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Real Huaihai War: National Army soldiers crawling over to eat
Fun history2014-08-12 13:19:13

The Huaihai Campaign: The Huaihai Campaign began on November 6, 1948 and ended on January 10, 1949. It went through three phases and lasted 66 days. Our army annihilated the Kuomintang army Xuzhou "General Zong" forward command, five corps divisions and 20 troops, and another appeasement zone and its two army and another division uprising, one division voted sincerely, adding up to a total of 55.5 More than ten thousand people.

The great victory of the Huaihai Campaign was a magnificent triumph composed by our two East Army and Central Plains field army under the command of the Central Military Commission and the General Front Committee. In this decisive battle, as a reporter of the Xinhua News Agency of the East China Field Army, my experience of interviewing on the front line is still vivid.

In that year, the 7th column of the East China Field Army of my army successfully completed all combat tasks in the first phase of the battle, including cooperating with neighbors to quickly cut off the road of the Huang Baitao Corps to retreat to Xuzhou, and then stubbornly blocked Qiu Qingquan and Li Mi. After assuring that the Eastern Front completely destroyed Huang Baitao's regiment, it was ordered by the head of Huaye on November 26 to take the lead in the Southern Front to cooperate with Nakano to attack and destroy the Huangwei Corps. At this point, the Huang Weibing Regiment had been tightly surrounded by my Nakano in a small area about 5 kilometers across the Shuangdui in the southwest of Su County. On the evening of December 3rd, I reached the area south of Shuangduji to take over some of Nakano's positions. On the same day, the 13th column of Huaye also came to replace some of Nakano's positions. For me, the left neighbor and the right neighbor were the 6th column of Nakano.

At that time, I was dispatched by Comrade Ai Yi, a leader of the 7th Xinhua Branch of Huaye, to the 19th Division and 56th Regiment to interview. The enemy on the front of the 56th regiment was the 23rd Division of the 85th Army, which was guarded in Xiaowangzhuang, Xiaozhouzhuang, Xiaomazhuang and other villages. After the violent bombardment of our army on December 6, most of the enemy's fortifications were destroyed, with heavy casualties. Then, my 56th group cooperated with the brothers' group to launch continuous attacks on the enemy. Within a day, they would wipe out the enemy near a group and capture more than 600 people below the deputy head of the enemy.

Faced with our powerful offensive, the enemy's army was shaken and morale was low. This is a good time for our army to launch a political offensive against the enemy. One day, Wang He, the head of the Mission's Political Department's mission unit, went to a battalion to organize a political offensive against the enemy. I went with him.

Comrade Wang He is from Wuxi. He has a gentle manner and is not rushing to speak or do things. He and I came to a battalion three days ago to replace the trenches of Nakano. I saw the trenches crisscross, dense like spider webs, extending in all directions . Its width can be passed by two people side by side, and the depth is enough to let people walk back and forth without bending over. Go down the ditch. Every time you reach the fork, you can see obvious road signs. The arrows will lead you to where you are going. On both sides of the trench, there are bunkers and air-raid shelters for a group of people every few meters. In front of a larger bunker, the word "club" was marked with slogans and comics, and several instruments were placed. Each class has a toilet and a place for throwing garbage. The trenches are very clean ... I have never seen such trenches and feel very fresh. "For the first time to fight and live in such a frontier position." Some also repeatedly praised the great style of Big Brother Nakano.

Nakano faced constant attacks from the enemy, and it was just in the freezing cold . How did you complete such a huge earthworks project? How much hardship would it take? This can be answered from the description of Nakano reporter Lu Liang:

"The night blocked the enemy's fire with a machine gun, and the troops ran forward at a distance of five steps per person, lying in front of the enemy's position, and quickly digging into a horizontal fortification, then deepened into a kneeling style, and finally dug into A chest-shaped vertical. Then dug hard forward, two people in a group, opened up each other, and overnight, a few hundred meters of traffic was dug up. "" The entire project is twenty miles long ... "Wo Hua After receiving the trenches, the field forces continued to extend it to the enemy's position, digging until it was only tens or even meters away from the enemy.

The battalion's political offensive against the enemy has been in full swing and has a strong and energetic reputation. Some fighters held hands with horns made of iron sheet, constantly shouting to the enemy, and sometimes sang in minor keys. The enemy's 23rd division and the 110th division belonged to the 85th Army. After the 110th division commander Liao Yunzhou led the uprising, this charitable act became the main content of the soldiers' shouting to the 23rd division officers and soldiers. The enemies in the encirclement were short of food and water. Enemy soldiers often came to our positions to eat and drink. At that time, with the full support of the people in the old areas of Lusu, Henan and Anhui, our army's food was better than ever. The combatants could eat white noodles, braised pork or meat buns almost every day. Whenever the cooks pick up steaming meals, the soldiers clinking enamel rice bowls and shouting loudly at the enemy's position: "Open dinner, today is the meat bun, come over to fill you!" We saw in the trenches Then, some enemy soldiers came over and reached for buns. After they gobble up and eat, they will take a few buns back. Various propaganda materials and advice letters Wang Wang brought from the regiment also took the opportunity to bring them back through the enemy soldiers.

The continuous political offensive has demonstrated its mighty power, and enemy officers and soldiers have continually abandoned the dark and cast their light. According to them, the 23rd Division was arranged in several small villages in front of the 18th Army, one of Jiang's five main forces, to serve as a shield for the 18th Army. Due to the overlapping positions, the upper and lower contacts were lost. The calls of the 23 divisions to the military headquarters had to be transferred by the 18th Army, and personnel entering and exiting had to be authorized by the heavily guarded 18th Army. They were actually being monitored. The 23rd Division's air-to-air communication station was banned, which prevented them from contacting aircraft sent from Nanjing. One day, even their positions were bombed and fired, and Chen Naiguang, the deputy head of the 67th regiment, was killed. They were short of food and ammunition. At first they could kill the horses and barely fill their hunger without food. Later, they gradually fell into hunger and despair. They could only look to the sky to hope for airdrop relief, and they often couldn't grab the food they dropped.

On the Huaihai front, as long as it is sunny, enemy aircraft will fly from the south. The big belly transporter threw ammunition and food into the surrounding circle. Due to the narrow encirclement, it sometimes falls on our side. The fighter-bombers fired bombs at our positions and harassed them. However, at this moment, no matter whether the enemy plane was airdropped or harassed, the fate of Huang Wei's regiment cannot be changed.

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