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List of Emperors of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

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The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms does not refer to a dynasty, but refers to a special historical period. The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907-960) generally refers to this period of history between the late Tang and early Song Dynasty. The Five Dynasties refers to the successive regimes of Houliang, Hou Tang, Hou Jin, Hou Han, and the following Friday. The Ten Kingdoms refers to the ten separatist regimes that appeared successively outside the Five Dynasties: Qian Shu, Hou Shu, Wu, Nan Tang, Wu Yue, Fujian, Chu, Nan Han, Nanping (Jingnan), and North Han, collectively referred to as the Ten Kingdoms. Regarding the age of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, it was said that when the Northern Song Dynasty died, the Northern Han Dynasty was 979 AD, so the historical period of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms was 907 to 979 AD. Another is that the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms existed from 907 AD to 960 AD. The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (AD 907-978 AD) was a period of chaotic secession formed after the Tang Dynasty. There was a rear beam in the north, a later Tang, a later Jin, and a later Han, and it was replaced by the last Friday. The south was Qian Shu and Hou Shu. , Wu, Nan Tang, Wu Yue and other ten countries separatist. In short, this was a social turmoil and constant war, and was unified by Zhao Kuangyin to establish the Song Dynasty.

List of Emperors of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

List of Emperors of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

Houliang Taizu Zhu Wen Introduction Houliang, the most hooligan emperor in history

Zhu Wen (852-912 AD), formerly known as Zhu Wen, was named Zhu Quanzhong after the reign of the Tang Dynasty, and was renamed Zhu Huang after being named emperor. He was originally from Wugou, Ai Village, Yixiang County (No. 1). However, this is a controversial figure of origin, most of which are recorded in Wugouli, Sheshan, Songzhou (now Sheshan, Anhui). His ancestors were Confucianism, ancestor Zhu Xin, and father Zhu Cheng, all working as professors. He lost his father at an early age, his family was poor, and his mother Wang served at the Liu Chong family in Xiao County. When Zhu Wen was an adult, he and his brother Zhu Cun were “brave and powerful, and Wen You was fierce”.

Taizu, named Zhu Wen (852-912 AD), was born in a poor family. He later mastered the military power of the Tang Dynasty and retired according to the Emperor Tang Xuan and became independent. He was killed by his son for 6 years and was 61 years old. Buried in Xuanling (now Fan Cunbao, southeast of Luoyang, Henan Province, one said in the southwest of Yichuan County, Henan Province today).

Liang Taizu Zhu Wen, a native of Sheshan (now Sheshan County, Anhui Province) in Songzhou, was born in a poor family. Later, he joined the Huangchao Uprising Army with his brother Zhu Cun. After being reused by Huangchao, he was named a pioneer ambassador to the southeast and a defense ambassador with Tongzhou. After Huang Chao entered Changan, he was responsible for defending the eastern line. Because Huang Zhongrong defeated Wang Jiong repeatedly and asked for reinforcements, Huang Chao did not agree. In September 882, when Huang Chao was in critical condition, Zhu Wen betrayed Huang Chao, and led his army to surrender to the Tang Dynasty. He was named General Zuo Jinwuwei by Tang Zongzong. He was deputy enlisted by the Chonghe Middle Camp and given the name Zhongzhong. In 883, Feng Weiyi (ruled in Chenzhou, Kaifeng City, Henan Province) Jiedushi, and Li Ke and others jointly suppressed the Huang Chao Uprising, and was promoted to prosecutor Situ, and Ping Zhangshi and other officials Job. Since then, he has centered on Henan, expanding forces, and fighting with Li Ke with his father and son for many years, causing serious damage to the social economy of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. During the melee, he annexed Qin Zongquan, Zhu Xi, Zhu Jin and other fan towns successively, becoming the largest separatist forces in the late Tang Dynasty.

In 901 AD, while the Tang ruling clique was in civil strife, he led his troops into Guanzhong, defeating Fengxiang Jieduo to make Li Maozhen, capture Tang Zhaozong , and control the central government. Soon, the eunuchs in the court were killed. In 904 AD, he also held Tang Zhaozong and moved to Luoyang. When he left Changan, he also forced the officials and the people to move eastward, demolished the palace rooms, government officials and private houses in Changan, and transported the materials to the north. Soon, he sent people to kill Tang Zhaozong, and established Li Zhu as Emperor (that is, Emperor Tang Zhaoxuan), and in the middle of the night, he collected and killed more than 30 ministers of the Tang Dynasty, and threw the corpses into the Yellow River.

In February 907, he forced Emperor Zhao Xuan to abdicate, calling himself Emperor, the name of the country was Liang, the capital was set, and the name of the year was Kaiping. History called the back beam.

After Zhu Wen became emperor, she was renamed Zhu Huang. And reformed some malpractices in the late Tang Dynasty. However, due to the continuous use of troops and the frequent killing of generals, the contradictions within the ruling clique have become increasingly acute, and the regime has become unstable.

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The Last Beast Emperor Zhu Youzhen

Emperor Houliang, Zhu Wenzi. Zhu Wen was the emperor, and he was named the king. He served as the envoy of Zuo Tianxing and the Tokyo infantry army. In the second year of Liang Qianhua (912), the king Zhu Youzhen killed his father Zhu Wen, the emperor. Zhu Youzhen stayed in Tokyo and Kaifeng Yin. The following year, he conspired with Zhao Yan and overthrew Zhu Youzhang. The first year of Fengli (913) was the emperor. In 923, he was forced to commit suicide by the late Tang Dynasty at the age of 36.

Introduction

Zhu Youzhen (October 20, 888-November 18, 923), Emperor Hou Liang, the sister-in-law of Zhu Wen and Zhang Hui, and brother of Zhu You. Zhu Wen was the emperor, and he was named the king. He served as the envoy of Zuo Tianxing and the Tokyo infantry army. In the second year of Liang Qianhua (912), the king Zhu Youzhen killed his father Zhu Wen, the emperor. Zhu Youzhen stayed in Tokyo and Kaifeng Yin. The following year, he conspired with Zhao Yan and others to overthrow Zhu Youzhang. In February, he set up the banner of "removing fierce rebellion and revenge", and united Weibo Jieduo to make Yang Shihou Xingxing guilty. Initiated the mutiny of the Luoyang embargo army, and Youyi committed suicide. The first year of Fengli (913) was the emperor. Renamed to 锽, and later to 瑱. Reuse dry year (February 913-October 915), Zhenming (November 915-April 921), Longde (May 921-October 923), reigned for 11 years , 36 years old, committed suicide by Li Tangyuan, adoptive son of Li Tangyuan. Buried near Xuanling (now southeast of Luoyang, Henan Province).

Characters

After Zhu Youzhen ascended the throne, the post-Tang Dynasty Li Cunzhen focused his efforts on attacking and destroying the back beam, which was convenient for successive battles. Zhu Youzhen, due to credit Zhao Yan, foreign relatives Zhang Handing, Zhang Hanjie, and others, sent generals to monitor them. Zhao Yan and others used power to sell power and sell officials. The alienation of each other was unclear, and the rewards and punishments were unknown. As a result, loyal officials retreated, centrifuged up and down, and the frontline leaders killed each other.

In October 923, Li Ke of the late Tang Dynasty approached the capital with his adopted son, Li Yuanyuan. Zhu Youzhen's courtiers fled, and even Chuan Guoyu Xi was stolen by his subordinates. Many guards drove away, rebellious relatives left, and the guards were weak, leaving Zhu Youzhen helpless and crying day and night. Wu Yinri, he told the commander Huang Fulin next to him: "The surname Li is the vengeance of our Liang Dynasty. I can't surrender them. Instead of waiting for them to kill, you might as well kill me first. Huang Fulin said busyly: "His subordinates can only serve his Majesty. How can he hurt His Majesty!" Zhu Youzhen said, "You are not willing to kill me, are you prepared to sell me to the surname Li?" Huang Fulin pulled out Sabre, I want to commit suicide with my heart. Zhu Youzhen said, "I will die with you." As he said, holding the sword handle in Huang Fulin's hand, he swung his sword across his neck, blood splattered, and fell to the ground. Huang Fulin also cried and died. The rear beam perishes. Zhu Youzhen called the last emperor in history.

Overall situation

Li Cunzheng analyzed the overall situation, thinking that at this time, because the west of Luzhou had just returned, attention had been focused on the west, while the east was not prepared enough, and the defense was lax, which could take the opportunity to attack Luzhou and shake its army. He sent fierce general Li Liyuan to lead five thousand soldiers from Desheng, and hurried eastward along the north bank of the Yellow River to Yang Liu. He crossed the Yellow River in secret under the cover of Yu Ye, and then sent his commander to pound Luzhou City. Liang Jun was unguarded, and was defeated by the late Tang Jingbing. After Luzhou won, the abdomen of the back beam was exposed. From Luzhou to Daliang, there is no natural danger barrier to guard, and the death of Houliang is only a matter of time.

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Post-Tangzhuang Zongzong Li Cunzhen Briefing on the Emperor of Tang Dynasty who died in mutiny

Zhuang Zong, named Li Cunzhen (885-926 AD), was named Yazi. Li Ke used the eldest son. Li Ke died of illness. He struck the throne, established the post-Tang Dynasty, and became emperor. During his reign for 4 years, he was shot and killed by an arrow in the mutiny. He was 42 years old. Buryed in Yongling (now in Xin'an County, Henan Province).

Li Cunzhen, who loved archery on horseback since his childhood, was very courageous and loved by Li Ke. He fought with his father when he was a teenager. At the age of 11, with Li Ke, he used Changan to report to Tang, and Tang Zhaozong specially rewarded him with emeralds and other treasures . He stroked his back and said, "This child is different from the others. He will become rich in the future, but don't forget Datang!" Li Ke used to die in the first month of 908 AD. He struck the throne in the same month. After the funeral was finished, he planned to kill and kill his uncle Li Kening, and led his army to defeat Hou Liangjun, and released the siege of Chenzhou (the current state of Shangdang County, Shanxi Province). Zhu Wen exclaimed: "Be a child and be a child of Li Yazi. When he attacked, Li Ke was still alive! Compared with him, my son is simply not as good as a pig or a dog!" Since then, Li Cunzhen carefully trained the soldiers, rectified the military discipline, and required the cavalry to disappear Enemies are not allowed to ride horses, and all delinquents are decapitated, so that the scattered Sanduo soldiers are trained into an elite force. He enshrined the three arrows given by his father in his home temple. Every time he went to the expedition, he sent someone to fetch them, put them in a delicate silk jacket, took the battle, and won the battle before sending them home. He likes adventurous fighting, bravery and less conspiracy, and regards war as a game. He often runs alone and is caught in siege several times. He is almost captured by the enemy. The generals rescued him in a deadly battle and advised him to be serious, but he countered that the generals prevented him from killing the enemy soldiers.

In 911 AD, Li Cunzhen defeated the 500,000 army commanded by Zhu Wen himself in Gaoyi (now Gaoyi County, Hebei Province) and fled. Then, he broke through Yandi and captured Liu Shouguang alive in Taiyuan. Nine years later, he broke through the Khitan soldiers and rushed back to the north.

After more than 10 years of fierce fighting, Li Cunzhen defeated the back beam in 923 AD and unified the north. On April the following day, he was named emperor in Weizhou (now Daming County, Hebei Province), and his country name was Tang. Soon the capital was moved to Luoyang.

Li Cunzhen is a savage general on the battlefield, but he is a dim and ignorant fool in politics. After claiming the title of emperor, he thought that his father's hatred had been reported, that the Central Plains had been settled, and that the enemy had been destroyed, so he no longer tried to make progress and began to enjoy himself. Since childhood, he has enjoyed watching and acting. After he became emperor, he often painted his face with powder ink, put on costumes, performed on stage, and ignored the government. His self-proclaimed art name is "Li Tianxia". Once on stage, he called two "Li Tianxia" himself, an actor went up and slapped him a few times, everyone around him was scared of cold sweat, and Li Cunzhen was beaten somehow. The clever man laughed and said, "There is only one emperor in Li (Li). You called twice, and who is the other one?" Li Cunzhen was very happy after hearing this, and ordered him to reward him. Linglings are favored, they can go in and out of the palace freely, fight with the emperor, insult and tease courtiers, and the ministers dare to say nothing. Some court officials and fan towns rushed to give them gifts in order to ask them to say a good word in front of the emperor. Li Cunzheng also used the seductive eyes and ears to probe the words and deeds of the ministers. He was most favored by Jingjing Jingling. As long as Jingjin said in front of him who was not, he would suffer. Therefore, the ministers were particularly scared when they saw Jing Jin. Li Cunzheng also sealed two sages to become the assassin's history. Many soldiers saw that they could not become a big official after hundreds of battles, and they were resentful.

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Brief introduction of the post-Tang Mingzong Li Jiuyuan

Li Zongyuan of Ming Dynasty (866 or 867-933), Emperor of Tang Dynasty after the Five Dynasties. Reigned 926-933 AD. Sha Tuo Bu, formerly known as Ji Jilie. Li Ke uses adopted children. From military officers to the head of the horse infantry inside and outside the Han. In the first year of Tongguang (923 years), Zhuang Zong Li Cunzhen led the army to take the Liang beam and destroy it. Four years (926), Li Cunzhen was killed during the mutiny, and Wu Yuan entered Luoyang's prison state. After the throne, he was renamed 亶 and changed to Tiancheng. Kill the cool official Kong Qian and the unruly official, stop the palace people and the officials, and discard the internal library, and pay attention to the suffering of the people. However, it is difficult to understand the politics of the court because of its lack of Chinese. Also unknown is the use of people, appeasing the town of Fan, the power of the ministers, and the second son Li Congrong proud and indulgent, so that chaotic changes. At the end of his life, Cong Rong raised his soldiers against him, and died of hate. The tomb was buried, Hui Shengde and Emperor Wu were buried, and the temple was named Mingzong.

Ming Zong, named Li Yuanyuan (867-933 AD), Li Ke adopted an adopted son. He succeeded to kill Zhuang Zong. In the 8 years of his reign, the sick soldier became stunned and died at the age of 67. He was buried in Huiling (now near Luoyang, Henan Province).

Later Tang Mingzong Li Yiyuan was born in the home of a Shatuo civilian in Jincheng, Yingzhou (now Yingxian, Shanxi Province). There is no surname, the nickname is stubborn. Good at riding, smart arrow. At first, he followed Li Keyong's conquests, and he repeatedly made military achievements. He was successively named the Daishi Assassination History, the Xiangzhou Assassination History, the Zhaode Army Jiedushi, the Tianping Army Jiedushi, and the Fanhan Han and Infantry Horse Chief. After Zhuang Zong's murder of Guo Chongtao, the veteran generals felt chilling. The Weizhou defenders supported the command to make Zhao Zaili a mutiny. Zhuang Zong sent Li Jiuyuan to lead the army to suppress it. Under Weizhou City, the army rioted again at night and mainly supported Li Jiuyuan. Zhao Zaili rushed out of the city to disperse his army and welcomed Li Jiuyuan into the city. Li Xuanyuan fled Weizhou City for another reason, recruited scattered soldiers, and prepared for peace again. After being persuaded by the son-in-law Shi Jingzhang, he joined the Weizhou Bingbing and returned to the division to enter Luoyang. After killing the descendants of Li Keyong and Li Cunzhen under his subordinates, he took the throne in April 926 AD, renamed as "Tiancheng" and renamed Li Yi.

After Li Zhiyuan's throne, he abolished Zhuang Zong's malpractice; he abolished harsh laws; he killed eunuchs who served as supervisors, and some of the other eunuchs fled the forest and became monks; streamlined the court staff and paid attention to the farmers' suffering; Wait for capable ministers. During his reign, wars were rare and there were many years of abundance, and the people gained short-term respite.

But later, An Zhongying and Ren Ying fought and framed each other. Li Zhiyuan couldn't distinguish right from wrong, and killed them one after another to make the ministers centrifugal. In his later years, he was very ill. At this time, the soldiers were arrogant and chaotic. He tried to make the soldiers grateful with a lot of rewards. As a result, the soldiers would be more arrogant.

In November 933, Li Yuanyuan was seriously ill. He ordered his fifth son, Li Conghou, to return to Beijing to succeed him. The second son, Li Congrong, launched a mutiny before Li Conghou returned to the capital, attacked the palace gate, and was defeated by the court's pro-arms. Li Congrong was also killed by the gate. On the 2nd day, Li Yuanyuan was shocked and died after being informed.

After the death of Li Yuanyuan, the temple name was Mingzong.

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Later Emperor Mindi Li Conghou introduced Mindi who was overthrown as soon as he succeeded

Later Tang Emperor Li Conghou (December 17, 914-May 24, 934), the third emperor of the Tang dynasty during the Five Dynasties period, the maiden slave of Xiaoming Bodhisattva, the third son of Emperor Li Mingyuan of the later Tang dynasty , and his mother was Empress Zhaoyu Xia. In the first year of Changxing (930), he became the king of Song Dynasty, and he was ascended to the throne in October of the four years of Changxing (933). He reigned for one year, at the age of 21, and later pursued Emperor Min in the first year of Jintianfu (936).

Biography

Four years later in Tang Changxing (933 years), before the death of Ming Zong Li Jiuyuan, he sent someone to recall Li Conghou from Tianxiong (then he served as Emperor Tianxiong Jiedong and became King of Song) to inherit the throne. After he came to power, Li Congke and Shi Jinglian, kings of the king, have been regarded as nails. Because Li Congke was the adopted son of Li Zongyuan of Mingzong, but he was brave in battle and repeatedly performed military merits, so he was named the king of Mingzong and served as the envoy of Fengxiang. Mindi Li Conghou has been reassured by Li Congke, the king of kings, fearing that he would rise up and rebel and seize the throne. Therefore, he transferred Li Congke's son, Li Chongji, from the DPRK to Luzhou to serve as an envoy, and summoned Li Congke, a daughter of a nun who had been detained as a family nun, as a hostage. That's it, Li Conghou still didn't worry, he changed Li Congke to Hedong, hedong Jiedushi changed Shi Jinglian to Chengde, and Chengde Jiedushi changed Fan Yanguang to Zhentian Xiong, and his cousin Li Congyu was transferred to Fengxiang to replace Li Congke's festival. Degree makes post. In this regard, Li Congke was very angry, under the encouragement of his subordinates. So he refused the court order and rebelled. Mindi Li Conghou hurriedly sent troops to suppress.

Five years after Tang Changxing (934) in March, the troops of the imperial court approached Fengxiang City. The King King's situation was in critical condition, at this time. The commander of the court, Yu Lin, and the general Yang Siquan suddenly rebelled and led the people to surrender King King Li Congke. Li Congke then reorganized and led his troops to attack Luoyang directly. Soon, Li Congke led the army to attack and seize Shaanxi. Mindi heard that Shaanxi had fallen. He planned to flee to Weizhou and summoned Yu Hanqiong to let him settle in Weizhou. However, Yu Hanqiong should not be called, and Min Di had no choice but to escape from Luoyang and ran to Weizhou. On April 1, Mindi arrived in Weizhou (now Ji County, Henan). I met Shi Jinglian. I thought I was saved, so I didn't go to Weizhou again. Shi Jinglian, like Li Congke, the king of the emperors, was one of the generals that was not believed by Min Di.

Now seeing Min Di fleeing single, he placed him in the post hall, but led his army to Luoyang to meet Li Congke. On April 4, Li Congke entered Luoyang. On the 6th is the throne. For the last emperor. The last emperor abandoned Mindi Li Conghou as the king of E. Send Wang Hongyu to relocate the posthouse to Weizhou State Office. On the 9th, the Emperor sent Wang Honglian's son Wang Luan to kill Mindi with medicinal wine. Min Di knew that he was not willing to drink alcohol, and Wang Luan strangled Min Di alive. Later Jin Gaozu, the emperor of the Jin Dynasty, was named emperor, and he was named Emperor Min.

Li Conghou was kind and friendly with his brothers. Although Li Congrong was resentful and hated, he could be frank with each other, so he was able to escape the disaster. After the emperor's throne, there was no festival with Li Congke, but it was only because he easily listened to the words of those around him that he would bring disaster.

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Brief Introduction to Emperor Li Congke of the Late Tang Dynasty

Li Congke (885-936), a native of Zhenzhou (present-day Zhengding, Hebei), was the emperor of the Tang Dynasty after the Five Dynasties. He reigned from 934 to 936. After his death, there were no knights and temples. Historians call them the last emperor or abandoned emperor.

The last emperor, Li Congke (886-936 AD), adopted son in Mingzong. He deposed the emperor and succeeded him. During his three years in office, he set himself on fire because of his inability to resist Shi Jinglian 's attack. He was 51 years old and buried in Huiling.

Emperor Li Congke of the late Tang Dynasty, his surname is Wang, is from Pingshan, Zhenzhou (now Zhengding County, Hebei Province). After he led the army to Luoyang, he abolished the emperor in April 934, and he took the throne on April 11th, changing the year name to "Qingtai".

Li Congke and Shi Jinglian had a long-term disagreement. After becoming emperor, they sent tens of thousands of troops to attack Jinyang City where Shi Jinglian was. Shi Jingzhang could not resist, and he turned to Khitan. With the help of the Khitan army, he defeated the siege of the Tang Dynasty and attacked Luoyang. At this time, Li Congke's strength was still strong, but he was so low-spirited that he dared not lead the soldiers to resist the Khitan Army, but just cried while drinking and sitting waiting to die.

In 936 AD, after the Tang Army defeated in Baimapo, the Khitan and Shi Jingmin troops approached Luoyang. The alarm came, and the generals surrendered. Li Congke Yangtian sighed and said, "I have reached the end of the road!" On November 20th, he and his family, including the Empress Cao, Empress Liu, and the second son Li Chongmei, commanded the envoy Song Zhongyu and brought Chuanyu Yuxi. Climb the Xuanwumen tower to prepare for self-immolation. Empress Liu looked back at the palace and said to Li Congke, "We are going to be buried in the sea of fire. Is it better to keep the palace room for the enemies to enjoy? It is better to burn it with fire." Li Zhongmei discouraged: "After the new emperor has entered the capital, he refuses Let's sleep on the street and burn the palace. He must build a lot of civil engineering and rebuild the palace. At that time, it is necessary to work hard for the people, so let it go. "Li Congke ordered the soldiers to only accumulate firewood under the Xuanwumen and burn it. After a while, the fire rolled up, and Li Congke and his party collapsed with the fire, all killed.

After Tang died.

After Shi Jinglian entered Luoyang, someone picked Li Congke's arm bones and thigh bones from the embers, and Shi Jinglian ordered to be buried with Wang Li.

After Li Congke's death, later generations called him the last emperor or abandoned emperor.

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The Later Jin Dynasty Gao Zu Shi Jingying introduced the founders of the Jin Dynasty in the fifth generation

Shi Jingzheng was born in the first year of Tang Jingfu (892). He died in Jintianfu seven years (942) after he died. He is a Shato tribe in Taiyuan. He was the founder of the Jin dynasty in the fifth generation, namely Jin Gaozu, who was in power from 936 to 942. Shi Jinglian was simple and steady when he was young. He was humorous and laughed. He emphasized the actions of Li Mu and Zhou Yafu . It was under the account of Li Keyuan, a son of Li Ke. At that time, Liang Zhuwen was competing with Li Keyong, Li Cunzhen and his son, and Shi Jingzhang rushed into the battle with outstanding achievements.

Shi Jinglian was simple and steady when he was young, he laughed quietly, he was happy, and he relied on Li Shou and Zhou Yafu's actions. He was under the account of Li Keyuan, the son of Li Ke. At that time, Liang Zhuwen was competing with Li Keyong, Li Cunzhen and his son, and Shi Jingzhang rushed into the battle with outstanding achievements. In the first year of Liang Zhenming (915 years), Li Cunzhen won Weizhou, Liang Xun Liu Xun attacked Qingping (now Shandong Qing County), Li Cunzhen rushed to help, and was surrounded by Liu Xun. Shi Jingzheng led Liu more than ten riders to defeat Liu Xun, saving Li Cunzhen in danger. Li Cunzhen was so strong that he became so famous and famous in the army. He also rescued Li Jiyuan several times from critical situations, and thus gained importance and gradually became Li Jiyuan's confidant. Li Jiuyuan then married his daughter, Princess Yongning , and asked him to lead the "left army" relatives.

After four years of Tang Tongguang (AD 926), the effective command caused Zhao Zaili to mutiny in Weizhou. Li Cunzhen ordered Li Jiuyuan to lead the army to rebellion, and Shi Jingzhang also went on an expedition. Below Weizhou City, Li Jiuyuan's troops also undergo mutiny. They joined forces with Weizhou rebels and mainly supported Li Jiuyuan. Li Jiuyuan wanted to return to North Korea to ask for sin, while Shi Jinglian persuaded him to seize Kaifeng in order to accomplish great things. Li Xiyuan had no choice but to accept this opinion. Therefore, Shi Jinglian volunteered, pro-controlled the Xiaoqi 300 as a forward, seized Kaifeng, and returned to crossing the water to go straight to Luoyang. Later Tangzhuang Zongzong Li Cunzhen was killed by the chaos. Li Jiuyuan entered Luoyang and became emperor, later Tang Mingzong. Due to Shi Jingming's great achievements in this military coup, Tang Mingzong appointed him as the envoy of the Baoyi Army, giving him the title of "Dedication to Rejuvenate the Conquerors" and Deputy Envoy of the Six Armies. At that time, many officials would not abide by the law, and Shi Jingzheng was famous for his clean government and was praised by Li Zongyuan of the Ming Dynasty. Since then, Shi Jinglian has been promoted year by year with horses and heroes. He has successively served as the commander of the guards and horses, the Jiedong of Hedong, and the head of the Hanfan infantry of Datong, Zhangguo, Zhenwu, and Weser. Later, it was named "Yaozhong Kuangding Baoding Contributor". With the growth of his position and influence, Shi Jinglian began to support himself and had a tendency to stand on his own feet after the Tang Dynasty.

After four years of Tang Changxing (933 years), Li Zongyuan of Mingzong died, and Li Conghou succeeded as Emperor Min Tang. At that time, Feng Xiang Jieduo made Li Congke (Li Yangyuan's adopted son) and Hedong Jieduo made Shi Jingzhen both own soldiers. Later, Emperor Tang Mindi was not assured of them. In order to weaken their power, they ordered the two to exchange. King Li Congke dissatisfied, and rebelled in Fengxiang. Min Di was defeated, and he only flew to flee. Lu Yu met Shi Jinglian, who killed his followers and imprisoned him in Weizhou. Soon after, Li Congke killed Emperor Tang Min, changed Yuan Qingtai, and established himself as emperor , that is, the late Emperor of the late Tang Dynasty. In the late Tang Dynasty, Emperor Shi Jingyun was quite suspicious. Shi Jingzhen was also suspicious, and the contradictions between them became increasingly acute. In order to test the Emperor of the late Tang Dynasty, Shi Jingzheng, who had a premeditated plan, was transferred to another town in April of the third year of Qing Dynasty (936) in Tang Dynasty with physical weakness, begging for military power. This is exactly what the emperor of the late Tang Dynasty wanted, so he accepted the request of Shi Jingzhang and relocated it as a balance. The ministers learned that the disappointment of each other was very disturbing. Shi Jinglian thinks that I am not troubled, the court sent it, and An Neng tied his hands to the road? So he decided to rebel. General Liu Zhiyuan and Secretary-General Sang Weihan also have the same intention. Therefore, Shi Jingzheng accused the Emperor of the late Tang Dynasty of adopting the Emperor Mingzong's son, and should not accept the sacrifice and ask to give way to the King Xu (four sons of Mingzong). In the late Tang Dynasty, the emperor tore his watch, cut off his official ranks, and used Jianxiong Jiedong to make Zhang Jingda beg for Taiyuan on all sides, and to build a siege of 30,000 soldiers to attack Taiyuan. While engaged in counter-insurgency activities within the court, Shi Jinglian drafted a choir and asked for help from Khitan: Secretary of the Khitan family, after the appointment of the father, Khitan, and Lulu and Yanmenguan north of Zhuzhou and Khitan. Liu Zhiyuan even objected to this kind of confession as a father and betrayed the country for glory, even his relatives objected, saying: "You can be courtier, you can do too much with your father, you can be bribed with gold. Fear of a different day is a great problem for China, and regrets are too great. However, Shi Jingzhang refused to do so, and still insisted on his own way. The Lord of Khitan, Yerudek, was overjoyed and aided by soldiers. After the defeat, Tang Zhangjingda.

In November of the same year (936), the master book of Qidan was sealed by Shi Jingying as Emperor of the Jin Dynasty, and he changed his name to Heavenly Blessing of the Yuan Dynasty. Shi Jinglian was then located in Liulin (now southeast of Taiyuan, Shanxi).

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Later Emperor Shi Shigui introduced the incompetent emperor who was good at martial arts

Shi Chonggui, Liang Qianhua spent four years (914) after he was born, died in the second year of Gande in the Northern Song Dynasty (964), was born in the fifth generation of Taiyuan (now Shanxi Taiyuan), the Shatuo, and later became the second emperor .

Shi Chonggui was originally the nephew of the late Jin Gaozu Shi Jinglian. His father, Shi Jingru, died early, and Shi Jinglian accepted him as his own son. When Shi Chonggui was a child, he acted prudently, was simple and honest, and was good at horse archery. He had the style of the ancestors of Sha Tuo. Siege of Taiyuan. Shi Zhonggui was either admired for his suggestions or for refusing the enemy. After the defeat of the Tang army by the Khitan soldiers, Shi Jinglian left Taiyuan for Luoyang to seize the throne. Before leaving, he selected Shi Guigui to stay in Taiyuan. He was given Beijing Liushou, Jin Ziguanglu, prosecutor Situ, and Taiyuan Yin, and he observed matters in the east of the river. There are many official titles, but their achievements are mediocre and "unpopular." However, due to his uncle's favor, Shi Chonggui continued to rise. By the time of the death of Tian Jingqi (942), Shi Chonggui had been named King Qi and served as a servant.

After Shi Jingying's death, Shi Zhonggui assumed the throne and was promoted to emperor. Shi Chonggui was able to inherit Datong while his uncle had a sister-in-law, and there were many plots in the palace. Shi Jingzheng had six children, most of whom died early, leaving only the youngest child, Shi Chongrui. Originally, Shi Jinglian entrusted Gu Gu with Zaichen in the illness, which meant that Feng Daopu could set up Shi Zhongrui. However, after his death, Feng Dao and the guards and relatives who had real power at the time commanded Jing Yanguang to be good at Shi Chonggui.

Shi Zhonggui was not in office for a long time, only five years before and after. In the past five years, the waves of life not only pushed him to the top, but also ruthlessly fell him to the bottom of the valley and became the king of the country.

Before Shi Zhonggui took office, the situation in Jin Dynasty was not optimistic. Khitan merits the help of Shi Jingzheng to control the Central Plains, and he sees the tigers in the south. Later in the Jin Dynasty, there are Wu Yue and Hou Shu who are allegedly kings. The contradictions within the Hou Jin ruling group have been compounded by years of drought, locusts, waterlogging, hunger, starvation, and public resentment. The post-Jin regime was struggling internally and externally, and was in danger.

As soon as Shi Zhonggui took office, he encountered a difficult problem. That ’s how to report to Lord Kydan ’s Yerudek. Jing Yanguang was so arrogant that he told the Khitan master that Sun was not a courtier, and as a result the Khitan master who was waiting for the opportunity to go south provided an opportunity. Coincidentally, Qingzhou Jiedao caused Yang Guangyuan to rebel against Khitan at this time, so he repaired Shi Jingzheng and Khitan as a minister. Although humiliated, the situation was generally peaceful. The war with Khitan was intermittent and continued until the end of Jin Dynasty. In the first month of the first year of the fortune (944), Qidan strikers Zhao Yanshou and Zhao Yanzhao led 50,000 to ride into the Kou. The soldiers scored a road to Beizhou and Yanyan Gate and drove straight. Shi Chonggui was enlisted by the generals. At this moment, he may feel a great calamity, and send someone to the Lord of Khitan for repair. The Khitan lord is so proud that he would not stop. Shi Chonggui was rejected and had to fight. In this year's war with Khitan in the second year, despite his incompetence in command, improper employment, and inadequate orders, the heroic battles of the Central Plains soldiers and civilians relied on both Khitan's two large-scale attacks.

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Emperor Gaozu of the Later Han Dynasty

Liu Zhiyuan (895-948), later Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, the founding emperor of the Han Dynasty in the fifth generation. His ancestors were originally from Shatuo and lived in Taiyuan. Four years later (947), Liu Zhiyuan became the emperor in Taiyuan. He continued to use the ancestral name of the ancestor Jinfu, named Tianfu for twelve years, and entered Jingjing in June of the same year. Known as "Han", the history is called "Han". In the thirteenth year of Tianfu (948), the first month was renamed Liu Hao and renamed Liu Hao. In the same month, he collapsed in Wannian Hall due to illness. Wu Ruiwen, Emperor Wu Zhaosu, Xiaoxiao Emperor.

Character introduction

Han Gaozu Liu Zhiyuan was born in the second year of Tang Zhaozong's Ganning (895), and died in the first year of Han Qianyou (948). He was renamed Liu Hao after the founding of the Emperor in the four years of the Jin Dynasty (947), and was renamed Liu Hao. His ancestors were originally from Shatuo and lived in Taiyuan. Liu Zhiyuan was the founder of the Five Dynasties Han Dynasty. Since childhood, Liu Zhiyuan has been calm and solemn, and not good at playing. In his adolescent years, when Li Keyong and Li Cunyi's father and son separated from Taiyuan, Liu Zhiyuan was a military pawn under Li Keyuan 's adopted son Li Jiuyuan (later Tang Mingzong). At that time, Shi Jinglian was the general of Li Yuanyuan. In the battle, Liu Zhiyuan ignored the safety of his life and death, and rescued Shi Jinglian twice. Shi Jingzhang felt and loved it. With his assistance and help, Zou asked Liu Zhiyuan to keep his own account and became a Yamen Metropolitan School. He was soon promoted to Ma Fujun Commander.

In the three years of Tang Qingtai (936 AD), Shi Jingzheng was assisted by Liu Zhiyuan and others to plan. He became emperor in Kaifeng and established the Great Jin Dynasty for the purpose of promoting Jin Gaozu. Since then, with his military and political talents and life-saving skills, Liu Zhiyuan has successively served as the commander of the inspector Sikong and the guardian Ma Bu, inspected the six army guards, Xuzhou Jiedushi, Zhuzhou Jiedushi, inspector Taifu, Beijing (today Taiyuan) left behind, Hedong Jiedushi and other positions, increasingly expensive. Shi Jinglian became emperor for seven years, and died in the seventh year of Jintianfu (AD 942). The adopted son Shi Zigui was appointed as emperor to promote Emperor Liu Zhiyuan. In the first year of the Jin Dynasty's fortune (944), Qidan ’s Lord Yelu Deguang led the army south, and Liu Zhiyuan as a recruiter of the Youzhou Road camp. In Xinkou, he broke the Qidan Army and moved the Kings of Taiyuan and Peiping, and then in Shuozhou. Yangwugu broke Khitan again.

Liu Zhiyuan's main intention during this period was to dominate Hedong and achieve Wangye. Therefore, he was half-pushing the imperial life of the imperial court. On the one hand, he refused to accept the dispatch and stayed in the battle. On the other hand, he took the initiative to attack the imperial court. Khitan does not underestimate himself. Liu Zhiyuan believes that the Khitan is a nomadic tribe, greedy and unpopular, and the constant resistance of the Central Plains people, and will not live on forever; and Shi Jingzheng has knowledge of him, and he once said "I have not forgotten Jin," and immediately Contrary to the imperial court, and showing "benefits" and "righteousness", it is necessary to wait for the opportunity.

When Qidan entered Kaifeng, Liu Zhiyuan's ambassador made Wang Jun to congratulate the victory on the surface, but actually went to Kaifeng to check the situation; some ministries would advocate fighting against Liao, Liu Zhiyuan thought that the use of soldiers was slow and urgent, and now Khitan is gaining momentum and should not be taken lightly. Khitan has no ambitions, focusing on the search of property, the weather is getting warmer, and it is difficult to stay for a long time; Jinfan towns have descended to Liao, which is temporary. Some of them refuse to surrender, and some of them kill Liao, but they have no plans. The powerful generations of the Central Plains; as for the Southern Tang Dynasty to restore the ancestral industry as a pretext, never designed to seek the Central Plains. When the Khitan is to go and send troops to take over the world, it is safe. Although this kind of abacus lacks an enterprising spirit, it can still be regarded as an opportunistic move and it is determined to recover. In view of the above reasons, he colluded with Khitan in advance and served as a court official. At the same time, he recruited a large number of soldiers and soldiers.

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Later Cheng Han Emperor Liu Chengyou introduced the last emperor of the Five Dynasties

Later Han Dynasty Emperor Liu Chengyou (March 28, 930-January 2, 951), the last emperor of the Shatuo family, the son of Gaozu Liu Zhiyuan and Queen Li. From 948 to 950, he reigned in the first year of Emperor Han Gao's Qianlong Emperor (948). After Liu Zhiyuan's death, he assumed the throne. He followed the Emperor Han Qian's ancestor Qian Qian. Rebellion, Emperor Chengyou three years later (950 years), the rebels attacked Kaifeng, Liu Chengyou was killed, later Han died, at the age of 21.

Biography

succession

In the year 947, after the founding of Liu Zhiyuan, he paid tribute to Liu Chengyou for the inspection of General Youwei and Daichi. Later Emperor Liu Chengyou, his father Liu Zhiyuan died of illness in the first month of 948 AD, and prime minister Su Fengji and others did not die, lured Du Chongwei. In February of the same year, Cheng Cheng Liu Chengyou became the king of the Zhou Dynasty, and Liu Chengyou took the throne, following Liu Zhiyuan's year name Qian Qian.

Ping Ding San Francisco

When Emperor Liu Chengyou of the Han Dynasty succeeded, Li Shouzhen occupied the middle of the river, Zhao Siyi occupied Yongxing, Wang Jingchong occupied Fengxiang, and he rebelled in succession. In August 948 (18 years old), the Emperor Liu Chengyou of the Han Dynasty ordered Guo Wei to lead the army to conquer San Francisco. In the summer of 949 (19 years old), Guo Wei calmed down the San Francisco.

Internal chaos

After the resignation of Emperor Liu Chengyou of the Later Han Dynasty, he was assisted by Ministers Yang Yang, Shi Hongzhao, and Su Fengji. The three attacked each other and the internal affairs were chaotic. In November 950 (20 years old), the post-Han Emperor Liu Chengyou launched a coup, killing three people including Yang Yan, Shi Hongzhao, Wang Zhang and their families in one fell swoop.

Rebellion against

In November 950 (20 years old), the late Han Emperor Liu Chengyou ordered Cao Wei and others to assassinate the general Guo Wei. Guo Wei was forced to rebel and besiege Jingjing. Later the Han Emperor Liu Chengyou went to watch Liu Zipo outside the city. In the early morning of the next day, he hurriedly fled back to the city. Unexpectedly, Kaifeng Yin Liuba was not allowed to enter the city. Later, the emperor Liu Chengyou had to bring Su Fengji, Nie Wenjin, and tea to make Guo Yunming and others flee to the northwest and escape to Zhao. Village, killed by Guo Yunming.

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Post-Zhou Taizu Guo Wei Brief Introduction to the Post-Extermination of the Han Emperor

Guo Wei (September 10, 904-February 22, 954) was born in Yaoshan, Xingzhou (now west of Longyao County, Xingtai City), with the word Wen Zhong, and the nickname "Guo Queer", the founder of the fifth generation. Guo Wei was born in a poor family. He has read some books and knows the suffering of the people. After he was appointed, he reduced taxes and cut severe punishments. He was frugal by nature, humble and willing to collect talents, and Wei Renpu, Li Hub, Wang Xi, Fan Zhi, and others who were appointed could be loyal to their duties, abide by the rules, and rule. Working together, we have gradually reformed some malpractices and gradually improved the economic and political situation in the northern region. During the period of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms , Guo Wei was a good emperor with clean, honest and diligent administration. After his death, all his sons were killed by Liu Chengyou, and his wife and nephew Chai Rong succeeded.

Introduction

Xingzhou Yaoshan (now Longyao County, Hebei Province). When he was young, he was lonely and impoverished at first.

In 948 AD, he was ordered to pacify Li Shouzhen's rebellion, and he was later resigned as the abbot and left by the Tianxiong Army. In 950 AD, the late Emperor Liu Chengyou suspected him and sent an envoy to Weizhou to kill Guo Wei. Guo Wei struck up against Han, ordered to attack the capital, and allowed soldiers to snatch for 10 days. Seven days later, Guo Wei entered Luanjing, and the army looted violently. He forced the queen queen to serve as the "monitoring country" and win the national government. On the 1st day of the first month in 951 AD, he was also known as Emperor, the national title of the Great Zhou, the capital of Beijing, changed to "Guangshun" in the Yuan Dynasty, and was called the later week in history. Introduction: Guo Wei's birth year is unknown, and he died in the first year of Zhou Xiande (AD 954). During the fifth generation, the emperor Zhou Kaiguo had the temple name "Taizu". Guo Wei's character is Wen Zhong, a native of Yaoshan, Xingzhou. His surname is often, and when he was young, his mother became Guo, so he changed his surname to Guo. Father Guo Jian was once the assassin of Shunzhou. Liu Wengong broke through Shunzhou, Guo Jian was killed, Guo Wei was several years old, and his mother died shortly. Guo Wei had to depend on Han's aunt in Shengzhou for a living. At the age of 18, he subordinated to Li Jitao, a soldier in Luzhou, who was a soldier.

Guo Weiyong is powerful and bold, and he is deeply appreciated by Li Jitao. On one occasion, Guo Wei was drunk and murdered and was detained for the government. Li Jitao secretly let it go and later recruited to his Majesty. Later Li Jitao was killed by Tang Zhuangzong. Guo Wei was promoted to military official due to his inexperienced writing and book calculation. Later, Jin was destroyed by Qidan, and Guo Wei was subordinate to Liu Zhiyuan . Liu Zhiyuan sent troops to Taiyuan, and he was named emperor. Feng Guowei was the junior deputy in charge of the service. At the end of his death, he prince Liu Chengyou was entrusted to Guo Wei and Shi Hongzhao. Liu Zhiyuan died of illness a year after his reign. Crown Prince Liu Chengyou ascended the throne, for the Hidden Emperor of the Later Han Dynasty, and Guo Wei as a secret ambassador. At that time, Jiedong in the middle of the river made Li Shouzhen, Yongxing made Jishao Zhao, and Feng Xiang made Jiongchong one by one. The court repeatedly sent troops to crusade and returned without success.

The emperor Liu Chengyou ordered Guo Wei to lead his troops. Guo Wei went to the middle of the river to build a base and divided his forces to besiege. Li Shouzhen repeatedly broke through and was frustrated. The stalemate lasted for a long time, and the city ran out of grain. Guo Weisui ordered the attack on all sides and attacked the city in one fell swoop. Li Shouzhen set himself to death. Yongxing Zhao Simao and Fengxiang Wang Jingchong returned one after another, making the post-Han regime swayed by storms to peace. Later, Guo Wei moved to the Northern Expedition, defeated Khitan, and stayed in power to stay in captivity. He was the envoy of the Tianxiong Army, and the ambassador. He also listened to Guo Wei's temperance. Later Emperor Han Yin and his favorants were very suspicious of Guo Wei and other meritorious generals. So the imperial emperor conspired with the credible Li Ye, and ordered Ma Jun to command Guo Chongyu to kill Xuanhui, Wang Jun, Guo Wei, and so on; to order Zhenning Army to save Li Hongyi and to kill the guard infantry commander Wang Yin, Eradicate the forces of the former and the former. Unexpectedly, Li Hongyi disclosed it to Wang Yin in secret. Wang Yin immediately sent someone to Guo Wei. When Guo Wei saw the urgency of the matter, he used the plan of counselor Wei Renpu to pretend to be an edict, claiming that the imperial order made Guo Wei kill the generals. So the sentiment was indignant, and Guo Wei was elected to fight against the soldiers, "to the side of the Qing emperor".

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Later Zhou Gongdi Chai Zongxun brief introduction Chen Qiao mutiny was taken away by Zhao Kuangyin

Chai Zongxun (953-973), Emperor Zhou after the Five Dynasties. Intact as Liang Wang. Zhou Shizong died of illness in June 959. He succeeded to the throne on the same day in the same month, and adopted the name of Zhou Taizu, "Xiande".

Biography

Later Zhou Gongdi Chai Zongxun (September 14, 953-April 6, 973, 959-AD 960), Zhou Shizong Chai Rong died after 959 AD, Chai Zongxun took office, and was 7 At the age of 14, the Queen Mother Fu curtained the curtain to listen to politics, and Fan Zhi, Wang Yan and other presiding affairs of the military state. During the reign of Chai Zongxun, Zhao Kuangyin was especially reused, which made him dream of emperor.

On the first day of New Year's Day in 960 AD, when the ministers were heading to He Chai, the town (now Zhengding County, Hebei Province) and Ding (now Hebei Ding County) suddenly reported that the Liao and North Han forces joined the south and invaded. Lies fabricated by Zhao Kuangyin and other generals. Fan Zhi ordered Zhao Kuangyin to lead the forbidden army north to resist. After the embargo arrived at Chen Qiaoyi, he suddenly launched a mutiny and embraced Zhao Kuangyin as emperor. Zhao Kuangyue returned to Kaifeng, established the Song Dynasty , deposed Chai Zongxun, and demoted him to King Zheng. Perished the following week.

Soon, Chai Zongxun was relocated to Fangzhou (now Fangxian, Hubei Province). He died 13 years after his abolition. The nickname "Gong" and the mausoleum "Shunling" were historically called Chai Zongxun as King Gong.

family member

Chai Zongxun has six sons: Chai Yongqi, Chai Yonglian, Chai Yonghui, Chai Yongxiao, and Chai Yongsheng. Mrs. Zhao, Lin and Zhang.

Zheng Chai Yongzhai's prince, Chai Yongqi, renamed Zheng Guogong and inherited it from generation to generation.

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Later Zhou Shizong Chai Rong's profile was known by historians as "the first Mingjun of the Five Dynasties"

Later Zhou Shizong Chai Rong (October 27, 921-July 27, 959) was the emperor of Zhou in the fifth generation. 954-959 reigned for 6 years. Xingzhou Yaoshan Chaijiazhuang (now Longyao County, Xingtai City, Hebei Province), his father Chai Shouli, and his grandfather Chai Weng are a local family. When Chai Rong was young, he traded tea in Jiangling with a merchant's family, and experienced social disadvantages. Shi Zaiqi's "appearance of appearance and beauty, good riding and shooting, slightly through the history of the book Huang Lao, heavy nature," he was the nephew of late Zhou Taizu Guo Wei , adopted as an adopted son, also known as Guo Rong. After the succession, the surname was restored. In the six years of Chai Rong's reign, the army was trained, the redundancy was eliminated, the exiles were reduced, and the taxation was reduced. As a result, the politics of the following week became clear and the people became wealthy. The Central Plains began to recover. After the southern battle in the north, Shu defeated the west and seized the four states of Qin, Feng, Cheng, and Xie; the south destroyed the South Tang to make the 14 states of Jiangbei and Huainan; the North broke the Qidan and Lianke Erzhou Sanguan. He fell ill while negotiating Youzhou, and died shortly afterwards. He was only 39 years old. He was named King Sejong of the temple and Emperor Xiaowu of Ruiwu.

Sejong, named Chai Rong (921-959 AD), also known as Guo Rong. Zhou Taizu Guo Wei adopted a son. Guo Wei succeeded after his death. During his reign for 5 years, he died of illness, aged 39, and was buried in Qingling (now north of Xinzheng County, Henan Province).

Chai Rong, the nephew of Chou Taizu's queen Chai, was adopted by Guo Wei as an adopted son, and is from Longgang, Xingzhou (now southwest of Xingtai County, Hebei Province). In his early years, he did housework for Guo Wei, selling tea goods from north to south. When Guo Wei raised his soldiers to attack Luanjing, he was ordered to stay at Luancheng. In the early years of the following week, he was named Jiushi of Luzhou and King of Jin. Guo Wei died of illness in the first month of 954 AD. He succeeded in the throne on the same month, using the ancestral name "Xiande".

Chai Rong was the most effective emperor during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms . He is smart and capable, with great ambition, and is determined to unify China. After taking office, on the basis of Taizu's reform pitfalls, he further rectified the administration of the officials, set the land levies, rectified the embargo, restricted Buddhism, and rewarded farming. He ordered people to sculpt a pair of wood farmers and peasants and put them in the palace to urge the monarchs to pay attention to farming. Through reforms, the military and national strength of the following weeks have been greatly enhanced. He conquered the North, and led the army to defeat the North Han and Khitan Army in Gaoping (now Gaoping County, Shanxi Province) in 954. He also conquered the Southern Tang in 956 and captured Jianghuai in the Southern Tang14. 60 counties, then, the Northern Expedition attacked Khitan, regained 17 counties in Lu, Mo, and Yi, and later captured the four states of Houshu, Cheng, Qin, and Feng. These achievements laid the foundation for the future unification of the Northern Song Dynasty. However, just as Chai Rong was about to continue his battle to complete the great cause of reunification, he fell ill on the way to the north of Khitan and had to lead some troops to return to Jingjing.

In June 959, Chai Rong was in critical condition. He quickly arranged for the aftermath, so that Wei Renfu was the prime minister and the prime minister, the prime minister Wang Xi, Fan Zhi and the privy councilor, and the deputy army guards all commanded Han Tong and prime minister. He brought these civil and military ministers into charge of state affairs in order to ensure the stability of the Zhou regime after his death. Chai Rongqian heard the rumor of "checking as the emperor" in the Beijing capital when he was in the north of Khitan. At that time, the front of the hall was checked by Chai Rong's son-in-law Zhang Yongde, who had military merit and commanded the most elite embargo. Chai Rong suspected that the rumor was related to Zhang Yongde, and he was removed from his military post and re-appointed him as prime minister. Zhao Kuangyin was promoted from a low-ranking officer to a front inspection. Chai Rong thought that Zhao Kuangyin would be grateful for a report, and two would be less experienced than Zhang Yongde. Unexpectedly, it was Zhao Kuangyin who captured the emperor and destroyed the following week. Before Chai Rong died, he ordered the fourth son Chai Zongxun to succeed. On the second day of death, he died of illness in the Zide Hall in the Jingjing Palace.

The temple number after Chai Rong's death was Sejong, and the history was called Zhou Sejong.

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Qian Shu, the founder of Emperor Shu of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

Wang Jian (847-918), a character map, was born in Xiangcheng, Chenzhou (now Shenqiu, Henan). Known as "The King of Thieves Eight", the former emperor of Shu during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms , reigned from 907 to 918.

Biography

Wang Jian (847-July 11, 918), a character map, was born in Xiangcheng, Chenzhou (now Shenqiu, Henan), and was a Wuyang (now Wugang City). Former Emperor Shu of the Five Dynasties (reigned 907-918), year: Tianfu Wangjian (847-July 11, 918), (907), Wucheng (908-910), Yongping (911-915) ), Tongzheng (916), Tianhan (917), Guangtian (918).

He was a rogue when he was a teenager. He used to slaughter cattle and donkeys and sell salt for business. The village was called "The King of Thieves." During the Huang Chao Uprising , he served in the Tang army and was part of the Zhongwu Army. When Chang'an fell, he escorted his escort, known as "Five Capitals by Car", and was one of the capitals of the loyal Wudu capital. He was named the Xichuan Jiedushi and Bizhou assassin's history by the Tang Dynasty Emperor Zong , and Tian Lingzi, the ten army officer, also adopted him as adoptive son. After Emperor Zong returned to Chang'an, he was promoted to the general of the Imperial Guard. In the second year of Guangqi (886), Zong Zong fled to Xingyuan (now Hanzhong, Shaanxi), and appointed Wang Jian as the "clearance envoy", after which he developed forces to the Quartet. In the second year of Dashun (891), he rushed to Chengdu with 2,000 soldiers, which was blocked by Chen Jinglian. Wang Jian broke the Lutouguan, took Hanzhou, attacked Pengzhou, defeated Chen Jinglian 50,000 soldiers, and soon captured Chengdu. Chen Jinglian and Tian Lingzi opened the door. According to Xichuan, Wang Zhao was then sent to Jiedan in southern Guizhou, Gu Yanhui and Wuding Jiedu were killed in Dongchuan. For four years (897), Qianning occupied the prefectures of Dongchuanzi (now Sichuan Santai) and Chongqing (now Sichuan and Chongqing), and there were two rivers and three gorges. In the second year of Tianfu (902), he gained control of Shanxi Province. Tian Fuzong three years (903), Tang Zhaozong named him King of Shu again, then became the largest separatist force at that time.

Tianfu four years (904), Tang moved to Luoyang, changed Yuan Tianyou, Wang Jian was isolated from Tang and did not know, so it is still called Tianfu. Tianfu six years (three years of Tianyou, 906), take back to the state, and have the Three Gorges. In the seventh year of Tianfu (four years of Tianyou, 907), Zhu Wen usurped the Tang Dynasty and established the back beam. Wang Jianchi fought the Quartet, and the soldiers discussed the beam. The Quartet knew that it was not honest and should not. In September of the same year, Wang Jian was the emperor, the country was called Shu, and it was called "the former Shu" in history, and the capital was Chengdu. In the first year of Wu Cheng (908), the Emperor Jiazun was the Holy Emperor. In the first year of Yongping (911), Jiazun said that the Emperor Wurui Shengguang filial piety emperor. The following year it was also added that the Holy Spirit of the Emperor Wurui Wendeguang Filial Emperor. In the first year of Zhengzheng (916), the country name was changed to Han. In the first year of the Tian Han Dynasty (917), the reunification was Shu.

In the first year of Guangtian (918), Wang Jian died, seventy-two years, and reigned for twelve years. During his reign, he worked hard to improve governance, focused on farming and mulberry cultivation, built water conservancy, expanded territory, and implemented a "rest with the people" policy. After his death, Emperor Shenwu, Emperor Xiaowen, Mingxiao Hui, Emperor Gaozu, was buried in Chengdu's Yongling (Yongling Road, West Extension Line of Chengdu City).

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Former Shu Queen Lord Wang Yan Introduction to Drinking Day and Night

Wang Yan (899-May 2, 926), the source of the word, the eleventh son of Wang Jian, the Wuyang people of Xuzhou (its hometown is now Wugang City), and his mother is Wang Jian's concubine Xu. Former Shu Shuzhu, reigned from 918 to 925 for a total of seven years.

Former Shu emperor Wang Yan (899-926 AD), Wang Jianzi, ascended the throne in 918 AD, abdicated in 925 AD, reigned for 7 years. Wang Yan spent extravagantly and obscenely, built palaces, and toured counties, consuming a lot of financial resources and increasing the burden on the people. The queen queen and the concubine sold the officials and concubines, and the bureaucracy also became bribes. The politics was very rotten. In the third year of Tongguang (925), Tang Chuangzong Li Cunzhen sent troops to attack Shu, Wang Yan descended, and former Shu died. Later, Wang Yan was sent to Luoyang to be killed halfway through the age of 28.

Biography

Formerly known as Wang Zongyan, he was renamed after his throne. "The History of the New Five Dynasties, the Pre-Shu Family" said that it was "Fang Yi's big mouth, his hands over his knees, his eyes and ears, and his knowledge and knowledge, which can be a pompous remark." Hands, good micro-services to travel to the people, drink wine day and night, love luxury, build palaces, cruise around counties, consume a lot of financial resources, Shu people can not rest. The queen queen and the concubine sold the officials and concubines, and the bureaucracy also became bribes. The politics was very rotten. In the first year of Gande (919), Jiazun was Emperor Xiaoming of Saint Deming. In Tongguang for three years (925 years), later Tang Zhuangzong Li Cunzhen sent Wei Wang Li Jiyu and Guo Chongtao to send troops to attack Shu. Wang Yan faced the public and fled, and the former Shu died. Wang Yan was named Tong Zhenggong.

Later, Wang Yan was sent to Luoyang. Li Cunzhen sent him to kill with his relatives. Wang Yan was 28 years old when he died. There are literary talents, who can be the words of Fu Yan, author of "Fireworks Collection", two words.

Wang Yan is a happy person. It is said that he often summons Miyagi games in the palace. He wrapped a turban on his own head, with a sharp awl on the upper part; let the palace magicians wear robes, wear a lotus crown on his head, his cheeks were red, and he sang "Drunk Makeup". . This word was written by Wang Yan for this game.

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Conclusion

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907-960). During this fifty-four years, Liang, Tang, Jin, Han, and Friday dynasties appeared in the Central Plains. Historically it was called Houliang, Hou Tang, Hou Jin, Hou Han, and Hou Zhou. At the same time, outside these five dynasties, there were more than a dozen separatists in the surrounding area, such as Qianshu, Houshu, Wu, Nantang, Wuyue, Fujian, Chu, Nanhan, Nanping (that is, Jingnan), and Beihan. Regime, ancient China was dominated by orthodox historical views. Since the Five Dynasties were established in the Central Plains, occupying the central area of the former capital of the Tang Dynasty, it was the traditional central court at that time, so historians wrote history of the Five Dynasties. The ten nations and the rest of the regime are called separatist forces.

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