Ruan Jianba was a student. The Japanese army occupied his hometown and he was forced to hide in the cave. He decided to serve as a soldier because he could not bear the too many fleas in the cave. Because Ruan Jianba is a native, he led the way for the attacking daredevil team. Soon he returned to school. In the current affairs report made by the teacher every week, he learned that he had participated in a big battle, the Kunlun Pass battle, indistinctly .
Unbearable flea bite decided to be a soldier
The Japanese army occupied Gaofeng, and the villagers hid in the cave. There were too many fleas in it. Ruan Jianba couldn't bear to decide to be a soldier.
One night in November 1939, Qianjiang County, Guilin, Guangxi, a first-year junior high school student in the provincial first middle school Ruan Jianba and his classmates were still playing in the river. , Starting classes in the factory building of Heshan Coal Mine Co.), I suddenly saw a car dragon that could not reach the end turned on with their headlights. The car was full of heavily armed soldiers, some carrying tanks, some pulling cannons, and the sound of cars blasting and smoke billowing all the way. This is Du Yuanming 's fifth army, known as the "Steel Army". It has armored corps, cavalry corps, artillery corps, and engineering corps. It is well-equipped and is China's first mechanized armed force. From Hunan, they prepared to block the Japanese offensive in southern Guizhou and defend the "Southwest International Traffic Line", the main channel through which the Chinese government obtained foreign aid at the time.
On November 14, 1939, the Japanese landed in Beihai and began to attack Nanning. On the 24th, the Japanese army captured Nanning. On November 26, Japan formed the Chin-chin Corps, which was commanded by the commander of the 5th Division, Imamura, and stormed Gao Feng under the cover of an airplane. Gao Feng lost on December 1 and the Japanese army occupied Kunlun Pass on the 4th. Then the attack was suspended and the deployment was adjusted. The two sides confronted the Kunlun Pass first-line mountains for a time.
Bai Chongxi, then the director of Guilin's camp, flew from Chongqing to Guilin on November 19, 1939, and led his team to Qianjiang on the 21st, setting up a camp command post, very close to Ruan Jianba's school. One night, the teacher suddenly awakened all the students and said that the Chief of Staff Bai said that there was a war. It was too dangerous here. The classmates who were not occupied by the Japanese army at home could go home. Ruan Jianba went to sleep on the road with a sleepy eye and walked back to Yiling Village, Wuming County, his hometown for a few days. The peak of the important pass outside the Kunlun Pass is right next to their village. When I got home, the Japanese army had already occupied Gao Feng, and often ran down the mountain on horseback. Ruan Jianba said that the Japanese army saw the women commit rape and then killed, and when they saw the men, they caught Gao Feng to be a porter, and when they saw the door closed, they kicked in and robbed the house. Ruan Jianba's family and other villagers hid in the cave.
On May 16, 2005, 81-year-old Ruan Jianba took the reporter to revisit the cave where he was hiding, along with his nephew, Ruan Benqin, a retired cadre of the Food Bureau. Ruan Benqin was only a few years old and was living in the cave.
The reporter saw that the cave hole they hid in 66 years ago was very small and stretched to the ground next to the foot of the mountain. They had to bend over carefully to get in. The inside was narrow and the bottom was wet loess. At first glance, there were at most seven or eight people. But there were more than ten families and more than 50 people hiding there. Ruan Jianba pointed to the inside, in fact, the hole is very long, dozens of meters long, and there are many branch holes. The villagers took some straw, laid it on the ground, and fell asleep. Ruan Jianba couldn't sleep. "There are too many fleas and they bite badly."
There was also an ambush near the 508th Division of the 135 Division of the 31st Army of the Guizhou. The platoon leader is good. I often come to see how the villagers live and chat with Ruan Jianba and others. They soon became familiar. Ruan Jianba, who could not stand the bite of flea, finally ran secretly one day to find the platoon leader and said he would go with him as a soldier. Speaking of being a soldier because of fear of fleas, Ruan Jianba opened his mouth and smiled innocently.
The platoon leader said, you can come to be a soldier, but the leader must agree. So he led him to the regiment station. First wear him a dark green military cotton coat. Ruan Jian was only about 15 years old at the time, and his hem covered his knees. He met the commander in this funny uniform. The head of the group, Jiang Xiong, a native of Guanyang, Guangxi, was very stern. He met Ruan Jianba and laughed funny. He heard that Ruan Jianba had gone to middle school and asked him: "You have read books and learned things in the school's scientific research team, then I ask you, what is science?" Ruan Jianba blurted out: "There are plans, Organized and disciplined is science. "All the members of the regiment laughed. The head of the regimen said, the little guy has a future for training, okay, come on, and send you to Huangpu Military Academy for further studies. What he didn't expect at the time was that this sentence really came true in the future. He had culture, Jiang Xiong first assigned him to the secretary of the League Department to write a document.
The battlefield was leveled
Gaofengyu is a natural barrier for Kunlun Pass. One man is in charge and the other is not open. After 1949, a large piece of highway was cut off.
On December 7, 1939, Chiang Kai-shek decided to counterattack. On the 8th, Bai Chongxi conveyed this decision to all ministries, with the goal of "raising the Kunlun Pass and then regaining Nanning." In mid-December, the Kuomintang army assembly was basically completed.
The Guilin Camp counterattack Nanning plan divided the national army near the south of Guizhou into the North, East, and West Route Army: The North Army (Du Yuanming of the 5th Army, Liang Hanming of the 92nd Division of the 99th Army) attacked the Kunlun Pass; the East Lu Jun (Forty-sixth Army He Xuanzhi 175 Division Feng Ji and New 19th Division Huang Gu, 66th Army Ye Zhao, the third advance column) served as disruptors or assault traffic on the south bank of Yujiang River and Yinqin Road; West Army (46th Division 170th Division Li Xingshu, 31st Army Wei Yunzhang's 135th Division Su Zuxin, 131th Division He Weizhen, and 188th Division Wei Zhen) attacked Gao Fengxun with 170th and 135th divisions to attract the enemy's main force in that direction. Ruan Jianba ’s 135th Division and 508th Regiment were on West Road, responsible for the frontal attack on the Gaofeng position.
On December 18, the Battle of Kunlun Pass started.
On the same day, Bai Chongxi personally came to Yiling Village, the 508 regiment's resident, and arranged a plan to attack Gao Feng with the regimental leader Jiang Xiong. At that time, the three battalion commanders, deputies, and staff stood in a room. Ruan Jianba said he was always there. At that time, Bai Chongxi said that the 135 Division was very experienced in fighting, but it was not easy to fight against Gao Feng. You had to take it down when you died.
Gaofengyu is a natural barrier for Kunlun Pass. Breaking it can directly threaten Nanning and threaten Kunlun Pass. At that time, the Japanese Army's Naomi wing was stationed. 66 years later, when the reporter and Ruan Jianba toured Gaofeng, they found that this place is not as dangerous as expected. Why is it so strategic? Ruan Jianba said: "The road was newly built after 1949, and the mountain was cut off. It's a big piece, the old highway came from there. "-He pointed towards a place that could almost be called a cliff. The reporter couldn't imagine how there could be a highway in this strange rocky place, so he walked up and down the mountain road twice. After Ruan Benqin's guidance, it was found that the subgrade of the old highway turned a few 360-degree bends from the cliff, and then climbed a nearly 60-degree slope before climbing to the peak pass. It is said that a triangle wood must be prepared for the car on the slope, and the wheels must be cushioned before they can go up one section. From the bottom up, it's really a dangerous place for a man to be in control.
Hundreds of death squads shed blood
Ruan Jianba is a local, and he led the death squad to Gao Feng. He walked in the front of the team. Later, the death squads all died.
The troops drove to Tengxiang Village, less than 5 miles away from the peak, and gathered under a stage. Bai Chongxi decided to have 100 people charge forward as the death squads. The deputy passed on the order. It didn't take long for the soldiers to register at the deputy seat under the stage. The first to sign up was a platoon leader. 100 people were soon full, with the platoon leader of the regiment's special agent as the team leader. But there are still many people to report. The lieutenant waved his hand impatiently, said no, and went back. Ruan Jianba said: "At that time, Bai Chongxi had high prestige. He personally commanded the battle. We all thought it was winning. There were also delicious and delicious, plus four silver dollars. At that time, it was a lot of money. . "The head of the account explained to the lieutenant and let them have a good meal. The lieutenant told the mansion to make fish and pork, and brought in good wine. The chicken, duck and fish were put up, and the wine was brought up, and the daring teammates ate it silently. Ruan Jianba looked aside, a little envious, because the troops usually don't eat meat.
After dinner, the lieutenant distributed weapons to the death squad members. Each daredevil has only two crust pistols and six grenades. The gun is still an old gun, which was made by the Guangxi Arsenal in imitation of Germany. "At that time, there was no submachine gun. It was even worse with a rifle. The pistol was better. Although it was an old gun, it was easy to use." He took out the silver dollar and issued four to each team member. Ruan Jianba said that Bai Chongxi mobilized before departure: "Brothers, the Fifth Central Army is fighting Japanese devils in Kunlun Pass, and Gao Fengyu is also very important. The victory of Gao Fengyu is the victory of Kunlun Pass. It is of great significance, and I hope everyone will be brave. Kill the enemy and seize the peak! "The team members answered in unison:" Yes! "
The regimental leader Jiang Xiong decided to put the first battalion at a high peak and prepare to surround the enemy; the second battalion to the peak opposite the peak was responsible for covering the charge of the daring team, the daring team rushed forward, and the third battalion was in Santang to block the Japanese reinforcements. Ruan Jianba is a local. He led the battalion and the second battalion to cover Gao Fengyu. He was at the front of the team.
At that time, the weather was good, and the road was still clearly visible at midnight. They quietly touched the plant of Jirong Company below the peak. This is a factory that processes Guangxi's specialty star anise. They are already empty and they easily occupied the place. The daredevil team ambushed first, and Ruan Jianba continued to take the second battalion up and set up positions on the hill opposite Gaofeng. Ruan Jianba said that at that time there was no grass, and all the bare was yellow mud. The previous big battles wiped out the turf on this hill. Now when the reporter and Ruan Jianba return to this place, the round mountain bag is covered with green forest.
Ruan Jianba took the second battalion to the other side of the mountain that the Japanese could not see, and pointed at Zhang Yingchang. The soldiers lined up along the ridge, and the ridge line was full of people. A total of 27 light Czech-like machine guns made by the Guangxi Arsenal in the whole camp were set up towards the Japanese positions. After finishing the arrangement, Ruan Jianba followed the two deputies back to Tengxiang's regiment. As soon as 3 o'clock in the morning, the machine gun of the second battalion rang, and the daredevil began to charge upwards. Ruan Jianba saw the flames soaring into the regiment and heard the sound of gunfire and gunfire.
Ruan Jianba took the reporter to the next row of houses in the mountain and said that this was a Japanese position. The Japanese soldier cut a square hole with a length of about 1 meter on the stone wall, about 20 meters apart, and connected five. One hole had a soldier with a rifle. It took an hour just to clean up the five people. He pointed to the cliff not far away and said that it was the heavy machine gun position of the Japanese army, and there was one on the mountain. How dare the rushing team members can't rush. If one person can rush to the heavy machine gun, he can take down this position, but none can rush through. When the second battalion hit daybreak, it was found that there was no movement below-the daring players had all died. The head of the regiment called and told them and the other two battalions to withdraw. When I returned, I learned that the Second Battalion sacrificed nearly two hundred people, suffered heavy losses, and was wounded along the way. Ruan Jianba wanted to see the situation. The leader said it was too miserable.
After capturing Gao Feng's defeat, Bai Chongxi scolded Jiang Xiong for his "rice bucket", Jiang Xiong had to scold the camp long rice bucket.
No soldiers still charge to scare the Japanese soldiers
Bai Chongxi ordered an immediate counterattack. In fact, we only had two companies left. The Japanese thought that the reinforcements were coming, and they turned away in fright.
The troops retired to Tengxiang defense due to operational defeat, and the two sides went into confrontation again. The Japanese steel cannons battered everywhere and hit nearby villages, but they could not hit the national army. When the reporter visited Gao Fengyu, there were still elderly villagers who said that the Japanese bombarded the other side of the mountain and destroyed their houses.
The next day, the Japanese planes and artillery began to show their might, hitting the 508 regiment station and flying all the way. They couldn't hold back, and started to retreat all the way to Shuangqiao. Wuming Street has high walls, which are easy to defend and difficult to attack. The third battalion was connected to the second battalion, guarding Wuming Street, and the first battalion covered the side of Tiger Ridge 1 mile away. The Japanese infantry arrived and surrounded the first and third tiers of the first battalion on Tiger Ridge to make it immovable. Another part of the Japanese began to attack Wuming Street. The regiment ordered the second battalion to stand still, and then took the third battalion to Lijian. The Japanese army was unable to attack for a long time. In the afternoon, the entire Wuming Street was bombed by planes, and all officers and men of the Second Battalion were killed. The Japanese army followed after Li Jian. The Third Battalion fought and withdrew. At this time, the regiment headquarters received a call from Bai Chongxi and ordered them to counterattack immediately. The head of the group, Jiang Xiong, said angrily, "I'm out of soldiers anyway, counterattack!"
The soldiers suddenly rushed towards the Japanese with guns. Ruan Jianba had no gun on his body, only a gas mask, but also followed the troops. The Japanese army saw the national army suddenly charge them with confidence and thought that the reinforcements had arrived. In addition, their planes and artillery shells were all beaten, and they turned away in shock. Ruan Jianba recalled and smiled very happily. "In fact, we have only two companies left. What are the big troops?" At this time, the first battalion surrounded by the mountain saw the Japanese troops retreat and immediately attacked the mountain. Seeing to be pinched by both sides, the Japanese army quickly lifted the siege and retreated.
Ruan Jianba didn't leave the group leader, but when he was about to pass the bombed Wuming Street, the group leader left him, and looked at it first. The head of the regiment will explain the secret service platoon. The troops will go from the south gate to the north gate. You must first clear the road. When Ruan Jianba followed the troops through Wuming Street, he could not see a complete house. The entire Wuming Street was almost flattened, and the special agent reluctantly opened a road between the broken bricks and tiles, cleared and killed. People, but minced meat is still everywhere, "on trees, on walls, everywhere." At this time, the head Jiang Xiongfa said fiercely, "You are great, we want to be even stronger!" The first battalion and the third battalion joined together Later, chased the Japanese army and slammed. The Japanese army held its ground until it reached the peak of Hagiwara position. The two armies faced each other again.
Soon the artillery battalion arrived, and the two sides had been shelling each other for more than ten days, and nothing happened to the infantry.
Ruan Jianba met a few alumni who acted as "military-civilian bridges" in the regiment. Only then did I know that the school had moved to Rongxian. He wanted to read again and applied to the head to go back to study. The head of the group approved him at a young age. After returning to school, from the current affairs report made by the teacher every week, he learned that he had been foolishly involved in a big battle, the Battle of Kunlun Pass. Ruan Jianba recalled here, a little sad, that the comrades who had fought with him at the Kunlun Pass in the past, he can barely survive today.
The tomb of the fallen soldiers is now flattened
The contractor flattened the tomb and planted fruit trees, and 150 tombstones were piled together. The reporter erased the floating soil on the monument, and the names of the fallen soldiers were faintly visible.
At noon on May 17, 2005, the reporter visited the old battlefield of the former Kunlunguan battle. From the monument on the side of the highway, the "Guangxi Key Cultural Relic Conservation Unit-Kunlunguan Battle Site" monument, along a narrow country road, not far I saw Kunlun Pass. The gate hole is not high, only two meters wide and three meters high. The inscription in the gate hole has only one handwriting recognizable during the Qing Dynasty . The remaining three inscriptions have almost completely disappeared and become flat slate. On one of them was a notice written by the local village committee in paint, saying that sugar cane could not be stolen. Above the pass, someone built a Guandi temple that was ventilated on three sides, and the incense seemed to be very strong.
The Kunlun Pass battle research expert and Guangxi painter Rong Jie told the author that the original Kunlun Pass had a two-story building, similar to the ancient city tower. The superstructure was later destroyed by Japanese artillery fire. This small temple was spontaneously built by villagers in the vicinity in recent years.
The hill near the Guguan Pass is a memorial pavilion bearing the "Inscription on the Memorial to the Memorial Tower of the 5th Army in Kunlun Pass" written by Du Yiming. The inscription is still clearly identifiable, but a quirky figure was painted by oil on the back. The foundation of the stele sinks to one side, the body of the stele is obviously tilted, and apparently it has not been renovated for many years.
The killing cattle slope on the edge of the Minjiang River in the suburbs of Nanning was once the 175th Division of the National Army stationed in the Jiangfang position. The soldiers who died here were partially buried here. When the reporter visited, they found that the tombstones of the soldiers were piled out of the wooden fence of their factory by a man-made stone factory, which was covered with weeds, covered with dead branches and leaves, and some rubbish was beside it. Rong Jie said that the tombs were originally on the slope. Later, someone contracted the land and pushed the tombs flat to plant fruit trees. The contractor piled the tombstones together, but at the same time, he also built a humble pavilion to block the rain. I did not expect that it would be like this in a few years. The reporter roughly counted about 150 yuan. The rubble on the monument is erased, and the names of the fallen soldiers, their army numbers, nationality, and time of death are still faintly visible.
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