在线一本码道高清

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Zheng Guo

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Zheng Guo (806 BC-375 BC) is a vassal state in Chinese history. It is famous for its economic development, sound legal system, democratic politics, and poetic culture. It is an important place of origin for Chinese legal system and legalist thought. . The monarch is Ji , Count. In 806 BC, Zheng Guo ’s founding monarch Zheng Xie, the capital of Shaanxi, Shaanxi Province, the second monarch Zheng Wugong followed Zhou Ping to the east and moved to Dong (now Tokyo City Ruins Park, Liyang City), and the third monarch Zheng Zhuang moved his capital The ruins of Zheng Han's old city until its extinction. Zheng Guoliu had a total of 432 years and passed on 24 monarchs (controversial). In 395 BC, the capital was Zheng (now Xinzheng, Henan). The main territory is located in today's central Henan province.

Zheng Guo

Zheng Guo-the vassal states during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period

Zheng Guogong, the famous emperor Zhengzhuang, used his talents to make Zheng Guo strong and dominate the princes in the Spring and Autumn Period, thus having "the princes of the world, is not the Zheng party." The celebrity Liezi was indifferent to fame and fortune, creating the magnificent epic "Liezi". Zheng Guo was the land of a thousand times, and was destroyed by South Korea in the early years of the Warring States Period.
In the cracks between the great powers, how did South Korea eliminate Zheng Guo?

Among the Seven Heroes in the Warring States Period , South Korea is the weakest one, especially in the middle and late Warring States Periods, basically only seeing South Korea exiled, and then cutting off and summing up, and either relying on the Chu country or the Qi country and the Qin country. Basically It is about living in the cracks of the great power. However, South Korea was also very brave, especially after swallowing up the middle prince state Zheng Guo at that time, it was also known as "Kim Han" and "Xiao Ba". Then, under the circumstances, how did South Korea in the cracks of the great powers destroy such a large Zheng nation? It also became a mystery.

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"Moving the Capital: Gathering troops nearby"

At the beginning of its establishment, South Korea was the weakest in the Three Jins, with Zhao in the north, Chu in the south, and Wei and Qin in the west. Therefore, South Korea, which also wants to expand abroad, has focused on Zheng Guo, who is relatively easy to deal with in the east, because this is the only thing he can be sure of. At the time, although Zheng Guo's territory had been greatly reduced, it was still considered a middle prince country at that time, with a strength of more than 100,000 people, and 70% were concentrated in the capital Xinzheng. According to the situation at the time, it won After Xin Zheng, Zheng Guo was basically destroyed. For this strategic purpose, the capital was moved from Yiyang to the border between Zheng Guo and South Korea during the period of Han Jinghou . The purpose of doing so was to legitimately gather heavy troops at the border without being prepared to launch raids at any time.

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"Meeting: It's a Blind Eye"

Next, South Korea sang another good show, the main purpose was to paralyze Zheng Guo: On the one hand, during the Han Liehou and Han Wenhou eras, he always maintained a friendly and good-neighborly relationship with Zheng Guo. The trophies obtained by attacking Qi Guo, Song Guo and other countries will be distributed to Zheng Guo, so as to numb Zheng Guo. On the other hand, after the time is ripe, in order to deepen the Sanjin Alliance, South Korea invited Zhao Liehou and Wei Wuhou to hold an alliance in Tunliu City in the north of their Shangdang county, and most importantly, South Korea also invited Zheng Kanggong. The thought of Zheng Kanggong felt that the Sanjin League called himself in a meeting, which was worthy of himself, indicating that Zheng Guo was powerful and he had to give it. So Zheng Kanggong readily agreed. Moreover, he personally led 20,000 elite soldiers and spent half a month rushing to Tunliu City to gather.

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"Assault: Inside and Outside Meet Zheng"

In the process of holding the alliance, 150,000 Korean troops assembled in the Korean capital, Yangzhai, secretly entered Zheng Guo and attacked Zheng Guo ’s capital, Xinzheng. At the time, Xinzheng ’s army had 60,000 or 70,000 people, and the city was high. Deep, it's okay to stay for a few years. It is with this in mind: Before the war began, South Korea made two preparations. One was that when it had previously delivered loot to Zheng Guo, some sergeants stayed in Xinzheng every time, disguised as ordinary people, and lurked in order to respond; The second is to select hundreds of death squad members (all orphans), disguise themselves as refugees, and sneak into Xinzheng in batches. Waiting for the 150,000 army to siege the city, the incubators inside started to arson, and the entire city was set on fire. In this way, Zheng Guo's then Imperial Army was forced to be drawn from the defender and arrested the spy of South Korea. At the same time, the daredevil team attacked the South Gate guard at night, then the South Korean army stormed the South Gate, and finally the South Gate was breached, and 150,000 South Korean troops broke into Xinzheng.

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"Confinement: Moving the Capital to Han Zhengyi"

At this time, Wei Guo, Zhao Guo, and Zheng Guo who were still in a meeting were still in the drum, and when all the dust settled, the news reached the ears of the three. In fact, if Zhao Liehou and Wei Wuhou combined, they could let South Korea spit Zheng Guo that had been swallowed. However, Wei Wuhou considered that the territory at that time was divided into two halves by South Korea. Once the face was turned, Wei Guoba ’s industry might be affected. And Zhao Liehou, starting from maintaining the Sanjin League, can only default. The most sad thing is Zheng Kanggong. He is still having a happy meeting. Only a few days later, his country has disappeared. However, the three major countries have no opinion, and they are in the Communist Party. . In the end, the Korean monarch imprisoned Zheng Kanggong, and since then, Zheng Kanggong has evaporated, and no one knows where he was being imprisoned in South Korea. In addition, South Korea, as the family of Zheng Han, directly moved the capital to Xinzheng, and comforted the nobility of the original Zheng Guo. Soon, Zheng Guo was completely digested by South Korea and became an integral part of South Korea.

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The destruction of Zheng in South Korea is the result of the joint efforts of several generations of monarchs in Korea. After all, Zheng Guo is not a small country and it is very laborious to destroy. In addition, South Korea made full use of Wei and Zhao. In the absence of time to take care of it, the Blitzkrieg , the first to occupy Zheng Guo, causing the established facts, can be described as a very wise and decisive case.

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Why did Zheng Guo's first hegemony decline during the Spring and Autumn Period? How did it decline

The Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods are divided into the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. The watershed was in 453 BC. The Han, Zhao, and Wei families wiped out the Zhi family and divided Jin into the country. During the Spring and Autumn Period, the power of the Zhou royal family weakened, and the princes and men were struggling. Qi Qiong , Jin Wengong , Song Xianggong , Qin Mugong , and King Chu Zhuang successively dominated. , King Chuzhuang , Wu Wangxu , Yue Wang Goujian ). For the Spring and Autumn and the Five Bulls, in chronological order, Qi Qionggong was the first to dominate, that is, Qi Qionggong was the head of the Spring and Autumn Wugong. However, in fact, Zheng Qionggong of Zheng State had dominated the Central Plains before Qi Xionggong. So the question is, why did Zheng Guo, the first dominator in the Spring and Autumn Period, suddenly decline?

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One

First of all, Zheng Guo (806 BC-375 BC) was a princely state in Chinese history. The monarch was named Ji and count. For Zheng Guo, like Jin, Lu, Wei, Yan and other vassal states, they are descendants of the Zhou royal family. In 806 BC, Zheng Guo ’s founding monarch Zheng Xie, the capital of Shaanxi, Shaanxi Province, the second monarch Zheng Wugong followed Zhou Ping to the east and moved to Dong (now Tokyo City Ruins Park, Liyang City), and the third monarch Zheng Zhuang moved his capital The ruins of Zheng Han's old city until its extinction. In this historical period of the Zhou Dynasty , Zheng Guoli had a total of 432 years and passed on 24 monarchs (controversial). In 395 BC, the capital was Zheng (now Henan Xinzheng), and its main territory is located in central Henan province today. After Zhou Ping moved east to Luoyi, Zheng Guo ushered in his own prosperity.

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two

After King Zhou Ping moved to Luoyi in the east, Zheng Guo was reused by the Zhou royal family because of a lot of efforts. On this basis, Zhengzhuang Gong made full use of the royal minister's identity and often used the name of the royal family for personal gain. For example, it annexed small neighboring countries, invaded Xu, and interfered with the vassal states such as Song, Wei, and Lu. In addition, when Zheng Zhuanggong was in office, Zheng Guo also helped Qi Guo resist the invasion of Beidi. In addition, Zheng Zhuanggong also won victory in the battle with the Zhou royal family, resulting in "Zhou Zheng's confrontation" (that is, the exchange of protons, Zheng Guogong's son Zheng Zhaogong, Zhou Prince's Prince Prince Fox). As a result, Zheng Guo, Zheng Zhuanggong's reign, took the lead in the Spring and Autumn Period, and Zheng Zhuanggong was also named "Spring and Autumn Xiaoba".

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three

However, after Zhengzhuanggong, Zheng Guo rapidly declined. In the battle for hegemony of the great powers such as Qi, Jin, Chu, and Qin, Zheng could only choose to rely on them. At the beginning of the Warring States Period, Zheng Guo was destroyed by South Korea. So, the question comes, why did Zheng Guo suddenly decline? In my opinion, the reasons mainly include the following aspects. On the one hand, according to historical records, Zheng Zhuang had many darlings. After his death, Zheng Guo was caught in civil strife. After several battles for the throne, Zheng Guo's national strength was much worse than before. Therefore, the problem of civil unrest was an important reason for Zheng's rapid decline. After Zheng Zhuanggong, Zheng Guo had few relatively effective monarchs, which was similar to Qi Guogong after Qi Yigong.

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four

Finally, Zheng Guo was able to dominate the Central Plains while Zheng Zhuanggong was in office because he obtained a favorable external environment. At that time, the kingdom of Jin was divided into two parts: wing (Jin) and Quwo, and the civil war was frequent; Chu had not yet entered the Central Plains, and Qi had not been strong enough. On this basis, Zheng Guo had a short time to dominate. However, after that, the Jin State completed internal integration and merged many vassal states, while the Chu State began to advance north into the Central Plains. In this regard, Zheng Guo, who is located in the central part of Henan Province today, is located in the place of the Fourth World War , especially between the two great powers of Jin and Chu. There is no room for expansion at all. Coupled with the rise of big powers such as Qi State and Qin State, Zheng Guo was under great pressure on all sides. Like South Korea in the Seven Warlords of the Warring States Period , Zheng's geographical location made it difficult to expand and gradually declined.

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The vassals of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods: the history of Zheng Guo's development

Zheng Guo (806 BC-375 BC) is a vassal state in Chinese history. It is famous for its economic development, sound legal system, democratic politics, and poetic culture. It is an important place of origin for Chinese legal system and legalist thought. . The monarch is Ji , Count.

In 806 BC, Zheng Guo ’s founding monarch Zheng Xie, the capital of Shaanxi, Shaanxi Province, the second monarch Zheng Wugong followed Zhou Ping to the east and moved to Dong (now Tokyo City Ruins Park, Liyang City), and the third monarch Zheng Zhuang moved his capital The ruins of Zheng Han's old city until its extinction. Zheng Guoliu had a total of 432 years and passed on 24 monarchs (controversial). In 395 BC, the capital was Zheng (now Xinzheng, Henan). The main territory is located in today's central Henan province.

Zheng Guogong, the famous emperor Zhengzhuang, used his talents to make Zheng Guo strong and dominate the princes in the Spring and Autumn Period, thus having "the princes of the world, is not the Zheng party." The celebrity Liezi was indifferent to fame and fortune, creating the magnificent epic "Liezi".

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In 806 BC, the founder of the kingdom was Zhou Li Wang Shaozi, and Zhou Xuanwang and his mother and prince friend (one said Xuan prince) in Zheng (now East of Huaxian County, Shaanxi Province) became the first monarch of Zheng Guo, Zheng Zhenggong.

Thirty-three years, King Zhou You of the 30th Century of the Western Zhou Dynasty appointed King Gong as an apprentice to master the civilized people. He worked hard to get the people of the Zhou Dynasty to live in harmony, and the people in the Yellow River and Luoshui basins missed him. The following year, due to the fascination of the King You, the politics of the DPRK became increasingly desolate, and the problems were difficult to return . Some princes betrayed You King. Seeing the royal family, Fei Gong, he asked Shi Bo: "There are so many royal families, fear and sorrow. Where can I escape?" Shi Bo said: "The royal family will be humble, Rong Di will be invincible! "He then carefully analyzed the situation at that time, thinking that only" Ji (Ji Shui), Luo (Luo Shui), river (Yellow River), and 颍 (颍 水) "is relatively safe. There is no big country, 虢 (refers to Dong 虢, It is located in Zhengzhou, Henan. It is located in Shaan County, Henan. It is Xiqiao; there is also Xiaoyan in Shaanxi, which was destroyed by the Qin State in the early spring and autumn.) The two small monarchs of Lao State "have a heart of luxury and neglect." With a little force or bribe, you can deal with it.

Zheng Henggong obeyed Tai Shiling's suggestion. In the tenth year of Zhou Youwang (before 772), he moved his clan to the east of Luoshui and lived in the village of Dong (now southeast of Mi County, Henan) and Dong (now north of Poyang, Henan). Chengchengyi also became the foundation of later Zheng Guo.

Zheng Guo's east is Lu, Song, northwest is Cheng Zhou, Wei, Jin, southwest is Chen, Cai, Xu and Chu, and there are many small countries named Ji, Jiang , Xun, Xun, and other surnames, just like " "Mandarin Zheng" said: "The sons and daughters of the non-king king, Ye Ye, are all Jing Rongdi."

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When the Zhou room moved to the east, Zheng and Jin both fulfilled their responsibilities to defend. Since the kingdom of Jin was soon split into two parts, the wing (Jin) and Quwo, and the civil war was still frequent, the royal family had to rely on Xi and Zheng, who had both become princes and royal officials. Zheng Wugong and Zheng Zhuanggong were very arrogant and rude to Zhou. King Ping was very dissatisfied and wanted to share half of his power with his grandson. When Zhuang Gong knew about it, he questioned King Ping, and King Ping tried to deny it, so that "Zhou Zheng intersects" (that is, exchanges protons with each other, Zheng Guoyi is the son of Zheng Zhaogong, Zhou Prince is the Prince Prince Fox), and he goes to war. Zhou Tianzi's authority has been wiped out.

Zheng Bo made full use of the royal minister's identity and often used the royal name for personal gain. It annexed small neighboring countries, invaded Xu, intervened in Song, Wei, Lu and other countries, and also helped Qi to drive away the invading Beidi . Zheng Guo at the time of Zhengzhuang was the largest country in the early spring and autumn.

Zheng Zhuang had many darlings. After his death, Zheng Guo fell into civil strife. Soon after Zheng Zhaogong was enthroned, the princes worshiped Zhong Zhong when he entered the Song Dynasty and was forced by his son-in-law, Father-in-law Yong , to change the son-in-law to Zheng Guoguo, for Zheng Ligong. Zheng Zhaogong fled to the country. Soon, Zheng Ligong was dissatisfied with the sacrifice of Ji Zhong and murdered Ji Zhong. After the incident, Ji Zhongzhong killed Yong Jie and welcomed Zheng Zhaogong to reset. However, Zheng Zhaogong and Gao Qu had personal complaints. During a hunt, Gao Qu shot and killed Zhao Gong. However, Gao Quya and Ji Zhong did not dare to welcome Zheng Ligong to reset, so he set up the son of the emperor to be the emperor, and to be Zheng Zizhen. The princes of the Qi Xiang Guild ended, and Zheng Zizhen went to join the alliance, and Gao Qu saluted him. As a result, Qi Xianggong killed Zheng Zizheng, and his son Yu Chen was established as the monarch and was Zheng Ziying. Soon after, Qi Guo attacked Zheng, Zheng Ziying, Ji Zhong, and Gao Quya were killed. Zheng Ligong entered Zheng from the border town and reset.

After several battles for the throne, Zheng Guo's national strength was not as good as before, and surrounding powers rose one after another. The Chu Kingdom in the south had long disregarded the order of the Zhou royal family and sought to become the king after the defeat of the knighthood. In the Jin Dynasty in the north, the Quwo tribe gained absolute advantage in the struggle against the Jin government. Qi Guo implemented reforms, and Qi Jiong began to dominate. Zheng Guo's position is in the land of the four wars , there is no danger to defend, and it is sandwiched between great powers. Therefore, the great powers often took Zheng as the battlefield. In foreign policy, Zheng sometimes kisses Chu, sometimes kisses Jin, but most of the time he kisses Chu.

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Zheng Guo began with Zheng Xianggong, Qi Mu took power in turn, and took control of the country's power, while Zheng Guo's monarch was greatly weakened. During the period of Qimu ’s administration, only when the sons of the country adopted flexible diplomatic strategies, Zheng Guo was able to take a breather and his national strength was slightly restored. But after the childbirth, Zheng Guo is still the same as before, and the country has no choice.

In 712 BC, the three kingdoms of Zheng, Qin, and Jin expelled Xu. Xu was defeated and retreated to the east of the original Xu. In 697 BC, the eastward Xu Guo regained his homeland while Zheng was in chaos. After that, Zheng Guo cut the Xu twice in 665 and 627 BC, and then Zheng Guo cut it three times in 588, 577, and 576 Xu, Xu all reconciled with cemetery. In 576 BC, Xu Guo was forced by Zheng Guo for a long time, so he had to stay away from the old Xu and moved to the leaves of Chu Fang City to seek protection from Chu. Although Xu later restored with the help of other countries, he was eventually destroyed by Zheng Guo in 504 BC.

Entering the Warring States Period, Zheng Guo was still able to survive. At this time Zheng Guo's biggest enemy is the emerging South Korea . However, Zheng Guo was still struggling, and Zheng Ai was killed by the people; South Korea attacked Zheng and killed You Gong. So the Chinese people set up the younger son of You Gong as the king, Zheng Gong. Han Fei said that there was an incident of Dazaixin taking Zheng from Zheng Guo, and details of this matter are difficult to verify. When Zheng Gong was in power, the war with South Korea was mutually beneficial, and the situation once improved. In the fifteenth year of the grandfather, Han cut Zheng and took Zheng Zhiyongqiu; in the sixteenth year of the grandfather, he defeated Han in defeat; in the twenty-three years of the grandfather, he surrounded Hanyang. Before 375 years, Zheng Guo died in South Korea.

As South Korea was about to destroy Zheng, Zheng Guo was in civil strife again. Zheng Gong kills his son Ziyang, and Ziyang's party kills Xi Gong. Zheng Guo did not even need a foreign country at this time and would perish on his own. At the time of Ziyang, Zheng Guo had been divided into three. In the second year of Zheng Junyi, Zheng Neng turned against him and returned to the Republic of Korea. In the eleventh year, he took Yangcheng. In the twenty-first year (375 years ago), Han destroyed Zheng.

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Demystified: Why is Zheng Guo always beaten in history?

There was a funny rumor on the Internet that North Korea said: Whoever beats me, I will beat South Korea . In fact, during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods in ancient China, there really existed a country that was fatally beaten at all times, that is, Zheng Kingdom during the Jinchu battle . Because Zheng Guo was trapped between the two great powers at that time, he was beaten up by the party who wanted to hegemony when everything was okay, so the "eating, sleeping, and beating Zheng Guo" section came into being. Therefore, let ’s analyze it below. The reason is:

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Jinchu battle

First beating:

When Jin Wengong died in exile and went to Zheng State, Zheng Wengong not only did not treat him with courtesy, but urged them to leave quickly. Later, the famous " City Battle " between Jin and Chu happened in Jin and Chu. The Jin finally won the victory, but in this battle, Zheng Guo once sent troops to help the Chu . This is indeed an old hatred and a new one. Hatred! So in 630 BC, Jin Wengong decided to lead the Qin and Jin forces to defeat Zheng Guo in one fell swoop. At the time when Zheng Guo was about to resist, fortunately, Zheng Guo's talents, Zhu Zhiwu, retired Qin's army with his " three-inch tongue ", and after seeing Qin's withdrawal, Jin could not help it. Although Jin State did not destroy Zheng State this time, Zheng State was carefully attached to Jin State ever since.

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Jin National Army

Second beating:

After King Chuzhuang of the Chu Kingdom succeeded, he quickly solved the problems at home and abroad, and the Chu Kingdom quickly became stronger again. Seeing the wind made Zheng Guo at the rudder slowly fall to the Chu Kingdom. In 608 BC, King Chuzhuang was a vassal for hegemony in the north. First, he tentatively attacked Jin's allies Chen and Song. Both countries turned to Jin for help. At this time, the Jin people's approach was to attack the allies of the Chu Kingdom, Zheng Guo, to save Chen and Song. As a result, Chu State really gave up Chen State and Song State to save Zheng State. Chu State and Zheng State joined forces to resist Jin's attack.

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Spring and Autumn Situation Map

Third beating:

In the winter of the same year, Jin Guo saw that Zheng Guo was affiliated with Chu. In order to prevent Chu from developing northward, he sent troops to attack Zheng Guo and eventually returned without success.

Fourth beating:

In 607 BC, Zheng Guo was attacked by the Kingdom of Chu to attack Jin's ally, Song. In the same year, in order to avenge the Song State, Zhao Dun led a large army to attack Zheng State. At the same time, King Chuzhuang also sent a commander Yin Douyue to rescue Zheng. Jin State withdrew his troops and returned to China.

Fifth beating:

In 606 BC, Jin State sent troops to attack Zheng State again. At that time, when the internal chaos of the Chu Kingdom (the Douyue Pepper Rebellion) had no time to rescue him, Zheng Guo could not resist, and was forced to seek peace with Jin State and form an alliance with Jin State.

Sixth beating:

In 599 BC, the Chu State led the army to go north to fight for hegemony. The first attack was Zheng Guo. Fortunately, Jin State sent troops to help Zheng Guo defeat Chu.

Seventh beating:

In 597 BC, King Chuzhuang personally led the three armies to expedite Zheng Guo in the north, besieging Zheng Guo for 17 days. After three months of fierce fighting between the two armies, Zheng Guo was completely occupied by King Chu Zhuang. Zheng Xianggong bare-chested and bare-chested, holding the sheep to plead guilty to King Chuzhuang, just begging not to destroy Zheng Guo. In the same year, the Jin State rescued Zheng Dajun from arriving near Zheng State, which triggered the famous Jinchu “ Battle ”. The Chu State finally won, and King Chuzhuang became the new hegemon of Central Plains!

After this time, Zheng Mugong could not psychologically bear so many blows that Zheng Guo suffered, and he died! Zheng Xianggong who succeeded in the throne formulated the national policy of "Only strong is from, Jin comes from Jin, Chu comes from Chu". Chu barely survived the battle for hegemony.

Taken together, in the short period of 20 to 30 years, Jin Guo fought Zheng Guo five times in total, and Chu Guo fought a total of two times. In the end, Zheng Guo was basically beaten, so many people later talked about Jin Chu. When fighting for hegemony, I always like to say "eat, sleep, fight Zheng Guo"

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Conclusion

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