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List of Emperors of the Xia Dynasty

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Xia Dynasty (from 2049 to 1577), a country established by Yu. Xia Yu Chuanzi replaced the previous Zen concession system, from the Chan concession system to the hereditary system of the throne. The Xia Dynasty passed on 14 generations and 17 kings (one said that 13 generations and 16 kings, mainly whether Dayu is a monarch or the tribal alliance leader is controversial), about 471 years later, was destroyed by the Shang Dynasty. The emperor of the Xia Dynasty was called Hou, Xiahou, Xiahoushi in ancient books, and some also called emperors. According to the "Historical Records", the Xia Dynasty dates from the early 21st century BC to the early 16th century BC. It lasted for more than 500 years. After 5 centuries, there were 17 emperors as rulers. Thirteen generations, sixteen biography from Qi to Fanfan, which lasted for five hundred years (one said 472 years), were calculated by future generations. For example, the beginning of the Xia Dynasty started from Xia Yu, and from Yu to Lugui (桀), there were 14 generations and 17 kings, and more than 500 years passed. There are 17 kings in the Xia Dynasty, among which 13 died of illness due to lack of historical data; 1 king who was starved to death after the country's death; 1 king who died of self-confidence; 1 king who was desolate and died after being taken away from the state administration; , 1 king who died angrily.

List of Emperors of the Xia Dynasty

List of Emperors of the Xia Dynasty-Detailed introduction of Xia Dynasty emperors

Introduction to Xia Yu Governing the Yellow River and Establishing the First Emperor of the Xia Dynasty

Xia Yu , with the surname of Xiahou, with a name of Wenming, Gaomi, Yu, and later generations are called Dayu , the leader of Xiahou. Legend is that he is the great-grandson of Emperor Xi , and the sixth generation of Huangdixuan. His father's name was uncle, and his mother was self-cultivating for a daughter-in-law. According to legend, Yu ruled the Yellow River waters, and was conferred the throne by Shun Chan. Yu was the first emperor of the Xia Dynasty , so future generations also called him Xia Yu. He is the emperor and sage emperor of Yao and Shun in the legendary era of our country. His most outstanding achievement is to administer the monstrous floods that have been extolled, and to delimit China as Kyushu. Later generations called him Dayu, which means great Yu. After the death of Yu, he was buried on the Hueiji Mountain in the south of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. Emperors from all ages since Qin Shihuang have come to Yuling to worship Yu.

Biography

Yu, Yu surname, Mingming, Gaomi, No. Yu, the later generation is called Dayu, the leader of the Hou Hsi, he is the sixth grandson of the Yellow Emperor and the fourth grandson of the Emperor (Note: the second son of Huangdi said Changyi, Chang Yi Shengyi, Yi Shengyi Zeng, Yi Sheng gave birth to his ancestors, Yi Zu gave birth to his father, his father gave birth to his father, Yi Shengyu). His father's name was uncle, and his mother was self-cultivating for a daughter-in-law. According to legend, Yu ruled the Yellow River waters, and was conferred the throne by Shun Chan. Yu was the first emperor of the Xia Dynasty, so future generations also called him Xia Yu. He is the emperor and sage emperor of Yao and Shun in the legendary era of our country. His most outstanding achievement is to administer the monstrous floods that have been extolled, and to delimit China as Kyushu. Later generations called him Dayu, which means great Yu. After the death of Yu, he was buried on the Hueiji Mountain in the south of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. There are Yu Temple, Yuling and Yu Ancestral Hall. Since the beginning of Emperor Qin Shihuang, most of the emperors came to Yuling to worship him.

Life story

During Emperor Yao, the flood in the Central Plains was a disaster, and the people were sad. I was ordered to fight the flood, and it took nine years to settle the flood. Shun inspected the world and found that He used water to stop the water to stop the water. He had no success at all, and finally he was executed in Yushan. Then he ordered Yu's son Yu to succeed in water management. Immediately after accepting the mission, Yu and Houyi summoned the people to help. He inspected the river and reviewed the reasons for his failure. He decided to reform the water management method. He turned over the mountains and rivers, flowed rivers and rivers, held tools, and measured the terrain from west to east. He set benchmarks and planned watercourses. .

He led the migrant workers who ran the water and traveled all over the place. According to the benchmarks, every mountain was opened, and dikes were built in the depression to clear the water channel and lead the flood into the sea. In order to control the water, Yu exhausted his brains, was not afraid of hard work, and never dared to rest. Soon after he married Tu Shan's female celebrity Jiao Jia, he left his wife and set foot on the road of water management again. Later, he passed by the door of the house and heard his wife giving birth and the sound of his son falling to the ground. When he passed the third time, his son Qizheng was in his mother's arms. He already knew how to call his father, waved his little hand, and greeted Yu. Yu just waved to his wife and children, saying that he saw them, and didn't stop. Come down. Yu San's inability to enter the house is the best proof of his diligence.

Yu also cares about the sufferings of the people. Once, when he saw a man so poor that he sold his child, Yu redeemed him. Seeing that some people did not eat, he asked Houyi to distribute the only food to the people. Yu wore shabby clothes, ate poor food, lived in a shabby mat, and held a puppet in person every day, taking the lead in doing the hardest and dirtiest work. After a few years, the hair on his legs and arms had been stripped off, thick calluses had formed on the palms and soles, his body was dry and his face was dark. After thirteen years of hard work, they have opened countless mountains, dredged countless rivers, built countless dams, and made all rivers in the world flow to the sea. Finally, the water was successfully treated and the floods were cured. The land that had just returned from the flood was too humid, and Yu asked Yifa to seed the people and teach them to grow rice.

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Xia Qi, the first person in history to change from Zen to hereditary

Emperor Xia of the Xia Dynasty , the reign of unknown, the son of Yu Yu. After Qi Yu died of illness, Qi Qi conquered Boyi by force and defeated his successor, becoming the first person in China's history to change from a "zen system" to a "hereditary system." Following his succession, Qi Qi defeated the powerful You Clan through the Battle of Gan and eliminated the opposition forces within the Huaxia tribe. In the later period of Qi Qi's reign, there was a turmoil in Wuguan and political turmoil. Qi Qijiao was extravagant, and eventually died of illness, buried near Anyi.

Biography

Qi Qi's mother is Tu Shan. Qu Yuan 's "Ask for Heaven" contained a legend that said Yu Yu visited the Quartet to patrol the flood, and once encountered Tu Shan's accidentally in Taisang, and immediately separated. The pregnant Tu Shan woman died after giving birth to Qi Qi in her wounds. After the death of Xun Yu, Xun Qi destroyed the Zen concession system and attacked himself, establishing Xia, the first dynasty in Chinese history. Since then, the primitive society has come to an end, the slave society has begun, and Qi has become the first emperor in the history of our country. Qi Qi abandoned Yangzhai and moved west to Daxia (now the Fenjing River Basin) and the capital of Anyi (west of Xia County, Shanxi Province).

Biographies

Yiqi dispute

After Shun Shun, the king's power was further strengthened. It is said that during the alliance of Yu Tu Tushan, "the king of the jade warriors", "the king of the vassals of the dynasty, the king of the wind came, and Yu cut it." This Tushan is the Santu Mountain in Song County, Henan, also known as the Hueiji Mountain, near the Xiaren Activity Center. It can be seen that the two generations of Jingjing and Xuyu have formed a powerful force, laying the foundation for the establishment of the Xia Dynasty. With the emergence of kingship, the organs of the clan system have been partly transformed and partly abandoned. Only the form of the candidate for the successor leader has to be approved by the council. From Shun Shu to Jiu Yu is in the era of great social development, all kinds of talents have emerged, and the first to be promoted as Ji Yu's successor was Pu Tao who had five sentences and was responsible for prison proceedings. Tao Tao died first, and the tribal union council elected Bai Yi. He is a descendant of She and Shaodian, also known as Da Fei, and has certain blood relatives with She Tao. He once assisted Yu Yuping in soil and water, and was rewarded by Ji Shun for his merit. He was appointed to be in charge of Shanze and taming birds. The "Yu" of the beast, the ancient documents once said "Yu Zhu Yu, Shan Zepi", some scholars believe that his achievements in the first animal husbandry. Therefore, according to traditional customs, as the son of the leader, when discussing the successor candidate in the council, he was nominated first, but his achievements and prestige could not compete with Yi, and Yi naturally became the legal heir recognized by the council.

However, in the era of Yihe Qiqi, traditional customs have been replaced by new values. Immediately after Xu Yu's death, Qi Qi launched an attack on the legal heir and seized the position of leader. Regarding the course of this struggle, there are records saying: "Yi Dai Yuli, detained Kai Kai, Qi Qi reciprocated to kill Yi, to inherit the sacrifice of Yu"; or "the ancient Yu died, will pass the world on to Yi, Qi Zhi People stand up because of the relatives and gains. "Also said," Yu grants benefits, and regards Qi as a clerk, and old, and Qi as inadequate, and the benefits of pass also. Qi and support the party to gain the world. It is Yu Mingchuan that the world has benefited from the fact that Qi Qi took it from himself. " In short, the struggle is fierce, and after several twists and turns, the "rebellion" of Qi Qi has once benefited from a powerful counterattack, once at a disadvantage, and even detained. Finally, due to the management and cultivation of Ji Yu, Hou Xia ’s foundation is deeper and stronger With the support of the supporters, Hia Hou and his supporters joined forces to wage war against Yi, and finally killed Yi, so that Qi Qi won the leadership position.

Battle of Gan

After Qi Qi won the post of leader, he held an alliance in Yu County, Henan Province today, informing various tribes within the consortium and nearby chiefdoms, and seeking supporters to establish his own rule. This is the Xia Qiyou Juntai in the documentary records. Enjoy [13]. However, Yu Qi ’s usurpation of sabotaging traditional customs has caused dissatisfaction among some tribes, especially those who are strong and also have the highest power in the Alliance. The tribe leader, represented by the Ji, has openly expressed disobedience to Qi Qi as the new leader. The Battle of Gan with the Qi Family occurred.

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Xia Taikang's introduction

Ji Taikang , monarch of the Xia Dynasty, unknown birth and death years, Qi Qi eldest son, Qi Qi succeeded after death. From the childhood, Taikang followed his father, Qi Qi, and enjoyed life. After he was appointed, he lived more corruptly than Qi Qi. He only focused on drinking and hunting, and ignored government affairs. When he went to the north shore of Luoshui, he captured the state government. In fact, he was only reigned for two years (29 years in name), died of illness, and was buried in Yangxia (now Taikang County, Henan Province).

Biography

Taikang, King of Xia Dynasty . Qi (Xia Qi) the eldest son. Ascended the throne after death. In fact, he only reigned for two years (29 years in nominal terms). Because he ignored the civil affairs, he was taken away from the state by Houyi when he went to the north shore of Luoshui. He died of illness and was buried in Yangxia (now west of Taikang County, Henan Province).

Life story

The Houyi, a leader of the Dongyi tribe, saw the internal contradictions of the Xia Dynasty. When he went out for hunting for several months without returning, he took the opportunity to take control of the Xia Dynasty. After Taikang's death, his brother Zhongkang succeeded, and Zhongkang was weak and became a puppet. After Zhongkang died, his sons successively took the throne. Houyi chased away the prime minister and became the king himself. This is the history of "Taikang Lost Country" and "Houyi Daixia".

When the rule of the Xia Dynasty was basically stable, the aristocratic ruler headed by Qi wilfully enslaved and exploited the masses of the people and indulged in the life of "sexual prostitution." After the death, Yu Taikang Ji Li, also indulged in sensual wine and drink, and did not repair politics, which made the internal contradictions increasingly acute, and the external Shiyi betrayed. Houyi "did Xiazhen for Xiamin" and once seized the ruling power of the Xia royal family. But Houyi is also a brutal ruler. He claims that he has a strong force, "does not repair civil affairs". Later, Han Yan colluded with Houyi's "family members" to kill Houyi and his family members and usurped the right to rule. Once, he took his family and relatives to go hunting on the north shore of Luoshui. It has been more than 3 months since he went home, and Pepsi was dismissed, and people's grievances abound.

The Houyi tribe leader of the Dongyi tribe (now north of Dezhou, Shandong Province) flew into the army and seized Anyi, the capital of Xia. Taikang returned happily with his prey. When he walked to the shore of Luoshui and saw heavy soldiers on the other side, he hurriedly sent people to cross the river to inquire. Then he knew that Houyi would not let him return to the capital. Taikang's absurdity and fear of the strength of Houyi, no one came to help. Taikang regretted it and had to build a tucheng in Yangxia to live there. History claims "Taikang loses his country"

Seeing that his elder brother could not return to the capital, the five younger brothers of Taikang accompanied his mother to the south bank of Luoshui and looked forward to it. They could not wait. The five brothers wrote a song in memory of the merit and character of their grandfather Yu, and told the desolation and sorrow of the present. This song is the famous "Song of the Five Sons" in "Book of Shang". The meaning of the lyrics is: Our ancestor Dayu once taught his children and grandchildren that the people are the foundation of the country. Only when it is fundamentally stable can the country be peaceful. The monarch should be diligent in politics and good governance of the world. If he is greedy for wine, good for game hunting, or building a pavilion, then as long as there is one of them, he will lose the people's hearts and lead to the ruin of the country. In memory of our ancestor Dayu, when he was the king of nations, he ruled the world in an orderly manner and made the people live and work in peace. What a wise monarch! Today, Taikang did not follow the ancestral teachings and abandoned government affairs, causing the people to hate us, making the dynasty founded by our ancestors subverted and trapped us in a state of suffering. Taikang, you made a big mistake, how painful we are!

Twenty-seven years later, Taikang died of Yangxia.

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Xia Zhongkang's brief introduction of Emperor Pang, unable to regain power

Zhong Zhongkang, a Zhongkang, the monarch of the Xia Dynasty . Birth and death years are unknown, the fourth son of Ji Qi , the younger brother of Tai Taikang , and the late Emperor Taikang made him king. For 13 years, he died of illness and was buried near Anyi (now Xichixia Village, Xia County, Shanxi Province).

Biographies

After the death of Taikang, Li Zhongkang became king. Zhongkang reigned nominally for 13 years, in fact still under the dictatorship of Houyi. Zhong Kang was unwilling to act recklessly, and was determined to regain power. He once sent Da Sima Yihou to conquer Houyi's party, and tried to weaken Houyi's power. In the end, due to his weak strength, he was placed under house arrest and unable to restore Xia's world. Zhongkang died of depression and illness. Buried near Anyi.

Basic Information

Ascended the throne: before 2048-before 2030.

Year of birth and death: before 2089-before 2030.

Place of birth: Anyi (now northwest of Xia County, Yuncheng District, Shanxi Province).

Lidu: Pond (now northeast of Yanshi City, Henan Province).

Moving the capital: Diqiu (now southwest of Puyang, Henan).

Year number: The first year of Zhongkang (Jia Yin, before 2047).

Zhong Zhongkang, surnamed Zhong, named Zhongkang, and also Zhongkang. The four kings of the Xia dynasty in the era of the Chinese royal family. His grandfather was the first king of the Xia dynasty. Tai Kang, the third king of the Xia Dynasty, was his elder brother.

Xi Zhongkang is the fourth son of the second Wang Jiqi and was born about thirty-nine years in Yu Shun (renshen, 2089 before).

King establishment process

In the four years of Taikang (pre-2048), a monarch from a poor country heard that Xia Wangxun went to south of Luoshui to hunt. He thought that this was the best time to attack the Xia dynasty. Puppet, stand alone as king. But under pressure from the princes soon, he had to give up the throne to descendants of the Xia royal family. At that time, Qi Qi's six sons were still alive. Who should be appointed as the new Xia King? The old second Yuankang and the third old Bokang were both inexperienced and stupid. They could not do anything but eat, drink, and have fun. Only the fourth old man, Zhongkang, is physically fit and ambitious, and has been holding the throne all the time. So Zhong Kang acted in secret, and several old ministers came forward to recommend him as the new king. The heirs of poor nations agreed to give way, but his condition was that the Xia Dynasty would not only exempt taxes from poor nations, but would also provide double taxes to poor nations every year. Xi Zhongkang was a mediocre man without political vision, so he agreed without hesitation in order to sit on the throne. In this way, the emperor Houyi of the poor nation gave up the throne, and led the poor army to return to the poor stone with a lot of property plundered in Xiadu.

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Introduction to Xia Xiang Xia Xiang interrupted the history of Xia Dynasty for 40 years since his death

Prime Minister , son of Zhong Zhongkang. The prime minister succeeded after the death of Huang Zhongkang, and for 28 years, he was smashed and attacked by Han's son and buried in Diqiu (now Puyang County, Henan Province).

Biographies

In the successive positions, they were still very young. Due to Houyi's advancement, he had to escape to Diqiu and moved to Pingguan (now East of Shouguang City, Shandong Province). In the eighth year after the succession, because Houyi did not practice civil affairs because of his military force, he used field hunting for fun every day. He was then directed by Houyi ’s assistant, Hengyi, to the Houyi ’s disciples, who were killed by close guards. Xun sent his son to pour troops to attack and pour. The relative strength was weak, and they had to flee to Diqiu again. At this time, the relatives had successively conquered tribes such as Huaiyi, Fengyi, and Huangyi. Soon, Yu Yi came to see him and obeyed him.

The following year, Tuan led troops to attack Diqiu. He stormed into the city one night and broke into the prime minister's residence. Seeing that it was difficult to get out, he drew his knife and died.

When they died, Han Yue usurped the throne, interrupting Xia Dynasty for 40 years.

One of the descendants of Xiang has "Xian" as his surname.

Chronology

In the first year of the Wu Emperor's Rebellion, the emperor ascended the throne and lived in business. Zheng Huaiyi.

Two years, Zheng Feng and Huang Yi.

Seven years, Yu Yi is a guest.

For eight years, the cold crickets killed the crickets and made their sons live.

For nine years, I lived in the pond.

For fifteen years, the princes of Shang and Hou had been riding horses. Then moved to Shangqiu.

Twenty years, the cold and extinct Ge.

Twenty-six years, Han Yan made his subordinates extinguished.

In the twenty-seven years, he fell down and pierced the war. He fought in Wei, overwhelmed him, and destroyed it.

In the twenty-eighth year, Han Yan made his son puppet emperor, and Houyi returned to Youyi.

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Xiahouyi Introduction Houyi replaced Xia as the sixth emperor of the Xia Dynasty

Xia Chaohou was originally called "Si Si", which is one of the "Qun Si" (Si Kong, Situ, etc.). "Division" means the inheritance of knowledge and skills from generation to generation in the family. "羿" is the meaning of "shooter". "Sie" is "hereditary shooter". During the Emperor's Reign, a shooter was appointed head of the Yulin Army. This prominent position has been passed down from generation to generation within the family. At the beginning of the Xia Dynasty, because Taikang ignored the political affairs, Si Xun, the head of the Yulin army, launched a palace coup (this is called "shooting the sun"), ingesting Xia Zheng. Reinvented, meaning "hereditary emperor"). He was later killed by his family member. In order to inherit the power of Houyi, according to the custom at that time, he should marry his wife, Chang'e. Chang'e ran to the moon and stayed in the "Guanghan Palace". This is the "Han She", which is the "Han Han Zhi She".

Houyi, also known as "Yiying", is the leader of the Dongyi tribe of the Xia Dynasty and the monarch of the poor country. He is also a superb hero of archery. After the death of Xia Wang Zhongkang, his sons successively took the throne. Soon, Houyi expelled the prime minister and became the king himself, for the sixth emperor of the Xia Dynasty, and was later killed by his family's concubine.

Legend character

Houyi, originally called Siji, also known as Daji, is a legendary figure in ancient times. He is good at archery and helped Yao Emperor shoot for nine days. Legend has it that on the 10th, evil will happen. Heavenly Emperor (Di Jun) sent His Majesty Fan who is good at archery to relieve the disaster. The 9th shot, only one day left, brought vitality to the earth.

In addition, it was said that Xun shot ten days, that is, Xun shot and killed the queen of the Xia dynasty, and Gain mistakenly wrote the word "phase" in the Xia dynasty as "Ten days". I shot for ten days, and it was actually Houyi shot dead. After the Houyi usurped the throne , in order to prevent the Xia Dynasty's ethnic counterattack, he chased and killed the relatives, and eventually killed the relatives.

Taikang died shortly after losing his country. The clan set up his brother Zhongkang, who lived near Luoshui. Zhongkang died and his sons stood opposite each other. After that, he fled to Diqiu (now Puyang, Henan) under the same surname. The princes of Zunxun and Zunguan. At this time, the Zunxun family had moved from the Yiluo Plain to the northeast of Henan, while the Zunguan family was in the north of Fanxian, where the border between Henan and Shandong was now. In order to prevent the renaissance of the forces of the summer, the cold-hearted division instructed the division to "kill the irrigation and cut down the flood and seek out, and destroy the summer." Then he sealed it (now north of Shexian County, Shandong Province, or possibly southeast of Taikang County, Henan Province today), and Feng Yuge (in Song and Zheng Dynasty, about east of central Henan today) to control the East. When Han Yan attacked and killed the post-mortem, his wife Hou Dong fled to the southwest of Lu's mother's home where there is still Clan (you Ren, now Rencheng), giving birth to a posthumous child Shao Kang .

In addition, "The Book of Mountains and Seas ": "There is a country of peace and harmony between Ganshui. There is a woman's name, Peace and Peace, and Fangyu Ri is in Ganyuan. Peacemaker, Emperor Jun's wife, was born ten days." Even more convinced scholars "Ten days" is by no means what the ten suns are, but people's names! "Ten days" means "phase". After the summer, the son of Zhongkang was shot and killed by Houyi and Han. The son of the relative, Shaokang, fled to You Clan. With the help of You Clan and Yu Yu, he sent troops to destroy the Clan and successfully restored the country. The photovoltaic Xia Dynasty, history Called "Shaokang ZTE."

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Xia Hanzhang's introduction

Xia Hanzhang (before 2035-2004) was the first year of Jiapi, and he reigned for 32 years. The seventh-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty .

Han Zheng was born in the seven years of Xia Wang Zhongkang (BC2079). His parents were accustomed to him from an early age, and he was allowed to do anything wrong. He robbed others to eat if they had something delicious, robbed them to play if others had something interesting, and it was his daily routine to beat Xishou as his neighbor. When others and him reasoned, he fought with strength Together, they disturbed neighbors in their teens. The clan blame his parents one after another, and his parents saw him as being outrageous and had to criticize him for a few words. Who knew that he tied his parents up and went out to do something wrong. The neighbours had to sue to the patriarch (princes of the princes), the patriarch was furious and ordered the expulsion of the pupa, never to return to the pupa. It was only thirteen years old.

There was no trace of regret after being sent out. The soldier who was escorted him asked if he would go home to say goodbye to his parents. He said that it was unnecessary, and he did not hesitate to go on the road with the soldier, and went out of the cold country without looking back. After leaving his homeland, he figured out what he should do next. Later, he heard that a monarch from a poor country captured the capital of the Xia Dynasty and established himself as a king, known as the emperor. He felt that Houyi was an amazing hero, so he decided to go to him. On the way, I stayed in a house in the mountains and met a stranger. Because of his love for the cold and clever, he accepted him as an apprentice. After more than a year, he learned a superb martial art. Master Fang feared that he would take others as apprentices, poison the Master's family with poison, and then searched for Master's property, set a fire, burned the entire Master's family and the house, and set foot on Jianghu Road.

He went to Xiadu to search, and it was so easy to find a chance to see Houyi. With his ingenuity and sharp teeth, he won the favor of Houyi. Regardless of the opposition of the ministers, Houyi left him in the middle and recognized him as a righteous son. Hou Yi saw that he was strong and brave, and made him a small leader in the army. Sincerely taking advantage of this opportunity, many cold-hearted people have participated in the battles against the princes and won many awards. In less than a year, he became an invincible general.

Since then, after many promotions, Han Yu has become the chief minister of the Central Government.

Like many kings, the heirs of poor monarchs also began to degenerate and fall in a peaceful environment. He was greedy for women's wines, loved parade hunting, and entrusted some political affairs to the righteous concubine. Greetings made use of the power given to him by Houyi to form a party and privately, to develop and strengthen his own power. At the same time, he changed the favor of the righteous Father. Houyi was lascivious, and he selected many beautiful women who could sing and dance in the palace to accompany the righteous father to make fun; Houyi good wine, he let hundreds of altars of the best wine to be enjoyed by the righteous father. Houyi likes hunting, so he selected dozens of good horses from all over the place for his father to ride, and also trained hundreds of hunting masters for his father to call. Houyi was very satisfied. He said to the ministers of the Central Government: "It's a blessing of my life to have a good son like Hanyu."

However, Minister Wu Luo, Boyin, Xiong, Xiong, and others stood up and dialled cold water to him. They believed that this was a way to lead the king to the evil road. This road is the road to death, and the future is very terrible. They advised Houyi to remove the cold convict. Houyi shook his head again and again, saying that you think too much, and I am colder than my own son. The old ministers who had been born and dead for decades with him are all cold. They sighed and said, "A poor country is over!"

Greetings were very proud at this time, he has been on the throne for a long time.

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Brief introduction of Xia Di Shao Kang Restore the rule of Xia Dynasty and create Shao Kang Zhongxing

Xia Di Shaokang (before 2003-1983) Bingwu in the first year, reigned for 21 years. The 8th generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of the Emperor Xia

Shao Kang reigned from 1940 BC to 1880 BC. Shao Kang, Xiang's son, and his mother is You Clan (now Weishan County, Shandong Province). He is Xiang's posthumous son. When Xiang was forced to commit suicide, Shao Kang was not born yet. His mother, Hou Ji, could not afford to lose her grief and the dignity of the queen, and hurriedly crawled out of the dog hole with the palace maid, and fled to her mother's Youshang tribe (now southeast of Jinan, Shandong), and gave birth to Shao Kang the next year. When Shao Kang grew up, you still have a family of Muzheng, and then fled to You Yuzheng (now Shangcheng Yucheng South, Henan) to Ren Zhengzheng, married his wife in Yu, Arita Yicheng (Fang 10 Miles), and a public brigade (500 people) . Actively fight for Xia Zhong and Xia Min, aiming at the restoration of the country. Later, with the help of the tribe of the same surname, he worked with the old minister Mi and others to defeat the cold and restore the rule of the Xia dynasty. Shao Kang also returned to Yang Xia (now Taikang, Zhoukou, Henan). This is the history book. The so-called Shaokang ZTE. Shao Kang later moved his capital to the original (now northwest of Jiyuan, Henan). The father and the emperor were killed, and his mother-in-law fled until he was still born. After Benyu. Shao Kang killed the cold with Ru Yifa, and returned to the country by killing the cold. Eighteen years, moved to the original. Reigned sixty-one years.

Xi Shaokang's uncle, Xia Wang Xi Taikang , lost his country under the rebellion after Dongyi had a leader, and Shao Shaokang's father, the leader of the Xiahushi, was killed by a cold rush, and Wu Shaokang was the uncle's last son. After growing up, You Shaojiu was Mengzheng You, and then fled to You Yuzheng, married the daughter of Yu Yu, actively fighting for the survivors of the Hou Hsi family, determined to return to the country, sent a spy female Ai Yudian, in the same surname With the help of the Horde's Chong Guan and Chong Cheng's, they joined forces with Hou Hou's widow, Bo Mi, and others to defeat the cold and restore the rule of the Xia Dynasty. Qi Shaokang has great achievements, which is called Shaokang ZTE in history.

History background

Xi Shaokang ’s uncle Wang Xia ’s uncle ’s 100-day unreturning behavior caused great dissatisfaction among the people. The poor ’s heirs used this emotion to usurp government.

Right, not allowed Taikang to enter the country. History calls it "Taikang loses his country", and Hou Hou's rule faces a serious crisis. Houyi Xia was another major power struggle in the early Xia Dynasty.

Later, Houyi was "killed and cooked" by his subordinates, and Xia, a widow who had been used by Houyi, fled to a place with a family name (25 kilometers southeast of Dezhou, Shandong Province today). From the beginning of the summer to the summer, "the assault of the poor, the Yin's room, the pouring and the crickets", the two sons brave and fierce fighting, intensified the pursuit of the Hou Hsi family forces.

Ji Taikang died shortly after losing his country. The clan established his brother Ji Zhongkang, who lived near Luoshui. He died and his sons and daughters stood together. The prime minister fled to Diqiu (now Puyang, Henan) according to the princes of the same surname Yu Zunxun and Zunguan. In order to prevent the renaissance of the Hou Hsi ’s forces, the cold-hearted division instructed the division to “kill the irrigation and cut down the flood to seek out and destroy the post-summer”. Then he sealed it (now north of Shexian County, Shandong Province, or possibly southeast of Taikang County, Henan Province today), and Feng Yuge (in Song and Zheng Dynasty, about east of central Henan today) to control the East. When the cold prince attacked and killed the queen, his wife Houdong fled to the mother's home in the southwest of Shandong, where she gave birth.

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Brief introduction of Xia Diyu During the reign of Ji Xie, Xia Dynasty entered its heyday

Xia Wei (1982--1966) Ding Mao in the first year, reigned for 17 years. The 9th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Di Shaokang .

The ninth-generation monarch of the Xia dynasty. Son of Shao Kang, Huai's father. 17 years in office. 杼 Invented a skin made of animal skin during his reign. "Jiannian": Emperor or Dining, living in the original. Five years, moved to Laoqiu. Seventeen years in office. "Emperor Century" said: Emperor Ning, Houyi, reigned seventeen years. "Shi Shi Ji Gu" reigned for seventeen years.

Character introduction

Xia Yan, the monarch of Xia Dynasty, the birth and death years are unknown. Shao Kangzi, Huai's father. The names are also written as 杼, 宁, 宁, 伫, Yu, Xiang Man, Yu or Ji 杼. "Episode. Zuo Pian": Zuo Zuo Jia (A Soldier's Armor). Shao Kang succeeded after death. During his 17 years in office, he died of illness and was buried near Anyi.

During his reign, Yu invented a armor made of animal skins, which was the origin of the Chinese War Armor. With the armor, the combat effectiveness of the soldiers increased greatly, Xia Chao actively expanded to the outside world, and Xia Chao's national strength also entered its heyday.

"Zhushu Chronicles" records that the capital of the early period was the original (now northwest of Jiyuan, Henan), and later moved to Laoqiu (now near Chenliu Town, Kaifeng, Henan), and the Jiuwei Fox was obtained after the Eastern Expedition. When Yu ruled, the Xia Dynasty entered its heyday.

He was smart and capable, and had assisted his father Shao Kang in attacking and destroying Han's forces, and resurrected the Xia Dynasty. During his reign, he decided to complete Shao Kang's last wish and attack Dongyi. Dongyi's first attack was met with stubborn resistance, and his army was resisted by Dongyi's long-range weapon Gongya, suffering losses and unable to advance. After returning to the national capital, he invented the use of animal skins to make armor. After the soldiers put them on, they could cover the enemy's stone knives and stone arrows, and their combat effectiveness was greatly enhanced. He continued to fight with the Dongyi tribes, reaching the East China Sea, further expanding the territory of the Xia Dynasty, and finally surrendering the Dongyi tribe. In addition to Dongyi, Xun also destroyed the three seaside life, defeated the nine cell families with foxes as totems, and captured their leaders. The Dongyi ethnic groups were further integrated into the Huaxia ethnic groups. He was regarded by Xia Chao people as a famous king who could inherit Dayu's career.

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Difen established the earliest prison in Chinese history

Huai Huai, also known as Xun Fen, the son of Xia Zhuyu, the grandson of Jun Shaokang , Xia Dihuai (formerly 1965--1922), Jia Shen in the first year, reigned 44 years. The 10th generation of emperors of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Diyi.

Huai is the son of the cricket, who died after cricket disease died, and was buried near Anyi. Its son Mang. During the reign of Huai, he conquered Jiuyi, namely Yiyi, Yuyi, Fangyi, Huangyi, Baiyi, Chiyi, Xuanyi, Fengyi, Yangyi, etc., living between Surabaya and Huai River, and expanded The power of the Xia Dynasty. At the same time, the social economy of the Xia Dynasty had developed. Huai collapsed for forty-four years. "Chronicles" for Emperor Fen and Fen Fa. Forty-four years in office. "Jiannian" said: Forty-four years later.

Character introduction

During the reign, Difen successively conquered Jiuyi, namely Yiyi, Yuyi, Fangyi, Huangyi, Baiyi, Chiyi, Xuanyi, Fengyi, Yangyi and other tribes living between Surabaya and Huai River. , Expanding the power of the Xia Dynasty. At the same time, the social economy of the Xia Dynasty had developed.

The most glorious era of the Xia Dynasty came at the time of Difen. At this time, Jiuyi came to Korea. The yellow of the flower of the locust tree symbolizes the summer royal family. The flowering period of the locust tree is in summer, so the locust flower is the flower of the summer dynasty. Dihuai is also known as Difen, which also means the fragrance of flowers. Therefore, the name of Emperor Huai told us that his reign was the "Huaihuang season" of the Xia Dynasty, and the flowering season of the Xia Dynasty.

Historical records

" Historical Records · Volume II · Xia Benji Second": Emperor Yu collapsed, son Emperor Huai Li. Emperor Huai collapsed, son Emmanuel.

"Bamboo Chronicles" contains "Houfen ascended the throne, three years, Jiuyi came to imperial."

Citing "Chronicles" according to "Taiping Yulan": "Forty-four years later."

"Emperor Century": "Difen, a Emperor Huai, or Zu Wu, reigned for twenty-six years." He died of illness and was buried near Anyi. Its son Mang.

The establishment of prisons in the mid-Xia Dynasty. "Zhu Shu Chronicles" records: Xia Difen thirty-six years as the earth. Xuantu is the general name of Xia Chao prison. It is named because it is a round earth chamber dug underground or a round earth house built on the ground.

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Introduction to Xia Dimang China's thousands of years of worship

Xia Dimang (1921--1864 BC), the noon of the first year, reigned for 58 years. The 11th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Dihuai.

Xia Mang, the son of Emperor Huai, succeeded his son Mang after the collapse of Huai Jiao, and held a grand ceremony to sacrifice the Yellow River. In addition to sinking pigs, cows, and sheep in the river, they also lost their old roots. They also sank the "Xuangui" (black Yugui), which was given to Dayu by the Emperor Shun to symbolize the success of water management, and expressed their piety. This is the "sacrifice", which has continued for thousands of years. After the river sacrifice, Mang ran to the coast of the East China Sea to play again and caught a big fish. The ministers congratulated Mang and thought that it was a gift from the river god, which could keep the peace forever. "Jiannian" also became the emperor waste, reigned for fifty-eight years. Eighty-two quotes from "Yu Lan" and "thirteen notes" from "History of Lu Shi" are the same as fifty-eight. "Jiannian" said: Hou Mang ascended the throne, and Mang Huang ascended the position for 58 years.

Xia Mang succeeded Xia Huai after his death. The date of birth and death is unknown, the son of Emperor Huai. Sophora bit. He died of illness for 18 years and was buried near Anyi.

Sophora bit. He died of illness for 18 years and was buried near Anyi.

During the reign of Mang, thousands of years of sunken rituals were started (the sacrifice was sunk into the Yellow River to seek the asylum of the river god).

Huai died about 44 years in his reign. His son Mang succeeded him and held a grand ceremony for the Yellow River. In addition to sinking pigs, cows, and sheep in the river, they also lost their old roots. They also sank the "Xuangui" (black Yugui), which was given to Dayu by the Emperor Shun to symbolize the success of water management, and expressed piety. This is the "sacrifice", which has continued for thousands of years. After the river sacrifice, Mang went to the coast of the East China Sea to play again and caught a big fish, reminiscent of Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea". The ministers congratulated Mang, believing that it was given by the god of the river and could keep the peace forever.

After the Zhou Dynasty, Shen Ji was still popular. "Zhou Li Da Zongbo" said: "Sacrifice the mountains and rivers to Linze with a raccoon." Zheng Xuan commented: "The mountains and forests are sacrificed, and Chuanze is said to be Shen." "Miriam Rite" also said: "The god of water lives under water and sinks the offerings into the water, which is easily accepted by the god of water.

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Introduction to Xia Dixie During the reign of Xia Xie, the Yi people recognized the rule of the Xia Dynasty

Xia Dixie (1863--1843) Bingyin in the first year, reigned for 21 years. The 12th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Chardonnay

Son of Leaked Mansions. After Mang died, during his reign, Dongyi, Xiqiao and other Liuyi sent envoys to pay homage to him, and accepted Xie's life. This shows that the Yi people have recognized the rule of the Xia Dynasty. He died in 21 years and was buried near Anyi. "Lu Shi · Postscript" for twenty-one. "Jiannian" said: Emperor Xie twenty-one years.

Chinese name: 姒 夏 泄

Alias: Xia Xie

Nationality: Chinese

Nationality: Han

Occupation: Xia Dynasty Monarch

Xun Xie (BC BC? 1981 BC), surname Xun, Xuan Xie. The 12th King of the Xia Dynasty in the era of the Chinese royal family. His grandfather was the eighth king of the Xia dynasty, Huaihuai, and his father was the nine king.

In the first year of the Emperor Xie (1997 BC), the mang awn died in 18 years and was buried near Anyi. His son Xun Xie inherited the throne. During the period of Xie ’s reign, Dongyi and Xiqiao sent envoys to meet and accept the order of the edict sealed by Xie. This record shows that the Yi people have recognized the rule of the Xia Dynasty.

Sixteen years of Emperor Xie (Gengshen, 1981 BC), the 16-year-old emperor's dysentery was buried near Anyi. His son He did not surrender to the throne.

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Xia Emperor Does Not Fall Briefly Changes Xia Dynasty's Biography System

Xia Di did not descend (1842-1784), the first year of Ding Hai, reigned 59 years. The 13th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Xia Di's son.

Without surrendering, Xie's eldest son, his elder brother, Kong Jia 's father, Xie Jia collapsed and succeeded. Not surrendering is the 13th King of the Xia Dynasty. In the 6th year after his ascension, Jiuyuan was crumbled. He did not fall into his old age, because his son Kong Jia had a queer temperament and was worried that he would not manage the country well. Therefore, he decided to change the child transmission system that had been in place since the beginning of his life. This way of giving up the throne to brothers is called "inner Zen" in history. After 59 years of reign, he was buried in Anyi after he died. "Chronicles": fifty-nine years, Xun is located in the younger brother. "Jiannian" said: Do not fall ascended the throne for six years, cutting Jiuyuan. Fifty-nine years. "Shi Shi Ji Gu" did not fall into office for 59 years.

After Emperor Huai, the rule of Emperor Mang, Emperor Xie, Emperor Buddhism, and Emperor Xi has basically maintained a relatively stable situation, and the rule of the Yi people in the east has been basically maintained. During Emperor Mang's reign, Zeng Dong hunted in the sea, indicating that the power of the Xia Dynasty had once developed to the eastern coastal areas. When the emperor vented, he had also issued a new king's life to the east of Yiyi, Baiyi, Chiyi, Xuanyi, Fengyi, and Yangyi. When the emperor did not fall, he once fell to Jiuyuan, indicating that the Xia Dynasty was still very powerful.

Do not fall, unknown birth and death years, vent children. He succeeded after death. For 48 years, he died of illness and was buried near Anyi.

No surrender is the thirteenth king of the Xia Dynasty. His son, Kong Jia's father. Uncle's brother. The name goes down. According to Zhu Shuji years, he reigned for 19 years.

It is said that Jiuyuan was crusaded in the 6th year after the throne.

He did not fall into his later years, because his son Kong Jia was a queer man, worried that he would not manage the country well, and decided to change the child transmission system that had been in place since the beginning of the year. This way of giving up the throne to brothers is called "inner Zen" in history. After not descending from Zen, he lived for another 11 years before dying.

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The Emperor of Xia Dynasty, the Emperor of Xia Dynasty, Accepted the Inner Zen of His Brother

Xia Diyi (1783--1766) Bingyi in the first year, reigned for 18 years. The 14th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Di Xie

Aunt, the second son of Xie, the father of Aunt, the younger brother. He succeeded to the throne by his brother's internal meditation. He died of illness for 18 years and was buried in Anyi. "Chronicle" was reigned for eighteen years.

姒 扃 (before 1745 --- before 1725), surname 扃, 扃, a piece of Joe, Gao Yang or Panjia. The fourteenth emperor of the Xia dynasty (one said the twelfth) in the era of the Chinese royal family. His grandfather was Luanmang, his father was Luanxie, and his brother was Luanbu. He succeeded by his brother's inner meditation. The capital is in Xihe. It is said that the demon light appeared in the sky for ten consecutive days after the throne. He was 21 years old, died of illness, and was buried near Anyi. His son was succeeded.

Emperor Archives

Ascended the throne: 1921 BC-1901 BC.

Year of birth and death: BC? -Before 1901.

Place of birth: Ping Xun (now northeast of Yanshi City, Luoyang, Henan).

Capital: Yuanyi (now northwest of Jiyuan City, Henan Province).

Year: Emperor Yuan's first year (Gengshen, 1921 BC).

Heir: its son-in-law

Biography

Hey, hey, hey. The fourteenth king of the Xia Dynasty in the era of the Chinese royal family. His grandfather was the nineth king of the Xia Dynasty, his father was the tenth king, and his brother was the thirteenth king of the Xia Dynasty.

In the 58th year of the emperor's surrender (Ji Wei, 1922 BC), he never surrendered because of his son Kong Jia's queer temperament. He was afraid that his son would not manage the country well, so he did not pass him down, and gave the throne to Zen. I got my brother.

The 21st year of emperor's concubine (Gengchen, 1901 BC), the 21-year death of the emperor was passed on to his son Luan. Twenty-one years after his ascension, he died of illness. Kong Jia, the son who did not surrender, refused to accept, and still regained the throne.

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Legend of Xia Di Panjia Legendary ten suns appeared in the sky during his reign

Xia Emperor Jiajia (1765--1746) Jiachen in the first year, reigned for 20 years. The 15th generation of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Diyi.

Aya, also known as Aya, son of Aya. He succeeded after his collapse. For 20 years, he died in Anyi. During the reign of Shang, the power of Shang had risen, and Xia's national strength had declined, and retreated to Xihe (Tangyin). The name of Xia Wangxi comes from the time he was in power. The summer was extremely hot and the people were thirsty. However, when the emperor Xia Dynasty lived in a summer villa and was alone, he was ridiculed by the people as "廑". "Yu Lan" cited "Emperor Century" for twenty-one years. "Jiannian" is the only emperor, a panzer armor, Ju Xihe, reigned for eight years. "Yu Lan" cited "Emperor Century" for twenty years. "Emperor Century" said: Emperor Ji, a grandma, reigned for twenty years. "Shi Shi Ji Gu" reigned for twenty years. "The Year of the Bamboo Book" Jia Chen reigned in the first year of 20 years.

Origin of name

Xun is the thirteenth monarch of the ancient Xia Dynasty in China. Son of a cricket. "Emperor's Century" is recorded for two decades. According to the "Zhu Shu Chronicles", ten suns appeared in the sky when he was in office. "Tong Jian Wai Ji" cited "Bamboo Books Chronicles" as saying that he died in the "tenth day". Wu Wuzi, heir to his cousin Kong Jia .

The name of Xia Wangxi comes from the time when he was in power. The unusually hot summer weather in the world caused the people to be thirsty. However, when Xia Wang lived in a summer villa and was alone, he was ridiculed by the people as "廑". Historical records

" Historical Records · Volume II · Xia Benji Second": Emperor Xi collapsed, the emperor stood. Emperor Kun collapsed, and the son of the imperial emperor Kong Jia was Emperor Kong Jia.

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Xia Di Kong Jia's Profile

Xia Di Kong Jia (1745--1737) was the first year of the Jiazi, reigning for 9 years. The 16th generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . The son of Xia Emperor.

Xia Wang Kong Jia, did not surrender son, nephew, Xunzi Xun died after the throne, he succeeded. During the reign of Kong Jia, wantonly fornication was a brutal and unconscious monarch. As a result, the leaders of the various tribes rebelled, and the Xia Dynasty's power declined further, and it gradually collapsed. Therefore, "Mandarin? Zhou Zhouxia" said: "Kong Jia was in chaotic summer, and the fourth fell into the sky." He immersed himself in singing and dancing, and believed in ghosts and gods. Kong Jia's temperament was eccentric. His father didn't descend to fear that he could not manage the country well, so he didn't pass it on to him, but the internal Zen gave it to him. During his 9 years in office, he died of illness and was buried in Mt. "Jiannian": Juxihe, died in nine years. Kong Jiajiazi reigned for nine years.

Xia Wang Kong Jia, whose birth and death are unknown, did not surrender his son, nephew, sister-in-law died from the throne, and he succeeded. In 31 years of his reign, he died of illness and was buried in Sanjing Mountain, northeast of Yanqing County, Beijing today.

During the reign of Kong Jia, wantonly fornication was a brutal and unconscious monarch. As a result, the leaders of the various tribes rebelled, and the state of Xia Chao declined further and gradually collapsed. Therefore, "Mandarin? Zhou Yuxia" said: "Kong Jia was in chaos in summer, and the fourth fell into the sky." He immersed himself in singing and dancing wine (the legend is that he was the founder of a tune called "Dongyin") and believed spirits.

Kong Jia's temperament was eccentric. His father didn't descend to fear that he could not manage the country, so he didn't pass on him to the Beichen. After his death, he passed on to his daughter-in-law, and then he was succeeded by Kong Jia. He is a ruthless stunned monarch.

However, there are also some different views on Kong Jia, for example, Liang Yushen in the Qing Dynasty believed that Kong Jia was sexually immoral, because of "Zuo Zhuan", "there is Xia Kong Jia disturbing the emperor. In this passage, it is not that Kong Jia's moral character was corrupted, but that he was rewarded by the Emperor of Heaven. " Historical Records " and "Mandarin" said that Kong Jia was "misleading and deteriorating", which misunderstood the meaning of "nuisance". Disturbance is the polite expression of the visit, not "intrusion". "Mandarin" can not be believed, for example, "The imperial armor is in chaos, but the seventh emperor", but the ancestor is wise, not a chaotic monarch. Concerning Kong Jia's negative comment, it is also regarded as such.

Legend of History

The ancient book "Zuo Zhuan" records the story of Liu Lei Yulong. The content of the story is as follows: After the establishment of the Xia Dynasty, during the period of Kong Jia's rule, Kong Jia's good deities and gods often played with the concept of ghosts and gods to deceive the people. Legend has it that two dragons of Kongjiahe and two dragons of Hanlong were given to them, one male and one female. Since Kongjia could not feed, they looked for people who could feed dragons.

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Introduction to Xia Dixun's biography

Xia Diyi (1736--1725) was the first year of Guiyi, reigning for 12 years. The 17th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Di Kong Jia .

Alas, Kong Jiazi. Kong Jia succeeded to his throne and died for 12 years. He was buried in Luoning County, Henan Province today. When Xun was in office, he moved his capital to Mianchi (Mianchi County). "History of Road" for eleven years. The year of this bamboo book is 11 years old.

Qiandu Qianchi

When Qiang was in office, he moved his capital near Qianchi (now west of Muchi County, Henan Province).

Historical records

Alas, the year of birth and death is unknown, Kong Jiazi. Kong Jia succeeded after his death. During his 11 years in office, he died of illness and was buried in Luoning County, Henan Province today.

Xia Diyi (1736--1725)

" Historical Records · Volume II · Xia Benji Second": Kong Jia collapsed, the emperor stood. The emperor collapsed, and the emperor stood up.

"Historical Records": Zuo Zhuan said that the tomb is at the tomb of Xi Nan.

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Brief introduction of Xia Difa

Xia Difa (1724--1707) was born in the first year of the emperor, and reigned for 18 years. The 18th-generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Diyi.

Fat, uncle's son. When he was in office, the princes of all parties no longer came to pay tribute, Xia Wang's internal affairs were not repaired, external problems continued, contradictions became increasingly acute, and Xia Kingdom declined further. This year's bamboo book is published in the first year of the 18th year. "The Blue Family Tree" Xia Difa was ten years old and Gui Di was 13 years old.

Hair, also known as "Emperor's Hair" and "Xia Wangfa", whose birth and death years are unknown, the son of Xun. Ascended the throne after rickets died. In 19 years, he died of illness and was buried near Anyi.

Biographies

During the reign, due to faintness and incompetence, the vassals of the parties have stopped coming to congratulate, resulting in the decline of the Xia Dynasty.

After his death, his son, the famous tyrant Xia Ying, was ascended.

Historical records

" Historical Records · Volume II · Xia Benji Second": Emperor Xi collapsed, his emperor stood up. The emperor collapsed, and the emperor stood up and stood in guilt.

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Brief introduction of Xia XunXia Xia

Xia Diyi (1706--1664) was the first year of Guiyi, reigning for 43 years. The 19th generation emperor of the Xia Dynasty . Son of Xia Difa. Alas, the last king of the Xia Dynasty in the 43rd year, Fazi, also known as Gui and Lugui, Shang Tang called him 凶 (meaning fierce). After his death, he succeeded as the famous tyrant in history. He built many luxurious palaces, endlessly enlisted the people, and forced them to labor. Civilians and slaves have been idle and resisted rampant tyranny. In the 43 years of his reign, he died in exile and was starved to death. He was buried in Naniu Woniu Mountain (Chao County, Anhui Province). Xia died. The current year of the bamboo book is the first year of the year. <Blue Family Genealogy> Thirteen years of deciduous sacrifice.

Xia Cheng, also known as Gui and Lu Gui, Shang Tang called him "Feng". Xun was the son of the 16th generation of monarchs in the Xia Dynasty, reigning for 52 years (1818-1766). He is full of both military and military. He can straighten the hook with his bare hands, but he has insatiable absurdity and brutality. Birth and death years are unknown. Under the plan of the famous actor Yi Yin , Shang Tang attacked the army. Tang first defeated the party's party feathers Wei Guo and Gu Guo, defeated Kun Wu, and then went straight to Xia's important town, Ming Tiao (now Anyi County, Shanxi Province). . After being caught by Tang, he was banished here. Xia Xie died in the country for 52 years, was exiled and starved to death. He is a famous tyrant in history.

Political domination

The Xia Dynasty, which lasted for more than 400 years, was the decline of moral government, the people were not talking, and the crisis was pervading. When Xia Xie was in office, the princes of all parties no longer came to pay tribute. King Xia's internal affairs were not repaired, external problems continued, and class contradictions became increasingly acute. The Xia Dynasty declined further, but Xia Min did not think about reform and was proud of himself. According to the "Bamboo Book Chronicle", he "built the Qing Palace, decorated the Yaotai, made the Qiong Room, and Liyumen." I also searched for beauty from various places, hid in the harem, day and night with Li Xi and the maid of the house drinking. It is said that the Jiuchi is very large, can be sailed, drunk and drowning often happen, ridiculous things, often make young girls like to laugh.

Xia Yan reused Chen Chen and rejected Zhongliang. He reused a mean villain named Zhao Liang, who devoted himself to teaching him how to enjoy, how to blackmail, kill and torture the people. In the seventeenth year after Xia Xuan's succession, some people were introduced to Yi Yin to Xia Xuan, Yi Yin and Yao Shun's benevolence to persuade You, hoping that He would sympathize with the sufferings of the people, treat the world with their hearts, and he could not listen. Yi Yin had to leave go with.

When Taishi Linggu realized that Xia Yang was so extravagant and extravagant, he went to the palace and cried to Xia Yan. "Since ancient times, emperors have been diligent and frugal in their love for the people. . Such a luxury, only the country of death. "Xia Ye was very impatient, and rebuked Zhonggu nosy, and finally knew that Xia Yi was incurable, and he knew that Xia must perish, so he went to Shangtang, and Minister Guan Longji He persuaded Xia Xun, Xia Xun just didn't listen, Guan Longxu said, "Tianzi is humble and pays attention to faith, frugality and protection of talents, the world can be stable, and the dynasty can be stable. The people all hoped that he would perish earlier. His Majesty had lost his heart. Only by quickly correcting his mistakes can he restore people's hearts. "Xia Yan heard it, was very angry, and ordered Guan Longyu to be killed. In this way, Xia Chao ’s political affairs became more corrupt, Xia He also increasingly lost his heart, and his renegade departed. In his later years, He became even more ridiculous, and ordered to build a large pool called "Night Palace". He took a large group of men and women in the pool and stayed there for a month. It is exactly this way that Xia Xun pushed Xia Chao to a state of destruction!

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Conclusion

Xia Dynasty (from 2049 to 1577), a country established by Yu. Xia Yu Chuanzi replaced the previous Zen concession system, from the Chan concession system to the hereditary system of the throne. The Xia Dynasty passed on 14 generations and 17 kings (one said that 13 generations and 16 kings, mainly whether Dayu is a monarch or the tribal alliance leader is controversial), about 471 years later, was destroyed by the Shang Dynasty. According to the "Historical Records", the Xia Dynasty dates from the early 21st century BC to the early 16th century BC. It lasted for more than 500 years. After 5 centuries, there were 17 emperors as rulers.

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