Diary of the War of Resistance Against Japan: Mass Dissidents of Six Japanese Army After the Lugouqiao Incident
Fun history2015-04-17 16:41:38

Du Bing recorded: "At this time, the general people ’s hatred for the Japanese invaders broke out. They rushed forward and dismembered the six Japanese invaders. We retired (at that time, officers and soldiers of the Dusuo Department built a fortification on the east side of the railway) and returned to the camp. At times, there are trees along the way, some with ears and some with arms, hands or feet. "

In 2009, the famous anti-Japanese war veteran interviewer Fang Jun went to Fuping to interview the 29th Army veteran Wang Autonomy, mentioning that Wang commanded heavy machine gun platoons and shot down two enemy bombers while blocking the Japanese in Botou Town. In this regard, Fang Jun gave Lao Sa a task-let me try to find photos of the Japanese plane that was shot down.

This is not an easy task, because the time and place are not very clear-especially since the plane was shot down in the area controlled by the Chinese army, I am afraid it is difficult to retain such video materials in the Japanese data, which is not to let Laosa Headache?

Fortunately, this is not the first time to do this kind of research. Laosa tried it with the information at hand. It may have touched God and really gained something.

Botou, also known as Bozhen and Jiaohe, belonged to Cangzhou, Hebei. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in 1937, the 29th Army retreated from Peiping, where the military headquarters was stationed. Wang Zhizhi was a heavy machine gun platoon leader of the 29th Army Corps at that time. This unit had been operating with the military, so he described himself as being credible at Botou.

In the Chinese historical materials, the incident of shooting down Japanese bombers at Botou was indeed recorded. This record appeared in the third series of "Selected Publications of Literature and History of Botou City". In the article "After the 29th Military Training Corps' Southward Retreat" by Mr. Du Shouqian, who was trained in the 29th Army Training Corps during the July 7th Incident, he recalled that in See the scene of a Japanese bomber shot down by the garrison.

On July 27, Du Shouqian's military training regiment was broken up in a battle in Nanyuan. The commander of Du Suiqian Pavilion retreated to Dahongmen and was suddenly attacked by the Japanese. He jumped into the irrigation channel and escaped by chance. Du Shouqian later returned to the team and changed to the military law enforcement team. He may be the last witness with General Lu before the death of General Lu Linge, and he reminded Lu to take off the lieutenant general to avoid revealing the target.

Du Shouqian recalled that Nanyuan's retreat brought two guards with a black-red war horse, and Du and four other student soldiers accompanied him. At the final moment of Dahongmen's attack, Du jumped into the canal six or seven meters deep and escaped, but General Lunge courageously commanded the headquarters to fight back until he died in a fierce battle. Du wrote: "Compared to my generation, I still feel ashamed to think about it so far!"

Because the Japanese army had absolute air superiority in North China at that time, the 29th Army's troops were repeatedly attacked by enemy forces, and they hated enemy aircraft. Therefore, Du was very impressed by the sight of the Japanese bomber being shot down in Botou. Du recalled that the fighting took place shortly after the Mid-Autumn Festival , when Liu Duoquan's 49th Army and Pang Bingxun's 39th Division were moving through Botou to prepare to replace the 38th Division's army that fought bitterly with the Japanese on the front of Qing County. One afternoon, three Japanese bombers suddenly came to attack, and one of them was shot down by our army, and all six pilots died.

Du Bing recorded: "At this time, the general people ’s hatred for the Japanese invaders broke out. They rushed forward and dismembered the six Japanese invaders. We retired (at that time, officers and soldiers of the Dusuo Department built a fortification on the east side of the railway) and returned to the camp. At times, there are trees along the way, some with ears and some with arms, hands or feet. "

It can be seen that the Botou garrison did shoot down Japanese bombers at that time.

According to Du Shouqian's memories, the time to shoot down the Japanese bomber should be after the Mid-Autumn Festival of 1937 and before Cangzhou fell. According to investigations, the Mid-Autumn Festival of 1937 was September 19, and on September 28, the Japanese army fought for seven days to seize Yao Guantun, the main point of Cangzhou. Feng Yuxiang , commander of the First Theater Command, ordered Cangzhou to be abandoned. Therefore, Wang Zhizhi said that the shooting down opportunity should be the ten days between the 19th and the 28th.

This gave us a better basis for finding the Japanese combat record.

At that time, the Japanese aviation units fighting the Chinese army in North China belonged to the Provisional Aviation Corps Command established on July 26, with a total of 24 squadrons, including 8 reconnaissance bomber squadrons, 7 fighter squadrons, 4 light bomber squadrons, and 5 Heavy bomber squadron. According to the number of Japanese crew members shot down, this should be a heavy bomber.

Japanese heavy bombers in North China belonged to the 10th and 12th Air Wings. On September 20th, the Japanese 12th Air Wing attacked the headquarters of the China First Army (the former 29th Army Song Zheyuan ) in Botou, losing one bomber and two others with injuries.

The downed Japanese plane was recorded in 1937, edited and published by the Japanese Army, "The Honourable Heroes", that is, the 12th wing of the Army Aviation Corps flying a bomber piloted by Cao Changfan, a craftsman.

The Japanese army recorded the glorious deed of Cao Chang when he found the armored train where the First Army Command was located. After being hit by ground fire, it rushed to the Chinese armored train to explode and died.

In fact, this is purely a fake record, and it is really a quality issue. The original 29 armored trains of the 29th Army were captured by the Japanese because of railway damage south of Fengtai. The other (that is, the Botou) continued to fight, patrolling the 49th and 39th divisions during the battle of Yaoguantun. At the junction of the theater, the Japanese army was severely hit, and it was not destroyed here.

The following things are fortunate and unfortunate.

Fortunately, I happened to remake a few important pictures in The Honorable Heroes, including a page in memory of Fan Jiang. Unfortunately, I didn't pay much attention to this book at that time, and I didn't take the remake seriously, so everyone had to look at the image of Fan Jiangjun Cao with a crooked face.

The article by Carpenter Jun Cao-"Crashing against an enemy armored train, brave the self-destructive warrior", there is a photo of Fan Carpenter Jun Cao, and a poem written by his relatives and friends to mourn. Although it looks a little fuzzy, the text is still faint.

The content of these four lines of poems is: Xu Guo is so guilty of loss, Cangzhou is out of anger, artillery flew into the enemy's battalion, and the battlefield is full.

It's a little bit mediocre, but the basic description makes the scene clear.

From this, I speculated that the shooting of the old man, such as Wang Zizhi, might have shot down one enemy aircraft and injured two other aircraft instead of shooting down two enemy aircraft.

In the recall article, Du Shouqian believes that the downfall of the enemy aircraft may be due to the accomplishments of Liu Duoquan. Because Liu was the only one with a flak gun in each of the troops in Botou.

I understand that there may be many units firing at air at that time. For the determination of the record, there may be a "different action" situation-when everyone fired together, it is difficult to determine whether it is the heavy machine gun of the Northwest Army or the Northeast Army. Antiaircraft artillery hit the enemy aircraft.

Finally, maybe we can continue to examine what type of Japanese aircraft was shot down? This is not described in the article in memory of the unfortunate army cao.

The main models of the Japanese 10th and 12th Aviation Wings were Type 93 heavy bombers. However, judging by the number of occupants, the plane that was shot down this time did not look like Type 93, because it had only four occupants, and the plane recorded six people killed.

In fact, despite its strength and weakness, the North China ’s Chinese army ’s counterattack against the Japanese aviation was very heroic. Between July 7 and July 30, the Japanese 144 aircraft that were put into battle around Peiping lost due to fighting and failure. A total of 20 aircraft. Among them, the 93 heavy bomber lost two of Lieutenant Shibata and Saburo Uchigawa. In subsequent battles, on September 2nd, Acting Captain of the 12th Wing and Captain Xiudao Masao of the 2nd Brigade were also shot down in the bombing of Zhangjiakou, and were paralyzed by the Chinese Army after skydiving.

Therefore, it is likely that another heavy bomber of the Japanese Army, the 87-type heavy bomber, was shot down by the Veteran King Autonomy. This aircraft was outdated and decided to retire in 1935, but it is still in use in the Northeast Kanto Army . The command range of the Japanese Provisional Aviation Regiment Command includes Japanese aircraft in the Northeast. Therefore, in the case of insufficient aircraft, the Japanese may put them into battle in the customs to make up for losses and maintain air combat power.

The main reason that the 87-type bomber was shot down by Wang Zizhi and others was that it was the only bomber with a crew of six in Japan at that time. Japanese Army aviation personnel have used it for a long time and can put it into combat at any time without special training.

In this way, we seem to be able to make the following speculations: The Japanese Air Force 12th Wing suffered a large loss in the battle. When receiving an order to attack Cangzhou Botou, it may be forced to borrow a number of old-style 87 bombers from the Kwantung Army to enter the battle. When the Japanese bombed Botou, they found the command of the First Army on an armored train and immediately launched an attack, but their aircraft happened to be from the academic corps position of the Defense Command and the Northeast Army (Luo Duoquan) who had arrived for reinforcements. It flew over and was violently fired by the Chinese army.

During the battle, the 87-type bomber driven by Fan Jiangjun Cao was hit by the anti-aircraft machine gun commanded by Wang Zizhi and the anti-aircraft artillery fire net of Liu Duoquan's Ministry. As a result, they were shot down.

This bomber is a Japanese bomber designed to imitate a German-style seaplane. It still retains the shape of the seaplane. This is also Japan's first all-metal large bomber. Due to the lack of design experience, this aircraft lacked horsepower and was slow to move (this may be the reason why Wang Zizhi and others shot him down with heavy machine guns), and was nicknamed "turtle" by the Japanese army.

Since Fan Jiangji was the only heavy bomber that could find the Japanese troops lost in the battle of Cangzhou, the enemy aircraft that was shot down by Wang Zizhi and so on is likely to be it. Fang Jun mentioned that the 29th Army veteran Zhang Kezong had seen the enemy aircraft shot down. If the enemy aircraft in Zhang's impression was close to the 87-type appearance, the answer to this question would be closer to the truth.

In any case, in the case of continuous enemy air strikes but no air force can take off to resist, Wang Zhizhi's record of shooting down enemy bombers must be very morale-inspiring.

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