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The Lugou Bridge Incident explores the truth: Who fired the first shot in China and Japan?
Fun history2014-08-07 11:32:25

The Lugouqiao Incident: According to the section of "The Gunfire on Lugou Bridge" in Memomoto Shigeji's memoir "Shanghai Times", the head of Yonhap News Agency: Illegal shooting by the Chinese army was reported. At the same time, the squadron was called in and found that one person was missing, so he also reported to the captain that the soldier was missing. In fact, after about 3 hours (the other said 20 minutes), the whereabouts were unknown. The soldier returned to the team instead of being abducted by the Chinese side. This recruit served as a hereditary soldier. When he left the team and returned, he walked in the opposite direction in the dark, thus delaying the return time.

After listening to the report from Captain Shimizu, the leader of the Ichigi Group attached great importance to the unknown whereabouts of the soldier, and immediately reported the incident to Ryosuke Mutaguchi, Colonel Captain of Peiping. The commander of the Yimu Brigade was ordered to lead a squadron of Fengtai rushed to the site to negotiate with the Chinese side.

Takayuki Tanaka, a former staffer of the Japanese Kanto Army , wrote: On July 8th, I arrived in Tianjin from Inner Mongolia Huade by plane. In the evening, at the Hibisukan (Japanese cuisine) room, he met with the heads of Tianjin ’s secret services, Maochuan Xiu and Shao Zuo. He said, “The gun shooting was done by Communist students ...” I once worked with Maochuan in the staff headquarters. I Knowing that he has always been in close contact with the students of the Communist Party of Peiping, he asked him: "Then, the culprit who taught them is you?" He nodded with a flushed face and admitted ... Muchuan also admitted that China and Japan on July 11 After Japan reached an armistice agreement, he repeatedly instigated his subordinates to set off firecrackers between the Chinese and Japanese armies at night, in an attempt to intensify the conflict and expand the war.

The Q & A transcript of the trial of the war criminal by Maoping Xiuhe of June 1946 in the Military and Law Division of Peiping Security Command and the Military Tribunal of the Baoding Appeasement Office involved who provoked war:

The judge asked: Who picked up the "July 7" incident?

Maochuan: It is Japanese militarism.

The judge asked: What is the cause of the "July 7" incident?

Maochuan A: (Japanese Army) Beiping garrison was hit during an exercise. There is this thing.

The judge asked: Who should bear this responsibility?

Mogawa: Lost in the Japanese army.

The judge asked: Who fired the first shot first?

Maochuan Answer: It was released by Japan.

From the above two evidences, it is not difficult to see what happened to the "first shot". Let's look at the Japanese lie about "missing soldiers" again. In addition to the "illegal shooting", the Japanese excuse for creating an incident in Lugouqiao also involved the so-called "disappearance of soldiers." The main reason why Japan asked to enter Wanping City for a search was that "the soldier was missing." In fact, the "missing" soldier was named Shimura Kijiro, a second-class soldier who left the team due to his release and soon returned to the team. Later, some people asked why Zhicun "missed", and Shimizu pretended not to know, and actually proposed 3 kinds of speculations:

(1) It may have been released;

(2) It may have been ordered to reconnaissance, went the wrong way, and returned to the troop exercise position, the squadron had been transferred;

(3) Maybe he fell asleep on the ground due to fatigue.

This was a simple matter that couldn't be simpler. Just ask Shimura himself to be clear ; but the Japanese side has always been vague.

According to Hong Dazhong, secretary of the Wanping County Government and second section chief who lived in the city of Wanping at the time:

At night, I heard the whistle and running sound of the troops gathering, and the county government was noisy. I was busy getting up and getting up. The first news was that the Japanese army was about to attack the city. The deputy of the Shoucheng Corps Su Guiqing Regiment and the commander of Jin Zhenzhong asked the 110th brigade commander He Jizheng. He ordered the 219th Regiment: (1) Do not agree with the Japanese army's entry into the city; (2) The Japanese army's force invasion will resolutely fight back; (C) Our army will be responsible for defending the soil and will never give up; give up the position and engage in military law. Such resolute orders were very inspiring to the entire city. People happily said, "It's a chance to fight a devil, and to show the resentment that has been oppressed by the Japanese imperialists for many years." Everyone is flexing their muscles, and each one scrambles to transport ammunition boxes and sacks of dirt to the city walls for temporary defense. No one in the city panicked, let alone escaped from the city for their own safety. Everyone thinks that fighting the Japanese aggression army is a very popular thing, and they must fight against the sunrise . At this time, everyone worked together to block the East City Gate with sacks of mud, and the West City Gate left only a gap for people to enter and leave. Every family uses quilt to cover windows, one can prevent the kerosene lamp light from shooting out, and the other can prevent stray bullets.

Jin Zhenzhong, the battalion commander of the 3 battalion guarding Wanping City and Lugou Bridge, recalled:

At 11 o'clock on the night of July 7, I suddenly heard the direction of the Japanese military exercise camp, and there was a sound of gunfire. After a short while, Director Xu of the Jicha Appeasement Office called and said, "According to the Japanese side, one of their drills was captured by the Chinese Army in Wanping City, and they wanted to search the city." On this dark rainy night The Japanese army exercised inside the Lugouqiao cordon, apparently attempting to sneak attack on Wanping City. Because I was well-guarded and had no time to ride, I fabricated the loss of Japanese soldiers as an excuse and took the opportunity to search the city to defraud our city. I replied this to Director Xu and stated that I would not listen to the Japanese lie. Just after putting down the phone, the fierce gunfire rang. The shells flew over the Wanping city wall, blasting 6 houses of the battalion headquarters, killing 2 soldiers and injuring 5 others. The company commanders of the defensive positions reported that the Japanese army swarmed towards me. Immediately I rushed to the city to direct the battle and gave the enemy a fierce attack ...

Chapter 1 of "Imai Takeo's Memoirs" describes in the event of Lugou Bridge:

July 7, 1937 ... I went home from Changchun Pavilion ahead of time, and after talking with the visiting guests, I went to bed before 12 o'clock. Soon after falling asleep, Lieutenant Kono and Shiro, the deputy of Peiping's garrison, called me, and the duty officer in the military officer's room woke me up ... This was the first report of the conflict between the Lugouqiao Japanese and Chinese armies. I was shocked. I hurriedly put on my military uniform and ran to the wing headquarters next door. It was already around midnight. There is a rectangular table in the center of the office, and the team leader Mu Tiankou Lianye Dazuo and the main cadres and officers are all dressed in uniforms around the table. At this time, the information sent from near the Lugou Bridge came one after another. Everyone listened, but said nothing, the room was silent, and each person's face showed an extremely serious expression.

After Japan's surrender , Maochuan confessed bluntly that the first shot of the "July 7 Incident" was released by Japan. In order to expand the conflict between the two armies, it was me who ordered my subordinates to set off firecrackers. "

Mayor Qin recalled: "... at 2 o'clock in the evening, the Foreign Affairs Committee called again, saying that the Japanese side was dissatisfied with my reply and forced to send a team to the city for inspection, otherwise the Japanese army would surround the city."

Result of the negotiations: First, Chinese and Japanese representatives sent to Wanping City for investigation.

Chinese representatives: Wang Lengzhai (Inspector-in-Chief, Wanping County Magistrate), Lin Gengyu (specialist of Jicha Foreign Affairs Commission), and Zhou Yongye (Deputy Director of Transportation Department of Jicha Appeasement Office).

Representatives of the Japanese side: Sakurai (military adviser to the Jicha Political Committee), Siping (assistant officer of the special service agency, captain), and Saito (secretary officer, special commander of the special service agency).

A total of 6 people took two cars to Wanping City.

At the same time, the captain of the Yitai Qingzhi Group of Fengtai Japanese Garrison led more than 500 people and fired 6 shots, and set off for Lugou Bridge.

The investigation team's vehicle drove about 0.5 kilometers east of Wanping City. When it was ready to attack the Japanese army, the Japanese army was ambush under the railway culvert. The Japanese commander and deputy Morita coerced the Chinese representatives to watch the Japanese front and threatened the Chinese representatives with force.

Siping took the map at the Japanese position, and said to the county magistrate: "The situation is very serious. Now I ca n’t wait for the investigation and negotiation. I only ask you to quickly withdraw the defenders in the city to the west gate, and the Japanese army will enter the east gate. Ten meters, and discuss solutions to avoid conflict. "

The county magistrate replied coldly: "Here, you are only responsible for the investigation mission. The unreasonable request you have made for the withdrawal of our army and the entry of your army into the city is too far away from the topic, let alone talk about it."

Morita Finger Japanese guns threatened: "Please ask Commissioner Wang to quickly decide that within 10 minutes, if there is no solution, a serious incident will immediately erupt and the guns will be opened. You will be equally dangerous."

The representative of the Japanese side Sakurai also made similar requirements to Siping: (1) The Chinese garrison in Wanping County retreated to 10 miles outside Ximen so that the Japanese army could enter the city to search for the lost Japanese soldiers, otherwise the Japanese side would use gunfire to turn Wanping City into ash. (2) Compensation. (3) Severely punish the culprit, and at least punish the battalion commander.

At 4:23 am on July 8, 1937, at this time, the future of war and peace between China and Japan had actually been decided, and the reins of the war had been released.

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