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The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty

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China had many political aristocrats during the Wei and Jin dynasties, which almost monopolized the political power of the time. In the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the once magnificent East Jin gatekeepers, with the demise of the Eastern Jin and the rise of Liu and Song, gradually declined. Wang Xie thanked these noble names It is no longer the year, when the golden age of Chinese aristocracy is about to end. At this time, a new aristocratic group was born, and it soared to the sky, extending the life of the Chinese aristocracy era and creating an unprecedented great era. The characters are: Yu Wentai , Yuan Xin, Li Hu (grandfather of Li Yuan ), Li Yi (grandfather of Li Mi ), Zhao Gui, Yu Jin, Du Guxin ( Yu Wenyu and Yang Jian's father-in-law, Li Yuan's grandfather), and Hou Mo Chen Chong.

The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty

Representative of Guanlong Noble——Bazhu Kingdom of Western Wei Dynasty

Brief Introduction of Er Zhu Rong's Life

Er Zhurong (493-530), the word Tianbao, Bei Xiurong (now Lanxian County, Shanxi), Qihu nationality, general and minister in the late Northern Wei Dynasty. In his early years, he attacked his father and became the chief leader of the Qihu Ministry. He was a tribal aristocracy with great status. After recruiting troops and horses, the strength of the North Wei ruler embraced him to suppress the peasant uprising. Er Zhurong conquered the North and South during the troubled world, gradually clarified the weakness of the Wei Dynasty, and continued to strengthen his power, and finally gained the emperor's self-respect and power. Eventually he was killed by Emperor Wei Zhuang due to his arrogance and arrogance, only 38 years old. In history, Zhu Rong was infamous and was included in the ranks of traitors, but his outstanding military ability was recognized.

Er Zhurong (493-530), a male in the late Northern Wei Dynasty, a native of Xiurong (now Lanxian, Shanxi). In his early years, he attacked his father and became the chief leader of the Qihu Ministry. He was a tribal aristocracy with great status. During Zhengguang's reign, the peasant uprising became a trend of Ebara, so he took the opportunity to spread his wealth to "recruit righteousness and give him horses", and organized a cavalry team of 4,000 people. In just a few years, his strength developed very quickly. The ruler of the Northern Wei Dynasty was deeply disturbed and had to drink to quench his thirst. He expressed his convictions to the governor of Jinjue, Zhu Rongjia, and successively became guerrilla generals, champion generals, general Pingbei, and governor of Hokkaido Later, he was promoted to governorate and led the military forces of the six states: Fen, Fen, Guang, Heng, and Yunzhou. During his term of office, he repeatedly rebelled against the six states' turmoil and contributed to the stabilization of people's production. It was a pity that afterwards, he flew up and down again and died in political struggle. It is worth mentioning that the four dynasties of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , the Northern Qi Dynasty , the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty all started in the army of Er Zhurong.

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Yu Wentai Introduction to the Life of Quan Wenyu, the Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty

Yu Wentai (507-556 years), the character black otter (one for Heitai), a native of Wuchuan (now Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia), Xianbei, the actual founder and power minister of the Western Wei Dynasty, and the founder of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , in power 22 year. After the Western Wei Dynasty, he was revered as the king of kings, the ancestor of the temple, and the first year of Wucheng (559). He was revered as the emperor of Wen, an outstanding military strategist, military reformer, and commander.

Emperor Yuwen Tai of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Small print black otter (one for black Thai). First out of the Xiongnu, then Yan returned to Wei and emigrated to Wuchuan (now Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia). During the Six-town Uprising in the late Northern Wei Dynasty, Yu Wentai participated in the uprising army that was less than Xiu Li and Ge Rong. Following the suppression of Ge Rong by Yu Zhurong, Yu Wentai moved to Jinyang as usual, under the control of Er Zhu Rong's general, He Ba Yue. In three years (530) in Yong'an, Zhu Tianguang and He Baeyue entered Guanzhong to suppress the Wanlu Ugly Slave Uprising, and Yu Wentai settled Guan Long from He Baeyue. After Er Zhu's failure, Gao Huan ordered He Ba Yue to be the Kansai Dahangtai, and Yu Wentai was his powerful assistant. In the third year of Yongxi (534), after Hou Mo Chen Yue killed He Ba Yue in Pingliang (now southwest of Pingliang, Gansu), Yu Wentai succeeded his army, defeated Hou Mo Chen Yue, and advanced eastward according to Chang'an. Later Emperor Xiaowu Wu and Gao Huan were at odds with each other and Yuwentai was appointed as a general. The following year, Yu Wentai killed Wei and became emperor, and set Yuan Yuan torch as Emperor (Wei Wendi), changed Yuan Datong to Western Wei, and the political power was actually in the hands of Yu Wentai.

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An introduction to the five most beautiful men in ancient China

Duguxin, the five most beautiful men in ancient China: Duguxin was a famous handsome man in the Wuhu chaos . He was from Yunzhong (now Datong) during the Northern Zhou Dynasty. He was born in the chief's house of a small Xianbei tribe. His father, Dugu Ku, was brave and valiant, and the local people respected him. His mother, Felian, was also a nobleman, probably because he was born and raised, and his son was also a talented person.

The most famous legend about him is this: One day, Du Guxin believed to go hunting outside the city on horseback, hunting at night in the wind, blowing a crooked hat, pulling Huang Qingcang, and angry horses. This scene can only use one word To describe: cool. The next day, all the men in the city wore crooked hats. Since then there has been such a saying: the side hat is romantic and lonely.

Most of the men who grew up on the grassland, especially in troubled times, will appear on the battlefield. Of course, Duguxin is no exception, and it has great achievements. He was very young when he first applied to Ge Rong's account, and it is understandable that young people love to be beautiful, so in the army, people can always see Duguxin wearing strange costumes. This alternative dressing has earned him a good name: " Dugulang. "

When Wei divided things, he resolutely gave up his homeland, and Duguxin chose Western Wei. Since then, he has been following Yuwen Taida for decades, dying for his birth, repeatedly building great achievements and dedication.

It was with the help of a group of heroic heroes such as Duguxin that Yu Wentai's power continued to increase and his wings became fuller, which caused the Western Wei regime to eventually disintegrate, and Yu Wenshi established his own world. Duguxin also changed from the late Western Wei Dynasty to the founding father of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. He successively served as a general, a scatterman, and a soldier from Xinye County, the Governor of Jingzhou Fangcheng, General Wuwei, Fuyang County Chief, General Wei, and Dujing Sanjing. Jian Shangshu's right servant shoots, Jingzhou Assassin's History, Che Riding General, Hanoi Jungong, Longyou Ten States Governor, Qinzhou Assassin's History, plus granting Prince Edward Taibao, Da Sima, and Zhu Guo.

It's just "the birds are gone, the good bow is hidden; the cunning rabbit is dead, the running dog cooks". Like many founding fathers in history, Duguxin, despite his hard life and outstanding merits, could not die. At the end of the Western Wei Dynasty, he began to be jealous. Although the official rank was accumulated, his power was suspended. When the Northern Zhou Dynasty began, he was forced to drink himself and die.

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The life of Li Hu, one of the Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty, profile of Li Hu

Li Hu's ancestral home is Longxi Chengji (now Qin'an, Gansu), and was the fifth grandson of Li Hao (one of Li Hao), the monarch of the Western Liang Dynasty during the Sixteen Kingdoms. Li Hao was born to Li Xi, the second monarch of Xiliang, known as the post-Xiliang lord. Li Yansheng was born in Li Chong'er . After the extinction of Xi Liang, he went to the Northern Wei Dynasty and went to Hongnong. Li Chong'er was born to Li Xi, an official to Jinmen Township, and once led the heroes to guard Wuchuan (now Wuchuan County, Inner Mongolia), and settled in Wuchuan. Li Xisheng Li Tianxi (one for Li Tianci), the officer-in-chief of the military to the army guards. Li Tianxi is Li Hu's father.

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In his early years, Li Hu was the old part of Taibao Heba Yue. When Li Hu was young, he had great ambitions. He liked to read books without saving chapters. He was particularly good at archery. Yuan Hao entered Luoyang, and Li Hu followed He Ba Yue to calm him down. Li Hu was conquered by the founding son of Jinshou County, and he had 300 households. He paid tribute to General Ningshuo and captain of Tunqi. Later, He Bayue defeated Wan Ling ghost slaves and stayed in Longxi town. He was promoted to Dongyongzhou assassination, and later he became general Wei. He Baueyue kept Long You in the town, appointed Li Hu as the governor of Zuoxiang (a governor of the left army), and entrusted him with internal and external military forces.

In the third year of Yongxi (534 years), He Ba Yue was killed by Hou Mo Chen Yue. Li Hu was crying very sad. The generals proposed to support Dai Yuwen Tai . Li Hu did not agree and went straight to Jingzhou to persuade the brother of He Ba Yue. Ba Sheng came to receive the men of He Ba Yue, but He Ba Sheng did not accept his opinion. At this time, Li Hu heard that Yu Wentai had replaced all soldiers led by He Ba Yuetong, and rushed back from Jingzhou. When he passed by She Xiang, he was captured by Gao Huan 's generals and sent to Luoyang. Emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty amended to prepare for the capture of the Guanzhong area, and was greatly pleased by Li Hu. He immediately appointed him as General Wei and gave him a large sum of money, and sent him to Yuwentai to assist the town to guard the customs. Later, Yu Wentai and Ding Hou Mo Chen Yue coincided with Gao Huan entering Luoyang. Li Hu led his army to welcome Emperor Xiaowei of the Northern Wei Dynasty to Tongguan. He was awarded the rank of General Xiaoqi on the basis of merit, plus three divisions of Yitong. In December of the same year, Lingzhou (now north of Lingwu County, Ningxia) assassinated Cao Ni to rebellion. Yu Wentai sent Li Hu, Li Yan and Zhao Gui to Lingzhou to attack Cao Ni.

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On the first month of the first year of the reunification (535 years), Yu Wentai embraced the Yuanbao torch as the emperor and established the Western Wei Dynasty as the Emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty. In the same month, Li Hu and others recruited Fei Yetou (a broken field head) to join forces with them to attack Lingzhou for a total of 40 days. Cao Ni couldn't hold on, so he asked for surrender.

Li Hu later went to Zuo Fushe, Lieutenant, and gave his surname to Ohno. In the three years of reunification (537 years), Li Hu was awarded the title of Fengxi Xionggong, and Anding Gongyu Wentai, Guangling Wang Yuanxin, Zhao Jungong Li Zhi, Hanoi Gongdu Guxin , Nanyang Gong Zhao Gui, Chang Shan Gong Yujin, and Pengcheng Gong Mo Chen Because of his assistance, Chong has become the supreme military attache with the title of "Pillar State", known as "Baizhu State".

In the four years of Datong (538 years), the Western Wei Dynasty and the Eastern Wei Dynasty were at war. The military formations arranged by the two countries were very large, and their heads and tails were far apart. From morning to night, the two sides fought dozens of times in total, and the smoke and dust spread everywhere. Can't see each other clearly. Du Guxin and Li Yuan were on the right, Zhao Gui and Yi Feng were on the left. They lost in the battle, and they did not know where the Emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty and the prime minister Yu Wentai were, so they left their soldiers and ran first. come back. Li Hu, Nianxian and others belonged to the follow-up forces. When they saw Duguxin and others retreating, they left the battlefield with them. Yu Wentai therefore had to burn down his tent and return, leaving Sun Tong, the chief of Yitong III, to guard Jin Mao.

The Western Wei attacked the Eastern Wei this time, and there were very few soldiers left in the Guanzhong area. The captured Eastern Wei soldiers were scattered among the people. When they heard that the Western Wei troops were defeated, they tried to make a mess. Li Hu and others came to Chang'an and couldn't think of good countermeasures. They and Taiwei Wangmeng and Shushe Zhou Huida and others served the prince Yuanqin out of the city and stationed in Weibei. The people plundered each other, and the Guanzhong area was very disturbed. The captain of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, Zhao Qingque , and the people of Yongzhou, Yu Fude , took the opportunity to rebel, occupying the small city of Changan, and then occupying Xianyang in Fude. Send down troops in order to resist the Western Wei generals returning from the battlefield. The people in the main city of Chang'an organized each other to resist Zhao Qingque and fight with him every day. Most of the Governor Hou Mo Chenshun attacked the down soldiers of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, defeated them many times, and scared them down from the city.

In the seventeenth year of Datong (551), Li Hu died. After the establishment of the Northern Zhou Dynasty , Li Hu was pursued as Tang Guogong, and his name was Xiang.

When Emperor Sui Wen Yang was the Prime Minister of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, he returned to Li Hu 's real name Li . In the first year of Wu De (618), Li Hu's grandson Li Yuan was ascended to the throne and established the Tang Dynasty . He pursued Li Hu as Emperor Jing, the temple name was Taizu, and the tomb was called Yongkang.


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The life of Zhao Guigong, one of the Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty, and the brief introduction of Zhao Gui

Zhao Gui's great-grandfather, Zhao Da, once served as a bookmaker in the Northern Wei Dynasty, and was named Jinzi. Grandfather Zhao Ren guarded Wuchuan (now Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia) as a good child, and settled down in Wuchuan. From an early age, Zhao Gui has been smart and ambitious. During the period of Xiaochang in the Northern Wei Dynasty (525-528), the world was in turmoil, and Zhao Gui led the villagers south to take refuge. Just as Ge Rong captured Zhongshan, Zhao Gui was detained. After Ge Rong's failure, Er Zhu Rong appointed Zhao Gui as the other general, followed by the enlistment of Yuan Hao for his merit, and awarded Jue Yanle County son to the general Fu Fu and Wu Zhong Zhonglang. He also followed He Ping Yue Ping Ding Guanzhong, given the title of Weiping County Bo, and five hundred households. He was promoted to General Zhenbei, Doctor Guanglu and Dudu several times.

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In the third year of Yongxi (534 years), after He Ba Yue was killed by Hou Mo Chen Yue, the general officials fled, and no one was loyal to his duties. Zhao Gui said to his relatives: "I heard that the way of benevolence is unsustainable. It is a gentleman if you practice it. It is a villain against it. Zhu Bohou and Wang Shuzhi are grateful for the grace and grace, and we can also maintain fame With the courtesy gift, can it be mixed with other people? "When talking about this, Zhao Gui cried . So fifty people followed Zhao Gui to Hou Mo Chen Yue and pretended to surrender. Hou Mo Chen Yuexin believed it . Zhao Gui took the opportunity to ask for her funeral, and her words were generous. Hou Mo Chen Yue thought he had courage and agreed to his request. Zhao Gui then collected the dead body of He Bayue, and gathered together with Ko Luo and others, fled to Pingliang, and negotiated to resist Hou Mo Chen Yue. Zhao Gui first proposed to welcome Yu Wentai . When Yu Wentai arrived, he appointed Zhao Gui as the governor and concurrently served as Fu Sima. After Hou Mo Chen Yue was calmed down, Zhao Gui acted as Qinzhou's governor with the original military post. Zhao Guizhi was quiet and peaceful, and the people and his subordinates missed him.

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At that time, Gao Huan sent troops to attack Luoyang and sent Dudu Han Han to occupy Puban. Yu Wentai appointed Zhao Gui as the traveling platform, and led a discussion with Liang Yu and others. He hasn't crossed the Yellow River yet, and Emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty has entered the Hangu Pass to the west. Zhao Gui was awarded the title of General Riding General, Yitong, and General Right Guard. At that time, Cao Ni defended Lingzhou resistance, Zhao Gui served as the governor, and led an army to conquer with Li Yan and others. The Marquis of Jinfeng, the number of food households increased by 500. In the first year of the reunification (535 years), due to his contribution to the initiation of the tomb torch of the Emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty, the Duke of Jin Dynasty was sealed, and the food market increased to 1,500 households. Soon he was appointed as Qizhou Assassin. At that time, because of the numerous military affairs, Zhao Gui's strength was used to prevent him from going to Qizhou to take office. And still serves as the senior minister Zuo Changshi, Jia Sanqi often served titles.

The monarch Liang Dangchang decided to rebel in Hexi, the court appointed Zhao Gui as the Longxi line, and led the army to defeat it. Zhao Gui followed Yu Wentai to recover Hongnong and conquer Shayuan. He was appointed as a lieutenant general, Qiangqi general, Kaifu Yitong Sansi, Yongzhou assassin, and Jinfeng Zhongshan county official. Yu Wentai battled the River Bridge. Zhao Gui and Yi Feng were the left army. They lost the battle and took the lead to return. He also followed Yu Wentai to support Yubi, forcing the Eastern Wei Dynasty minister Gao Huan to flee. Gao Zhongmi offered to return to Northern Weizhou and return to Western Wei. Yu Wentai led the army to greet and fought against the Eastern Wei army in Laoshan. Zhao Gui was a leftist army. The defeat of the battle led to the defeat of the entire army. He was dismissed from office for crimes, and led the army to command the ranks of Qianqi and Dadu.

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Soon he was restored to the rank of prince, and served as lieutenant of the royal history, increasing the rank of general. Dong Wei generals Gao Yue and Murong Shaozong surrounded Wang Sizheng in Jingchuan. Zhao Gui led the army to support them. Zhao Gui dispatched troops in the southeast states. The Eastern Wei Army blocked the Lushui River to irrigate the Sichuan City, the reinforcements could not approach, and Wang Sizheng's entire army was overwhelmed . Zhao Gui withdrew and returned. Soon he served as a general of Zhu Guoda, giving his surname Yifu. Rouran invaded Guangwu, Zhao Gui defeated it, killed thousands of Rouran soldiers, seized its military supplies, and rectified the army's triumphant return. After the six officials were established, Zhao Gui was appointed as Taibao and Dazongbo and renamed Nanyang County Official.

For the third year of Emperor Gong of Western Wei Dynasty (556 years), Tuoba of Emperor Gong of Western Wei was forced to meditation in Yuwenjue, the son of Yuwen Tai. The following year, Yu Wenjue officially ascended the throne and established the Northern Zhou Dynasty for Emperor Xiaomin. Promoted to Zhao Gui as Taifu, Otsuka, Jinfeng Chu Kingdom, 10,000 households.

At the time, Zhao Gui, Du Guxin, and others were equal in status to Yu Wentai. After Emperor Xiaomin Yuwenjue took office, Jingong Yuwenhu took control of the imperial government. Zhao Gui considered himself Yuan Xun's dignitary, and was so angry that he planned to kill Yuwenhu with Duguxin. At the agreed date, Zhao Gui was ready to start, but Duguxin stopped him. Shortly afterwards, he was informed by Kaiwen Yuwensheng and killed by Yuwenhu.


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Conclusion

The Guanlong military aristocratic group that has been standing in China for nearly two hundred years. He originated from the Wubei Dynasty in the Beibei and was first built in Guanzhong. He created four dynasties, namely Western Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui, and Tang. This is in Chinese history and even world history. They are unique miracles. The Eight Pillars and their descendants created the second empire of the monarchic society (the first empire was the Han Dynasty), pushing China's feudal society to the highest peak! Its beginning was the flourishing Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty.

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