The Qing Dynasty (1636-1911, when it was said to have been established in 1616 and a national government since 1644), also known as the Qing Dynasty, referred to as the Qing Dynasty, was the last feudal dynasty in Chinese history, and it was also the second by a minority in Chinese history. The nation (Manchu) established and ruled the feudal dynasty throughout the country. The Qing Dynasty went through 12 emperors and ruled the country for 268 years. The ten emperors after entering the customs were Shunzhi, Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang, Xianfeng, Tongzhi, Guangxu, and Xuantong. As the last page of China's long feudal society, in the long period of more than two hundred years, the Qing Dynasty not only made great contributions to the Chinese nation beyond its predecessors, but also left the Chinese nation with a great deal of failure and humiliation. recording. For more than two hundred years, from Nurhachi to Puyi, twelve emperors have ruled this puppet country. Whether it is a generation of Emperor Kangxi or the short-lived emperor Tongzhi, it has a significant influence on it. This topic introduces the history of the emperors of the Qing Dynasty.
Guide : Qing ancestor Ai Xinjueluo Nurhachi (1559.2.21-1626.9.30), the founder of the Qing Dynasty, fluent in Mandarin and Chinese, read the Romance of the Three Kingdoms , and included it in the military must read. At the age of twenty-five, he joined forces to unify the Jurchen ministry, pacified the eastern part of Guandong, and forty-four years of the Ming Dynasty Emperor Wanli. After the founding of the Jin Dynasty, it was separated from Liaodong and built the fate of the Yuan. After the battle of Sarr, he moved his capital to Shenyang. After that, it swept east Liaoning and captured more than 70 cities in the Liao Dynasty in Liao Dynasty . In 1626, the battle of Ningyuan City was defeated. In April of the same year, Nurhachi again led an army and conquered Kalkha, Mongolia. In mid-July, Nurhachi died of toxemia and died shortly afterwards in Fuling, Shenyang. After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty , it was honored as the Qing ancestor, and the nickname: Cheng Tianguang Yun Shengde Divine Work Zhao Ji Li Ji Ren Xiao Rui Wu Duan Yi Qin An Hongwen Ding Gao Emperor .
How many wives does Nurhaci have? It is unclear, from the literature, that he has sixteen wives, and "The History of the Qing Dynasty · Concubine Biography" says there are fourteen wives. We checked, in fact, according to the records in the literature, he has sixteen wives, and these sixteen women, five closely related to the court struggle:
First, Tong Jia's name is Haha Nazaqing. Wu Jiashi is the original husband and wife of Nurhachi, Wu Jiahe is the hair-striking wife of Nurhachi, and Nurhachi is 19 years old. He married Wu Jiashi at this time, five years in Wanli, 1577. After marriage, she gave birth to a daughter named Dong Guogege , and later married He Heli, one of the five founding ministers, and then gave birth to her eldest son, Chu Ying , and then gave birth to a second son, Dai Shan . The birth time of Dai Shan was Wanli 11 years, 1583, 3 years younger than his elder brother. Wu Jiashi himself was not involved in the court struggle, but his two sons were fully involved in the court struggle, because Wu Jiashi died early, and there was no clear record of which year he died, it is estimated that it was shortly after the birth of Dai Shan Just went.
Second, Fucha's , the name Dai generation. Fucha was originally married, and his cousin who married Nurhachi was Wei Jun. Three sons were born, one was Alan Taizhu, the second was Chong Shan, and the third was Onra, and after the third son was born, Wei Zhun died, so Fucha's married Nurhachi. When did you marry? There is no clear record, but there is one, when Fucha ’s son gave birth to his third son, it was thirteen years in Wanli. After marrying Nurhachi, he gave birth to a son called Manggurtai, which was fifteen years in Wanli, so It is inferred that she may have married Nurhachi in the fourteenth year of Wanli. All official books of the Qing Dynasty were secretly kept secret. After Fucha's marriage to Nurhachi, he gave birth to two sons, one called Mangultai, one called Dege, and a daughter called Mangguzig, which was involved in the court battle. Therefore, the Fucha family had five sons and one daughter in total and two sons and one daughter with Nurhachi.
Third, Yehenala's name is Meng Guzhe . There is a story in Yehenara's story, and Nurhachi was killed some time before he started. When he was killed, he fled to Ye Hebei. Belle Yebei told Yang Jisao to watch Nurhachi as an extraordinary person. He valued him and said that I have a small daughter who can grow up and marry you. Nurhachi said, why do n’t you have an older daughter who marries me and why you marry this little daughter? He said I told you that my little daughter is very good and looks good. I grew her up After marrying you, Nurhachi agreed, and then Yang Jiyu sent someone to return Nurhachi to his hometown. This Yang Jiyan was later killed by the chief of the Liaodong army in the Ming Dynasty called Li Chengliang and called the "city circle meter" to kill him, which was to induce him to trade. After entering the city, the doors were closed. Yang Ji killed. After Yang Jiechi was killed, his son was named Nalimbulu. Nalimbulu and Jianzhou had always had a feud against each other. what is the reason? It was that there were nine coalition forces fighting to build a state. As a result, the nine coalition forces were defeated. His leader was Bu Zhai, and the amount of Jianzhou was also killed. Some books record that after the killing, he split the Yehe Belle into two halves, leaving half in Jianzhou and staying in Nurhachi, and you can pull back to Yehe in that half, so Jianzhou and Yehe formed from this Do not share the hatred of heaven. Yang Jizhen died, and his son Nalimbulu gave his sister to Nurhachi to marry. This year, Meng Guzhe Zhe was 14 years old. After marrying to Wanli for 20 years, he gave birth to a son in 1592. This son It's Huang Taiji . After another ten years, when Emperor Taiji was 10 years old, Yehenala was very ill and wanted to see her mother. Nurhachi sent someone to tell Nalimbul to say that she wanted to see her mother. Yehebeile disagrees. Because the two books had a common hatred, Yehenala's life passed away with grief. Yehenara herself was not involved in this court battle, but her son became one of the core figures in this court battle.
This article will introduce the entanglement between Emperor Taiji and Doleji, Empress of Emperor Taiji, Emperor of Emperor Taiji, Love between Emperor Taiji and Hai Lanzhu , Brothers of Emperor Taiji, and Tomb of Emperor Taiji.
Qing Taizong Emperor Taiji Characters
Emperor Taizong of Emperor Taizong of the Qing Dynasty, loved the new Roche. Twenty years of the Wanli period of the Ming dynasty (Renchen, 1592 AD) was born on October 25th in the lunar calendar in Hetuala (now the Old City of Xinbin County, Liaoning Province). The eighth son of the Qing ancestor Nurhachi, the mother filial piety Empress Yehenala. Emperor Taiji was named Heshuo Beller in the first year of Emperor Jin Tianming (1616 AD), ranking fourth among the four Belle by age. In the eleventh year of Destiny (1626), on the first day of September in the lunar calendar, three other Baylors were recommended to carry the sweat in Shenyang.
Following his succession, Huang Taiji followed the historical development trend and promoted the feudalization of the post-Golden regime. He sent people to measure the land, to "make room for everywhere", and distributed it to the private households for farming. It changed the original Zhuang Ding from every 13 Zhuang Ding to a Zhuang Ding from every 8 Zhuang Ding. "The rest of the Han people were separated from each other and made into private households." And ordered the Zhuang Ding to be edited and liberated some slaves as editors. These measures have restricted the privileges of the Manchu aristocracy to a certain extent and are conducive to the development of agricultural production. He tried hard to learn Chinese culture and ordered Confucian officials to translate Chinese characters books.
After the sixth year of Jin Tiancong (AD 1632) in the lunar calendar, he abolished the "sit south with the three Belles," and replaced the old system of government and politics with his own "sit south." Then it looked for opportunities to eliminate the differences, eliminated the three major Baylor forces that threatened the sweat position, and consolidated the right to sweat. Imitating the Ming system, there are three internal courts, six departments, "Stop King Beller's leadership of the Ministry", the sole government affairs. There are also the Ducaoyuan and Lifanyuan to establish a relatively complete set of state institutions. Centralized the right to sweat and strengthened autocratic rule.
In order to expand the army, the Eight Banners of the Han Army and the Eight Banners of Mongolia were created. Order people to add dots on the basis of the old Manchu to transform the old Manchu into the new Manchu. In order to connect Mongolia and Tibet, Lamaism is vigorously promoted and promoted.
He was determined to inherit his father's will, and to take over the Central Plains to replace the Ming rule. When the state was not solidified after the throne, on the one hand, he adopted a conciliation strategy with the Ming court, and repeatedly entered the customs, plundering a large number of people, animals, and property in Han Dynasty.
In order to relieve the worries, two troops were dispatched to North Korea to unify Mongolia and Heilongjiang. After consolidating internal rule and basically eliminating threats from North Korea and Inner Mongolia, in the tenth year of Jin Tiancong (1636 AD), in the lunar calendar in May, he was named emperor, the country was named "Daqing", he changed to Yuan Chongde, and he changed his race The famous Jurchen is Manchuria. Later, the main force was used for the war against the Ming Dynasty. During the five years of Chongde (1640 AD), he commanded the Qing army to obtain the victory of Songjin and wiped out more than 50,000 people in the Ming army. After surrendering to Songshan and Jinzhou, the Qing army occupied all cities and towns in the Ming Dynasty except Ningyuan. In the seven years of Chongde (AD 1642), he again sent troops into the customs, breaking even more than 80 cities in Shandong.
Introduction : Brief introduction of Emperor Shunzhi Aixinjueluo Fulin (1638—1661), Qing Shizu, the third emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and also the first emperor after the Qing Dynasty entered the Qing Dynasty, Manchu was the Qing Taizong Aixinjueluo · The ninth son of Huang Taiji . Chongde was born at three o'clock on the 30th day of the first month of the fifth month of Chongde (seven to nine o'clock in the evening), and the mother was Borzigit, Empress Xiaozhuang. Chinese tiger, eighteen years of his reign (1643-1661), his posthumous name is: the body of the dragon, the ruling, the establishment of the pole, the British rui, Qin Wenxian, Wu Dade, Honggong to Emperor Xiaozhang, the tomb of Xiaoling (Hebei Zun Eastern Tomb of Huaxian County), the ancestor of the temple.
Emperor Shunzhi of the Qing Dynasty: the first emperor of China after entering the Qing Dynasty
Shunzhi 谥: Emperor Tianlong's Reunification and Establishment of the Great Emperor Ruiqin Wenxian Wu Dade Honggong Zhi Renchun Xiaozhang Emperor
Name: Ai Xinjue Luo Fulin (1638—1661)
Temple: Shizu, the Qing ancestor
Shunzhi's biological father: Huang Taiji's ninth son
The birth mother of Shunzhi: Empress Xiaozhuang: Empress Borziget Bombutai (that is, Emperor Xiaozhuang Ren Xuanchengxian Gongxun to Dechun Huixian Empress Tianqi Saint Wen).
Queen of Shunzhi
After the abolition: Borzigit's Meng Guqing (abolished in Shunzhi for ten years and reduced to Jingfei) has no children.
Emperor Xiaokang Zhang: Jiujia's Nian Jin (that is, Emperor Xiaokang and Zhuang Xuan to thank Wen Mu Duanjing, Chong Tianyu, and Saint Emperor Zhang) gave birth to the third son of Aixinjueluo.
Xuan Zang, later Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty.
Emperor Xiaoxian respects the queen: Dong E's Wuyunzhu (that is, Xiaoxianzhuang and Zhide Xuanren Wen Hui Duan respects the queen)
Born with the fourth son of the emperor, he died in just three months. He was not named and pursued Prince Rong.
Zhen Fei: Dong E's is like (later named after Emperor Kao Ning's concubine) having a son, that is, the second son of the emperor Aixinjue Luo Fuquan (Prince Yuxian).
Shu Huifei: Borzigit's Ronggui (the posthumous emperor is Emperor Kao Shuhui Concubine), Emperor Xiaohuizhang's younger sister, and no children.
Guide : Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, Aixinjueluo Xuanzang (1654--1722), the third son of Emperor Shunzhi , and the second emperor after entering the Qing Dynasty. He calmed down the San Francisco rebellion, regained Taiwan, expelled the Tsarist forces, and calmed the unrest in Mongolia and Tibet, strengthening the stability and unification of the multi-ethnic country. In terms of economic and cultural construction, Kangxi also achieved significant achievements that had a positive impact on future generations, and created the last prosperous period of China's feudal society, the prosperous era of Kangqian.
A mausoleum contains one emperor, four queens, forty-eight concubines and one prince. Such a burial specification is unique in Chinese history. This is the Emperor Kangxi 's Jingling.
Emperor Kangxi reigned for 61 years and was buried in the Eastern Tombs of the Qing Dynasty, today Zunhua County, Hebei Province. In the Eastern Tombs of the Qing Dynasty, there are the Tomb of Emperor Shunzhi, Tomb of Xiaozhuang, Yuling of Emperor Qianlong , Dingling of Emperor Xianfeng , and Huiling of Emperor Tongzhi . The tomb of Emperor Kangxi is Jingling.
From the air, Jingling is semi-circular as a whole, with the higher status being in the middle and the lower status being in the back. In Jingling Di Palace, besides Emperor Kangxi, there are also Emperor Xiaochengren, Emperor Xiaozhaoren , Emperor Xiaoyinren , Empress Xiaogongren, and Emperor Jingmin. Forty-eight concubines and emperor's eighteen sons-in-law of Kangxi are buried in the tomb of Jingling Concubine. Among the forty-eight concubines, one was a concubine, that is, Wen Concubine; eleven were concubines, namely concubine Hui, Hui consort , Yi concubine , concubine concubine , concubine concubine, concubine concubine , concubine concubine, concubine concubine, pure concubine Fei Yuqin and Ding Fei; 8 people, 10 nobles, often 9 people, promised 9 people. Emperor Jingmin was originally buried with the concubines and later moved to the Jinglingdi Palace. In the middle of the bed of Jingling Feiyuan is the concubine Wen Ye, and in Jingling Shuangfeiyuan, the concubines of Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Huiyi of Emperor Kangxi have raised Qianlong.
Prior to Emperor Kangxi, in the need of political marriage, the emperors of the Qing Dynasty were mostly Mongolian princesses. During the Kangxi period, the political situation changed. Abyss worshipped the tyrants and formed the party for private business, while Sony has been stable and capable through three dynasties. Under the auspices of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, the queen's laurel was finally moved from the hands of the women of the Khorqin Borzigit family in Mongolia to Hershey's head, and Sony's granddaughter became the queen of Kangxi. This is also a complete political marriage.
In 1665, Emperor Kangxi, 12, and Hershey, 13, held a grand wedding ceremony. Although it is a political marriage, the emperor and the queen are similar in age. Aobai controls the government and has a lot of disrespect to the emperor. The depressed environment promotes the emperor and queen's affection. Soon after the marriage, Kangxi and Queen Herschel had a son, but the child died after only four years of life.
Introduction : Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Aixinjueluo 觉 (1678-1735), the fourth son of Emperor Kangxi , and the third emperor after the Qing Dynasty. 13 years in office. He slashed the opposition forces that impeded the imperial power, effectively improved government administration, increased the revenue of the treasury, and laid a solid foundation for the prosperity of the Qianlong society.
Emperor Yongzheng left two major suspects to the world in his lifetime, one is the case of the succession of Yongzheng, and the other is the case of the death of Yongzheng. How did Yongzheng die? What is the cause of Yongzheng's death? In addition, due to the broadcast of Zhen Zhuan's biography, people have another question: Who is the Empress of Yongzheng and how many emperors in Yongzheng history? Does the Emperor Yongzheng's Pure Yuan really exist?
How did Yongzheng die? What is the cause of Yongzheng's death?
The first argument was that Yongzheng was beheaded by Lu Siniang . At this time, there was a case of a criminal prison named Lu Liuliang, and Lu Liuliang was severely punished. But it is said that his daughter, some people said it was his granddaughter, Lu Siniang was caught off the net and ran away without being killed. This Lu Siniang worshipped the teacher to learn the art and martial arts high strength. Later, she disguised herself in the palace and saw a chance to bring Yongzheng Cut off her head and take revenge for her father or her grandfather. This legend is very vivid, that is why Yongzheng lost his head without a head. It is said that a golden head was put on the table, and it was buried in Yongzheng's Tailing. After many experts researched, it was considered that Yong was killed by Lu Si Niang. This possibility is not very high, because at the time when the door was cut and cut, it was very strict. Lu Liuliang's daughter could not escape, and took a step back and said that even if she ran away, It is impossible to mix in the palace, and even if it is mixed in the palace, she has no chance to kill Yongzheng. So this is just a very lively and interesting story made by a wild history novel here.
The second statement is also very bizarre, that is, the author of "A Dream of Red Mansions ", Cao Xueqin, has a lover, Zhu Xiangyu, who is very beautiful, can sing and dance, and was watched by Yongzheng. Yongzheng received her in the palace. He took Cao Xueqin's love, so Cao Xueqin contacted Zhu Xiangyu through secret methods. Although Zhu Xiangyu was in the palace, he still thought about Cao Xueqin, so when he saw an opportunity, he murdered Yongzheng. This is also the words of wild history novels, which have no historical basis and cannot be believed.
The third one is a book called "Cluster of Brahma". This book says that Yong was strangled by a maid, but it was almost alive and he was rescued. I think this story belongs to the transfer of flowers and flowers. There was such a story in the Ming Dynasty. In the 21st year of Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty, the emperor Jiajing was very irritable to the palace girl. Because Jiajing took alchemy medicine, he was sometimes irritable and often flogged the maid. There was a palace girl named Yang Jinying, and one night, while the Emperor Jiajing was asleep, she used a yellow silk to stretch Jiajing's neck. Because she was particularly nervous, she had a knot in the panic. She thought she was strangled, and the other court woman involved was scared. She told the queen about it quickly. When the queen hurriedly came, Jiajing was out of breath. The queen hurriedly ordered to pass on the royal doctor. The royal doctor was called Xu Shen. After coming here, she felt that the problem was serious. She took a quick medicine to cure it. After four hours, Jiajing had a little voice and took a breath. Then, the history book recorded: "Jiajing spit purple blood a few liters", and then after a period of conditioning, he rescued Jiajing, of course, Yang Jinying was killed. This thing is true, history has a record. It is said that when Emperor Jiajing slept at night, this room had 397 beds. Others did not know which bed he was sleeping on. Later, I asked the gentleman of the Forbidden City , and I said that I hadn't found out whether his bed was 27 or not. He said that it was impossible to test because it was a matter of the Ming Dynasty and the pattern of the Qing Dynasty had changed. Jiajing was once frustrated by the palace maid and was rescued later. This is a historical fact. I have read the "Actual Record of the Li Dynasty" in North Korea. The envoys of the DPRK came to the Ming Dynasty and made a very detailed record of this matter. The story we just told was to move the Ming Dynasty story to Yongzheng, which may be the late Qing Dynasty In the early years, out of the need of anti-manchu, he made up such a very lively and interesting story. But it can be solemnly stated that this is not a historical fact.
Introduction : Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Emperor Qianlong Aixinjueluo Hongli (1711-1799), the fourth son of Emperor Yongzheng , and the fourth emperor after the Qing Dynasty entered the customs. He pushed the prosperous age of Kanggan in the Qing Dynasty to the top, and also brought it to the trough with his own hands. He was an important emperor who influenced the historical process of China after the 18th century.
Because the emperor Qianlong reigned for a long time, there were forty-one concubines around him in his life, including: three queens, five imperial concubines, five concubines, six concubines, six concubines, twelve nobles, four Bits are always there.
Emperor Qianlong had three queens:
The first is the original
Fucha's (1712-1748), Manchurian inlaid with yellow flag, Chahar's daughter Li Rongbao, born in Kangxi on February 12th, 51 (Lunar calendar, the same below). Prince Bao Xuan Fujin, at the age of sixteen (virtual age, the same below). In the sixth year of Yongzheng, the eldest daughter of the emperor was born in October, and the second son of the emperor was born in eight years; on the 24th of May, nine daughters of the emperor Gulun and Jingjing were born. In the eleventh year of Qianlong, the emperor gave birth to the seventh son of the emperor. In the second year of Qianlong, Emperor Fucha was established as the queen by the Golden Book and the Golden Book, at the age of 26. The queen is frugal, and the crown is decorated with grass and velvet flowers on weekdays. But the eldest daughter of the emperor, Yongzheng, and Yongzheng each died, and the queen was very sad. On March 11th of the 13th year of Qianlong, she died in Texas during her southern tour, at the age of 37. The nickname was: Xiaoxian Chengzheng Mu Renhui Hui Gongkang Shunfu Tianchang Holy Queen, buried in Yuling.
The second one is after the tragedy.
Abandoned Queen Uranaras
Wulanala (1718-1766), a man from Zhengzhou Banner of Manchuria, and daughter of Naerb, was born on the tenth day of February 57th in Kangxi. Before Qianlong ascended the throne, he was blessed with Jin Dynasty, and was personally given by Emperor Yongzheng. Qianlong's second year book was "Xian Fei", when he was 20 years old. The November album for ten years is a concubine. After the death of Empress Xiaoxian, she became the new Queen under the auspices of the Queen Mother. In the 17th year of Qianlong, Nara gave birth to the twelve sons of the emperor Yongji, the eighteenth son of the fifth daughter, and the thirteenth son of the emperor Yongjing. After Qianlong's middle age, life became increasingly obscene, the queen fell out of favor, and the emperor's feelings gradually weakened. Thirty years (1766) during the southern tour finally broke down, Ulanar's hair was cut angrily, violated the national taboo, and was beaten into the cold palace. The harem was managed by the imperial concubine Wei Jia. He died on the 14th of the following year, aged 49. It was buried in the tomb of the emperor concubine of Yuling Princess Garden.
Guide : Emperor Jiaqing , the fifteenth son of Emperor Gaozong Hongli. Born in the twenty-five years of Qianlong (1760), he was named Prince Jia in the fifty-fourth year. Qianlong reigned for sixty years and changed to Jiaqing in the Yuan Dynasty. He reigned for 25 years. He died at the age of 61 in the 25th year of Jiaqing (1820). Temple name "Renzong".
Emperor Jiaqing was a conscientious monarch who worked diligently. A series of policies and measures adopted by him after his administration have played a certain role in changing the various malpractices in the late Qianlong period, but they did not and could not fundamentally reverse the decline and decline of the Qing Dynasty. For Jiaqing Emperor personally, he has never been able to prescribe a cure for the increasingly severe corruption and laziness. He can only warn and intimidate a large number of bureaucrats who "save the corpses", and in the end, nothing will happen. He had a certain understanding of the aggression of Western colonialists, but for an ancient and weakening feudal country, it was impossible to effectively deal with foreign aggressors, and he could only slide down the path of decline.
The concubine's canonization after Jiaqing ascended the throne:
"On the orders of the Emperor , I sent Wang Jie of Dongge University as the ambassador, and Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Ritual, Duo Yongwu as the ambassador, holding the booklet of the festival, and set the concubine Xita La as the queen"; For the ambassador, the right minister of the Ministry of Rites, Zhou Xingyi, the deputy envoy, holding the booklet of the festival, and the side concubine button Lulu as the concubine "; The seal was printed, and Liu Jiashi was concubined as concubine ";" The left servant Lang Tiebao of the Ministry of Rite and Mercy was the ambassador, the cabinet bachelor Nayan became the deputy envoy, holding the festival seal and sealed Hou Jiashi as the concubine "; at this time, Gage Shen Jiashi, who was the prince of Jiaqing, has died.
Emperor Xiaohe Rui Niu Lulu was the second queen of Jiaqing, and her father Christine Allah served as a ceremony minister in the Qianlong Dynasty. Prior to Jiaqing's ascension to the throne, Niu Lu's family was Jiaqing's side chamber Fujin, ranking second only to Fufu Jinxita La's. In the fifty-eighth year of Qianlong (1793 AD), the seventh daughter of the emperor was born in June, and died at the age of three. Sixty years of Qianlong (1795 AD), the third son of Emperor Miankai was born in June. Later, in the tenth year of Jiaqing (AD 1805), he gave birth to the fourth son of Mian Xin. After the throne, "On the orders of the Supreme Emperor, Shang Shu Deming of the Ministry of Ritual as the ambassador, and Zhou Xingyi, the right servant of the Ministry of Ritual, as the deputy envoy, ate the festival book, and sealed the side concubine button Lulu as a concubine." Jiaqing two years After the death of Empress Xita Lac, Emperor Qianlong and Jiaqing personally intended to be succeeded by Niu Lulu. Hundred days later, Emperor Qianlong's Emperor Qianlong booked Lulu as the emperor's concubine, and published a message saying: "The queen passed away unfortunately, and I mourn it. It is now more than a hundred days. The province's daughter-in-law is absent, and her heart is also unpleasant. Today, the concubine button Lulu, that is, the former concubine chose, and gave the emperor a side room Fujin, who is dignified and can lead. The forthcoming concubine button Lulu The book was sealed as the emperor's concubine, who set an example for the court, and bowed with filial piety, and the emperor relied on the blessings of the emperor, and became the rule of the rule. Twenty-seven months later, the ceremony of registering the queen was held. Later, in the four years of Jiaqing (1799 AD), the death of Qianlong, a nationwide mourning, the postponement ceremony was postponed to three years of release, that is, the six years of Jiaqing (1801 AD). At the same time, the name of Ying Jia's throat was Hua Fei , Chun Jia's Dong Jia's was Chun Jia, and Chun Gui's Wang Jia was Ji Lu.
Introduction : Emperor Daoguang of the Qing Dynasty -Emperor Daoguang (1782 ~ 1850), Aixinjueluo Suining, formerly known as Mianning, the eighth emperor of the Qing Dynasty (counting from Nurhachi), reigned from 1820-1850, during the reign The decline of the Qing dynasty, he made some efforts to save the Qing dynasty, such as rectifying officials, rectifying salt administration, shipping seas, pacifying the Zhanger rebellion, banning opium, which played a positive role; he was frugal and diligent in government affairs, However, as an emperor, his qualifications were not high, and social malpractice was difficult to return. The Qing dynasty further declined during the reign of Emperor Daoguang, and the gap between the Qing dynasty and the West also widened. In 1842, the Qing dynasty failed in the Opium War and signed the " Nanjing for Bereavement and Disgrace." The Treaty , Daoguang Emperor Gou'an tortured him for the next ten years. He passed and passed without any measures to learn from the West and revitalize the dynasty. In the thirty years of Daoguang (1850), he collapsed in Yuanmingyuan and was 69 years old. The temple was named Xuanzong, and "Efficacy of the Tianfu Yunli Zhongzhong was up to Wensheng Wuzhiyong, kind, thrifty, and diligent, Xiaomin became emperor."
Daoguang's Four Queens
The first queen, Xiao Mu became the queen:
Emperor Xiaomu Cheng (1781-1808), Niu Lulu, Shangbu Shu, first-class son Buyanda. Emperor Xuanzong Daoguang was the emperor, and in the first year of Jiaqing , Emperor Renzong Jiaqing enshrined it as Fu Jin. He died at noon on the thirteenth year of the first month of the year, without a son. After Emperor Daoguang came to the throne, he pursued the title of Empress Xiaomu .
The second queen, Xiao Shen became the queen :
Emperor Xiaoshen became the empress (1790-1833) Ji Jia, Emperor Daoguang. Third class Cheng Engong Shuming Ah daughter. When Emperor Daoguang was the emperor, the Fu-Jin Niu Co-lu family (namely Empress Xiao Mucheng) died in the 13th year of Jiaqing. Afterwards, the Emperor Jiaqing sealed the Jia-Jia as successor to Fu Jin. In the eighteenth year of Jiaqing (1813), the eldest daughter of Emperor Daoguang, Duan Mercuron, was born on the second day of October, and the princess died early. After Emperor Daoguang came to power, Wu Jiashi was appointed Queen. Daoguang had died in April of the thirteenth year, collapsed, and said that Emperor Xiaoshen was buried in Longquan, Dongling.
The third queen, Xiaoquan became the queen :
Emperor Xiaoquan Cheng (1808-1840) Niu Lulu, second-class guard, hereditary second-class male, gifted first-class Chengenhou, and third-class Chengengong young daughter. In the thirteenth year of Jiaqing (1808), Emperor Xiaoquan became the 28th birthday of Empress. Emperor Daoguang was the second queen. Daoguang was named Quanquan in July of the first year, and Jin Quanfei was conceived in 25 volumes in November three years, and in February the fifth year was the third daughter Duan Shungulun . April 13 Jinquan. In the first six years of April, the fourth daughter of the sixth emperor Shou An Gulun. In the eleventh year of June, the fourth son of Yihuang, the Emperor Xianfeng ( Xianfeng Emperor), was promoted on August 15th in the thirteenth year to be called the imperial concubine to take pictures of the Sixth Palace. In November fourteen years, he became the queen. Twenty years (1840), the 11th month of the first month collapsed, Shou 33. On the 17th, Xuanzong granted the Emperor Xiao to the queen .
Emperor Xianfeng (reigned from 1850 to 1861): Qingwenzong Aixinjueluo Yizheng, born in the eleventh year of Daoguang (July 17, 1831) in Beijing's Yuanmingyuan , the fourth son of Emperor Daoguang, the mother is Emperor Xiaoquancheng Niu Lu Shi . In the twenty-sixth year of Daoguang, Emperor Daoguang used the method of establishing a clan, with the book title hidden. In the 30th year of Daoguang's first month, Ding Wei, Emperor Daoguang did not hesitate to call the Minister to show his pen, and made him the Crown Prince. After Xuanzong died, Emperor Xianfeng was enthroned, and Qin En was conferred with the second year as the first year of Xianfeng. During his reign, the internal and external difficulties of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom rebellion were in full swing, and he was also confronted by the British and French allies invading China. He relied on the Xiang Army to restrain the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom's further expansion. To the British and French coalition forces, Xianfeng also sent troops to resist, but lacked energy, and ultimately failed, and ended with the signing of the "Beijing Treaty" of bereavement and disgrace. Eleven years of Xianfeng (August 22, 1861) died in Chengde. 11 years in office. He died "The Emperor Xuntian De Zhenwu Sheng Xiaoyuan Gong Duan Ren Kuanmin Zhuang Jianxian Emperor ". Temple No. Wenzong. The tomb of the Eastern Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Zunhua, Hebei.
Emperor Xuanzong of the Qing Dynasty, Empathy, Kindness, Renren, Duan Anhui, Chengmin Fu, Emperor Tiandu Shengcheng (March 24, 1808-February 13, 1840), surnamed Niu Lulu (manchu, Mu Linde transliterated : Niohuruhala), unknown name. The great-grandfather was a famous general in Tibet during the Qianlong Dynasty , and his grandfather was a great general Mukdenbo. His father was a general in Suzhou in the Qing Dynasty, a second-ranking guard at Ganqingmen Gate, a second-ranking hereditary baron, and a first-class Chengenhou and a gift. The third class is Cheng En Gong Yi Ling, Manzhou is set with yellow flag. She was the third widow of Emperor Daoguang of Qing Xuanzong Emperor Aixinjueluo Suining 1 and the second queen 2 after the throne (reigned from 1834), and Emperor Xianfeng of Qingwenzong Aixinjueluo Yiyi Birth mother.
Empress and Empress of Xianfeng
Emperor Xiao Dexian (1831-1850), Empress Xiao Dexian, Sakda's, Shaoqing Futai daughter of Taichang Temple. Emperor Xianfeng was Emperor Xianfu Jin when Emperor Xianfeng was Emperor. In the twenty-seventh year of Emperor Daoguang, Emperor Daoguang enshrined Saksda's Emperor Yifu Jin. Daoguang died in December 29th (January 24, 1850) and had no children. After Emperor Xianfeng was enthroned, the posthumous title said "Queen of Filial Piety". Quanxian Tiancun, at the beginning of Tongzhi , moved to Jing'an Village, buried the Dongling tomb of Qing Dynasty, and went to Shangyu. Guangxu and Xuantong repeatedly added, and the final name was: filial piety, Wen Huicheng, Shun Ci Zhuang, careful cautious emblem, and heavenly praise to the Holy Empress.
Emperor Xiaozhenxian (1837-1881), Queen Empress Xiaozheng, the daughter of Empress Ci'an , Manchurian inlaid with yellow flags, third-class Cheng Engong Muyanga, Youjiang Road, Guangxi. Six years younger than Emperor Xianfeng, it was the side blessing and Jin of Emperor Xianfeng when he was the prince. In the second year of Xianfeng (1852), Feng Zhenzhen was conquered in May, and in June he became the queen. He was 16 years old and had no children. After the death of Emperor Xianfeng, he was the Queen Mother and Queen Mother, also known as the East Queen Mother. Later, she joined forces with Ci Xi and Prince Gong Yixin to launch a coup d'état and eliminated eight ministers. After Emperor Tongzhi ascended the throne, his emperor said Empress Ci'an, who had trained for 20 years, and twice curtained. The seven years of Guangxu (1881) collapsed, and the cause of death became a mystery, buried in Dingdong Mausoleum, Shanghang. Xuan Tong increased his sacrifice, and the final names were: filial piety, An An Qing, and Emperor Jingyi.
Guide : Qing Muzong Tongzhi Emperor Aixinjueluo Zaichun (1856-1874), the eighth emperor after the Qing Dynasty entered the customs. He was emperor at the age of five, and became his uncle 's mother-in- law Empress Cixi for life. The emperor Tongzhi Zaichun, six years old, ascended the throne, thirteen years of his reign, died at the age of nineteen, thirteen years of the emperor, nineteen years of life, is it lucky? Still unfortunate? He said that Tongzhi is lucky, how can he say he is lucky? Born in the emperor's house, enjoying the honor of "Mundial Land under the Heaven, and Royal Court under the Leading Land", he lived a life of Jinyi, Zhongming, and no brothers competed with him, successfully boarding The emperor's throne.
But Tongzhi is also unfortunate. The first major misfortune was the loss of his father at an early age, and his six-year-old father died. The second major misfortune, his childhood was put on the throne, and he couldn't enjoy the joy of innocence. A six-year-old child, only five years old, was put on that seat. The kindergarten child, the teacher told him a story, he was naughty, he was still moving, he could n’t move, how did the minister's chapter understand, he did n’t understand. Ah, playing a national event, appointing officials, then you have to sit, you can't move, this is a great pain and torture. The third unfortunate thing was that he had a bad relationship with his mother-in-law and was often reprimanded. The fourth unfortunate marriage is unsatisfactory. If he doesn't want to marry, if he doesn't want to marry, it's assigned to you. The fifth unfortunate, at the age of nineteen, died Huang Quan.
Chronology of events
Xianfeng was born on the 23rd of March in Xianfeng in the Chuxiu Palace of the Forbidden City in Beijing. Xianfeng Emperor Xianfeng died in July of the eleventh year of Xianfeng. Only six years old, Zaichun ascended the throne. According to the widow of Emperor Xianfeng, eight ministers such as Su Shun assisted the administration. In September, the Queen Mother of the Two Houses and Prince Gong Yi and Cixi seized power.
In the three years of Tongzhi, the Qing army captured the capital of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom , Tianjing.
In April of the same year in Tongzhi, Prince Qinqin Seng Gelinqin was killed by the Nian Army.
In the 6th year of Tongzhi, the East Nian Army was calmed down.
In July of Tongzhi seven years, the main force of the Western Nian Army was calmed down.
In July of Tongzhi, Governor Ma Xinyi was assassinated.
In September of the 11th year of Tongzhi, the Empress Arut (Queen of Filial Piety ) was established.
In the twelfth year of Tongzhi, pro-government, the Shaanxi-Gansu rebellion and the Yunnan rebellion were generally calm in the same year.
In the 13th year of Tongzhi, Emperor Tongzhi collapsed at the age of nineteen.
Guide : Aixinjueluo Zaiyu, Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, the 11th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty . At the age of four, he was crowned by the empress Dowager Ci'an and Cixi . He was dictated by Cixi Palace after the death of Ci'an. Until Emperor Guangxu was 18 years old, he was ruled by the Emperor. In the hands of Queen Mother Cixi. Emperor Guangxu was constrained by Empress Dowager Cixi throughout his life and never had real power. In 1898, Emperor Guangxu implemented the Reform Movement of 1898 , but was opposed by conservatives led by Empress Dowager Cixi. Emperor Guangxu planned to rely on Yuan Shikai to imprison Cixi, but was betrayed by Yuan Shikai, and was then confined by Cixi to the Zhongnanhai Yantai. The entire reform, however, lasted only 103 days, so it was called the "hundred-day reform." On November 14, 1908, Emperor Guangxu collapsed due to arsenic poisoning. At the age of 38, he was buried in the tomb of the Western Tombs of the Qing Dynasty.
Emperor Guangxu Profile
Born: August 14, 1871 ( Tenzhi Decade, June 28th)
Died: November 14, 1908 (the first day of October 30th in Guangxu's Wushen)
谥 号: Chongyun University from the same day to the canonical Wenwei Wuren Xiaorui Zhi Duan Qin Jing King
Temple number: Qing Dezong
Tombs: Chongling of the Western Tombs
Father: Aixinjueluo Yixun (Prince Yuxian, seventh son of Emperor Daoguang )
Mother: Yehenala Wanzhen (mother of the Empress Dowager Cixi)
First marriage: 18-year-old wedding, spouse Empress Xiaoding Jing and 3 others
Yuan Match: Emperor Xiaoding King Yehenara
Concubine: Second daughter of Zuo Lang, Xu Li, Concubine (Jin, Zhen )
Children: No biological children, step-son Xuantong Emperor Aixinjueluo. Puyi (Cixi's last-life Puyi adopts Tongzhi and emperor Dahang emperor Zai)
Successor: Aisin Gyaluo Puyi, Emperor Xuantong
Place and time of imprisonment: In 1898, because of the failure of the Reform Movement of 1898, she was imprisoned in Zhongnanhai Huandai by the Empress Dowager Cixi. In 1900, the Empress Dowager Cixi fought helplessly. The Emperor Guangxu escaped from Beijing and returned to the Forbidden City. Until the crash in 1908.
Guide: Aixinjueluo Puyi (1906-1967), the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the last emperor in Chinese history. The son of Prince Yuzai , who was the emperor in 34 years of Guangxu (1908). On November 5, 1924, he was expelled from the palace by Feng Yuxiang . After the 1911 Revolution , he abdicated. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, he served as a puppet emperor of Manchuria, supported by Japan, and was designated a war criminal. He was pardoned by Mao Zedong and became an ordinary citizen of the People's Republic of China. He died in Beijing in 1967. It was named Xuantong when the emperor of the Qing Dynasty reigned, and he was known as the Emperor Xuantong (1909-1912, July 1-12, 1917). It was called "Kant" (1934-1945) when it was the emperor of the Manchukuo Kingdom.
Ai Xinjue Luo Puyi Introduction
Aixinjueluo Puyi (Manchu: Mu Linde: pui English name: Henry Henry), Aixinjueluo Luo, milk name "Wuge", the word Yaozhi, number Haoran. The last emperor in Chinese history, his great-grandfather was Emperor Daoguang , his grandfather was the seventh son of Emperor Daoguang , Emperor Xianfeng -Prince of Yiyou, and his father was the fifth son of Prince Yiyi, cousin of Emperor Tongzhi , and brother of Emperor Guangxu-Prince Regent . In other words, he is the great-grandson of Emperor Daoguang, the grandson of Prince Yiyi, the nephew of Emperor Xianfeng and Empress Cixi , the cousin of Emperor Tongzhi, and the nephew of Emperor Guangxu.
Xuantong (December 2, 1908-February 12, 1912, July 1-12, 1917), was the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty. Because it was the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty, some people called it Qing. Abandoned emperor, or respected emperor Qingxun emperor.
Later in Manchuria, he boarded the Emperor of Manchuria. His kant (1934-1945) was also called Emperor Kant. After World War II, he was captured by the Soviets and became a war criminal. After the founding of New China, he was pardoned and engaged in the work of revising the archives of the Republic of China . He was elected to the CPPCC National Committee and made outstanding and indelible contributions to the construction of New China.
The last emperor Puyi had several wives. Does Puyi have any offspring?
In our long feudal society, there were 219 "True Dragon Emperors". These human emperors have the right to widen the "harem beauties". These queens and princesses are mostly insulted, trampled and playful, and their end is tragic. Pu Yi is a very unfortunate person in life. He said: "Every marriage is ordered by looking at the photos, not voluntarily. The memories left by Wan Rong and Wen Xiu are noisy all day long and have no feelings. Pu Yi married 5 times in her life and never failed. Keep offspring.
The Qing Dynasty was in the late feudal society. Its rise has injected new life into the feudal society, and its decline has led to the disintegration of the feudal society. In this particular era, 12 are emperors. Naturally, there are the founding king, the ruler of the world, the mediocre king, and the fallen emperor. So what kind of words should people use to evaluate the emperor of this dynasty, the emperor? To many people, the Qing dynasty seems to be much better than the Ming dynasty, because most of the emperors of the Qing dynasty had a role to play. Is there a faint king in Qing dynasty? What happened to those downcast emperors after the Qing dynasty turned from prosperity to decline?