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Historical Misreading: The July 7 Lugou Bridge Incident actually took place on July 8
Interesting history2015-03-23 16:50:41

The "July 7 Incident" is an extremely important event in the modern history of China. It is the beginning of the Chinese National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression . July 7, 1937, is a day that the entire Chinese people will never forget. However, many people do not know that July 7th, 1937 is just the anniversary of the comprehensive anti-Japanese war. In fact, the first shot of the battle was fired in the morning of July 8th.

In July 1937, the Japanese warlord believed that the time was ripe for a comprehensive aggression against China, and decided to start a large-scale war against China at Lugou Bridge. After a series of preparations and trials, on the evening of July 7th, the Japanese army Mutiankou United team under the pretext of missing a soldier during the exercise, put forward an unreasonable request to find in Wanping City, and was immediately rejected by us. On the morning of the 8th, the Japanese army attacked Wanping City. As a result, Japan's all-out war of aggression against China began, and the Chinese people's all-out war of resistance against Japan also began.

Qin Dechun, then standing member of the Jicha Administrative Committee and Mayor of Peiping, wrote in the "July 7 Lugou Bridge Incident ": "The night of the Seventh and Seventh, at about 11.40 minutes, I will take over the director of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Jicha Administrative Committee Member Wei Zonghan and Commissioner Lin Gengyu in charge of negotiations with Japan ... At 2 o'clock in the evening, the Foreign Affairs Committee again called ... At about 5 o'clock on the 8th, the Japanese army has begun to surround the east, southeast, and northeast of Wanping City. The demand for his diplomats to enter the city, and the military attaches to the city, were rejected by the head of our Kyrgyzstan and Commissioner Wang Lengzhai (the Commissioner of Administrative Inspectorate). The Japanese threat of military threats was already poor, and they began to bombard the city and cover them. The infantry advances. "

In Liu Feng's documentary "Blood Offering Sun Banner", he wrote:

At about 4 am, Shaozu Yimu called from the spot and reported that the Chinese army was firing again, and Mu Tiankou issued an verbal combat order over the phone at 8:23 on the 8th.

Military officer Imai immediately sent a telegram report to the Army Staff in Tokyo.

In fact, in the process, the original claim that the whereabouts were unknown, and that the "lost" soldier designated by the Chinese side had returned safely to the team.

At 5:30, the Japanese army shelled 29 Chinese troops stationed in Wanping City and the nearby Longwang Temple, with more than 180 casualties in the Chinese garrison.

The 219th Regiment of the 37th Division of the Fengzhi'an 37th Division of the Chinese Army stationed in Lugouqiao, under the command of Colonel Ji Xingwen , Commander of the Third Battalion, and Major Lieutenant Colonel Jin Zhen, fought back and repelled the Japanese army ’s rampant attack.

The "July 7th" incident that shocked the Chinese and foreign Lugouqiao happened, which led to the full-scale war of Japanese aggression against China and the large-scale unfolding of the Chinese Anti-Japanese War.

According to this statement, the fighting took place at 5 am on the 8th.

"The Nationalist Generals of the Kuomintang in the Anti-Japanese War" commemorates the article of the martyr Zhao Dengyu , "The soldiers died in the battlefield was originally a duty" said: "In the early morning of July 8th, a Japanese infantry battalion, four attached mountain guns and one machine gun, from Fengtai to Lugou Bridge moved forward. Qin Dechun immediately commanded the defenders when he learned: 'The defense of the territory is the duty of the soldiers, and the foreign war is the honor of the soldiers. It is necessary to know all the officers and men of the regiment, sacrifice their struggle, and stick to their positions. Our army's grave, one inch and one inch of land, cannot be easily made. 'After receiving the order, our garrison stationed at Lugou Bridge quickly entered the position. By 5:00, the Japanese army had surrounded the three sides (Northeast, East, Southeast) of Wanping. The Japanese army shelled Wanping City, and then stormed at our Lugou Iron Bridge (railway bridge). Officers and commanders of the Ji Xingwen Command Headquarters immediately counterattacked, grenades and broad knives all hit together, and the enemy lost their helmets and armor. The army was majestic, sweeping the ground, and the bridgehead position was recaptured by our army. "

On June 24, 1995, the article "The Warrior Who Fired the First Shot of the" July 7th "Anti-Japanese War" in the "Old Age" quoted the memory of the old man Li Wencheng, the 219th platoon leader of the then 1919 regiment who participated in the Lugouqiao Anti-Japanese War in person: Incident, in fact, there was no exchange of fire on the 7th. The accurate time for the Japanese army to hit Lugou Bridge should be July 8. On the night of the 7th, I took the post on the bridge at 10 o'clock in the evening. He claimed that a soldier had been lost, and he wanted to come to the bridge, saying that he was going to search. The 219th regiment resolutely rejected this unreasonable request. Everyone was asleep and watched with vigilance what would happen to the Japanese army. It is expected that at about 2 am on the 8th, the Japanese army started to bombard Lugou Bridge suddenly. The head of Ji Xingwen immediately ordered a counterattack, and the Lugouqiao incident began like this.

The elderly Li Wencheng who participated in the battle personally also believed that the incident happened in the early morning of the 8th, but the memory was slightly different from the hour.

There are two reasons to call the July 8th fighting the "July 7 Incident": First, the war was tense, and in the face of major incidents, people couldn't care about the details and no one went to pick words; Second, in the past, most people had The habit of treating morning as the beginning of the day does not start with the day at zero. Everything that happened before dawn is considered the day before.

Of course, we don't need to change the "July 7 Incident" to "July 8 Incident", but we want to make history clearer and deeper through history through these discriminations.

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