The Zhou Dynasty enjoyed the country for about 800 years. It is the longest dynasty in Chinese history. From the middle of the 11th century BC to 256 BC, there were 30 generations and 37 kings. The total existence was about 791 years, of which the Western Zhou Dynasty was the third and last of China. A hereditary slavery dynasty, after which the Qin and Han dynasties began to become a unified country with a unified government from the central to the local. History books often refer to the Western and Eastern Zhous as two weeks. Zhou's ancestors originated from the Huang Emperor.The leader of the Zhou people in the Xia Dynasty was the son of Emperor Yuanyuan Jiang Jiang, who was abandoned by Houyi, and was responsible for managing agriculture. His clan was a tribe who was good at farming, which greatly promoted the clan economic development. In the early years of the Shang dynasty, the abandoned descendants Gong Liu led the people to move from Qiang to Ci. When the ancient father-in-law was uncle, he moved to Zhouyuan, south of Qishan, calling himself Zhou. Zhou Wu Wang Muye defeated Shang Yang in the First World War and established the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty was the heyday of ancient Chinese society. The Zhou Dynasty was divided into the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Eastern Zhou Dynasty: The Western Zhou Dynasty (1029 BC-771 BC) began with the King Wen and finally the You King, with a total of 13 emperors. The ancestors of the Zhou Dynasty were abandoned, and the descendants of the Emperor Xi, who were former agricultural teachers of Yao and Shun. Zhou Chaoji surname.
Brief introduction of Zhou Wen Wang Jichang (1152 ~ 1056), namely Yin Shang Xibo (meaning the chief of western princes, " Feng Shen Yan Yi " interpreted as Xi Bohou), also known as Zhouhou, Zhou Jili (after the establishment of the Zhou Dynasty , respected as The son of Wang Ji), Ji Xing, Ming Chang, was born in Xiqi (now Qishan County, Baoji City). In the pre-Qin period, the nobles had surnames and clan names. Men named clan names and women named clan names. Therefore, although King Zhou Wen was named Ji, it was not Ji Chang. "Ji Chang" was said to have taken shape in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and as a result, King Wen was called Ji Chang. Passed on in Bali (now in Henan Province), based on the research results of Fuxi (the ancestor of the Emperor), the interpretation of the gossip of the Yijing continued.
King Zhou Wen, surnamed Ji, Mingchang, son of the Jili, Huaxia (Han), founder of the Western Zhou Dynasty. After the calendar died, he inherited the position of Xibo, also known as Xibochang. Reigned for 50 years. Shang Yan was a Xibo ("Earl"), founding himself under Qishan, accumulating good deeds and believing in politics, and was imprisoned in Chonghou because Chonghouhu made a speech to the Emperor. Yixing benevolent administration, the princes of the world mostly obeyed, and his son Wu Wang Jifa had the world, and respected him as the king of Wen.
The chief of western princes in the late Shang Dynasty in China. Ji surname, Mingchang. Zhou Tai's grandson, son of the quarter calendar. Shang Yan was a Xibo, the chief of the western princes (Fang Guo). Also known as Sibochang. According to legend, Xibe had been in office for 50 years, and he was fully prepared for the great business, but he died early before he started.
He is a very entrepreneurial entrepreneur, diligent in political affairs, attaches importance to the development of agricultural production, Corporal Lixian, Guangluo talents, worships Jiang Shang as a military division, and asks Israel ’s military plan to make "one third of the world, and the second return to the week." King Wen reigned and appeared as a "Fang Bo" of the Shang Dynasty. On the surface, he surrendered to the Shang Dynasty, but secretly made preparations for destroying the businessman. He divided and collapsed the vassals of the Shang dynasty, struggling with the country, successfully mediated Yu and Rui disputes over land disputes, and caused small Hedong nations to come and submit. The princes regarded the king of Wen as the "commanded monarch" who replaced Shang Yang. . In the second year of Yu and Rui's return, King Wen used troops to the northwest and southwest, establishing a solid rear for destroying business. Then it developed eastward and crossed the Yellow River to attack the puppet and puppet nations. Marching along the Weishui eastward captured the important base of the Shang Dynasty in Weishui, removing one of the obstacles on Zhou's easting road, and according to the relevant situation. In the second year of Chong Chong, King Wen built Fengyi on the west bank of Huangshui and moved his political center to Feng (now southwest of Xi'an). At this point, King Wen has completed the siege of the Shang capital, and the Zhou people have formed an aggressive offensive against the Shang Dynasty.
At that time, the king of Shang Yang invented the artillery punishment, which meant that the prisoner walked on a copper pillar coated with lubricating oil. When he slipped, he would fall into a fire pit, and the skin was burnt. However, Shang Ye's concubine concubine laughed at seeing this tragic situation, so Shang Ye kept asking prisoners to do so in order to win a smile. King Zhou Wen was very angry, and the princes and people all gritted their teeth. After some thinking, King Zhou Wen wanted to use this criminal law to further win the hearts of the people and increase his prestige among the people. Therefore, King Zhou Wen came to Chaoge and was willing to donate a piece of land on the west bank of the Guoluo River and explained the intention. He would like to ask the king to agree to one thing, that is, to abolish the gunfire. King Shang Ye had heard that the criminal law had a lot of opinions among the people in the Shang Dynasty. Now that he could get another piece of land, he agreed to King Zhou Wen's request. King Zhou Wen took this touting propaganda, the princes and the people praised Zhou Wenwang for his merit. Although King Wen lost a piece of land, he was supported by the vassals, which would create a favorable condition for his prosperity.
At that time, Zhou Guo had a precious jade edition, which was of great value, and Yin Qi wanted to get him. At first, he ordered the glue to come and ask for it, but King Wen did not give it. Because Jiaoye is a virtuous man, he can often come up with some good ideas for developing production, caring for the people, and training the army. If Jiaoye is trusted and reused by King Shang Ye, it will not be good for Zhou. The lack of a jade version of Jiaoyao shows that he has no ability, and the king of Shang Yang would despise him and despise him. Jiaoyao had no use in the Yin Dynasty. Later, Yin Zheng sent Fei Zhong to take the jade version, and after a period of thought, Wang Wen gave it to him. Because Fei Zhong is an adulterer: he often teaches Yin Zhe to find ways to make fun, and makes Yin Xie want to be extravagant and intoxicated with flowers and wine; he often fiddles with right and wrong, and speaks ill of princes and ministers, causing external isolation and Internal discord; at the same time try to plunder the wealth of the princes and people for enjoyment, causing sharp contradictions between the monarch and the people. Fei Zhong got the jade version, Yin Yin would trust him more and reuse him, thus greatly weakening the strength of Yin Dynasty.
Shang Yan was a Xibo, founding his country under the Qishan Mountain, accumulating good deeds and benevolence, and became a political ambassador. He was imprisoned in Chonghou because Chonghouhu made a speech to the king. He was later released. Benefiting from benevolence, the princes of the world mostly returned. After King Ziwu had the world, he was revered as the king of Zhou Wen. Following the law of Houyi and Gongliu, the ancestors of the ancient ancestors and fathers' calendars advocated the social ethos of benevolence, respect for the elderly, kindness, and corporal sages, so that the socio-economic development of their territories could be developed. He and his son Ji Fa hired Jiang Shang as a military division at the Diaoyutai Baoji Diaoxi Baoji. He led troops from Qishan to attack Yin Shang, and was the pioneer of the Western Zhou Dynasty. Invented "Gossip of the King of Wen" and "Sixty-four Diagrams of the King of Wen", which are handed down throughout the world. " Historical Records " recorded "Wen Wang restrained and played Zhou Yi". During the imprisonment of Shang Wang, he wrote "Book of Zhou Yi" in prison for 50 years. .
Zhou Wu Wang Jifa , the founding monarch of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the second son of King Zhou Wen. He was succeeded because his brother Bo Yi was killed by King Shang Ye . He inherited his father's will, destroyed the Shang dynasty in the 11th century BC, seized national power, and established the Western Zhou Dynasty. He demonstrated outstanding military and political talents and became a generation of Mingjun in Chinese history. After death, the nickname "Wu" was historically called King Zhou Wu.
King Wu of the Western Zhou Dynasty (about 1087 BC to 1043 BC), the founder of the Western Zhou Dynasty, an outstanding Chinese leader, the Han nationality, the family name of Ji, Mingfa, the ancestral ancestor of the Wuwang Temple and the Bronze inscription of the Western Zhou Dynasty often referred to him as King Bin. Is the second son of King Zhou Wen. King Wen died about 1056 BC, and he inherited the throne.
Ji Fa inherited his father's legacy and overthrew the rule of the Shang Dynasty, becoming the founding monarch of the Western Zhou Dynasty. After succeeding, Ji Fa continued to actively prepare for the destruction of business, appoint Jiang Shang as a military division, responsible for military affairs; Nangong Kuo as marshal, Bukit general; appointed his brother Zhou Gongdan as assistant, responsible for government affairs; appointed Zhaogong, Bi Gong and others as assistants.
Ji Fa seized the opportunity to watch Meng Jin, a thousand princes of the conference. Two years later, when the time was ripe, Ji Fa led a large army of businessmen. After the Battle of Makino, the merchant army retreated across the board, and the king of kings fled back to Yin and set themselves on Lutai. Later Ji Fa built the capital, picking up the capital, changed the country name to Da Zhou, and collapsed in his thirteenth year.
Establish Zhou Dynasty
Xian Zhou is an ancient tribe active in the Loess Plateau in the western Central Plains. The first ancestor of the Zhou people was the son of Emperor Huang (great-grandson of the Yellow Emperor ) Yuan Jiang Jiang. Abandoned as an agronomist in Emperor Shun, known as Houyi, teaches the people to cultivate crops with merit, and distributes them to the Ji. In the early years of the Shang dynasty, his descendants Gong Liu led his family to move to Ci. When the father-in-law of the ancient father-in-law moved to Zhouyuan (now Qishan County, Shaanxi Province) south of Qishan to settle down, it gradually developed into an emerging western power, calling himself Da Zhou. Following the succession of Gu Gong's young son, he practiced morality, developed production, and expelled Yidi. Zhou Wang Ji Li once wiped out 22 Zhai kings, making his power even stronger and conflicting with Shang. Shang Wang Wending sent someone to kill the calendar, and Ji Calendar's son Ji Chang succeeded. Chang is known as Xibo, kind, loving people, Corporal Lixian, and all the sergeants of the world came. The development of Zhou made Shang Ye feel threatened, so he imprisoned Xi Bochang in Bali for seven years. The Zhou people redeemed Xibe with treasures and beauties . After that, with the help of Lu Shang, Xibechang appeared to be tamed, but he was very tamed with Yin Qi. In fact, he was more hospitable and ethical, and he pleased the people and vigorously developed production. The more all the princes came to attach, and then to seek the untamed princes and business allies, finally two of the world's thirds, became the so-called mandated master, and claimed to be the king, that is, King Zhou Wen, and moved the capital to Fengyi (Today's southwest of Chang'an, Shaanxi, China.) In nine years, King Zhou Wen died. His son Ji Fa succeeded and was called King Zhou Wu. He continued to use Lu Shang as a teacher, Zhou Gongdan as a supplement, Zhao Gong, Bi Gong and others as the main assistants, and continued the unfinished career of King Wen. Expanded the capital to Gaojing (now Chang'an County, Shaanxi Province) east of Laishui, actively preparing for the destruction of business. Two years later, the king of war vowed to convene a league of 1,000 princes in the League. King Zhou Wen was ordered to eleventh year. In December eleventh, Wu Wangbing went out of Tongguan, united the princes of all the nations, and commanded the eastward direction. In February the following year, Jiazi defeated the Shang Dynasty ’s army in Makino and killed King Yin. The "Wu Wang destroying business" established the longest dynasty in Chinese history-the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty experienced 37 generations of emperors, more than 800 years, and was destroyed by the Qin Dynasty in 256 BC. In 770 BC, King Ping moved to Luoyi (now Luoyang, Henan). Fenghao Erjing is in the west and Luoyi is in the east. It is customary to refer to the Zhou Dynasty before 770 BC as the Western Zhou Dynasty, and the later is the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
King Zhou Wu has a broad mind and a long-term vision. At the same time, he has a decisive ability to deal with things. Seeing the incompetence of the Shang Dynasty, he set out to ask for the people and to win the support of the broad masses for the banner of the skywalk, thus greatly expanding. With his own strength and influence, in the process of cutting down, he personally led the soldiers and horses to beat Chaoge in a fearless spirit, hitting the king of the king unexpectedly. At the same time, King Zhou Wu has an outstanding personal charm, which is why he is loved by people.
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Zhou Cheng Wang Ji Chan (1055 BC-1021 BC). The surname Ji, the first name, son of King Zhou Wu, is the second-generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty in China. King Zhou Cheng was young and succeeded by Zhou Gongdan. After King Zhou Cheng came to power, he created the new capital Luoyi and the Dafeng princes, and ordered Zhougong to march east and write ritual music, which strengthened the rule of the Western Zhou Dynasty. In 1021 BC, Zhou Chengwang died at the age of 35. During the reign of King Zhou Cheng and his son Zhou Kang ( Ji Zhao ), social stability, harmony between the people, and "no penalty for more than 40 years" were hailed as the rule of Cheng Kang.
Son of King Zhou Wu. After the reign of Emperor Wu King, he died 4 years after the reign, "the world heard the Emperor Wu collapsed and pulled down". When the emperor became king, he was young and was governed by Zhou Gong Ji Dan. This caused dissatisfaction with Uncle Guan, Uncle Cai, Uncle Huo, etc. Usurped the throne, united Wu Geng to launch a rebellion, and Zhao Gongyi also became suspicious. The history called it "Three Superintendents' Rebellion."
Zhou Gong led the army to march east. Three years later, the unrest took place, and the uncle committed suicide. Seven years after Zhou Gong's regency, he returned to Cheng Cheng. Zhou Gong was worried that Cheng Cheng would cope with ease, and wrote an article "Wu Yi". In 1021, Wang Chengcheng died and died at the age of 35. His prince Ji Zhao was appointed as King Zhou Kang.
The emperor became a young man and could not take charge of politics. His uncle Zhou Gongdan (the younger brother of Wu), in order to avoid rebellion by the princes, regent himself and settle the situation. Uncle Guan and Cai did not trust Zhou Gong, and Wu Yin, a descendant of Yin and Shang, rebelled together. Zhou Gong was ordered to be the king to conquer and calm down the rebellion. After Cheng grew up and personally took power, he sealed the princes, strengthened the patriarchal power, ordered the public to build Luoyi (now Luoyang, Henan), and later became the capital of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. Cheng Wang also ordered Zhou Gong to make rituals and make plans, and laid down the rules and regulations, which laid the foundation for the Western Zhou Dynasty. Zhou Gong and Zhao Gong led the division to conquer Huai Yi and the puppet state north of Huai Yi, which further expanded the scope of its rule. During the period of kinghood, the society was stable, the people were harmonious, and the voice of praising the peace was endless. The reign of King Cheng and his son Kang, collectively known as the rule of Cheng Kang, was the prosperous period of the Zhou Dynasty.
Later generations evaluated the achievements of King Cheng and his son Kang with the "rule of Chengkang". According to history, the world was peaceful at that time without penalty for more than 40 years.
The Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynastic Period project established the king's reign as 1042 to 1021.
Zhou Kang Wang Jizhao , surnamed Ji Mingzhao, whose birth and death are unknown. The Han nationality, Prince Cheng, succeeded to the throne after the death of King Cheng. He died of illness for 26 years and was buried in Biyuan. When Ji Zhao succeeded, Zhao Gong and Bi Gong held a grand ceremony for him. Zhao Gong and Bi Gong also led the princes to accompany Ji Zhao to the ancestral temple, and told King Kang the hardships of King Wen and Wu Wang, and wrote another article, admonishing Ji Zhao to be frugal, be diligent in state affairs, and keep the ancestors' inheritance. During his reign with his father, King Zhou Cheng, social stability, harmony between the people, and "no penalty for more than 40 years" were hailed as the rule of Cheng Kang.
When Ji Zhao succeeded, Zhao Gong and Bi Gong held a grand ceremony for him. Zhao Gong and Bi Gong also led the princes to accompany Ji Zhao to the ancestral temple, and told King Kang the hardships of King Wen and Wu Wang, and wrote another article, admonishing Ji Zhao to be frugal, be diligent in state affairs, and keep the ancestors' inheritance. .
When Ji Zhao was in office, he continued to attack the ghost side (now northwest of Shaanxi Province) and southeast China, plundering slaves and land, and rewarding them to princes and doctors. In the First World War, Zhou Jun captured more than 13,000 soldiers of Inugong soldiers. In order to celebrate victory, Ji Zhao rewarded more than 1,700 captives to the nobleman Meng who participated in the war, and used it as a slave. A tripod weighing more than 500 kilograms was excavated in the middle of the Qing Dynasty and is still on display in the Chinese History Museum in Beijing.
During the reign of Ji Zhao, the national strength was strong, the world was unified, the economy and culture were prosperous, the society was stable, and the history book contained, "At the time of Chengkang, the world was peaceful, and the penalty was not used for more than 40 years." After the death of Ji Zhao, the temple name was King Kang. Later generations hailed this period and the rule of Cheng Wang as the "rule of Cheng Kang".
Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties' engineering research has determined that the reign of King Kang was from 1020 to 996, and 25 years. " Archaeology " magazine published in March 2007 Zhu Fenghan's article "Yao Gongyu and Tang Bohou Yujin", which introduced the Western Zhou Dynasty Bronze Yao Gongyu in a private collection in Hong Kong. The inscription reads "Tang Bohou Yu Jinwei Wang Xi and Eight Sacrifice" Content. According to Chen Jiujin, the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynastic Engineering Expert Group convened a special meeting on this, and determined that the "King and Eight Sacrifice" is to use the king of 28 years as the king of Zhou Kang, and use this device as evidence of King Zhou Kang's reign for more than 28 years.
In the Spring and Autumn Period, 538 BC, the doctor of the Chu Kingdom raised the king of Chu Ling who pursued hegemony. In history, King Xia Qi, Shang Tang , Zhou Wu, Zhou Cheng, Zhou Kang, Zhou Mu, Qi Lugong and Jin The contribution of Wen Gong's "six kings and two men". Jiao Ju mentioned that Zhou Kang had the merits of "the palace palace", Yang Bojun pointed out that the palace was the temple of the king of Zhou Wen, and it was in Dongwuli, Hu County, Shaanxi Province today. (The second-generation monarch Qi Dinggong of the State of Qi, the second-generation monarch Wei Kangbo, the second-generation monarch of Jin Dynasty, Jin Houyu, and the son of Zhou Gongdan, Lu Gongbo, worked together with King Zhou Kang. Zhou Kang was divided into four princes with treasure It ’s the same thing. But the colleague Zhou Kang ’s Chu Jun Xiong Yi has no point. In the spring and autumn 530 BC, the king of Chu Ling still mentioned this incident.)
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Brief introduction of Zhou Zhao Wang Jixuan , the fourth generation king of Western Zhou Dynasty. Son of King Zhou Kang. " Historical Records " called him King Zhao, Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscriptions more often called him King. King Zhao wanted to inherit the cause of Chengkang and continued to expand Zhou's territory. Starting from the sixteenth year of King Zhao, he led an army to conquer Jingchu in the south. , 夔 (now Guidong in Hubei), until the Jianghan area, a great treasure, caster Ming Gong. In the nineteenth year of King Zhao, he personally commanded the six divisions to attack the Chu Kingdom in the south, and the whole army was overwhelmed. King Zhao died at the shore of Hanshui. The failure of the Southern Expedition was not only the turning point of the Zhou Dynasty from prosperity to decline, but also a sign that the Chu Kingdom was strong enough to compete with the Zhou Dynasty.
Ji Xia (BC?-977 BC), namely King Zhou Zhao, the fourth generation king of the Zhou Dynasty in China. Han nationality, Ho Jing (now Changan County, Shaanxi). Ji surname, name flaw. Son of King Zhou Kang. King Zhao wanted to inherit the cause of Chengkang and continued to expand Zhou's territory. Starting from the sixteenth year of King Zhao, he led an army to conquer Jingchu in the south, passing Tang (now Hubei Suizhou Northwest), Li (now Hubei Suizhou North), Zeng (now Hubei Suizhou). , 夔 (now Guidong in Hubei), until the Jianghan area, a great treasure, caster Ming Gong. In the nineteenth year of King Zhao, he personally commanded the six divisions to attack the Chu Kingdom in the south, and the whole army was overwhelmed. King Zhao died at the shore of Hanshui. The failure of the Southern Expedition was not only the turning point of the Zhou Dynasty from prosperity to decline, but also a sign that the Chu Kingdom was strong enough to compete with the Zhou Dynasty. Later, the Chu Kingdom became one of the Five Powers of the Spring and Autumn Period, dominating the South and winning Zhou Zhou.
King Zhou Zhao——Three failed attacks
The Chu State was one of the "Southern States" under the rule of Hou Wei of the Western Zhou Dynasty. At the end of the Shang and early Zhou dynasties, the relationship between Chu and the Zhou royal family was generally good because the Xiongju clan voted for Zhou. Zhou Wuwang died, Zicheng Wangli, "People or Zhou Zhougong , Zhougong rushed to Chu" ("Shi Ji Lu Zhougong Family".) Later, rumors clarified, Zhougong went back. The relationship between Chu and Zhou was also normal during the period of King Zhou Kang (Twelve Years of Zuo Zhuan Zhao Gong recorded the King of Chu Ling: "In the past, Xiong Yi, the first king, and Lu Yihe, Wang Sunmu, uncle, and fowl father worked together with King Kang." ). The reasons are as follows: Zhou Chu has the same origin (Zhou Ren, Ji surname, legend is after the emperor's reputation), and Xiong Chen Zhou laid the foundation for the friendly relationship. Second, Ke Yin at the beginning of the week, and then Zhougong's eastward expedition. This shows that the remnants of Yin Shang and the Eastern Tribes have always betrayed Zhou and Zhou. The Zhou Dynasty had to go all out to focus on attacking the Eastern Tribes. The third is that the Chu people stayed in the barren land, and the power was very weak, so they had to humble Zhou Tianzi, which would not attract the attention of Zhou royal family.
However, "Zhou Zhizong League, different surnames come after" ("Zuo Zhuan Yin Gong eleven years"), Chu is a different surname country of the Zhou Dynasty, was discriminated by Zhou Tianzi from the beginning, and even in the vassal alliance, did not contact Qualifications of the League. The royal family of the Zhou Dynasty had rewards in the vassal states, such as Jin, but not in the Chu country. After more than five hundred years, the Chu people were still angry about it. For example, in the middle and late period of Spring and Autumn Period, King Chu Ling said that the first king Xiong Yi and King Qi, Jin, Lu, Wei and other monarchs worked together with King Zhou Kang. The four kingdoms could get treasures , but the Chu kingdom had no points. Ding thinks points. " You Yinzige told him: "Qi, Wang Ye also; Jin and Lu, Wei, and Wang's mother and brother also. Chu is divided, but they all have it." ("Zuo Zhuan Zhao Gong 12 years.") The relationship between master and slave on the basis of the patriarchal hierarchy of "kiss" and "respect" will inevitably produce profound contradictions , which will lead to the conquest and anti-conquest war. In fact, as early as the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty, in order to strengthen the control of the kingdoms of Yong, Lu, Peng, and Qian in Chu and Jingchu areas, some of the Ji surnames were sealed in the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the Nanyang Basin, Shen, Lu and other Jiang surnames (marital relatives). The Chu State was frightened by the strength of the Zhou Dynasty, and had to pay tribute to things such as Bu Mao Mao, expressing surrender.
During the period of Zhou Cheng and King Kang, the east capital of Luoyi was completed, and the east and west were connected into one piece, reaching a distance of thousands of miles, which initially consolidated the rule of "East Soil". During the time of the Zhou Communists, the Chu State humiliated the Zhou royal family on the one hand, and "Bailu Blue Strands" on the other hand, worked hard to develop the country, and the country was already flourishing. Therefore, during the period of King Zhou Zhao (about 1000 椙 77 BC), the relationship between Zhou and Chu began to become tense, and King Zhou Zhao concentrated his efforts to crack down on Chu. According to the inscription of "Wall Plate" unearthed from Fufeng, Shaanxi: "King Honglu (Zhao), Guangjing Jingchu, only hunting southward." It can be seen that King Zhou Zhao led the army southward, with great momentum. According to the "Bamboo Book Chronicle", King Zhou Zhao attacked Chu three times:
Zhou Mu Wang Jiman , reigned for 55 years. The fifth generation king of the Zhou Dynasty . Ji surname, full name. Son of Ji Flaw . King Mu was devoted to the development of the Quartet. Because the nomadic people Rongdi did not pay tribute to the Zhou dynasty, he conquered two dogs and won the 5 kings, and moved some Rong people to Taiyuan (now in Gansu Zhenyuan). He also attacked Xu Rong in the east and joined the princes in Tushan (now southeast of Huaiyuan, Anhui), consolidating Zhou's rule in the southeast. In addition, the five penalties for Mo, Pu, Pu, Palace, and Da Bu were formulated, and the detailed rules reached as many as 3,000. The stories of Mu Wang's Western Expedition spread in later generations, such as those contained in the Bamboo Slips of the Warring States Period, unearthed from Jizuu in the Jin Dynasty, are untrue, but they reflect the desire of King Mu at that time to travel around the world and to interact with tribes in various countries in the northwest.
Mu Tianzi's expedition to the west has a wide scope. Through his conquest, the Zhou Dynasty expanded the territory smoothly, strengthened the rule of the Quartet, and effectively consolidated the rule of the Zhou Dynasty. It is a big state based on the foundation of a powerful country accumulated by the four generations of rulers of Wenwu Chengkang. Proof of Prestige.
However, after years of discussion, the emperor was not in the court hall, which led to the relaxation of the government. After the King Mu, the Zhou Dynasty began to decline and flourish, just as the Western Han Dynasty after the Emperor Hanwu gradually declined from prosperity. Finally, the last three generations of monarchs in the Zhou Dynasty: King Li, Xuan Wang, and You Wang. In addition to Xuan Wang's achievements (Xuan Wang Zhongxing), the other two monarchs disgusted the court rituals. The whole country was very chaotic, and the people were not talking about life. Very painful.
King Mu in the eyes of Shi Qiang
Regarding King Mu, the monarch who has accumulated the foundations of his grandfather's development, he used his talent to roughly spread the influence of Zhou culture. Zhou Qiang's Shi Qiangpan described it as follows when he mentioned King Mu: "Only show King Mu, Xing Yuyu ...". It can be seen that in the history of Zhou Dynasty, the king of Mu is full of wisdom, and can rule the Quartet, the king in Megatron.
Therefore, his legendary stories have also been left in books such as Shan Hai Jing and Mu Tian Zi.
Ji Zhou, the king of the Zhou dynasty, is the sixth generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, and the king of the cymbal . The bronze inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty often referred to him as King Gong and sometimes King Gong. Son of King Zhou Mu. In Mandarin, Zhou Yuyi, there were three women volunteering to consecrate to the Emperor Mikang when the Emperor Mikang followed the emperor, and his mother told him that he could not ask these three women. Can't stand it, not to mention the monarch of a small country. Mi Kanggong refused to listen and accepted the three women. A year later he was destroyed by the King. The Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties project set the reign of the King as 922 to 900 years ago.
King Chou, with the names Ji Ji and Prince Mu ("繄 扈", pinyin: yīhù), the sixth-generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, whose birth and death years are unknown. King Mu succeeds him after his death. During his 22-year reign, he died of illness and was buried in the King Biyuan (Gong), pinyin: gōng. The bronze inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty often referred to him as King Gong. Son of King Zhou Mu.
Reform national policy
When Ji Wei succeeded, the country spent a great deal of wealth because of Mu Wang's travels, leaving the state finances very empty, and it became difficult to support the economy. However, on many occasions, he had to maintain the shelf of Tianzi. For example, in order to express clear rewards and penalties, the King had to seal the land near the capital to the princes and doctors, so that the area under his direct control became smaller and smaller, and the income was less and less. The Zhou Dynasty began to decline.
After Ji Yizhen came to power, he made great adjustments to the strategy of governing the country. In the military, he changed his father and ancestors' methods of conquering the world by force, reducing the army, clarifying the law, and restoring the people, so that more people can rest in production. Create wealth to increase national fiscal revenue. We adopt a peaceful and stable foreign policy in foreign relations. We mainly use peaceful negotiations to resolve border disputes, and try to avoid armed conflict. Politically, he abolished the old system of "state-owned land, divided subordinates," and implemented a private land ownership system to allow free land purchase and sale. The state collects taxes from landowners in accordance with regulations. This is the first time that the Western Zhou Dynasty legalized land privatization.
Ji Yizhen is very beneficial to the country. Because before that time, the country only levied taxes on the original arable land, and nobles would not pay taxes on cultivated lands that were cultivated privately. Today, the state allows private land to exist. The owner of the private land must declare it truthfully, otherwise it will be regarded as an illegal private land and will be confiscated upon detection. This forced nobles to report their private fields truthfully, and once reported, they had to pay taxes in accordance with regulations, thereby increasing the revenue of the state treasury.
Destroy the whiskers
Christine King three years (Xin Chou, former 920), the Minister Qiu Wei exchanged one piece of Jinzhang, two pieces of red husk, two pieces of muscari, and one piece of hoe for one hundred pals, in exchange for the land of Jubo. .
In spring, Christine King Ji Yizheng led some followers to tour the western region, and went to Yingshang (now northwest of Pingliang City, Gansu) to inspect the Müxu Kingdom (the surname of the princes, surnamed Fengling, west of Lingtai County, Pingliang City, Gansu).
Zhou Ji Wang Jiji , the seventh-generation king of Western Zhou Dynasty, Jiou Jiu Wang. " Historical Records " records the period of the King of Kings, the Zhou Dynasty began to decline, and some people wrote satires. The "Book of Bamboo Chronicles" records: "The first year of the King of Kings, the heavens again in Zheng" refers to the first year of the King of the King of Zhou, one day, the phenomenon of two dawns appeared one after another. At that time, it was visible in Zheng Guo area of Huaxian County, Shaanxi To this wonder. The Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties project set the reign of the King of Emperor from 899 to 892. The "Taiping Yulan" quoted "Historical Records" saying "The King of Emperor Twenty-five Years". According to Shirakawa's classification of the Western Zhou Ming Dynasty Mingzi, the King of Kings has been in office for more than 15 years. After his death, he was ascended by Zhou Xiaowang Ji Pifang .
Zhou Ji Wang Jiyi, surname Ji and Mingyi, also made difficult and firm. The ancient Chinese royal family was divided into seven kings during the Western Zhou Dynasty. Ji Yun's grandfather was Zhou Mu Wang Ji Man , and his father was Zhou Gong Wang Ji Yi. Ascended the throne: 900 BC-892 BC. Moved capital: Huaili (now southeast of Xingping, Shaanxi Province).
Ji Zheng was born about forty years of King Zhou Mu (Jiashen, 937 before 937). In the first year of King Zhou Gong (Haihai, 922 before), he became Prince Edward.
In 900 B.C., King Gong of Zhou Gong died, and his son Ji Jian was named King Zhou, and the first year of King Zhou Geng was the year of Ren Zhe (899).
King Zhou Xuan, named Ji Ji (jiān), the seventh-generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the son of the King of the Communist Party of China, the king of Xun. According to the research results of the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynastic Period Project, the reign of King Huang was from 899 BC to 892 BC. "Historical Records" cloud "Twenty-five years of the reign of King". According to Shirakawa's classification of the Western Zhou Ming Dynasty Mingzi, the King of Kings has been in office for more than 15 years. In 892 before the death of King Zhou Xie, King Zhou Xiao succeeded. "Historical Records" records that when the King of Kings was reigned, the Zhou royal family began to decline. "Zhu Shu Chronicles" records: "The first year of the King of Kings, the heavens again in Zheng", refers to the first year of the King of the King of Zhou, one day, the phenomenon of two dawns (according to the total solar eclipse), was in Shaanxi This spectacle can be seen in Zheng Guo area of Hua County. Ji Xun was weak by nature, and after his succession, his politics became increasingly corrupt and his country became more declining. Due to repeated attacks by Xi Rong, he was forced to move the capital to Huaili (now southeast of Xingping, Shaanxi Province).
Zhou Ji Wang Jiyi, surname Ji and Mingyi, also made difficult and firm. The ancient Chinese royal family was divided into seven kings during the Western Zhou Dynasty. Ji Yun's grandfather was Zhou Mu Wang Ji Man, and his father was Zhou Gong Wang Ji Yi.
Ji Cheng was born about forty years of King Zhou Mu (Jia Shen, 937 BC), and in the first year of King Zhou Gong (Ji Hai, 922 BC), he was made Prince.
In 900 B.C., King Gong of Zhou Gong died, and it is said that his son Ji Ji was named King of Zhou Gong, and the first year of King Zhou Geng was the year of Ren Dai (before 899).
Zhou Xiaowang Ji Bifang , the eighth generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, nicknamed Zhou Xiaowang. The date of birth and death is unknown. King Zhou Xie died of illness and should be succeeded by Prince Ji Ji , but the Prince was weak and incompetent, and the capable Ji Pifang took the opportunity to seize the throne. He died of illness for 6 years and his burial site is unknown. He had always wanted to revive the Zhou Dynasty, but, just six years after he took office, he died of illness.
Zhou Xiaowang Wang Zhouxiao (?-886 BC), surnamed Ji, Mingfang, the eighth generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the king Zhou Xiao. The inscription of "逨 盘" unearthed from Yangjia Village, Meixian County, Shaanxi Province is the king of examinations. Birth year unknown, collapsed in 886 BC. The Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynastic Period project set the reign of Xiaoxiao from 891 to 886 BC, and some people question its accuracy. Brother of the CCP, Uncle Chou. King Zhou Zhe took the throne after his death. He died of illness for 6 years and his burial site is unknown.
Zhou Xiao Wang Ji Pifang, surname Ji, Ming Bifang, the number Zhou Xiaowang. The eighth king of the Western Zhou Dynasty during the ancient Chinese royal family division. His grandfather is Zhou Zhao Wang Jixie , his father is Zhou Mu Wang Jiman , Zhou Gong Wang Ji Yiyi is his eldest brother, Zhou Yi Wang Jiyi is his nephew. Ji Pifang is the same age as Zhou Ji and Wang Jiji. Both his uncle and nephew were born in Zhou Mu for forty years (Jia Shen, 937). When Ji Bifang was born, his father, King Zhou Mu, was sixty-three years old. His mother was his father's favorite young concubine, so his father was very fond of him. But Zhou Mu had never dreamed that his youngest son could take the throne.
King by accident
In 892 BC, King Zhou Xie died suddenly, because the East Palace had no prince, and the interior of the royal chamber was fiercely controversial around the issue of the heir to the throne. Jiu Zhou, the eldest son of King Zhou Xun, was born of the partial concubine. She was arrogant and self-willed since she was a child. She has never been loved by Xun Wang, and Yuan Fei has never given birth. He and Yuan Fei agreed to choose a good moral successor from Yuan Fei's son to Yuan Fei in a few years, and then to become Prince. But before this matter was implemented in time, he left the world to drive back to the west, and did not designate a legal heir before death, which left the clan ministers in trouble. Some ministers believe that the first king did not establish Jiyi as the prince because he was young and unethical, and did not have the qualifications to be a king. He should be re-elected to the king with virtuous people. After discussion, everyone agreed to elect Wang Shuji Pifang as king. In this way, Ji Pi was lucky and took the throne.
After Ji Biefang ascended the throne, he was named King of Filial Piety.
Ji Biefang did not forget the insult of being defeated by Inu Rong, and in the first year of Zhou Xiaowang ordered Shen Hou to lead the army, and started the six divisions westward.
Jiyi of King Zhou Yi , the date of birth and death is unknown. Prince Zhou Yi, nephew of King Zhou Xiao. After the death of King Xiao, he succeeded. He died of illness for 30 years and his burial site is unknown. Ji Yan was very grateful to the princes. Once the princes' habit of worshiping the princes on the court was changed, and they stepped down to meet the princes when they met, the majesty of the princes dropped greatly. During his reign, Jiu Rong, who was relocated to the Taiyuan area by King Mu, continued to rebel. Ji Ji sent several troops to discuss it, but he could not be eradicated. "Bamboo Book Chronicle" records: Yi Wang three years "cook Qi Ai Yu Ding." " Historical Records of the Chu Family" records: When Zhou Yi was king, the royal family was weak, the princes or not, and they fell apart. According to Wu Jizi's inscription on the white plate, King Zhou Yi had ordered Ji Zibai to lead his army to a severe defeat. After 30 years of illness, Li Ziji became Prince Edward. The temple number after Ji Yuan died was King Yi.
King Zhou Yi, Ji surname, Mingyao, the ninth generation of Western Zhou Dynasty, Prince Zhou Yan, nephew of King Zhou Xiao. "Historical Records" called him the King of Yi, and the Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscriptions often referred to him as the King of Kings. The Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynastic Period Project established King Zhou Yi's reign as 885 BC to 878 BC. This data remains questionable.
"Bamboo Book Chronicle" records: Yi Wang three years "cook Qi Ai Yu Ding." In the seven years of the King Yi, he was ordered to marshal Taiyuan Zhirong, and as for Yu Quan, he won thousands of horses. "Historical Records of the Chu Family" records: When Zhou Yi was king, the royal family was weak, the princes or not, and they fell apart. According to Wu Jizi's inscription on the white plate, King Zhou Yi had ordered Ji Zibai to lead his army to a severe defeat.
After the death of King Zhou Yi, his son Zhou Li Wang Jihu succeeded him.
King Zhou Xiao died nine years after his throne, and the princes and ministers established Prince Xiao's nephew, Prince Zhou, as king Zhou Yi. In the early years of King Yi, there was a slight improvement in politics. In the distance, Shu and Lu Guo sent Qiong Yu one after another, and the King Yi received them at the Yellow River. On one occasion, the King of Yi also ordered the prince to lead the Sixth Division to attack Taiyuan Rong, who did not obey the king's life and often came to intrude, and reached Yu Quan all the time, obtaining horses and horses. This is a great victory for King Yi to conquer the northwest border.
However, a serious illness of King Yi prevented him from governing the state. The princes of the same surname were very worried and prayed for the blessing of the gods, but still could not save the life of the Yi king. He finally passed away in 16 years. Some vassal states with different surnames did not come to pay tribute when the country was declining, and even attacked the royal family.
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Zhou Li Wang Jihu (? ~ 828) The tenth king of Western Zhou (reigned from 878 to 841), Ji surname, Hu. Son of King Zhou Yi. 37 years in office.
Reigned from 878 to 841 BC. During his reign, he arrogantly aggravated, aggravated the exploitation of the working people, and at the same time deprived some of the nobility of power. He appointed Rongyi as a scholar, implemented "patents," and monopolized social wealth and resources. As a result, dissatisfaction with the aristocracy and civilians was aroused. He also continued to conquer Jingchu in the south, and defended the nomadic tribes in the northwest, and Rongdi in the northwest, especially the crickets, invaded from time to time. There are also conflicts with the surrounding ethnic minorities. The southeast Huaiyi who had surrendered to Zhou couldn't bear the crush and rose up to resist. In order to suppress the dissatisfaction of the Chinese people, King Zhou Li used the guardian to monitor those who complained and killed them immediately when they found out. These have led to increasingly sharp contradictions in the country. In 841 BC, a Chinese riot occurred, and the people surrounded the palace and attacked the king. He fled in a hurry, and then died in Xiong (now Huo County, Shanxi) in 828 BC. After he fled, Zhao Gong (Zhao Mu Gonghu) and Zhou Gong (Zhou Dinggong) were in charge of the administration of the government. Since the first year of the republic (before 841), Chinese history has a clear date. Zhou Gonghe died in 14 years (828 years ago). Ji Hu's nickname is Li Wang.
King Zhou Li was violent, and people in the capital publicly accused Li Wang. Zhao Mugong reported: "The people can't stand the king's orders!" Li Wang became angry, found the witch who defended the country, and sent him to monitor those who publicly accused himself. The shaman reports these people to King Li and kills them. People in the capital did not dare to speak, and looked at each other with their eyes on the road. King Li was happy and told Zhaogong, "I can stop the slander, and everyone finally dared not speak." Zhaogong said, "This is to stop the mouth of the people. It is better to stop the mouth of the people than to stop the river. It ’s terrible. The river is blocked and breaks the dam, it must hurt a lot of people, and the people are just like the river. So the people who manage the river need to clear it, make it unblocked, and the people who govern the people, let them go and let them talk. Government affairs, ordering the public, the Qing, and even the priests to sing poems, music officials to sing music, historians to provide books, young teachers to provide proverbs, the blind to recite poems, the dim to recite the classics, all kinds of artisans in the work rules, the people invite others to spread the word, the courtiers do their best Persuasion, relatives make up for supervision, Taishi and Taishi instigate, the elder ministers sort out and clarify, and then the king considers implementation. So politics is promoted without violating the truth. The people have a mouth, as if the land has mountains and rivers, and wealth comes from here Come out; as if the land has plateaus, depressions, plains, and irrigated fields, clothing and food come from here. The mouth is used to make speeches, and the quality of government affairs is built on it. Good and prevent bad, this is the basis for enriching wealth, food and clothing. People think about it, and they say it publicly. Heaven must fulfill them and put their opinions into practice. How can it be blocked? How long will my mouth last? "Li Wang didn't listen. So people in the capital no longer dare to speak. Three years later, Li Wang was exiled to the Qiang (now northeast of Huo County, Shanxi) and died there.
Zhou Xuan Wang Jijing , the eleventh king of the Zhou Dynasty in China. At the time of his reign (827 BC-781 BC), the Huaxia, Ji surname, Ming Jing (Yi Zuo Jing), the son of King Zhou Li, were pursued as King Sejong after his death. After Xuan Wang was enthroned, he rectified the administration and revitalized the declining Zhou Dynasty. Xuan Wang's main contribution was to fight against the Rong, Di and Huai Yi who invaded the Zhou Dynasty.
Zhou Xuanwang, the eleventh king of the Zhou Dynasty in China. Reign (827 BC-781 BC). Huaxia, Ji surname, Ming Jing (one for Jing), son of King Zhou Li, was pursued as King Sejong after his death. During the Li Wang Kingdom riots, the Minister called Mu Gonghu to hide the prince in his own house, surrounded by the Chinese. The summoner replaced his prince with his own son, so that he could escape. In the fourteenth year of the Republic (828 years ago), King Li died in the exile (now Huo County, Shanxi), and the minister embraced Jing as king. After Xuan Wang was enthroned, he rectified the administration and revitalized the declining Zhou Dynasty. Xuan Wang's main contribution was to fight against Rong, Di and Huai Yi who invaded the Zhou Dynasty. Xuan Wang four years ago (824), Qin Zhong was a doctor, attacked Xi Rong, and was killed. Xuan Wang ordered his son Qinzhuang, the five brothers, to defeat Xi Rong and win. For five years, King Xuan and Yin Jifu fell together (ie Xi Rong) in Peng Yue (now northwest of Chengcheng, Shaanxi). Yin Jifu led his division to Taiyuan (today in Zhenyuan, Gansu Province) during the war of concubines, forcing him to retreat northwest. Regarding the Huaiyi invasion of the Jianghan region, King Zhou Xuan ordered Mu Gong and Qing Shi Nanzhong, Grandfather Huang, and Master Sima Chengbo Xiu to conquer the army, and traveled east along the Huai River, so that the most powerful local state, Xu Guo, obeyed. See you in Zhou Chao. In the eighteenth year, Nanzhong sent his father and high father to Huaiyi. All nations welcomed the king's life and offered tribute. At that time, King Xuan also ordered Uncle Fang to lead a division to conquer Jingman (that is, the Kingdom of Chu). In order to consolidate the rule of the southern soil, Xuan Wang enshrined his concubine Shen Bo (now Nanyang, Henan). In the 22nd year of King Xuan, he continued to divide in the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty and sealed his brother Yu Zheng (now East of Huaxian County, Shaanxi).
Zhou Xuanwang five years to 39 years (823 BC-789 BC), Xuan Wang ordered Zhou Jun to attack Rong Dihe in the northwest (now Shaanxi, Shanxi, and Gansu) and the southeast (now Jiangsu, Anhui, and Hubei). Barbaric war.
Xuan Wang Zhongxing was short-lived. Once in the autumn and July of the 46th year of King Zhou Xuan, he went out for hunting. Xuan Wang had strict discipline and ordered the sergeants to not trample on the crops, burn trees, and invade the dwellings; donate as many birds as possible, and give them as rewards. If concealed, pursue a felony.
In Xuanwang's later years, the Zhou Dynasty reappeared. King Xuan interfered with the succession of the throne of Lu Kingdom, and used force to establish Lu Xiaogong, causing dissatisfaction among the princes. Thirty-one years, cutting Taiyuan Rong, thirty-six years, cutting article Rong, Ben Rong, all failed. Three years later, Fa Shenrong, although winning, lost the Jiang family in the battle of thousands of acres in the same year, and lost the dispatched division of the southern kingdom. After the death of King Xuan, the descendant of King You, the further development of social conflicts , finally led to the fall of the Western Zhou Dynasty.
In his later years, Xuan Wang gradually became stubborn and could not hear different political opinions. In order to show his power, when Lu Guo chose his heir, he forced the abandon Changli to be young according to his own preferences. When the Lu people refused to accept it, he sent troops to fight against him, which caused the country to become chaotic. This not only undermined the inheritance system of the eldest son of the Zhou Dynasty, but also caused dissatisfaction among the vassals of the same surname, making the vassals even more dissatisfied with the king. This is still true for the princes, and even more arrogant and unreasonable for the officials under the government of the DPRK. Once, for a trivial matter, Doctor Duber offended Xuan Wang and was sentenced to death. His old friend Zuo Ru hurried forward to dissuade him, and Xuan Wang rebuked angrily: "In your eyes, there is only a friend and no monarch. What is the reason?" Zuo Ru replied: "If the monarch is reasonable, the minister obeys the monarch; the friend is reasonable. Chen supported his friends. Now Du Bo is not guilty and should not be asked to cut. Therefore, Chen advised the King not to kill Du Bo, otherwise he would kill good people. "" I want to kill him, what can you do? "Xuan Wang Said angrily. Zuo Ru replied: "The minister is willing to accompany Dubo to die." "I just don't let you die, and see what you can do?" Xuan Wang said, and ordered Dubo beheaded. Zuo Ru was ashamed and angry. He returned to his mansion and died of self-confidence, which caused panic among the ministers.
After the incident, King Xuan calmed down and felt that he was indeed a little too much, secretly remorse, and embarrassed to say clearly that it was difficult to sleep and eat, and had a kind of hysteria. On one occasion, he took his subordinates on a safari to relax. During the safari, he suddenly yelled in the car, passed out in a coma, healed, and died a few days later. Later, there was a saying that when Xuan Wang hunted, he suddenly saw Du Bo coming out from the left side of the road, wearing a red suit, a red crown, a red bow, a red arrow, and hit Xuan Wang. The key to his death has taken away his life. This is naturally superstition, but the cause of his death has indeed become a mystery through the ages.
Zhou You Wang Ji Gongyu (795 BC-771 BC), surnamed Ji and Gong Nie Sheng (sound). The son of King Xuan Xuan, the twelfth generation king of the Western Zhou Dynasty, reigned from 782 BC to 771 BC for a total of 11 years. Forty-three volumes of "Fuyuan Zhulin" quoted " Searching for God " saying "three years of King Xuan Xuan (795 years ago), You Wangsheng", two years of You Wang (780 years ago), there was a large earthquake in Guanzhong. Boyangfu's people believe that this is a sign that the Zhou Dynasty will perish. You Wang was three years old, and the peerless beauty entered the palace. She was very much loved by You Wang. She soon became pregnant and gave birth to a son, Boyu. So the king of kings abolished his main room Shen Hou and his prince Yi Jiu, and changed his position to be a prince.
King Zhou You is the son of King Xuan Xuan ( Ji Jing , the eleventh king of the Zhou Dynasty), and the monarch on behalf of the West Weekend. Ji surname, the name of the palace 湦 (湦 一 作 Ni, Nirvana). Born in the 33rd year of Zhou Xuanwang (795 BC, according to Qianbao's "Searching for God"). Xuan Wang was enthroned in forty-six years (782 BC), with next year as the first year. After his succession, natural disasters were severe, and the "Sanchuan earthquakes" occurred in Qi, Wei, and Luo. He is greedy and corrupt, does not ask political affairs, and reuses the patent of "Funny, good at good", which has aroused strong dissatisfaction among Chinese people. He also abolished Li Hou, abolished Shen Hou and Prince Yi Jiu, Li Hou was the Hou and his son Bofu as Prince, and harmed Prince Yi Hou, causing Shen Hou, Hou Hou and Inu Rong to attack the ancestors. King Zhou You, in order to please her, counted the fire of Sheshan and lost faith in the princes. (This is the famous "Beacon of Huohuo Opera, a smile lost the world") As a result, was killed by the dog soldiers under the Sheshan Mountain, and died in the Western Zhou Dynasty in 771 BC.
The Queen of Zhou You Wang Ji Gong Ni, Liaoyuan was an abandoned baby. She was adopted by a large family name Xun, and she grew up in Lao Kingdom (now Hanzhong, Northwest of Shaanxi Province), 1979 BC (three years of King Zhou You) , King Zhou You detained the uncle of the kingdom, and the people offered beautiful women to redeem the sins of the uncle. You Wang loved like a pearl on the palm and stood as a concubine. She was crowned Zhou Zhou Palace the following year. She loved her even more, and abandoned the queen Shen and Prince Yiyi, and set Li as the queen and Liber as the prince. Zhou Tai Shi Boyang sighed, "It is inevitable that the Zhou royal family is facing a great disaster. "
Shen Hou was very annoyed at the dismissal of his daughter Shen. He joined the zèng kingdom and colluded with Inu Rong to confess the crimes against You Wang Daxing, and attacked the capital of the Zhou Dynasty. Although the You King made a fire alarm, the princes of various countries were afraid to be teased again and did not send troops to the King. Gao Jing was captured, and You Wang fled to the foothills of Laoshan and was killed by Rong people. From the establishment of the King Zhou Dynasty to the death of You King, the Western Zhou Dynasty, which ruled for about 250 years, was destroyed.
Beacon of Fire
After the death of King Xuan Xuan, his uterus was replaced by King Zhou You. When Zhou Youwang was reigned, the Western Zhou Dynasty was in decline. At that time, a large earthquake occurred in the Guanzhong area where the king of the Zhou family (jī) was located, and successive years of drought caused the people to suffer hunger and cold, exile everywhere, social unrest, and national power exhaustion. On the other hand, King Zhou You was an obscene and unfaithful monarch. He did not want to save the Zhou Dynasty from peril and struggled hard. Instead, he reused his uncle Chen Shishi, exploiting the people, intensifying class conflicts , and defeated Xirong externally. At this time, there was a minister named Xu, who advised Yu You, who instead of not listening, held him. I was held in prison for three years. The people of the Lao nationality will do everything possible to rescue the Lao. When they heard that Zhou You Wang was so beautiful, they presented a famous beauty puppet to the King You. Atonement for You.
The King You saw her, and was shocked as a celestial being. She liked her very much, and immediately made her a concubine, and at the same time she released her. After the King Yu was proud, she was very grateful to her and lived an extravagant and extravagant life. Although Xun was as beautiful as a peach, she was as cold as a frost. She had never smiled once since entering the palace. Wang You smiled to win Xun ’s happiness and tried everything possible, but she did not smile all day long. For this reason, You Wang actually offered a bounty, who could make him laugh and get a bounty. At this time, a prince named 虢 石 Father, thought of a 馊 idea for Zhou Youwang, and proposed to use the beacon.
Zhou Ji Wang Wang Yuyu (one said "Yu") (? 760 years ago, 750 years ago), the birth year is unknown. West Weekend Wang Zhouyou Wang abolished Shen Shi and Prince Shi Ji was born. After Li Wei was appointed , his son Bo served as a prince. A few years later, the political struggle of the You dynasty court as a party and the father of Shen Shen as the other party was a war. Xishenhou united the kingdom and other princes and Inu Rong to fight with Wang Jun, and the king of kings was defeated. Western Zhou perishes. Xi Shenhou and other princes all respected Yi Ji as King Zhou, namely Zhou Ping . Yu Gonghan established Prince Yu Chen as the king, and he was said to carry the king in history. Kings stand side by side on Tuesday. After several years of stalemate, Jinwen Hou killed and brought the king to an end.
Brief introduction of Zhou Xiawang
Zhou Chouwang, surname Ji, and Yuchen; honored Huihou, Chouwang, Chouhui, Zhou Chouwang, Zhou Chouhui. Ji Yuchen's grandfather is Zhou Li Wang Ji Hu , his father is Zhou Xuan Wang Ji Jing , and the Western Zhou Dynasty's deceased king Zhou You Wang Ji Gongyu is his brother.
After the killing of King Zhou You, more than a dozen princes and other princes, such as Gong Jibei of Beibei, jointly supported Ji Yuchen as the new Zhou King, Huiyi as the capital, and Xin Weinian (770 BC) as the first year of Zhou. Set up Baiguan, build palaces, build city walls, and issue documents at the same time, obituary.
In the first year of the Zhou Dynasty (Xin Wei, 770 BC), Zheng Wugong ruled in the Zhou Ping Dynasty. Zheng Wugong married Shen Hou's younger daughter. He is both Zhou Ping's uncle and King Zhou Ping's uncle. After Zhou Ping and Wang Dong moved , he joined the DPRK's auxiliary government. He was first named Situ, and later he was promoted to Shang Qing, in charge of the political affairs. In order to control King Zhou Ping to forcibly exchange with him as a hostage, Zheng Wugong sent his son Ji Xun to Cheng Zhou. King Zhou Ping also sent Prince Ji Xiefu (Ji Hu) to Zheng Yi.
In the second year of Zhou Qiang (Ren Shen, before 769), Zheng Wugong fabricated a crime and sent troops to destroy the Lao Kingdom (now southeast of Xinmi City, Henan Province). The main reason was that Zheng Wugong's father Zheng Zhenggong had paid bribes to the two countries, which was very disgraceful, so it was a shame to destroy their country.
Zhou took the king for three years (Guilin, before 768). Zheng Wugong was preparing for the army to destroy the country (East, East Xi, Water Town, Xiyang County, Henan, Henan). The East was very frightened, causing people to send many gold and silver jewelry to Zheng Wugong asked Zheng Guo not to send troops.
Zhou Qiwang, four years (Jiayi, before 767) died of Yan Qihou in Yandu (now in Liulihe Township, Fangshan District, Beijing). He reigned in memory for 25 years (before 791-767). Located in the son of Yan Aihou.
Zheng Wugong used the rebellion of Lao Guogong as an excuse to send troops to destroy Dong Lao. Then he asked King Ping Ping for the location of Dong (now East of Xinmi City, Henan), Dong (now near Fuling County, Xuchang City, Henan Province, and Fugou County, Zhoukou City), so that a large area of land in the east of Eastern Zhou Dynasty was returned to Zheng Guo
Zhou Ping Wang Ji Yijiu (circa 781 BC-720 BC), the first king of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. The son of the You King of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the mother is the Queen of You, the Queen of Shen, and the Queen of Shen is the daughter of Shen Hou. 770 BC-720 BC.
In 771 BC, King Zhou You was killed by Inu Rong, and the capital city of Jingjing (now southwest of Xi'an, Shaanxi) was attacked by Inu Rong and was very broken. Crown Prince Yijiu was favored by princes such as Shen, Xu, and Lu, and he ascended the throne in Xishen (now Baoji, Shaanxi), and was king of peace. In order to avoid dogs, King Ping moved the capital from Gaojingdong to Luoyi (now Luoyang, Henan Province), known as Dongzhou in history. King Zhou Ping relied on the strength of the princes such as Jin, Zheng, and Xun to reluctantly support the endgame. However, Zhou's room declined, Zhou Tianzi lost his status as the world's co-owner, and the mergers between the vassal states became more and more intense. Chinese history has since entered the Spring and Autumn Period. After the death of King Ping, due to the death of his prince, his grandson died early.
King Zhou Ping moved east to Luoyi, and passed on 23 generations of kings to the death of the king of the king. According to history, "East Zhou, although it was more than 500 years old, but the king's power is side by side, it has a denomination, and the real power lies in the powerful princes, but Even though Zhou Tianzi no longer matches the name and reality of the Western Zhou Dynasty, he is still a co-owner and is respected by the powerful princes. In the 500-year-old Eastern Zhou Dynasty, according to political changes, it was subdivided into "Spring and Autumn" and "Warring States". era.
Ping Wang Ji Yijiu, when Zhou You Wang was in office, was originally made Prince. After the king favored You, he dismissed Yijiu and changed Libo to Prince Edward.
One day, Yijiu was playing in the garden, and the king of kings released the tiger in the cage, intending to let the tiger kill Yijiu. Yi Jiu was very courageous. When the tiger rushed at him, instead of running away in panic, he rushed forward, screaming coldly, making the tiger startled, taking a few steps back, watching the movement on the ground. Yi Jiu left calmly. He knew that this was the intention of his father and king, and he secretly escaped from the capital with his mother Shen and fled to his grandfather Shenhou.
Inu Rong broke Hao Jing, killed the You King and retreated. The vassal states of Wei, Jin, Qin, Zheng, Shen, Lu, and Xu embraced Yijiu as the king, and took office in Xishen (now Baoji, Shaanxi) in 770 BC. Soon, because Hao Jing had been damaged by the war, Yi Jiu was escorted by the Qin State and moved east to Luoyi. With the assistance of the prince states such as Jin and Zheng, he barely supported the endgame. The Zhou Dynasty after the eastward move is called Dongzhou in history. The year beginning in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty is the beginning of the Spring and Autumn Period.
Zhou Ji Wang Jilin (?-697 BC), reigned for 23 years (720 BC-697 BC). King Zhou Yi is the son of Ji Xie's father and the grandson of Zhou Ping . When King Ping died of illness, Prince Jihu was living in Zheng Guo as a hostage. Zheng Zhuanggong and Zhougong black shouldered Ji Ji to return to the throne. Ji Hu died of grief over the course of his journey. Ji Lin was erected by Zheng Bo and Zhou Gong as black children. After the throne, in order to suppress Zheng Zhuanggong's rights, Zhou Zheng fought evil. In the end, the two sides fought in the battle. Zheng Guozheng shot Ji Lin's left shoulder and Zhou Tianzi's authority disappeared.
During the reign of Ji Lin, Zheng Bo was given the power by Zheng Bo to help him, and Wen (now southwest of Wen County, Henan Province), located on the northern bank of the Yellow River and south of the water, was given to Zheng Guo.
Previously, the princes died. After his son's succession and mourning were completed, he had to rush to the capital to accept Zhou Tianzi's canon in order to obtain legal status. In 712 B.C.E., Lu Gong murdered his brother Yin Gong and established himself as the monarch. Since then, the system of the princes' canonization by the emperor has been destroyed. In 706 BC, the Kingdom of Chu persecuted the monarchs who followed him by force, asking him to ask the King of Kings to raise the rank of the Kingdom of Chu. The King of Kings did not allow it. After the monarch Xiong Tong of the Chu Kingdom yelled at Jilin Yitong, he raised the level by himself and became the King of Chu Wu. Ji Lin received the report, angry and ashamed, but he couldn't help it.
After Ji Lin's throne, Zheng Zhuanggong continued to have the power of being an official in the court. Ji Lin was unwilling to be under his control, so he took Zheng Zhuanggong away. When Zhengzhuanggong returned to China, he caused troubles and disturbed the tranquility of the surroundings. The relationship between the two sides became increasingly tense. Soon, Zheng Zhuanggong took advantage of Tianzi's command and sent troops to attack Song Dynasty. Ji Lin was furious and simply removed the title of his Qingshi. Zheng Zhuanggong did not show weakness, and he did not go to Luoyi for five consecutive years to show that he did not put Jilin in his eyes. Ji Lin couldn't bear it, and despite his dissuasion, he personally led the army to fight Zheng Zhuanggong. Zheng Zhuanggong also ordered soldiers to fight.
The two armies met in Changge (now northeast of Changge County, Henan Province). Ji Lin was eager to win, and he was called to challenge. Zheng Zhuanggong put himself in a good position and did not move. Zhou Jun yelled at him in the afternoon, and when Zheng Jun was not seen in the battle, he was tired and relaxed. Zheng Zhuanggong flew the banner and drummed his charge. Zhou Jun caught off guard and was defeated. Ji Lin had to retreat, and after he died. General Zheng Guo wished to see from a distance, struck an arrow, and shot Ji Lin's left shoulder. He lost his armor and was not seriously injured. Zheng Zhuanggong saw that he had taught Ji Lin, fearing that his subordinates could kill him. He asked Ji Lin's life to make himself suffer from the loss of the public, and he rushed to gold to retreat and let Ji Lin escape.
Afterwards, Zheng Zhuanggong sent his servants to offer sacrifices to Jilin, and said that he was only prepared to defend himself. He did not expect that his subordinates violated the discipline and offended the emperor, and went to each camp to console the sergeant. Ji Lin couldn't help crying and laughing, so he had to take this step down, dejected and declaring the crime of Zheng Zhuanggong, and never asked Zheng Guozhen again. The battle of Changge caused Ji Linwei to sweep the ground and knocked down Zhou Tianzi's "Assigned to Heaven, supplemented by Quartet" brand. Since then, the princes have increasingly turned their attention to Zhou Tianzi.
In March 697 BC, Ji Lin was seriously ill. He called Zhou Gonghei into the bedroom and entrusted him, saying, "According to the ancestral system, I have set up my eldest son Ji Ji as the prince. However, my favorite son is Ji Ke. Today , I will entrust Ji Ke to you. If Ji Yi ends his life in the future, he will be the brother and let Ji Ke take over. You must do your best to do this great thing. "Soon, Ji Lin died of illness in Luoyi.
Ji Lin's posthumous title was the king of emperors.
King Jiuzhuang of Zhouzhuang (?-682 years ago), reigned for 15 years (697 years-682 years ago), was the eldest son of King Zhou Yi, who succeeded to the throne after death. His brother, Prince Ke, had civil strife while Ji Ji was in office. In history, he said that in October 682 BC, Ji Ji died of illness. The posthumous title was King Zhuang.
Prince gram chaos
In the third year after Ji Ji's succession (694 BC), Zhou Gonghei obeyed the king's instructions at the end of his life and planned to kill Ji Ji and change Ji Ke into the monarch. Xin Bo discouraged him and said, "I'm different, I'm abandoning it, this is the root cause of civil unrest!" Zhou Gong refused to listen. So, Xin Bo reported this conspiracy to Ji Hui, who immediately killed Zhou Gong's black shoulder. Ji Ke saw the matter uncovered and fled to the kingdom of Yan. This incident has historically been called the "Prince's Rebellion."
In the summer of 693 B.C., in order to win over the state of Qi, Ji Yue married her daughter to the state of Qi. He asked Lu Yangong as a matchmaker and sent Qing Shanbo to send his daughter to Lu country. In the winter, Ji Ye sent Uncle Chen Rong to Lu, and "giving life" (that is, the canonization) killed his brother Lu Yegong. Lu Yegong sent someone to marry the king daughter to Qi Kingdom.
In 696 years ago, the internal chaos in the Wei was forced to flee to Qi State. Wei Huigong's father, Wei Xuangong, loved his wife Yi Jiang, and Yi Jiang gave birth to a son, named Ji, and became a prince, and entrusted him to his younger brother, You Gongzi. After reaching adulthood, you son-in-law married Qi Nuan Xuan Jiang as his wife. Seeing Xuan Jiang's beautiful appearance, Wei Xuangong believed that she already had one, and gave birth to Zi Shou and Zi Shuo with her, and entrusted them to another younger brother, Zuo Gongzi. After Wei Xuangong lost his second son, he established Zi Shuo as the prince. After Xuan Gong's death, Shuo ascended the throne as Wei Huigong. Dissatisfaction between the son of the son and the son of the son of the son of the son, led the people to cause trouble, forcing Wei Huigong to flee to Qi State, and set the son of the son of Qi Mu as the king. In the winter of 689 years ago, Qi Xianggong joined Lu, Song, Chen, Cai and other state cutting guards, and wanted to send Huigong to return to the restoration. In June of the following year (688 BC), Wei Huigong was near, Qian Mou and Doctor Ning were exiled to Zhou and Qin respectively, and the left son and the right son were killed. Wei Huigong regained his country.
Battle of the Spoon
In 685 BC, after the rebellion of Qi State for many years, his son Xiao Bai was established as the monarch, namely Qi Jiong . Regardless of his personal revenge, he took back the design of Guan Zhong , who had almost shot himself, from Lu Guo, and appointed him as the prime minister. With the help of Guan Zhong, Qi Guo carried out reforms and gradually became stronger. In the second year, because Lu Guo once blocked Qi Qiaogong's ascension, Qi Qiaogong sent troops to attack Lu, and Lu Jun confronted Changshao (now unknown). Seeing that the enemy was strong and weak, Lu Zhuang was anxious to wave his soldiers and was dissuaded by his courtier Cao Yu. Qi Jun claimed to be powerful, and three consecutive drums and charges failed to work. Cao Yong adopted the tactic of "we will fight the enemy", launched a counterattack, and defeated Qi Jun with an anxiety. This is the famous historical example of the weak victory over the strong-the battle of Qilu Changshao.
Zhou Li King Ji Huqi (?-677 years ago), the fourth generation of kings of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, Wang No. Li (historically known as Zhou Zhenwang). 682 years ago-677 years ago, 5 years. He is the eldest son of Jiuzhuang, the king of Zhouzhuang, but Jixi doesn't like Jihu Qi, but likes Jiji, Yao Jisheng's youngest son. Ji Huqi was able to succeed because he was the eldest son. After Ji Huqi's death, his younger brother Prince Ji (Ji Ji) committed a disorder and was later determined fairly.
Zhou Li Wang Ji Hu Qi Archives
Occupation: The fourth emperor of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty
Year of birth and death: BC? Year ~ 677 BC
Time in office: 5 years
Father: Ji Ji
Heir to the throne: Ji Ji
The biggest disadvantage: short life
The biggest pain: life is too short, only 5 years in office
The Biggest Compromise: Recognize Qi Jiong's Hegemony
Emperor Story: King Yi Yi
Although Ji Xuan wanted to abolish his prince Ji Huqi in his later years and established Ji Ji as his prince, Ji Huqi succeeded in the throne and was the king of Zhou Li. King Zhou Li's luck was indeed good. His father, Zhou Zhuang and Wang Jizhen, died after negotiating the marriage with Qi Guo, and did not enjoy any results. In the year when King Li succeeded, the already strong brother-in-law Qi Yangong Xiaobai completed the hegemony with the golden signboard of "Respecting King Yiyi".
The so-called respect for the king, of course, means respect for Zhou Tianzi; Yiyi includes many objects. Yi here mainly refers to various non-Huaxia ethnic groups, that is, the legendary "Dong Yi, Xi Rong, Nan Man, and Bei Di".
Nanman is the Chu country of the guide, in fact, it is the collective name of the nations in the south; Beidi includes many countries, such as Chidi and Baidi, in fact, it is the collective name of many peoples in the north. Rong and Yi also divided into many kinds, and established many countries. These four ethnic groups are collectively referred to as "Siyi". Corresponding to Siyi are Huaxia, Huaxia and Siyi, which basically included the entire national composition of Chinese society at that time.
King Ji Hui of Zhou Hui (?-653 BC or 652 BC), the fifth-generation king of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, King Hui. He is the son of King Zhou Zhen. After King Zhou Hui succeeded in 676, he occupied the garden of the country to raise beasts, and the people of the country were dissatisfied. During the second year of King Hui, there were five doctors in chaos. The prince was named Zhou Tianzi. South), Zheng Ligong hosted King Hui in Lidi (now Yuzhou City), and in the four years with King Hui, he entered the Zhou Dynasty with Lao Kingdom to help heal the "rebellion of Ziyang". He was restored and Zheng Guo was awarded for his work To the east of Huolao (now Lishui Town, Liyang, Henan), Lao Country was also given land. " Historical Records Zhou Zhouji" claims that King Hui Hui was reigned for 25 years, and "Zuo Zhuan" claims that King Zhou Hui died in the winter of Lu Digong seven years (653 years ago).
King Zhou Hui, Ji Ji, the grandson of King Zhouzhuang, the son of King Zhou Li (King King), very greedy. After taking the throne, he took the garden of the kingdom and raised beasts. The father and child birds, and the land of Zhu Ji, recovered the food husband Shi Suo Lu, causing strong dissatisfaction among the five doctors and Shi Su. In the second year (675 BC), in the autumn, there were five doctors, including the country, Bianbo, Father Zhan, Zi Qi, Zhu Ji, etc., because King Zhuang had ordered the son-in-law to be the monarch during his lifetime. Ji Ji was very dissatisfied with his throne. He joined the nobleman Su Shi and embraced Zi Zi, launched a rebellion, attacked Ji Ji, but fled after being defeated. Ziyi fled to Wen (now southwest of Wenxian County, Henan Province), and fled to the Patriotic Kingdom accompanied by Su. Due to resentment that King Zhou had hosted his political enemy son Qian Mou, Wei Huigong united Nanyan to support Zi Xun. In the winter of this year, Wei and Nan Yan sent troops to attack the capital of the Zhou Dynasty, expelled Ji Ji, and established Zi Zi as the emperor. Zheng Ligong came forward to mediate the chaos of the Zhou royal family, and was unsuccessful, so he captured Nan Yan's monarch and his uncle in the spring of the next year, and placed the exiled Flycatcher in Zhengdu's Biedu Oak (now Henan Yuxian), The utensils of the royal family were moved from Cheng Zhou to Quercus for the enjoyment of Jiji. In the spring of 673 BC, Zheng Ligong and Xionggong swore veterans in Xiong (now in Mixian County, Henan Province), and the Zheng and Qiang joint forces quickly invaded the capital. Five doctors such as Ziyi and Bianbo were drinking and celebrating, caught off guard and killed by coalition forces. Zheng Ligong and Jionggong welcome Ji Ji to return to the capital and re-enter the throne of heaven. The history of this civil strife is called "the chaos of children". In order to thank Zheng and Xun for their assistance, Ji Yuan gave Jiuquan (now the eastern part of Shaanxi Province) to Xun, and gave him to the east of Huolao (now northwest of Puyang City, Henan Province). In this way, civil strife subsided and the territory of the Zhou Dynasty shrank again.
During Ji Ji's reign, Qi Guo continued to attack east and west, annexed small countries, and expanded his strength. In 670 BC, the Qi Army attacked Guo Guo (now northeast of Liaocheng County, Shandong Province). He asked the local elder: "Why did Guo perish?" The elder replied, "He hates bad people because the monarch loves sages." Qi Kungong didn't understand and asked: "As you said, your monarch is a wise monarch. Then How could he lose his country? "The elder replied," The monarch loves sages but does not use them; he hates bad people without being eliminated, so he leads to his death. "
At that time, Lu Guoqing ’s father (Lu Yi's son) killed the gentleman and Min Gong successively, leading to the chaos in Lu State. At that time, people said, "It's hard for Lu to celebrate his father's death." This became a famous idiom . After Lu Gong's ascension, he demanded to avoid Qing Father, who lives in Lao Country (now Lu County, Shandong Province). Qing Father knew that he could not escape, and committed suicide in Lu.
At that time, the monarch Wei Wei, who was the patriarch of the kingdom, loved raising cranes. He even let his favorite crane ride on a gorgeous van and enjoy the doctor's treatment. The people complained. In December 660 BC, Rongbing attacked and defended, Gong Weigong led the army to meet, and the two armies met in Yanze (now northeast of Puyang County, Henan Province). Before the battle, the defender complained: "The king always treats cranes so much, let the cranes fight the enemy now!" The army was defeated without fighting spirit, and the guard Wei was also killed by the chaotic soldiers and became a funeral. warning.
In the later years, Ji Hui loved Chen Guo's daughter Hui Hui, and planned to abolish Prince Zheng and re-establish Huizi's sister-in-law belt. In the summer of 655 BC, Qi Xiong invited Song Xiong, Lu Yangong, Chen Xuangong, Wei Wengong, Zheng Wengong, Xu Yangong and Cao Zhaogong to meet with the prince Zheng Zheng at the first stop of Weiguo (now southeast of Shexian County, Henan Province), and announced their support. The crown prince Zheng Weijun. Ji Yan was so angry that he instructed Zheng Wengong to make a contract to contact Chu State, and he sent someone to contact Jin State in an attempt to form Zhou, Zheng, Jin, and Chu alliances to fight against Qi State. Qi Guo preemptively attacked Zheng in succession, forcing Zheng Guo to rebel against Zhou Qin and make Ji Ji's plan bankrupt.
In December 652 BC, Ji Wei died of illness. After death, the nickname was King Hui.
周朝是中国历史上继商朝之后的朝代，周亦为“华夏”一词的创造者与最初指代。周朝分为西周(前11世纪中期－前771年)与东周(前770年－前256年)两个时期。西周由周武王姬发创建，定都酆镐(宗周，今陕西西安)，成王五年营建东都成周洛邑。公元前770年，平王东迁，定都雒邑，此后的周朝称为东周。而东周又分为春秋和战国两个时期。 History books often refer to the Western and Eastern Zhous as two weeks.