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List of Emperors of Sui Dynasty

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It was a typical short-lived dynasty from the establishment of the Sui Dynasty by Emperor Sui Wen in 581 AD to the demise of the Sui Dynasty in 618. However, the historical status of the Sui Dynasty cannot be ignored, because many systems of the Tang Dynasty were established during the Sui Dynasty. Li Yuan and Emperor Sui have relatives. Therefore, to some extent, Tang can be said to be an extension of Sui. For this reason, history books often refer to Sui and Tang as "Sui and Tang". The Sui Dynasty was also one of the short-lived dynasties under the great unification of ancient China. This is a dynasty that is glorious, great, coexisting with sin. The Sui Dynasty was a reunification dynasty of the Han nationality rebuilt in the north after the Wuhu chaos. It ended an almost 300-year-long split since the end of the Western Jin Dynasty. Emperor Sui of the Sui Dynasty, promoted Hanization, laid the foundation for the great development of the later Tang, Song and Han culture. The Sui and Tang Dynasties were also recognized as the strongest period of China in the world. Yang Zhong, the father of Emperor Sui Wen, was once named the "Suiguo Gong" by the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Yang Jian attacked the title, and after the throne, he was named "Sui", but he thought that he would go with the meaning, so he changed it to "Sui".

List of Emperors of Sui Dynasty

List of Emperors of the Sui Dynasty (and see the prosperity and decline of a dynasty)

Order of Emperor Sui Dynasty

Emperor Sui Wen Yang Jian - Emperor Sui Yang Guang - Emperor Sui Yang Yang - Sui Qin Wang Yang Hao - Sui Shizong Yang Zhao - Sui Yue Wang Yang Yan

Emperor Sui Wen, Yang Jian, introduced the founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty

Sui Wendi Yang Jian (July 27, 541-August 13, 604) March 4, 581-August 13, 604, reigned for 24 years. Emperor Sui Wen ended the state of division and secession for nearly 300 years from the end of the Western Jin Dynasty to the reunification of the Sui Dynasty, and realized another reunification of China since the Yongjia Chaos and Southward Crossing. The praise of the rich man of the national plan is Mo Sui ", which laid the foundation for the emergence of the Sui and Tang dynasties in ancient Chinese society. Since Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Buddha, Buddhism's vitality has been greatly damaged. After Emperor Sui Wen ascended the throne, Daxing Buddhism, the prosperity of Sui and Tang Buddhism, is known as the Golden Age in history.

Wendi Introduction

Sui Wendi Yang Jian (541-604), founder of the Sui Dynasty , reigned from March 4, 581 to August 13, 604. The Han nationality is from Huayin, Hongnong County (now Huayin County, Shaanxi Province). The surname of Xianbei is Pu Liuru, with the small print Na Luoyan. The founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty, his father, Yang Zhong, was a military nobleman of the Western Wei Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty, and the emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty went to the General of the Zhu State. Yang Jian established the Sui Dynasty and unified China. It was the founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty, Chang'an (Daxing City), and created a brilliant "open emperor". Emperor Sui Wen realized the unification of multi-ethnic nations in China for the first time; for the first time, he implemented the three provinces and six departments that followed the Qing dynasty ; Royal Law. Not only that, he also opened the door of the Sui and Tang dynasties, and realized the "opening the emperor's rule" which was passed down through the ages.

Yang Jian reigned for 23 years, died in the Great Treasure Hall in 604, was 64 years old, and was buried in Tailing (today 5 kilometers west of Yangling (Ling) District, Shaanxi Province)

Wendi's Life

On February 7, 581 AD, the Emperor Jing of the Northern Zhou Dynasty announced his concession with Yang Jian's hope. Yang Jian ascended the throne and became emperor.

Yang insisted that the emperor destroyed the back beam in the seventh year of the emperor's reign (587 AD), and fell down one year later. In the ninth year of the emperor's reign (589 AD), Nan Chen was destroyed, united China, and ended the division of nearly 300 years since the end of the Western Jin Dynasty. In the same year, the Ryukyu Islands returned to the Sui Dynasty. Emperor Sui Wen ended China's long-term chaos and brought China back to the era of peace.

After the establishment of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Sui Wen carefully managed it, and the Sui Dynasty prospered rapidly and powerfully. He not only completed the great cause of unifying China, but also made the Sui Dynasty a stable country, stable society, sharp registered hukou, rapid land reclamation, abundant savings, cultural development, elite soldiers, and a powerful and powerful country. Rule. " A series of reforms have been made in the political and economic systems. The central government implemented three provinces and six departments and changed the local state, county, and county three-level system to the state and county two-level system. Local officials were appointed and removed by the central government, thereby consolidating the centralization of power. Because of Emperor Sui's hard work and development, he was regarded by foreigners as one of the greatest emperors in Chinese history.

Emperor Sui Wen ordered the construction of Daxing City, the capital of Xijing (later the Chang'an City in the later Tang Dynasty). The design and layout of Daxing City had a profound impact on the construction of future cities and the construction of Japan and North Korea. Emperor Sui Wenyu ordered Yu Wenkai to open the canal in 584 AD. Diverted from the northwest of Daxingcheng to the Weishui River, it follows the old channel of the Han Dynasty in the Han Dynasty to the east, and reaches the Yellow River at Tongguan, with a length of more than 150 kilometers and a famous Guangtong Channel. This is the beginning of the construction of the Grand Canal, which connects two civilizations. The Yellow River Basin and the Yangtze River Basin have gradually become one.

In a short time, he put China back under the control of a political regime. The external defenses of Turk and Khitan, made the people live and live in peace, and made great achievements. Even the later Tang Dynasty did not completely restore the area of the Sui Dynasty. Wendi reigned for 23 years, died in the Great Treasure Hall in 604, was 64 years old, and was buried in Tailing (5 kilometers west of Yangling (Ling) District, Shaanxi Province today).

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Sui Yang Emperor Yang Guang Introduction to One of the Worst Emperors in Chinese History

Suiyang Emperor Yang Guang (569-618), the second emperor of the Sui Dynasty . 14 years in office. "Unification of rivers and mountains", "Building a canal", "Western tour Zhangye", "Sanyou Jiangdu", "Sanjia Liaodong" can sum up his life. Emperor Sui Yang Yang Guang was one of the worst-known emperors in Chinese history.

In the eyes of most people, Emperor Yang Guang of Sui Dynasty is a prostitute rich second generation, a faint dying ruler: He swindled brothers and mothers, mutilated loyalty; He cruised extravagantly, extravagantly, and spent thousands of people's power throughout his life, collecting thousands Tens of thousands of people do not talk about life. However, most people don't know that he has another face: a talented and practical man: he calmed down the Chen Dynasty and unified the world; he built the eastern capital and moved the capital to Luoyang; he built the Grand Canal, which is modern and beneficial; He opened up territory, calmed Tuyuhun, passed the Silk Road , and forced Turkism to divide; he initiated imperial examinations and attached importance to education. In addition, his poems are a must, praised by famous artists of all ages.

Suiyangdi Yang Guang Information

Name: Yang Guang

Sex: Male

Nationality: Han

谥 号: (Sui) Emperor

Year: Great cause

Reign period: 604 to 618 years

Year of birth and death: 569 ~ 618

Reunification of the motherland before the ascension

Merit

I. Ordering the completion of the Grand Canal (opening the canal)

Second, open up the territory and open the Silk Road in person (Zhang Huan, west tour)

Initiating the Imperial Examination

Development of the Western Region

So, what kind of person is Emperor Sui?

Emperor Sui Yang Yang Guang (569-April 10, 618) was the second emperor of the Sui Dynasty, Yang Jian 's second son, was a very talented, savvy, and generally a positive, aggressive person. He also has ambitious ambitions for national government, and puts his efforts into practice. After taking office, he inspected the frontier extension, opened up the Western Regions, and promoted large-scale construction. However, in the end, because the people couldn't bear him again and again, the poor soldiers fought again and again, and they left the world with cruelty. Someone compared King Shang Ye and Qin Shihuang with him and called them tyrants. His levy on people's slavery was very severe, which severely damaged production.

Yang Guang made great contributions in the war of reunifying China. However, after killing his father, as a throne, Yang Guang lived a life of promiscuity and extravagance. In 618, he was trapped in Jiangdu (now Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province) by the tide of peasant uprisings, and he launched a mutiny for his subordinate culture and others. He was 50 years old and buried on the side of Leitang, 15 kilometers northwest of Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province.

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Emperor Sui Gong Su Yang was forced to abdicate

Emperor Sui Gong Yang Yang (605-619), grandson of Emperor Sui Yang, Li Yuan embraced him as emperor after breaking into Chang'an. In the half year of his reign, Wu De died in two years, only 15 years old, and was buried 500 meters south of Rutai Village, Yanghong Town, Qianxian County, Shaanxi Province.

Biography

Yang Yan is the third son of the eldest son of Emperor Sui Yang, Yang Zhao , mother Wei Fei . Three years (607 years) of the great cause was named King Chen, and later changed to King. Emperor Sui Yang ordered him to stay in Chang'an when he visited Liaodong in person. In the eleventh year of the great cause (615), he followed Emperor Sui Yang to visit Jinyang and worshiped as Taiyuan Taishou. In October 617, Li Yuan attacked Changan from Taiyuan. Hold him as emperor, change the year to "Yining". Emperor Yao Sui is the emperor.

Yang Jian was named emperor, but he was just a puppet emperor . In March 618, Emperor Sui died of Jiangdu's transformation. The news came that Li Yuan saw that Yang Yan was useless and forced him to abdicate in May. Call yourself emperor. Yang Yan was demoted to Greek state, and lived in Chang'an. The next year (619) was killed in May (specific unknown).

Emperor Yang's posthumous title was Emperor Gong.

Chronology

The first year of the great cause (605), was born.

Three years of great cause (607 years), named Chen Wang.

In the eleventh year of the great cause (615), he followed Emperor Sui Yang to visit Jinyang and worshiped as Taiyuan Taishou.

In the first year of Yining (617 years), he was embraced as emperor by Li Yuan and changed to "Yining" in Yuan Dynasty. Emperor Yao Sui is the emperor.

In the second year of Yining (618), Zen was located in Li Yuan and was demoted to Greek state.

Wu De died in the second year (619).

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Sui Qin Wang Yang Hao's brief introduction

Sui Qin Wang Yang Hao (605-618) March 618-September 618, reigned for six months.

He is the nephew of Emperor Sui Yang , son of Qin King Yang Jun , and inherits the throne of his father as King Qin. In March 618, Emperor Qiang was exiled in Jiangdu, and Yang Hao was emperor by Yu Culture and was actually a Emperor. Six months later, in September, Yu Culture and deposed Yang Hao, established himself as emperor, and poisoned Yang Hao.

Character introduction

Yang Hao (? 618 years), grandson of Emperor Sui Wen, nephew of Emperor Suiyang, son of Qin King Yang Jun, was named Qin King after his father. In March 618, Yu Culture and the Emperor of Sui Dynasty and Sui Dynasty ordered Pei Qiantong to wait for Su Xi, the king of Shu of the Sui Dynasty, Yang Xi, King Qi of Qi, and Yang Tan of Yan. At this time, Yang Hao was also in the Jiangdu Palace. Because of his close communication with Yu Culture and his brother Yu Culture, he was spared death by the strong protection of Yu Culture. In the same month, Yu Culture and the Empress Dowager supported him as Emperor, with the title "Tian Shou" (see Li Chongzhi's "Yu Chongzhi Years Examination (Revised Edition)" Yu Culture and section).

After Yang Hao's succession, Yu culture and self-employed prime minister controlled everything. Soon, Yu Wenhua and his troops returned to Chang'an with 100,000 soldiers, and Yang Hao was accompanied by his companions. Yu Wenhua and Li Mi defeated the Wagang Army in Gong County, and led 20,000 people to flee into Wei County (now Daming County, Hebei Province). In September, Yu culture and self-reliance became emperor and poisoned Yang Hao.

Record of Sui Shu

"Book of Sui, Volume 45, Tenth Biography":

(Yang Jun) Zi Hao, also born of Cui. Xunzi said Zhan. The ministers remarked: "The meaning of" Spring and Autumn "means that the mother is the child and the son is the mother. The expensive is so, and the crime is known. Therefore, in the Han Dynasty, Li Ji was guilty, and his son was abolished, Guo Hou was abolished, and his son Si Alas. Since the grandmother is embarrassed, the same should be the same for the small one. Today, the second son of the Qin king, the mother is a crime, and it is not suitable for inheritance. " The eldest daughter, the princess Yongfeng, was twelve years old, and was anxious by her father. Every day, the runny nose is not eaten. There are those who open the government of Wang Yan, loyal and loyal, leading relatives for more than ten years, Jun is very polite. He Jun has a disease, Yan Heng is in a close together, and he is untied. Jun Xuan, those who do n’t drink for a few days, stunned. He heard and sympathized with it. He was given imperial medicine, and he was awarded the general of riding a horse, and the guard of the court. On the day of Jun's funeral, the extension was gone. On the surprise, let the Tongshi give people hanging offerings. The funeral was extended to the side of Jun Tomb.

Emperor Xi Emperor ascended the throne, Li Hao was King Qin, and Feng Xiao was the king. Feng Zhan is the Jibei Hou. Later Yi Hao was Captain Heyang. When Yang Xuan felt rebellious, General Zuo Weiwei, Yu Wenshule, discussed it. To Heyang, Xiu Qiu Hao, Hao Fu recounted the camp, the soldiers reciprocated. There was Si Yinghao, and the vassals of the vassals of the princes were actually abolished. At the beginning of Yu culture and killing, Li Hao became emperor. Lost and defeated by Li Yang, and went to Weixian County in the north, pretending to be a pseudo-sign, thus harming it.

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Brief Introduction of Sui Shizong Yang Zhao

Sui Shizong Yang Zhao (584-606) is the eldest son of Emperor Yang Guang of Sui Yang , the mother of Empress Xiao. In the first year of the great cause (605), he was made Crown Prince. Beauty instrument, with force, can open a strong bow. Sincere frugality. Died, stunned "Yuande". In the first year of Yining (617), he was worshipped as Emperor Xiaozong. Ziyue King Yang Xun was embraced as emperor by Wang Shichong in May 618, with the title "Huangtai".

Biography

Yang Zhao (February 21, 584-August 30, 606), the eldest son of Emperor Yang Guang of the Sui Dynasty, the mother of Empress Xiao. Kaihuang was born in Daxinggong for four years. He became the king of Henan in the tenth year of the emperor. In the first year of Renshou, he became the king of the Jin Dynasty. Zhao beauty instrument, with force, can lead a strong crossbow. Sexuality is humorous, words are sloppy, and anger is not tasted. Sincere frugality. In the second year of the great cause, he came to Luoyang. In the next few months, he will return to Beijing. Thanks for the countless, voxel fat, due to illness. The emperor made the shaman regard it, and the king of Yunfang Ling was a puppet. After a short while, twenty-three years. 谥 "Yuande", the emperor deeply mourns. In the first year of Yining (617), he was worshipped as Emperor Xiaozong.

Character family

Concubine

Cui's daughter, Cui Hongdu's brother Cui Hongsheng (Cui's concubine was condemned with venomous poison, Zhao Zhao said, "The evildoer is the bride of a new wife, please leave it.)

Wei Family, Wei Xiao Kuan Zihua National Father Wei Shou Nu

child

Yan Wang Yang Yan, the mother Liu Liangzhang.

The Yang King of the Yue Dynasty (the Emperor of the Thai Emperor), the mother Liu Liangzhang.

Acting King Yang Yan (Sui Gongdi), mother Wei Fei .

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Sui Yue Wang Yang Yan's profile was killed by Wang Shichong less than a year after he was in office

King Sui of the Sui and Yue dynasties , grandson of the emperor of Sui and dynasty, was clever and benevolent since he was a child. He was the king of Yue before his throne. In 618 AD, Luo Duan, the capital of East Yangtze, Duan Da, Wang Shichong and others regarded him as emperor, and changed the emperor's emperor Tai. Emperor Thai Lord. " Less than a year in office, he was beaten by Wang Shichong, and the burial site is unknown. Youzi: Yang Qi and Yang Bai.

Biography

Yang Yan (605-July 619), Sui Dynasty imperial clan. The grandson of Emperor Sui Yang, the son of Prince Yang Zhao and the mother Liu Liangzhang , reigned from June 22, 618 to May 23, 619, under the age of Emperor Tai, Yang Lu was originally named the Yue King and stationed in Luoyang. On April 11, 618, Emperor Sui Yang was exiled. After the news reached East Capital, on May 24th of the first year of Huangtai (June 22, 618), Wang Shichong, Yuan Wendu, Lu Chu, etc. Yang Yang was the emperor of the Sui Dynasty, and the emperor was named the emperor in history. With Yang Shichong as the official ministry book, Zheng Zhenggong was co-administered with six people including Chen Guogong Duan Da, Nei Shiling Yuan Wendu, Nei Shiling Yuan Wendu, Nei Shiling Zhao Changwen, Nei Shiling Lu Chu, and Bingbu Shangshu Huangfu Wuyi. Shiren called "seven expensive". Yuan Wen wanted to assassinate Wang Shichong, Duan Da secretly notified Shi Chong, but the assassination failed. Wen Du said to Yang Xie before his death, "Chen Xia died, Xia Xia and Xun", and Yang Xie also wept.

On the fifth day of the fifth day of April in the second year of Huangtai (May 23, 619), Wang Shichong abolished Yang Yang and imprisoned Yang Yang in the Han Palace. Two days later, Wang Shichong called himself "Emperor Da Zheng" and "enlightened" Jianyuan. Yang Yang was renamed as the Grand Duke of the State, and Yang Yi could only pray to the Buddha for blessings every day. In May, Wang Shichong's ministry planned to attack Pei Renji and Pei Xingyi's father and son. The incident was revealed and Shi Chong killed Pei Renji and his son.

Shi Chong intended to poison Luan, and in June he sent nephew Wang Renze and his servant Liang Bainian to bring Yang Li to the poisonous wine. Yang Lu knew that he could not escape, and then he took the poison. He said: "May the next life do not regenerate in the emperor's honorable home. "But at one-and-a-half minutes, she had no poisonous hair and was finally strangled to death as Emperor Gong.

Died and died

In 617 AD, Emperor Yang Guang of the Sui Dynasty visited Jiangdu and ordered Minister Duan Da to assist him, staying in Luoyang, the eastern capital. Yang Jian fought fiercely with the Wagang Army based on his east capital. In 618, the news that Emperor Sui Yang was rebelled by the rebels, Dongdu left the official Duan Da, Wang Shichong and others to support him as emperor in May 618 AD, changing the year name to "Huangtai". Emperor Jia Sui was Emperor Ming, and the temple was the ancestor. After Yang Yong became emperor, the military and political power fell into the hands of Wang Shichong. In April 619, Wang Shichong established himself as Emperor, surrendered Yang Yang to become the Kuo Guogong, and was imprisoned in Hanliang Hall. In May, Wang Shichong ’s ministry prepared Pei Renji and Pei Xingyu to kill Wang Shichong and reinstate Yang Yan. After the incident was revealed, after Wang Shichong killed Pei Renji's father and son, he was worried about leaving Yang Yan as a late ailment. In June, he sent nephew Wang Renze and domestic servant Liang Bainian to bring poison wine to Yang Ye. They met Yang Ye and gave poison. Drinking alcohol, pretending to say, "Let's ask the emperor to drink to relieve boredom." Yang Yan knew that he had no good intentions and would inevitably die, but he was very calm. He said to Wang Ren that the eunuch had sworn an oath when he was the emperor. Now he came to kill me so soon. When not, you better tell the Taiwei whether this order is true, and Wang Ren immediately shook his head and refused. Yang Xun asked to see her mother again, and Wang Ren refused. Yang Xun believed in Buddhism. At this time, he spread out the mat, lit the scented candle, bowed to the Buddha and said, "May the past be gone and not be reborn to the emperor's house." The main idea is "I hope I will not be born in the emperor's house in the future." After that, I drank poisonous wine. The clinker Huang Tai drank the poisoned wine and immediately died of poison. Wang Ren saw that he could not die for a while, and hurriedly returned to his life. Then he struck him with a cloth.

The Yang King of Yue was conquered by Wang Shi as Emperor Gong. Because the year of the King of Yue was Emperor Tai, Wang Shichong's regime was defeated by the Tang regime. Generally speaking, the Tang Dynasty was considered orthodox after the Sui Dynasty , so he called the Emperor Emperor or Emperor Tai.

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Conclusion

581-618 BC. The Sui Dynasty existed for a short time, but its importance cannot be ignored. It ended a 400-year period of secession and secession, and achieved national unification. It is of great significance. However, as one of the short-lived dynasties in the great unification of ancient China, this is another dynasty that is suffering and glorious. . What caused the short life of the Sui Dynasty? How should we evaluate the historical status of this dynasty? The answer is that rule under tyranny can only be overthrown by the people.

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