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Demystifying the Hundred Regiments: How many troops did China and Japan invest in?
Fun history2014-08-07 14:32:44

Hundred Regiments: The research of the Hundred Regiments has been one of the hot and important issues in the field of party history, military history, and the history of the War of Resistance Against Japan . The "Hundred Regiments War" that occurred 70 years ago was a major event in the history of the Communist Party of China and the history of the Chinese Anti-Japanese War. The study of the Hundred Regiments has always been one of the hot and important issues in the field of party history, military history, and the history of the War of Resistance Against Japan. The recent developments in research have been mainly reflected in the following aspects.

For a long time, there have been different opinions about the forces participating in the Hundred Regiments. There are about 80 regiments, 104 regiments, 105 regiments, and 115 regiments. Yue Siping conducted a detailed inspection of the participating forces in the Hundred Regiments War and concluded that a total of 36 regiments participated in the Jinchaji Military Region, a total of 27 regiments participated in the 120th Division and the Northwest Military Region of Jin Dynasty, and a total of 42 in the 129th Division and Taihang Military Region. Individual regiments participated in the battle. The total strength of the 100 regiments in the battle was 105 regiments, about 270,000.

"People's Daily" published a article "Hundred Regiments (Part 1)" on September 17, 2006, stating that according to the original regulations of the Eighth Route Army Headquarters, the number of troops participating in the Hundred Regiments was no less than 22 regiments. However, after the battle was launched, because the majority of the Eighth Route Army commanders and the anti-Japanese base areas hated the Japanese army ’s “captive cage policy”, they were very enthusiastic in participating in the groundbreaking battles. Therefore, the various ministries invested a large number of troops. (Including the 1st, 3rd Columns, etc.) 46 regiments, 120th Division (including the 2nd, 4th Columns, etc.), a total of 105 regiments with more than 200,000 people, and many local guerrillas Join the militia.

What is the relationship between the Hundred Regiments and the Kuomintang? This issue has attracted the attention of the historians.

Wang Ronglin believes that during the Hundred Regiments War, the Kuomintang army Wei Lihuang , Yan Xishan , and Pang Bingxun, who were behind enemy forces in North China, attacked, to a certain extent, in coordination with the Eighth Route Army Hundred Regiments. Although the attack by the Kuomintang troops behind the enemy in North China is not comparable to the Eighth Route Army's Hundred Regiments, its size, time and record are not comparable, although Chiang Kai-shek has attacked the Kuomintang army, especially the aggressive attack of the Central Army in the First Theater. And once ordered to stop, but looking at the overall situation, its positive role cannot be denied. First, it blocked and held back the enemy ’s northern aid in southern North China, and strategically cooperated with the Eighth Route Army's Hundred Regiments. Secondly, in the period when the KMT and the Communist Party just ended the friction in North China, the attack of the Kuomintang army not only showed the Chinese nation's fine traditions of fighting with its enemies , going to the country together, and joint efforts to defend against insults, but also to a certain extent further alleviated the contradictions between the KMT and the Communist Party behind the enemy in North China. Again, to a certain extent, it inspired and inspired the Eighth Route Army officers and the people of the whole country.

In the article by Liu Guifu, taking the Battle of the Hundred Regiments and the Battle of Nakajoyama as examples, the issue of the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party in the middle of the Anti-Japanese War was discussed in depth. He pointed out that in the middle of the Anti-Japanese War, the conflict between North China and southern Anhui became a sign, and the contradictions between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party intensified. However, at this stage, the Kuomintang and Communist armies still cooperated with each other on the battlefield. The Communist Party of China launched the Hundred Regiments War with the strategic intention of breaking Japan's plan to attack Northwest China, affecting the national war situation, striking at enemies and friends, and strengthening cooperation between the Communist Party and the Communist Party. In the Hundred Regiments Battle, the KMT Jinnan Army provided some cooperation to the Eighth Route Army.

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