The Qin Dynasty was an extremely important dynasty in Chinese history. It was a united power developed by the Qin Kingdom in the late Warring States period. It ended the situation of division and division for 500 years since the Spring and Autumn Period and became the first unified, Multi-ethnic, centralized state. From Qin Shihuang to Qin Prince Ying, there are three emperors, who enjoyed the country for fifteen years. From 230 BC to 221 BC, Qin Shihuang's eunuchs successively destroyed six Kanto countries, completed national reunification, then attacked the Huns in the north and served more than 100 in the south. It pioneered the emperor system, the central government system represented by the San Gong Jiu Qing, and the county system. It completely broke the Shi Qing Shi Lu system since the Western Zhou Dynasty, safeguarded the unity of the country, and strengthened the central government's control over the locality. Lay the foundation of China's unification dynasty, so it is said that "Hundred generations still have Qin politics and law." However, the tyranny of the Qin Dynasty also caused class conflicts and social unrest, leading to the first large-scale peasant uprising in Chinese history. In 206 years ago, Qin Prince Ying surrendered to Liu Bang. In just 15 years, the Qin Dynasty went extinct.
Emperor Qin Shizheng (259 BC-210 BC), with a surname of Zhao, was also called Zhao Zheng. The Han nationality (then called "Hua Xia") was born in Handan, the capital of Zhao State. A well-known politician, reformer, and strategist in Chinese history, the first founding emperor of the Qin Dynasty to complete the unification of China, the son of King Qinzhuang Xiang , thirteen years old is the throne, and 39 years old is called the emperor, reigning for 37 years. Emperor Qin Shihuang established the emperor system, the central government implemented three public and nine secrets, the local abolition of the sub-sealing system, replacing the county and county system, unified words and weights and measures, hit the Huns in the north, conquer Baiyue in the south, and build the Great Wall . It has pushed China into the era of great unification, created a new situation for the establishment of an authoritarian centralization system, had a profound impact on the history of China and the world, and laid the basic structure of China's political system for more than two thousand years. He was hailed as "Eternal Emperor" by Ming Dynasty thinker Li Zhi.
Emperor Qin Shi, who was named Mingzheng (before 259-210), was the son of King Qin Zhuang Xiang. After the death of King Zhuang Xiang, he succeeded the throne of the Qin Dynasty, destroyed six kingdoms, and unified China. He was called the founding emperor and was the founding emperor of the Qin Dynasty. In the throne for 25 years, in the throne for 12 years, died of illness, 49 years old. Burial in Yiyi (now 25 kilometers northeast of Lintong County, Shaanxi Province).
Emperor Qin Shihuang, Xun's surname, Mingzheng. Born in Zhao Guo, also known as Zhao Zheng, the son of King Qinzhuang Xiang (the other is said to be the son of Lu Buwei ). In 246 BC, the 13-year-old Xun Zheng inherited the throne of Qin and was ruled by his male counterpart Lu Buwei and his male counterpart Xuan Xuan. Pro-government in 238 BC, he took the opportunity to go out, and sent troops to rebellion. He crushed the rebellion, killed the poison, and hid the queen mother in one fell swoop. The next year, Lu Buwei was dismissed, and then Lu Buwei was forced to kill, and appointed Wei Liao, Li Si and others.
Since then, Zheng Zheng has inherited a series of policies since Qin Xiaogong reformed and rewarded farming wars. Then, Zheng Zheng adopted the strategy of Li Si and others to buy the power and ministers of the six countries in the Kanto region with a large amount of money. They separated from their monarch and ministerial relations and made close-off offenses. During the 10 years from 230 BC to 221 BC, they successively destroyed South Korea, Wei, Chu, The six kingdoms of Yan, Zhao, and Qi ended the centuries-old secession and chaos that have taken place since the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, and created the first unified feudal centralized state in Chinese history.
After unifying the world, he created the title of "Emperor", proclaimed himself Emperor, announced that his descendants would be called II, III, and even generations, and imagined that the rule of the Qin dynasty could continue for generations; all the government affairs of the country are decided by the emperor, the central and local The important officials were appointed and removed by the emperor and implemented a system of three public and nine secrets in the central government. Subsequently, Qin Shihuang abolished the divisional system from the Shang and Zhou dynasties, implemented a county system, and based on Qin's original legal order, absorbed certain provisions of the laws of the six countries, and formulated and enacted unified laws. The rich and nobles of the former six kingdoms were relocated to Guanzhong and Bashu to prevent their split restoration activities.
Qin II Hu Hai (230 BC-207 BC), the eighteenth son of Emperor Qin Shi , the brother of Fu Su , the second emperor of the Qin Dynasty , 210 BC-207 BC. Since childhood, Zhao Gao has been taught by the CRRC to learn jail law. Emperor Qin Shihuang traveled to the south and died on the dune palace platform. He was not mourned. With the help of Zhao Gao and Li Si , he forced Fusu to death, and then killed more than 20 brothers and sisters, thus becoming the emperor of the Qin Dynasty.
Qin II (230 BC-207 BC), surname Xi, Hu Hai, the eighteenth son of Emperor Qin Shihuang, the brother of Yingfusu, the second emperor of the Qin Dynasty, 210 BC-207 BC . From an early age, he ordered Zhao Gao to learn jail law from CRRC. When Qin Shihuang traveled to the south, he died of the dune palace platform and did not die. With the help of Zhao Gao and Li Si, Hu Hai forced his elder brother to win Fusu, and then killed more than 20 brothers and sisters. Emperor II of the Qin Dynasty.
After Qin II came to power, Zhao Gao took power. All the sons of the first queen were ordered to die, and all the artisans were sealed in the tomb of Laoshan during the burial of the first emperor. 50,000 seasoners were recruited to guard Xianyang and instructed to shoot dogs, horses and animals. The tyranny of the Qin Dynasty provoked the uprising of Chen Sheng and Wu Guang in the first 209 years. Left Prime Minister Li Si and Right Prime Minister Feng Quji, and General Feng Jie wrote to stop building the Afang Palace and reduce various taxes and miscellaneous donations.
The second generation listened to Zhao Gao's words and killed Li Si, forcing Feng Quji and Feng Jie to commit suicide. In July of the 2nd year, Zhang Han and Wang Li surrendered to Xiang Yu , Liu Bang captured Wuguan, and Zhao Gao was terrified. In 207 BC, Zhao Gao and his son-in-law Xianyang ordered Yan Le to conspiracy, forcing II to commit suicide in Wangyi Palace. Before dying, II said that he only wanted to be a householder, but Yan Le was not allowed to commit suicide. He died at the age of 24. Zhao Gao buried Hu Hai as a civilian.
The tomb is very simple. The cemetery is on the platform of the southern edge of Qujiangchi Village, Qujiang Town, Yanta District, Xi'an, which is called Hu Hai Tomb.
Ziying's life is inconclusive. He was the third emperor of the Qin Empire and the last ruler of the Qin Dynasty. Initially called the emperor, later changed to "Qin King", 46 days of reign, historically known as " Qin Prince infant ".
Soon after, Ziying advised Zhao Gao to abandon the Emperor and call it King Qin.
Five days after the infant was enthroned, Zhao Gao attempted to attract the rebels to Xianyang and promised to kill all the Qin Dynasty clan. After learning, the infant first killed him and killed Zhao Gao's family.
More than forty days later, Liu Bang first entered Guanzhong, and when he arrived on the urn, he persuaded the child to surrender, and obtained the child's consent. Ziying tied himself with a rope, and brought the emperor's jade seals and soldiers, etc. to Liu Bangjun to surrender in person. Qin Chao officially ended at the moment the child surrendered. Liu Bang did not execute the child, but handed him over to the accompanying officials. Soon, Xiang Yu also led the army to Guanzhong. Liu Bang retreated due to his inability to fight. After Xiang Yu entered Xianyang City, he immediately killed the infants and carried out the massacre.
Stand as king
After the death of Emperor Qin Shihuang , Qin II Hu Hai ascended the throne. The second generation adored Zhao Gao, gave Fusu death, and killed a number of former ministers, including Meng Tian and Li Si . When Qin II was about to harm Meng Tian, Ziying once dissuaded the second and said, "Zhao Wangqian killed Li Mu and appointed Yan Ju, Qi Wangjian killed his former loyal ministers and won the appointment. As a result, the country was destroyed. Mongolia Shi, is the minister and counsellor of the Qin Kingdom! And your Majesty, if you want to kill them for a while, the minister thinks it is not appropriate. Killing the loyal ministers and using people without virtue is to distrust each other in the court, and Lose the will of the soldiers outside! "But Qin II did not obey his words. Qin II was reigned for three years and was killed by Zhao Gao. Zhao Gao wanted to become a king himself, but found that the ministers did not support it, so he welcomed the first emperor's grandson, the emperor, and gave him the Yuxi. Shortly afterwards, Zhao Gao claimed that the civil revolution was taking place and that Qin Di was smaller than before the reunification. He suggested that Zi Ying be the king instead of the emperor.
In the first 221 years, he won the political unification and unified the whole country. The Qin Empire (221 BC-206 BC) was an extremely important dynasty in Chinese history. It was a united power developed by the Qin Kingdom in the late Warring States Period. It ended the situation of division and secession for 500 years since the Spring and Autumn Period. It became the first unified, multi-ethnic, centralized country in Chinese history. From Qin Shihuang to Qin Prince Ying, three emperors have been passed down for 15 years, which is the shortest-lived dynasty in Chinese history.