History of the Lugou Bridge Incident in Japan : Regarding the "Lugou Bridge Incident", there have been claims in Japan that the Japanese army was drawn in by the Chinese conspiracy and was not intended to fight this battle. Among them, there is a saying that was spread widely in the Chinese world, that is, "the Communist Party planned the Lugou Bridge Incident", saying that the Communist Party provoked the Japanese and Kuomintang troops to fight in Lugou Bridge, so that they could profit from it.
Seems ridiculous, but there is quite some evidence. The so-called "the Communist Party planned the Lugouqiao Incident" has three statements. One is that Jin Zhenzhong, who was stationed in Wanping at the time, was the Communist Party (the reason was that the Jin Dynasty revolted during the liberation war). He was ordered to seek provocation. "Shoot a fire" order; one said that the 29th Army general, deputy chief of staff Zhang Kexia was a Communist Party (this is true), fanned the flames in the 29th Army, causing Sino-Japanese war to begin; another said Liu Shaoqi (named (Also, as a regular historian in Japan), bringing students to set off firecrackers between the Chinese and Japanese militaries, causing misunderstandings between the two sides and starting a war between China and Japan.
Because of these claims, quite a few people are enthusiastic about the matter. In fact, if you look at the logic a little, this kind of statement is very ridiculous.
Regarding Jin Zhenzhong's initiative challenge, Japan's views were taken for granted. Because the Japanese discovered that the Chinese military officer of the July 7th Incident, Brigadier He Jizhen and Battalion Commander Jin Zhenzhong later became Communists-only the leader Ji Xingwen was not the Communist Party, but later died in Kinmen for the Kuomintang. Many people have speculated on this matter, but if you look at the fact that Ji's superiors and subordinates later became Communists, Ji will die very lonely. In fact, Kim was not the Communist Party at the time. It was normal for him to give an order as a military officer. Did n’t the commander say to Beidaying— “No counterattack is allowed, stand dead?” He Jizhen was not the Communist Party at the time. The Japanese soldiers fought hard in the battle of Daimyo, but could not get the support of the friendly forces around them. After the war, Song Zheyuan promoted and praised those generals who could not save them, calling them "the whole army." The frustrated He Jizhen attempted suicide, and then he leaned toward the Communist Party. Therefore, the two future Communist Parties at that time were the Party Central Committee's own order, and they would not obey.
Zhang Kexia is indeed a Communist Party, but his energy cannot control the entire 29th Army. In fact, the conflict between the Chinese and Japanese armies at that time had just occurred. The 29th Army was emotionally up and down. To fight, use Shi Yousan 's statement: "Those who have never been traitors think traitors are good. When, being a traitor, really fucking Wang Bazhe was a traitor. "Can Zhang Kexia manipulate Shi Yousan to say such a thing? To fight, the 29th Army was bullied too much. The 29th Army was headed by Song Zheyuan, and his parents had a strong style. By the means of the warlord at that time, if Zhang could control the entire army, such a dangerous figure would have been dealt with by Song.
It is even more ridiculous that Liu Shaoqi organized personnel to set off firecrackers to trigger a battle. Not to mention that Liu had already returned to Yan'an in May. Although he was a White Zone expert, but not Zhuge Liang , how could he predict that the Japanese army would lose a soldier that night? Then set off firecrackers between the two armed forces to trigger a conflict? But This conflict would not have been possible without the loss of a Japanese soldier. Besides, triggering war with firecrackers seems to be a unique example in the history of world military affairs. Rarely, the Japanese side also made a very detailed research, and even took out a story booklet compiled during the Anti-Japanese War saying "the Communist Party said that Liu Shaoqi was participating in the Japanese army at Lugou Bridge at that time." You need to know that this story is used by the lower layers to boost morale, and it also contains the content of "The young man scares the Japanese with a waist pier (a singles pistol)".
In fact, although the "CCP provoked the Lugouqiao Incident", although the Japanese first said it, the KMT later spoke more. Retrospectively, the elements of venting anger are mostly because the Communist Party did develop after the Anti-Japanese War. The Kuomintang means that your Communist Party is a winner, not who is your conspiracy? But does the Communist Party have such great courage to engage in such a conspiracy? It is incredible. Because both the Kuomintang and the Communist Party had doubts about whether they would die after fighting with the Japanese army at that time. Can this kind of fire also be played ?!
Of course, according to the views of some people in the Kuomintang, the Communist Party is a heartbroken generation, so there is nothing to say. What's more, after the war of resistance, it was precisely Chairman Jiang. If it weren't for the five sons to go to court , robbing, dismissing dissidents, etc., how could the KMT army win the world with its seven advantages? In fact, Japan has multiple "truth" versions of the Lugouqiao Incident. It's justified to focus on one of them.
There are two other very influential versions. One is that the Lugouqiao Incident started from Zhang Zizhong 's conspiracy. It was Zhang Zizhong's intention to seize Song Zheyuan's power. Then he constantly provoked the conflict between the 37th Division and the Japanese army in order to profit from it. The internal statement of the Ninth Army is evidence-"37 divisions, 38 divisions". Even today, there is a saying in Japan that Zhang Zizhong's later war death was to atone for "provoking the lives of the Sino-Japanese War and causing charity to burn ".
In fact, this is not enough to refute. The 38th Division ’s defense area is Tianjin. If Song Zheyuan did not adjust, how could he go to Lugou Bridge to participate in the battle? In fact, Song had been hesitant and did not dare to start a full-scale war with the Japanese army, so until the 25th No other troops were sent to reinforce the 37th Division. After finding that the Japanese army was ready on the 26th, Song decided to attack. On that day, the first army to fight the Japanese army was the 38th Division. At that time, Zhang Zizhong used a method of cutting off the telephone line to transfer a squadron of Japanese troops and a squadron of telephone soldiers out of the Langfang barracks to try to annihilate, which was the prelude to a decisive battle for the two sides. Unfortunately, because the Japanese army had already increased its troops to Pingjin at that time and had sufficient troops, it soon came to reinforcements. This annihilation battle ended with the Japanese army's success in coping with the breakout. Since then, the 38th Division has stubbornly attacked in Tianjin under the bombing of Japanese aircraft. If it wasn't for Nanyuan's fall, the outcome would be unexpected. Since then, Zhang Zizhong has fought each other for the humiliation of the "traitor". Unexpectedly, there is such a story for him.
In another statement, the Japanese believed that the main actor behind this battle was Chiang Kai-shek , in order to prevent the 29th Army from falling to Japan, deliberately provoking war, and forcing the 29th Army to adhere to the Central Anti-Japanese War. Song Zheyuan himself explained in a document that questioned the Japanese army about the conflict, saying that the conflict was caused by Chiang Kai-shek ’s Secret Service of the Blue Coat, and since then he has been very cautious about Chiang Kai-shek. Until the 25th, he still generated power to prevent the Central Army from going north to reinforce itself. Furthermore, the Japanese side pointed directly at the plan's spearhead to Chiang Kai-shek's German adviser, Falkenhausen, and insisted that the Sino-Japanese war was the German's idea. He believed that he was too confident in the war.
I don't think this is possible, because Chiang Kai-shek was not ready for the War of Resistance at that time, and he does not seem to be actively pursuing a full-scale war. The longer it takes to prepare for the war, the better it is for Chiang. All the above statements can be found in Japanese literature. However, what's the truth? Look at the continuous advance of the Japanese army from 1931, you can understand how much. It will not be the Communist Party or the Kuomintang that forced the Japanese to occupy the Northeast and then the Jehe, the Great Wall and the Chasui, the East Jibei and the Pingjin as a last resort ...
In short, it was all Chinese conspiracy and forcing. Imperial army, always makes sense.
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