that is, Emperor Song Shaodi). Because of his inexhaustible game, he was assisted by the subordinate minister Xu Xianzhi, Zhong Shuling Fu Liang, and the leading general Xie Hui in May 424 of Jingping. Abolished (later killed), and welcomed Liu Yilong, then the emperor of Jingzhou at that time, as the emperor, changed Yuan Yuanjia, and Xie Hui served as the emperor of Jingzhou at the same time, mastering heavy soldiers.

Yuan Jiazhi

During his reign, Liu Yilong adopted a policy of restraining the mighty, striving to promote a prosperous economic policy, attaching importance to agricultural production, and equalizing the commission. Yuan Jia ordered the release of peasants' "debts" twice in 17 and 21 years. The rule of Yuan Jiazhi.

Self-destructing Great Wall

Liu Yilongbo is involved in the history of scriptures, is a good cleric, and has deep strategies, but is frail and sick, so jealous. He could not tolerate the minister's abandonment, and Yuan Jia killed Xu Xianzhi, Fu Liang, and Xie Hui in the third year (426), and he had his own policy. In the sixth year of Yuanjia, his brother Pengcheng King Liu Yikang ruled due to illness. Liu Yikang served as an apprentice, recorded Shang Shu, and later led Yangzhou Assassin's History. He was a general and a commander-in-chief of power.

In the 17th year of Yuanjia, Liu Yilong accepted and killed the leader General Liu Zhan who supported Liu Yikang, and dismissed Liu Yikang. He was renamed as Jiangzhou Assassin's History, and the town of Yuzhang (now Nanchang, Jiangxi). Yuan Jia was deposed as a puppet in 22 years. In 28 years of Yuan Jia, the Northern Wei Army went south and threatened Jiankang across the river. Liu Yilong was afraid that Liu Yikang would take advantage of the chaos in the rear and ordered him to be killed. The cannibalism of the royal family of the Southern Dynasty began.

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Emperor Song Yuan Emperor Liu Xun's father was usurped and resigned in March

Liu Ye (circa 426-453), the fourth emperor of the Song Dynasty during the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China. The character is Hugh Yuan, the eldest son of Liu Yilong, and the mother is Queen Qiyuan. In the thirty years of Yuanjia (453 AD), due to witchcraft, Liu Yilong wanted to abolish the prince. After Liu Ye knew it, he conspired with his brother Liu Jun, led soldiers into the palace at night, killed his father, and established himself as emperor. The history is called "Song Yuan Emperor" and the Yuan Dynasty was changed to "Taichu". Due to his uncle's usurpation, Liu Xie's rebellion led to his departure. Only three months after his reign, he was defeated by Liu Jun who led his soldiers to rebellion. Liu Xie was captured and beheaded, and Liu Jun was called the culprit.

Year of birth and death

Emperor Song Yuan Liu Xun was not born in the third year of Yuanjia, because he was born when Liu Yilong was serving his father's funeral, so until the end of the funeral period, Yuanjia officially announced the birth of the eldest son three years later. Therefore, his birth year should be from the third year of Yongchu (423) to the third year of Yuanjia, and the birth year should be slightly larger than one or two years old.

"On the first three days of the birth, the emperor looked at it, and the hat was very strong, and he fell on the side of the hat without wind. It was displeasing. The first order was called the sword, and the sword was called in the text, and the sword was changed to force. Years At the age of six, he worshiped as the Crown Prince, and the second son of Zhong Xunzi entered Zhiyongfu Province to build a palace and have a strict system. At the age of twelve, he lived in the East Palace, and served as the concubine of Yinhuang, a servant of the Yellow Gate. Thirteen Canadian dollars. Good history, especially love bow horses. Long, beautiful beard, big eyes square mouth, seven feet four inches long. See the palace affairs, guests, as long as you want, you must follow it. East Palace soldiers and feathers Lin et al. In the seventeen years, when he worshiped the Tomb of Beijing, the generals Pengcheng Wang Yikang, King Jingling's birthday, and Guiyang Hou Yi merged. "

Concubine

Wife

Queen: Yin Yuying

Madam: King Parrot

son

(At least 4 children)

Liu Weizhi, sister-in-law and prince. Chopped by Liu Jun, mother queen Yin Yuying.

Liu Dizhi was cut off by Liu Jun, his mother is unknown.

Liu Binzhi was beheaded by Liu Jun, his mother is unknown.

Liu (name unknown) was cut off by Liu Jun and his mother was unknown.

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Emperor Song Xiaowu and Liu Jun's profile

Emperor Xiaojun Song Xiaojun (430-464), the fifth emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty . The word Hugh Long, the small print Daomin, Song Wendi Liu Yilong third son. The first king of Wuling was never favored, and he was often out of town. In 453, after the prince, Emperor Liu Xun, Liu Jun led an army to conquer and soon defeated Liu Xie's forces and seized the throne. The epochs "Xiaojian" and "Daming" are called Emperor Xiaowu in history.

Character brief

Emperor Xiaowu of the Song Dynasty Liu Jun (430-464), the fifth emperor of the Song Dynasty during the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China. The word Hugh Long, the small print Daomin, Song Wendi Liu Yilong third son. Shao Congying is longer than riding and shooting. In the twelfth year of Yuanjia (435), he became the king of Wuling. Later moved to the history of Yongzhou and Jiangzhou. Emperor Liu Ye Song Wen, Liu Jun raised troops to crusade, Yi, the emperor. The epochs "Xiaojian" and "Daming" are called Emperor Xiaowu in history. During his reign, Liu Jun was concerned that the various princes would be unfavorable to himself. He successively killed Liu Yixuan, the king of the southern county, Liu Yixuan, the king of Nanping, Liu Xing, the king of Jingling, Liu Hun, the king of Wuchang, and Liu Xiumao, the king of the sea. The forces have weakened even more. In the eighth year of the Ming Dynasty, Jiachen (AD 464) died of illness in May. Thirty-five years old, reigned eleven years. The nickname "Emperor Xiaowu" and the temple name "Shizu". 11 years in office (452-464). Liu Jun was the more talented emperor and poet among the Southern Song emperors.

Biography

After Liu Jun seized the throne, the Liu and Song dynasties began to decline. Historical records record that Emperor Xiaojun Song Xiaojun was an unscrupulous and corrupt uncle. During his reign, Liu Jun was worried that the brothers and princes would be unfavorable to himself, and at the expense of flesh and blood, he successively declared King Liu Yixuan of Nanshi, Nanping King Liu Xingshu, Jingling King Liu Xun, Wuchang King Liu Hun, and Hailing King Liu. Xiu Mao was killed. The Liu's clan was tragically affected by this catastrophe, and the influence of Liu and Song was further weakened.

Liu Jun is sexually amorous, whoever is in the boudoir, regardless of his esteem or inferiority, as long as he has a slightly two-thirds appearance, and sees the person who agrees, she is led into the palace to sleep, and he will inevitably be forced into love by Liu Junqiang. Liu Jun had an affair with his mother, Queen Mother Lu. "Book of Wei" contained: "Jun's sexual immorality, steaming his mother Lu's family, the voice of filth, spread in Ou Yue." And "Four years, hunting at the mouth of Wujiang , And traveled to the whole mountain of Hu County, and walked with his mother to profane. "

In April of the sixth year of the Ming Dynasty (AD 462), Liu Jun's cousin Yin Shuyi died of illness. Liu Jun became ill with sorrow. Since then, he has been ignoring political affairs and died of illness in May of the eighth year of Ming Dynasty (AD 464). He was thirty-five years old and reigned for eleven years. He is Emperor Xiaowu.

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Brief Introduction of Former Emperor Liu Ziye Liu Ziye was abolished for being too obscene

Liu Ziye (449-466), a master of small print. Emperor Song of the Southern Dynasties during the Southern and Northern Dynasties. Song Xiaowu Emperor Liu Jun's eldest son. Liu Ziye was abolished because of his acts of absurdity, which he called "formerly abolished emperor".

Biographies

Early experiences

Liu Ziye was born in the twenty-sixth year of Yuanjia (449) in the first month of the Yuan Dynasty, and his mother was Wenxu Wangxian. When Emperor Song Xiaowu and Liu Junzhen sought the sun, Liu Ziye stayed at Beijing. After Emperor Song Xiaowu ascended the throne, he became Crown Prince.

Ascend

In the eighth year of the Ming Dynasty (464), Emperor Xiaowu Song died, and Liu Zyeye took the throne, changing the year names to "Yongguang" and "Jinghe". Amnesty. Emperor Dazai Jiangxia King Liu Yi congratulated Shang Shangling, Jiazhong clerk, and riding general Liu Yuanjing. Also recorded Shangshu, Liu Yigong recorded Shangshu. Liu Yuanjing added Fu Yi with the same three divisions. Danyang Yin Yongjia Wang Liu Ziren is the assassination history of Southern Henan.

Passed away

When Liu Zye went to bed one night, Xun dreamed of seeing a woman with blood on her body, referring to Liu Zye's scolding: "You are rebellious, do you see if you can live next year?" I got up early the next morning and looked around at the palace. When I saw a palace girl who looked similar to the woman in my dreams, she ordered her to be killed. That night, I dreamed that the maiden who was killed came to her hair, and Li Huo shouted, "I should kill you!" At this point, holding her own head and slamming Liu Ziye, Liu Ziye yelled and fainted. After waking up, Liu Ziye was very scared, and he brought hundreds of men and women witches, and hundreds of colored women, to the bamboo forest hall in Hualin Garden to kill ghosts with bows and arrows.

Liu Ziye arrived at the Bamboo Forest Hall, and it was already dusk. First, the witchcraft practiced the way of calling a ghost, and then Liu Ziye sent three arrows in person, and then ordered his servants to shoot in turn. Everyone shot indiscriminately, and Wu Ji waited for Qi Baiyu Qian, saying that the ghost was dead. Liu Ziye was so happy that he ordered Zhang Jian to play music to celebrate the ghost's demise. At this time, Liu Xun, the king of Xiangdong who was detained at the palace, had colluded with Shou Ji of the main clothes, Wang Daolong, the supervisor, Li Daoer, the academician, and Liu Guangshi, the general of Zhige.

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Emperor Song Ming Emperor Liu Xun's luxury was inexhaustible, Southern Song Dynasty declined

Emperor Song Ming (439-472) was Liu Ye, the Han nationality. Small print glory. Temple number Taizong. The 11th son of Emperor Song Wen. Initially named King Huaiyang, changed to King Xiangdong. When the former Emperor was embroiled in Nanyuzhou, he was sent to assassinate the former Emperor to assassinate himself. Taiyu died in the first year (472). He read books for the Emperor Fan Shihao, and wrote two volumes of "The Essays of Jiang Zuo since the Left" and "The Analects of Confucius Annotated by Xu Weiyu". The first emperor used energy to calm down the Quartet rebellion. At the end of the year, he was a good ghost, a lot of taboos, extravagance, and unbearable people. The Song Dynasty has since declined.

Biography

Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty (439-472) was Liu Ye (Pinyin: LiúYù). Emperor Song of the Southern Dynasty, reigned from 466 to 472 AD. The word Hugh Bing, small print glory period. Temple number Taizong. In December of the first year of King He (465), the former Emperor was killed and established as Emperor, with the title of Taishi. During his reign, his favorite minister, Ruan Xunfu, specialised in power and bribery; the treasury was empty, and the officials were unscrupulous, and extravagance was beneficial. In his later years, he was tortured and tortured, taking care of his princely imbecile, so he eliminated all his brothers. Taiyu died in the first year (472). He read books for the Emperor Fan Shihao, and wrote two volumes of "The Essays of Jiang Zuo since the Left" and "The Analects of Confucius Annotated by Xu Weiyu". The first emperor used energy to calm down the Quartet rebellion. At the end of the year, he was a good ghost, with a lot of taboos, extravagance, and unbearable people. The Great Song Dynasty declined.

Biographies

Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty Liu Ye was the seventh emperor of the Song Dynasty in the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China. The eleventh son of Song Taizu, King Xiangdong, was the uncle of former emperor Liu Ziye.

Ascended the throne in 465 AD, with the names "Tai Shi" and "Tai Yu". When nephew Liu Ziye was still emperor, the obese Liu Ye was put in a bamboo cage and named the king of pigs. He stripped his clothes at every meal and told him to swallow the wooden trough with his mouth like a pig. Food, and beating at random. On several occasions, Liu Ziye tried to kill him, all rescued by the charming brother Liu Xiuren, who was being held with him. However, after Liu Ziye was killed by Shou Ji, Liu Xiuren and others took Liu Xuan to the throne. After being tortured endlessly, this person who had been so kind had suddenly gained unlimited power and greatly changed the nature of others.

First, he killed all 28 sons of his elder brother Liu Jun (the father of Liu Ziye), and then killed all his brothers who had suffered in the same way in Liu Ziye's hands, including his childhood. It is best to save his life many times. Liu Xiuren. Liu Ye summoned Liu Xiuren into the palace, dying with poison and dying, and then issued a decree to plead guilty. Liu Xiuren formed the forbidden army and attempted a rebellion. I could not bear to kill him in public. After questioning him severely, he was ashamed of fear and took his own poison. Because of its brutality, the squandering of the state treasury makes the people boring, and the grievances make the Song Dynasty step by step.

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Emperor Liu Yu, the Emperor of the Song Dynasty

Emperor Liu Yu, the emperor of the Song Dynasty, was the eighth emperor of Liu Song. Although it was the eldest son of Emperor Song Ming and the concubine Chen Miaodeng, because Liu Miaodeng was the servant of Li Daor, Liu Yu's life has also been questioned. After Emperor Song Ming died in 472, Liu Yu became emperor. Although Liu Yu was a smart person, he had a very cruel personality. He often killed people by himself, and disturbed people in the streets. Moreover, Liu Yu was moody, and left and right were slightly dissatisfied. In 474, Liu Xiufan, King of Guiyang, also started his army in the name of the Emperor, but was settled by Xiao Daocheng . Liu Yu did not wake up because of this, he actually used Xiao Daocheng's navel as the target. Finally, he was killed by Yang Yufu and others on July 7 of the fifth year of the Yuan Dynasty. He died at the age of fifteen. He was abolished as Cangwu King after his death.

Biography

Liu Yu (463 AD-477 AD), the Emperor and Emperor Cangwu who was abolished after the Song Dynasty. The word Derong, the small print Huizhen, also the eldest son of Emperor Song and Ming of the Southern Dynasty. Born in the 7th year of the Ming dynasty, he was ugly in the first month, and died in the fifth year of the Yuan Hui in July. Yu was in Donggong. When he was five or six years old, he began to study, but lazy industry was so playful that the master couldn't help it. Hao Yuan painted the account pole, and went to the land to make a reservation. History claims that it is "very ferocious and self-defeating. Although it is a crime, it can be mourned without grief. Abandon the same product, but you can't bear it. You can specifically chase the king of Cangwu County." .

Anecdote

In the fourth year of his throne, Liu Yu was "every day out", often protruding from the Chengming Gate at night, returning early in the evening, returning early in the morning, and holding a spear from each person. Everyone on the road met male and female pedestrians and dogs and horses. The bull and donkey were killed immediately, causing the people to be disturbed and there were no pedestrians. ——He is just a demon. Whoever touches him will be dead. If he really touches it, he will die, next to him.

The little emperor often carried a forceps and axe saws, and often carried out punishment for brain, vertebral yin, and slicing heart for fun, killing dozens of prisoners every day. If the slave who followed him had an intolerable face at the time of torture, Liu Yu told the person to stand upright and pierce him with a spear.

The teenager also liked to kill himself, and the rebel leaders captured by the court often killed castration in person. Once, a dear friend named Sun Chao had garlic in his mouth. In order to prove that he had eaten garlic, Liu Yu asked Sun Chao to hold him left and right to move. He used a knife to cut through the belly to see if there was any garlic in his stomach.

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Emperor Song Shun and Liu Zhun were briefly confined to death, the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Liu and Song

Emperor Song Shun Liu Zhun (467-479), Zi Zhongmou, small print wisdom, father Liu Xiufan, mother Chen Farong. Taiji was born in July of the first five years of the first five years, and was born in the first year of the first year of the first year of the first year of the reign. He died in Danyang Palace at the age of thirteen. 2 years in office (477-479 years).

Name: Liu Jun

Alias: Song Shundi

Nationality: Southern Song

Nationality: Han

Occupation: Emperor

Reign: 477-479 years

Title: Emperor Shun

Year: Shengming

Tomb: Ningling

Biography

The historical records recorded that "Liu Zhun was the third son of Emperor Song Ming and Liu Xun", but all said that "Liu Xun had no sexual function". In fact, Liu Zhun was the son of Guiyang King Liu Xiufan, and his mother was Zhaohua Chen Farong. Good-natured. The earliest known as King An Cheng.

Five years after the Yuan emblem (AD 477), after the deposed emperor Liu Yu was exiled, Liu Zhun took the throne under the support of Xiao Daocheng , for Emperor Song Shun, and sealed Xiao Dao as Xiangguo and Qi Wang; although Liu Zhun was named The emperor is the upper, but Xiao Daocheng has the power. In the three years of the Ming dynasty (479 AD), Xiao Daocheng demanded Liu Jun's reign, and sent his troops to lead Wang Jingze into the palace. Liu Huai said, "I want to live forever and never live in an emperor's house." In one sentence, he expressed his sorrow as the last emperor. In April of the same year, Liu Zun and Xiao Daocheng died, and Liu Song died, and his relatives were confined to death.

After Xiao Daocheng took office, Liu Jun was named King of Ruyin, moved to Danyang (one said Danyang Palace) and sent troops to supervise. In the first year of the first year of the Yuan Dynasty (479 AD), the soldiers who watched Liu Huai heard the noise of horseshoes outside the door, thinking that something had happened, and killed Liu Zhun. At the age of thirteen, Liu Junshi was the emperor. On June 15, the last emperor Liu Jun was buried at Suining Mausoleum (now Nanjing Jiangning).

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Brief introduction of Qi Gaodi Xiao Daocheng annihilated Liu Song and became the founder of Qi in the Southern Dynasty

Emperor Qi Gao Xiao Daocheng (427-482 AD) wrote Shaobo, a famous fighter, Han nationality, and founder of the Qi Dynasty in the Southern Dynasty. In the "Book of the Southern Qi Dynasty", Emperor Qi Gao Xiao Daocheng was "the grandson of the Han Dynasty Xiao He twenty-four." Ancestors lived in the East China Sea Lanling (now Lanling Town, Cangshan County, Shandong Province). "The Book of Emperor Nanqi and the Emperor Wudi" contains: Gao Zu Xiaozheng crossed the river in the early Eastern Jin Dynasty, and housed Jinjin Wujin (now Wansui Village, Menghe Town, Xinbei District, Changzhou). He was here in Lanling County, called Nanlanling. Therefore, Xiao was born in the South Lanling (now Changzhou). He studied under the name of Rui Leizong, governing "Li" and "Zuo's Spring and Autumn". Shi Song, joined the army for the Left Army at the beginning, and later led the army to the Revenge Pool, marched 80 miles away from Changan, with fewer soldiers, and heard that Song Wendi collapsed, but returned.

Qi Gaodi

Emperor Song Ming was a general of the right army, successively in the town of Huiji (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang), and Huaiyin (now Qingjiang, Jiangsu), with military achievements to the history of Nanzhou Prefecture. The emperor of the Ming Dynasty, he and Shang Shuling Yuan Zheng and other officials took charge of the administration of the court, and led the military to the stone. In the second year of the Yuan emblem (AD 474), the rebellion of Pingjiangzhou assassin Guiyang Wang Xiufan, marched into the ranks, moved to lead the generals, mastered the guards, and supervised the five states. Yuan Yuan, Chu Yuan, and Liu Bing are known as "Four Expensives". The members of the Song royal family fought for power and killed each other, and the court's real power gradually gathered in Daocheng. In July of the first year of Shengming (AD 477), Dao Cheng killed Emperor Liu Yu and established Liu Jun (Emperor Song Shun). Xiao Daocheng became King Qi and concurrently commander of the army, and his second annihilation was Yuan Yuan, who was loyal to the Song Dynasty, Jingzhou Assassin Shen Youzhi, and Huang Hui. In April of three years, Song Chan was emperor , changed the country to Daqi, changed the Yuan to Jianyuan, and was called Nanqi in history. Dao Cheng punished Song's death, made a prudent contract, reduced the rent of the people's debts, and simplified the punishment, but he died of death for the prince of Song's royal family. The following year, an order was made to expand the household registration, and according to Yu Wan's suggestion, a school registration officer was established to sort out the household registration based on Song Yuanjia's 27th year (450 AD) version. However, school registration work is full of disadvantages. Poor people are often "registrated" (that is, removed from the household registration) by the witch for fraudulent registration, and it also violates the interests of the Dai landlords. Therefore, shortly after his death, Tang Yu's riots were triggered because of opposition to school membership.

Qi Gaodi's Life

Emperor Taizu Gao Xiao Daocheng (427-482), with the name Shaobo, is a small fighter, born in the old house of Dongchengli, Wujin County, Jinling County (now Wansui, Menghe Town, Changzhou City). According to the historical records, Xiao Daocheng's "beautiful appearance, the sound of dragons and bells, the scales of the body" are absolutely extraordinary.

It is said that Xiao Daocheng had a large mulberry tree in front of the door of his old house. The shape of the tree resembled the canopy of the emperor when he was on tour. Xiao Daocheng likes to play with his friends under the tree. His cousin Xiao Jingzong joked with him, "This tree is for you." It means that you want to be emperor in the future, although this is a bit far-fetched, But then it became a reality.

In the second year of the Yuan emblem (474 years), due to the success of the rebellion, Xiao Daocheng was promoted to the rank of the Grand Lord, moved to the leading general, mastered the Guards, and supervised the military of the five states, but in fact Xiao Daocheng had the sole political status. At the time, he, Yuan Yuan, Chu Yuan, and Liu Bing were known as the "four nobles." Here, "Four Expensives" has the meaning of dictatorship. Since then, members of the Song royal family have killed each other for power, and the court's real power has gradually gathered in Xiao Daocheng.

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Brief introduction of Emperor Qi Wu Xiao Xun and the Northern Wei Dynasty, the second emperor of Qi in the Southern Dynasty

Emperor Xiaowu of Qi Wu (440-493), the word Xuanyuan, the little name Longer, Emperor Qi Gao Xiao Dao grew up son, mother Liu Zhirong. The second emperor of the Qi Dynasty (reigned 482-493) died of illness and buried Anling. The year number is Yongming.

Biographies

Emperor Wu was very concerned about the sufferings of the people. After his throne, he said to the emperor: "Being younger than the age, a lot of poverty, the two sides of the capital, there are many disadvantages. Sending Shushu people to give a good amount of pity." Soon, he said again. , "Fresh water and rain, the tide is full, residents on both sides of the strait, many of them are flooded. Send the Shushe people and the two county officials to take good care."

The following year, he sent prisoners in the repatriation army as appropriate, pardoning the prisoners, and helping the widows and the poor among the people. He advocated and rewarded agricultural mulberry, and in the year of the disaster, he also reduced or exempted rent taxes.

In the eleventh year of Yongming, the Crown Prince Xiao Changzhen died of illness, and Wenwen Hui, then established his eldest son Xiao Zhaoye as the emperor's grandson and resided in the East Palace. In the same year, Xiao Yue died of illness, and is said to be located in the Emperor Sun, Emperor Wu.

During the time of Emperor Qi Wu, he was also in good communication with the Northern Wei Dynasty, and the border was relatively stable.

Historical performance

1. The Emperor Wu also ordered the establishment of several more schools, selecting learned people to teach, in order to cultivate people's virtues. Emperor Wu first put rich nations first, disliked feasting and extravagance, and advocated frugality. He ordered that luxury should not be used for weddings.

2. When Emperor Qiwu was in good communication with the Northern Wei Dynasty, the border was relatively stable. The Emperor Qing and Emperor Qingming ruled the Jiangnan economy to a certain extent, and the society was temporarily stable.

3. Historian praised it:

The Emperor Wuxian displayed his name, and the emblem stopped. Shao Ling rested, Peng Pai Chengbo. Wei Cheng Jing calendar, against the golden branch. Huai Rong section in the north, Yige in the south. City Chao Yan Yi, China and foreign peace.

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The Emperor Xiao Zhaoye of Nanqi Emperor Xiaoqiye

Xiao Zhaoye (473-September 5th, 494), a character still, small font body, the Southern Lanling of the Southern Dynasties (now Changzhou Northwest), the third emperor of Nanqi. The eldest son of Prince Wen Hui, Xiao Changzheng, and his mother is Queen Baoan, Queen Wen'an. Xiao Zhaoye was in office for 1 year and was killed by Xiao Yan. He was 21 years old and his burial site was unknown.

Biographies

Xiao Zhaoye (473-September 5th, 494) was the Emperor of the Southern Qi Dynasty, with the character Yuan Shang, and a small character body. He was from the Southern Lanling of the Southern Dynasties (now northwest of Changzhou), and was the third emperor of the Southern Qi Dynasty. The eldest son of Prince Wen Hui, Xiao Changzheng, and his mother is Queen Baoan, Queen Wen'an. Grandfather Nan Qi, the grandfather of Nan Qi, was enthroned, and Xiao Zhaoye was named King Yulin when he was ten years old. In the eleventh year of Yongming (493), his father Xiao Changzhang died, and Xiao Zhaoye was made the emperor grandson by Emperor Qi Wu. In the same year, Emperor Qi Wu died, and Xiao Zhaoye ascended the throne, changing his name to Longchang. At the same time, Xiao Changzhen's brother-in-law Jingling King Xiao Ziliang and the imperial family Xichang Hou Xiaozheng were assisted. Honor his father as Emperor Sejongwen.

Xiao Zhaoye finished her beauty, worked in Lishu, and was loved by her grandfather and father. Clever and agile, the guests are cordial and thoughtful, and they are praiseworthy. However, Xiao Zhaoye himself was more pretentious, and his nature was revealed after the throne. He had a personal relationship with Wendi Xingji Huo Shi, was close to villains, exaggerated rewards, extravagance, and the attitude of a king of the country. The government of the court was handled by Xiao Yan. Suspicious Xiao Xun had dissidents, and had conspired with Zhong Shu Ling He Xun to kill Xiao Xun, but to no avail. In the end, Xiao Yan sent troops into the palace to kill Xiao Zhaoye, and abolished Xiao Zhaoye as King Yu Lin. He died at the age of 21.

cause of death

Xiao Zhaoye was amused by fun, and all political affairs depended on Xiao Yan from Xichang. Xiao Zheng wanted to abolish Xiao Zhaoye, and first conspired with Zhen Xi to join the army. Among the local officials, he was most reassured by the history of Jingzhou, Shizilong with the king and Yuzhou, and Cui Huijing, a veteran of Gao and Wudi. He adopted Xiao Yan's strategy, and first returned Xiao Zilong, who was in the strategically important place of Jingzhou, to return the capital to serve as a middle and caressing general, exempting the threat to the capital. Then he took Xiao Yan as General Ningshuo, led his soldiers to guard Shouyang, and captured Cui Huijing's military power. What played a key role in the abolition of Xiao Yan was Wei Wei Xiao and Zheng Nan to join the army Xiao Tanzhi. Xiao Xun was the family of Emperor Qi Wu of Xiao Xun. When Xiao Xun was in the history of Yanzhou, he took him as his confidant. After Emperor Wudi took office, he was in charge of the palace guards for a long time, and the secrets of the court were foreseen. Xiao Tanzhi is a member of the family of Xiao Yan. He used to be the general of Zhige of the East Palace and was trusted by Emperor Wu. Xiao Zhaoye believed that both of them were grandfather's old ministers, and he was very close. Sometimes, Xiao Xun didn't go back home for some reason, and Xiao Zhaoye would stay up all night until he returned. Xiao Tanzhi had to enter and leave the harem at will, and Xiao Zhaoye made obscene feasts, and he accompanied him. After Xiao Zhaoye was drunk, he barely touched his body. The two of them saw Xiao Zhaoye's insolent behavior incurable, and the coming of the disaster was only a matter of time. In order to avoid being implicated, he actively moved closer to Xiao Yan. Xiao Zhaoye was not aware of it.

With the participation of Xiao Min and others, Xiao Min began to cut off Xiao Zhaoye's cronies. He first listed Xu Longju's sins, so please execute him. Then he went to Zhige General Zhou Fengshu. Uncle Zhou Feng is not as good as Xu Longju. He was very courageous, often leading twenty people, wearing a single sword, entering and leaving the palace, and threatening people to say, "Zhou Langdao doesn't know the king." However, he had the courage and had no choice but to get into Xiao's trap. First Xiao Xiao and Xiao Tanzhi invited the emperor to play Qingzhou Yanshi with Uncle Zhou Feng. When he led the ministry, he falsely passed an order from the emperor and summoned him to Shangshu province. As soon as he entered the house, he was assassinated by a pre-arranged warrior. Then, he played Xiao Zhaoye and said that Zhou Fengshu insulted the court. When Xiao Zhaoye didn't know it, he acknowledged their approach. Next, Xiao Xun successively arrested Du Wenqian, Puyang County Magistrate, and other close relatives of Xunmu Zhenzhi and Xiao Zhaoye.

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Brief Introduction to King Xiao Zhaowen from Hailing, Southern Qi Dynasty

Xiao Zhaowen (480-494), a character Ji Shang, was born in the Southern Lanling of the Southern Dynasties (now governing northwest of Changzhou), the fourth emperor of Nanqi, and reigned in 494. The second son of Prince Wen Hui Xiao Changzheng, his mother is the palace's Xu, the younger brother of Yulin King Xiao Zhaoye. In April of the first year of Longchang (494), Xiao Zhaoye was killed by the assistant government's imperial family, Xiao Xun, and Xiao Zhaowen was established as the emperor. The year was changed to Yanxing. In October, he was deposed as the King of Hailing by Xiao Mao. In November, he was killed by Xiao Xun, who became King Gong, 15 years old.

Name: Xiao Zhaowen

Alias: Ji Shang

Nationality: Qi of the Southern Dynasty

Nationality: Han

Place of birth: South Lanling

Occupation: Emperor

Time in office: 494-494

Title: King Hailing Gong

Biographies

Xiao Zhaowen (480-494), a character Ji Shang, was born in the Southern Lanling of the Southern Dynasties (now governing northwest of Changzhou), the fourth emperor of Nanqi, and reigned in 494. The second son of Prince Wen Hui Xiao Changzheng, his mother is the palace's Xu, the younger brother of Yulin King Xiao Zhaoye.

In the four years of Yongming (486), he was named Lin Rugong, and there were 5,000 households. At the beginning, he was the auxiliary general and Jiyang eunuch. In the tenth year of Yongming (492 years), the generals were transferred to Jiu Jie, to supervise the military in southern Yuzhou, and the history of the assassination of southern Henan. Eleven years of Yongming (493), the champion general. After the death of Prince Wen Hui, Xiao Zhaowen returned to capital. In the same year, Xiao Zhaoye ascended the throne and was named General of the Chinese Army. He was renamed King Xin'an and had 2,000 households. In April of the first year of Longchang (494), Xiao Zhaoye was killed by the assistant government's imperial family, Xiao Xun, and Xiao Zhaowen was established as the emperor. The year was changed to Yanxing. In October, he was deposed as the King of Hailing by Xiao Mao. In November, he was killed by Xiao Xun [1], and he was King Gong, 15 years old.

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Qi Gao Zongming Xiao Xiao's brief introduction to the life of the fifth emperor Xiao Qi

Emperor Xiao Gao of Emperor Qi Gaozongming had a skeptical personality. The son of Xiao Daosheng, the character Jingxi, the nickname Xuandu, the fifth emperor of Xiao Qi. Xiao Yue died of his parents and was raised by Xiao Daocheng . Xiao Daocheng regarded it as his own. When Emperor Song Shun, Xiao Yan served as Anji Ling, known for his strictness; later moved to Huainan, Xuancheng Prefecture, and assisted the general. Emperor Qi Gao served as Xichanghou and Chenzhou assassination history; Emperor Qi Wu Xiaoxu was promoted to lieutenant and led the general Xiaoqi. When Xiao Yan died, he was assisted by Xiao Yan and assisted Xiao Zhaoye. Xiao Zong abolished Xiao Zhaoye in 494 and re-established his brother Xiao Zhaowen; soon he also abolished Xiao Zhaowen as the Emperor of Hailing. During the tenure of Xiao Yan, he lived in abundance for a long time, demanding frugality and stopping the contribution of the central government to all regions. Xiao Yan was very ill in his later years, and he respected Taoism and trivialism very much. He changed all the costumes to red. Xing'an Mausoleum.

Biographies

Emperor Xiao Gao of the Emperor Qi Gaozongming (AD 452-September 1, 498 AD), the characters Jingqi, Xiaoming Xuandu, were from the Southern Lanling of the Southern Dynasties (now northwest of Changzhou), the fifth emperor of Nanqi (AD 494 (December 5th ~ September 1st, 498 AD), Gaozong. It is the son of Wang Daosheng, the nephew of Qi Gaodi Xiao Daocheng.

Xiao Yue lost his father and was raised by his uncle Xiao Daocheng. Xiao Daocheng regarded it as his own. In the first year of Liu Songtai Yu (472), Xiao Yan served as Anji Ling, known for his strictness. The King of Wuling Ling often served, and did not worship. The second year of the Yuan emblem (AD 474) is an eternal order. In the second year of the Ming Dynasty (478 years), he joined the army as the king of Shao Ling's Annan. Before he worshiped, he moved to General Ningshuo, Huainan, and Xuancheng Prefecture. Soon to enter the supplementary general. Emperor Qi Gao Xiao Daocheng came to the throne, moved to serve, and sealed Xichanghou. In the second year of the Yuan Dynasty (480 AD), it was held in order to hold the festival and supervise the Yiyang military, champion generals, and the history of Luzhou assassinations. Emperor Qi Wu Xiao Xun ascended the throne, turned to Zhishang Shu, and led the right army general. In the first year of Yongming (AD 483), he moved to serve and led the general Xiaoqi. Turned to Sanqi Standing Guard, General Zuowei. In the second year (AD 484), he was recruited as General Zheng Xun and Wu Xingtaishou. For four years (AD 486), he moved to lead the country, often served as usual. For five years (AD 487), it was the military, right general, and Yuzhou Assassin's History of the Second Runan County of Xiyang, the prefecture of Chenzhou, Yuzhou. Seven years (AD 489), shot for Shang Shu's right servant. Eight years (AD 490), plus guard. Ten years (AD 492), turned left servant shooting. Eleven years (AD 493), he led General Right Guard.

At the end of his life, Xiao Xun used Xiao Xun as his assistant and Shang Shuling to assist the emperor's grandson Xiao Zhaoye. Seek to add the town general and give twenty swords to the class. The first year of Longchang (494), that is, the general name. Since the death of Prince Wen Hui Xiao Changxun in the 11th year of Yongming (493), Xiao Xuan has the ambition to compete for the throne. Xiao Zong abolished Xiao Zhaoye in the first year of Longchang (494) and reorganized his brother Xiao Zhaowen. Soon he dismissed Xiao Zhaowen as King of Hailing and established himself as Emperor.

After Xiao Zong was appointed, he was jealous of the royal family, signed credit cards, and watched the kings. During his tenure, he slaughtered the royal family, and Xiao Daocheng and his descendants were all destroyed by Xiao Yun. During his tenure in office, Xiao Yan stayed in absentia for a long time, demanding frugality, stopping his contribution to the central government, and stopping many projects. Xiao Zheng was very ill in his later years, and he worshipped Taoism and trivialism very much. He changed all the clothes to red; Xiao Zheng also asked the government for silverfish as a medicine, and the outside world knew that Xiao Yan was sick. On the 30th day of the first year of Yongtai (September 1st, 498), Xiao Yu died of illness, aged 47, and was named Emperor Ming, with the temple name Gaozong, buried in Xingping Mausoleum.

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Brief introduction to the famous absurd emperor in history

Xiao Baojuan (483-501), formerly known as Xiao Mingxian, Zhizhi Zang, the sixth generation of Emperor Qi of the Southern Dynasties, second son of Emperor Xiaoming Qi, Emperor Liu, and Emperor Qi Ming died at the age of 16 at the age of 4 years (reigned from 498-501). After being killed, his name was Yongyuan. After being killed, he was relegated to Dongyunhou, and his name was 炀.

Biographies

Xiao Baojuan is a famous absurd emperor in Chinese history. Qi Xuande's imperial edict rebuked him: "Every battle that you do, wherever you can, you will be raped, but you will be a butcher, and you will be ugly. The overthrow of Biewu ... Zeng Chu and Yue Zhi are not enough words, school aristocracy, and the ruler of Gui, how can they match? "After Xiao Baojuan's father Xiao Gang usurped the emperor by conspiracy, he murdered Gao Di, In order to consolidate the throne, Emperor Wu of the Emperor said to Xiao Baojuan when he was dying: "You must not do anything behind the people!" The generals rebelled, and the capital was at stake several times.

The emperors of the Southern Dynasty were extravagant and extravagant, especially Xiao Baojuan. The harem was set ablaze, and three luxurious palaces including Xianhua, Shenxian and Yushou were newly built, and the solemn longevity of the jade nine bells was decorated to decorate the temple. Gold was cut into lotus flowers and placed on the ground. The above is "step by step lotus". He also likes things like butcher vendors. Once set up a market in the palace garden, allowing eunuchs to kill pigs and sheep, and women to sell wine and meat. Pan Fei acted as a city decree, and herself acted as Pan Fei's deputy. Xiao Baojuan is extremely wealthy. Liang Yan Xiao Yan ’s army had been attacked outside the city. The eunuch Ru Fazhen knelt down on the ground and asked him to reward the sergeant. He still refused to say, “Does the anti-thief just catch me alone? Why do I want to reward him? That night when Liang Wang Xiao Yan united Qi and attacked Jiankang City, Xiao Baojuan signed a song at the Hande Temple to make music. Before falling asleep, I heard the voice of the army breaking in, and quickly rushed out of the North Gate. The eunuch Huang Taiping raised his knife and cut his knee. He fell to the ground and cursed: "Are slaves going to rebel?" An eunuch Zhang Qi could not help but cut off his head. After Xiao Yan took power, the Empress Dowager Xuande was condemned to capture the title of Emperor Xiao Baojuan, and was sealed as Dongxun Hou, but the tomb was still built according to the level of the emperor.

Dongxun Hou is also considered to be one of the most obscene emperors in Chinese history. Xiao Baojuan's biological mother Liu Huiduan (Xiao Yi's first wife) died early and was raised by Princess Pan. He didn't like reading when he was young, and he liked to catch mice.

In 499, Xiao Baojuan was ascended to the throne after the death of Xiao Yue, and Pan Yunu, the niece of Pan Fei, was concubine. Xiao Baojuan has an introverted personality, rarely talks, does not like to contact with ministers, and often hangs out in the palace. Every time he travels, he must demolish the dwellings and expel the residents, and build the temples of Xianhua, Shenxian, and Yushou. Cause financial difficulties for the country. In addition, Xiao Baojuan also killed many ministers. After he was appointed, he killed Gu You, the right servant She Jiangyou, Sikong Xu Xiaoyi, right general Xiao Tanzhi, and leader Liu Xuan. Also due to the coma of Xiao Baojuan, the King of An'an Xiao Yaoguang, Captain Chen Xianda, and General Cui Jinghui successively rebelled, but all were defeated and killed.

Xiao Bao became more violent after calming down the rebellion. In addition to having fun day and night with Pan Yunu, eunuch Mei Zheer, and others, he sent people to kill the most powerful Shang Shu servant who calmed down the rebellion and shot Xiao Yan. As a result, Xiao Yan's younger brother Xiao Yan sent troops. Attacked Jiankang, and renamed Nankang King Xiao Bao to become emperor in Jiangling; Xiao Baojuan was killed by General Wang Zhenguo during the turmoil in which Xiao Yan sent troops to attack Jiankang. Xiao Baojuan was later deposed as Fuling King, and Xiao Yan reduced it to Dongyunhou.

When Xiao Baojuan was in office, he had to go out for more than 20 days in mid-January, sometimes during the day and sometimes at night, "into the rich room to pick things up, all are exhausted." He also did not want to be seen, and whoever encountered it Killed. Therefore, local officials always kept an eye on every time he saw him out of the palace and immediately called for the expulsion of the people, leaving no pedestrians and paving empty houses.

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Emperor Qi He Xiao Baorong introduced the last emperor of Southern Qi who was forced to swallow gold to commit suicide

Qi Hedi Xiao Baorong (488-2 May 502), the character Zhizhao, the last emperor of Nanqi, now Danyang, Jiangsu, the eighth son of Emperor Xiaoming of Qi Ming. In 494 AD, he was named King of Sui County. In 499, he was named King of Nankang and was appointed as the assassin of Jingzhou. He was stationed in Jiangling. In March 501, Xiao Yan sent troops to attack Xiao Baojuan and established Xiao Baorong as emperor. After Xiao Yan entered Jiankang, he joined Xiao Baorong in 502. In the same year, Xiao Baorong sealed Xiao Yan as the King of Liang. Soon after, Xiao Yan killed the brother of the East Hunan King Xiao Baozhen in the name of Xiao Baorong, and later killed Qi Mingdi's other sons. Soon Xiao Baorong was forced to meditation with Xiao Yan, and Nan Qi perished there. After Xiao Yan was appointed, he sealed Xiao Baorong as Baling King and established a palace in his aunt for his residence; and soon Xiao Baorong was also killed by Xiao Yan.

Biography

Ascend the throne

1. King Feng: In 494 AD (7 years old), Emperor Qi Ming Xiao Xiao usurped the throne, and Feng Xiaobao became King of Sui County, and there were 2,000 households in Shiyi.

2. Official: In 496 AD (9 years old), Emperor Xiaoming of Qi Ming appointed Xiao Baorong as the champion general and led the military to the stone.

3. Out of the town of Jiangling: In 499 AD (12 years old), Emperor Qi Di Dongyun Hou Xiao Bao was renamed Xiao Bao to become King of Nankang, holding the festival, supervising Jing, Yong, Yi, Ning, Liang, North and South Qin Qizhou military, Xi Zhonglang general, Jingzhou thorns history, out of Zhenjiang Ling.

4. Embraced as Emperor: In March 501 (14 years old), Xiao Yan sent troops to attack Emperor Qi Xi Dongxuan Xiao Baojuan, and embraced Xiao Bao to become emperor, for Qi Hedi.

Emperor acts

1. Joined Jian Kang: In 501 AD (14 years old), Xiao Yan attacked Jian Kang. In 502 AD (15 years old), Xiao Yan brought Qi and Emperor Xiao Baorong into Jian Kang.

2. Emperor Qiong: In 502 AD (15 years old), Qi and Emperor Xiao Baorong sealed Xiao Yan as the King of Liang. Soon Xiao Yan killed the brothers of the Eastern Hunan King Xiao Baozhen in the name of Qi and Emperor Xiao Baorong, and later killed Qi Ming Emperor Xiao Yan and others. His son [1], Qi and Emperor Xiao Bao blended into the Emperor.

3. Qi dying in the Southern Dynasties: In April 502 (15 years old), Qi and Emperor Xiao Baorong were forced to take the throne to Xiao Yan, and Nan Qi died there. Immediately, Xiao Baorong was crowned King Baling by Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan and established in Aunt The palace room is for its residence.

Death of the Emperor

1. Time of death: April 502 (15 years old).

2. Location: Aunt.

3. Way of death: forced by Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan to commit suicide by swallowing gold.

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Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan's brief introduction

Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan (464-549), the word Shuda, small print practice. Nan Lanling (now Wansui Village, Menghe Town, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province). The founder of the Nanliang regime, the temple number Gaozu. Xiao Yan is a family member of the Xiao family in Lanling, and is the twenty-fifth grandson of Xiao He , the relative of the Han Dynasty . His father Xiao Shunzhi was the brother of Qi Gaodi, Governor Danyang Yin, and his mother Zhang Shangrou. He was originally an official of Nanqi. In the second year (502) of the resurgence of Nanqi, Emperor Qihe was forced to "Zhan" in Xiao Yan and Nanliang was established. Xiao Yan reigned for 48 years, ranking first among the emperors of the Southern Dynasty . He had considerable political achievements. The " Hou Jing Rebellion" erupted in his later years. The capital fell, was imprisoned by Hou Jing, and died in Taicheng. He was 86 years old and buried in Xiu Ling. He was named Emperor Wu and the temple was Gaozu.

Life

Among ancient and modern founding emperors, Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan was born with a golden spoon. His father, Xiao Shunzhi, was the brother of Qi Gao and Xiao Daocheng , who played an active role in the consolidation of the Song Qi Dynasty and the regime. Therefore, he was deeply dependent on Xiao Daocheng and Xiao Yan.

The rise of the Xiao family is closely related to Emperor Song Wu. Liu Yu ’s stepmother Xiao Wenshou treated Liu Yu as his own, so Liu Yu was also very filial and naturally took care of the Xiao family. In addition, both Xiao Daocheng and his father Xiao Chengzhi are famous generations, which laid the foundation for Xiao Daocheng's final control of the court and replaced Liu Song to establish the Xiao Qi regime.

In the political age of gatekeepers like the Wei, Jin, and the Northern and Southern Dynasties , Xiao Yan's noble birth no doubt heralded his future fortune. Such an influential emperor is naturally different from ordinary people. "The emperor was born with a different light, with a special appearance, a beautiful horn and a long face, a heavy Yuehu character, a tongue-and-character character, an item with a floating light, and a body image. There is no shadow, two cheekbones, and a bulge on the item. There is a text in the right hand saying "Wu". "The room where you live is often qi, people or passers by, the body is indifferent." This is the consistent style of historians, but later It's hard to overstate Xiao Yan's quality and talents. It is just that "the emperor was able to walk in the air when he was a child", and it seems that he has been a long-distance player since childhood, and is a good seed for a long jump athlete.

Naturally, he has the conditions to receive a high-level education, and Xiao Yan is different from the grandsons of the family at that time. He has been very easy to learn since he was a child. After studying hard, Xiao Yan grew up: "Six arts are ready for leisure, chess is easy to use, yin and yang are ready, Bu Yizhan is determined, and he is known to be good .... Cao Li ruler, riding a bow and horse, it is no wonder." As far as Xiao Yan's performance is concerned, these evaluations are not exaggerated words. It can be said that, aside from merit, Xiao Yan may be the highest of all Chinese emperors in terms of his overall quality.

Born in such a family, Xiao Yan's job after growing up is naturally an official job. He had just started serving as Donghe Jiujiu under the command of General Wang Jian. This Wang Jian had been the Prime Minister of the country and was very arrogant, "because he thanked him better than others." However, such a person was very special about Xiao Yan. He once said to others: "Xiao Lang was a waiter in his 30s. It will be expensive in the future. "The political influence of this kind of comment is equivalent to Einstein's identification of a student as a genius in physics, so what Xiao Yan is waiting for is an open career and a reputation. Soon Xiao Yan joined the army with Wang Xiaozilong. After his father died and remained filial piety for three years, he immediately returned to office.

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Emperor Xiao Zhengde of Linhe of Nanliang introduced the Emperor of Nanliang

Xiao Zhengde (August 8, 548-549), the word Gonghe, is now a native of Changzhou, Jiangsu, the king of Linhe in the south, the nephew of Emperor Xiaowu of Liang Wu, and the third son of the king of Linchuan.

The son of Xiao Zhengde, Xiao Jianli, was named Prince after Xiao Zhengde became emperor; but Xiao Jianli was shot to death when he robbed merchant Jia.

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Xiao Yan accepted Xiao Zhengde as a righteous son because he had no children in his early years; however, after Xiao Yan became the emperor, Xiao Yan Feng Zhaoming Prince Xiao Tong was the prince, causing Xiao Zhengde's dissatisfaction. And Xiao Zhengde also had a long-term behavioral deviation, and his morality was very poor. He had once committed killing and overdoing goods in Jiankang. Moreover, Xiao Zhengde once went to the Northern Wei Dynasty, but returned to Nanliang because he was unwilling. Every time Xiao Zhengde's wrong behavior was obtained, Emperor Liang Wu's leniency did not receive severe punishment.

When Hou Jing launched the rebellion, Xiao Zhengde was appointed to defend Jiankang by Emperor Liang Wudi; but Xiao Zhengde colluded with Hou Jing. As a result, Xiao Zhengde sent a ship to support Hou Jing's army, and Hou Jing attacked Taicheng and surrounded Liang Wudi; Hou Jing Convenient to support Xiao Zhengde as emperor in 548, changed Yuan Zhengping first year. However, after the fall of Taicheng in 549, Xiao Zhengde was dismissed by Hou Jing as a servant and chief Sima. Xiao Zhengde also criticized Hou Jing for this reason, and secretly communicated with his cousin, Poyang King Xiao Fan, asking Xiao Fan to attack Hou Jing, and finally Hou Jing killed and killed Xiao Zhengde.

Xiao Zhengde and his sister, Princess Changle, had a personal communication, set fire to their house, tied a maiden and decorated it with gold jade. She lied to say that Princess Changle was burned to death, called Princess Changle as "Mrs. Liu" and gave birth to her second son. Another woman married Hou Jing as his wife.

Name: Xiao Zhengde

Font size: word public and

Birth and death: (548-549)

Place of Origin: South Lanling (Government Northwest of Changzhou, Jiangsu)

Family background: The royal family, the third son of Lin Hong Wang Xiaohong.

Main experience: less risky and informal. The first seal of Xifeng County Hou. Ordinary six years, with Huangmen Shi Lang as a light general, set the history. Fled to Wei soon,

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Emperor Liang Jianwen and Xiao Gang

Xiao Gang (503-551), Liang Dai writer. Emperor Liang Jianwen of the Southern Dynasty. The word Shiji. Nan Lanling (now Wujin , Jiangsu). The third son of Emperor Liang Wu. Due to the early death of his elder brother Xiao Tong, he was made Prince in three years (531) of China University of Communications. In the three years of Taiqing (549), the rebellion of Hou Jing , Emperor Liang Wu was starved to death, Xiao Gang ascended the throne, and Hou Jing was killed in the second year (551) of Dabao.

Emperor Liang Jianwen Xiao Gang, the word Shi Zan, Emperor Liang Wu Xiao Yan's third son, Prince Zhao Ming Xiao Tong and his mother and brother. He was first named King Jin'an, prince Zhaoming, and he became the prince. Jian said Emperor Jianwen and the temple was Taizong. Xiao Gang's political achievements are far less than his literary achievements. Xiao Gang has loved literature since he was a child. Because of his special identity, his aides are the mainstay around him, forming a literary group with a clear standpoint. With Xiao Gang being crown prince for three years, the group's literary influence gradually reached its peak, publicly proclaiming and advocating the famous palace literature in the history of literature, forming a fashion, affecting more than one era in the history of literature.

Xiao Gang was four-year-old King Jinan. At the age of seven, he was a general Yun Yun, who led a stone to marry the military, and set the amount of officials. This was the beginning of Xiao Gang's "poetry addiction."

(1) The formation of his "poetry addiction" and the formation of his later "palace" poems are directly related to Xu Qian and Zhang Rue, who are now at the same time.

(2) Xu Qin reads for Xiao Gang, and he "is better for the new changes, not for the old." The new body is actually palace poems.

(3) Zhang rate "the twelfth year, can belong to the text, the daily limit is a poem", and was friendly with Lu, Ren Ye, and so on, and had been praised by Shen Yue. At the beginning of the Tianjian, he was once accused of "copies copy of Book B, and caused the author to write more than twenty articles, which were drawn into hundreds of volumes ... for the harem." It can be seen that he already has the basic conditions for writing palace poetry. And there is no lack of erotic content in its poetry. He "enjoyed courtesy for ten years in the government", and his influence on Xiao Gang is also conceivable.

(4) When Xiao Gang was 11-year-old General Xuanhui and Danyang Yin, there were others who entered the curtain; when 18-year-old Nan Xu Tiaoshi and Wang Gui and others entered the curtain, Xiao Gang Literature Group began to take shape.

(5) From the ordinary four years to the two years of Zhongdatong (523 ~ 530), Xiao Gang spent seven years in the history of Yongzhou assassin. Here in the shogunate:

Liu Xiaoyi, Liu Xiaowei and others entered the curtain. Its literary group has naturally formed, and poetry creation has also become increasingly prosperous.

(6) After Xiao Gang's entry into the East Palace, literary talents became more numerous. (Xu Qin, Zhang Lei, Jiuhou Wu, Wang Gui, Liu Xiaoyi, Liu Xiaowei ...)

Xiao Gang's literary proposition was also representative at that time. He opposes both straightness and dullness and slackness ("The Book of Kings with Xiangdong"), and he puts forward that "to stand before you must be careful, and the article must be lascivious" ("The Book of Dangyang Gongxin"), It echoes the "soul swing" advocated by Xiao Yi . "Southern History of Liang Jianwen Emperor" records 100 volumes of its anthology and more than 600 volumes of other works. The surviving works were edited by Zhang Jian of the Ming Dynasty as "Liang Jianwen" and included in "Hundred and Three Collections of the Han, Wei and Six Dynasties".

In addition to literature and metaphysics, Xiao Gang's writing career is also an intensive medical practice. He is the author of three volumes of The Bathing Scriptures and ten volumes of Ruyi Fang, both of which are of equal interest. He is also more interested in the acrobatics and the five elements of Yin and Yang.

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About Liang Yuzhang and Wang Xiaodong

Xiao Dong (? -552 years), the character Yuan Ji, the third-generation emperor of the Liang Dynasty in the Southern Dynasty. History is called King Yuzhang and King Huaiyin.

King Liang Yuzhang of the Southern Dynasty

Xiao Dong is the grandson of Crown Prince Xiao Tong of Zhaoming and the son of Xiao Huan, king of Yuzhang. After the death of Xiao Tong, Emperor Liang Wu once wanted to make Xiao Huan the grandson of the emperor, but in the end he did not, and renamed Xiao Tong's third brother Liang Jianwen Emperor Xiao Gang as the prince.

In 551, after Hou Jingfei abolished Jian Wendi, he established Xiao Dong as emperor and changed to Yuanzheng Zheng; four months later, Hou Jingfei abolished Xiao Dong as the Huaiyin king and established himself as the Han emperor. In the back room. After Emperor Liang Yuandi regained the construction industry, Xiao Dong and his younger brother escaped from the back room, but were later sent to death by Emperor Liang Yuandi.

Personal Profile of King Liang Yuzhang of the Southern Dynasty

Name: Xiao Dong

Born: Unknown

Died: March 552 AD

Cause of death: killed

Emperor's working age: 4 months

Reign: August-November 551

Year: Tianzheng

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Conclusion

The Northern and Southern Dynasties (420 AD-589 AD) was a period of secession in Chinese history. It began when Liu Yu usurped the Eastern Jin Dynasty and established the Southern Song Dynasty in 420 AD, and ended in the Sui Dynasty in 589 AD. During this period, it inherited the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Five Huhus, and the Sixteen Kingdoms, followed by the Sui Dynasty. Although the northern and southern powers each had different dynasties, they continued to face each other for a long time. The Southern Dynasty (420 AD-589 AD) included the Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen dynasties; the Northern Dynasty (439 AD-589 AD) included the Northern Wei, Eastern Wei, Western Wei, Northern Qi, and Northern Friday Dynasties.

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