After Japan launched a war of aggression against China on September 18, 19, six Japanese generals lost their lives to China. The author interviewed Mr. Ruan Jiecheng, a veteran of Huangpu who killed the Japanese general in Zhenganshan County, one of the six major generals who lost his life.
Ding Huo (hereinafter referred to as Ding): Hello, Mr. Ruan, what was your position at that time in the battle that killed General Zhengxiang of Shan County, Japan?
Ruan Jiecheng (Hereinafter referred to as Ruan): It has been more than 60 years. In the winter of 1944, I was the captain of the 6th Squadron (company commander) of the Second Squadron of the Offshore Water Police Station in Zhejiang Province. The second brigade is responsible for the defense of the south bank of the Jiaojiang River. The sixth squadron is the left wing of the brigade. The squadron is located in Qiong Town, 4 kilometers away from Haimen City (nearly 7 kilometers from the Jiaojiang estuary). There are not many residents in the town. There is a wharf along the river. At the time of the war, Haimen was the front line of Haiphong. The Jiaojiangkou was blocked, and all ships were prohibited from entering or leaving.
Ding: How did you discover the hostility at that time? For more than 60 years, can you still clearly remember the course of this battle?
Ruan: Of course, this is a major event in my life and a matter of life and death. I will never forget it in my life. It was around 4 pm on March 7, 1945. I came out of the squadron and went to the riverside to check the post. There was a whistle at the riverside pier. I left the squadron and looked across the street. Looking around, I saw several people gathered around and pointing to the entrance of Jiaojiang, what seemed to be talking about. I walked a few steps. The sentry on the river bank saw me coming and saluted me. I went to the crowd of people and waited for them to speak. I had already seen a river called Mouse Island in the Jiaojiang Estuary. A large plane is parked.
Ding: What kind of plane was it? At that time, did planes often appear over the coast of Haimen and other coasts?
Ruan: I was still far from the plane at that time. I could not see the markings on the plane. At that time, World War II had entered its final year, and the Allied forces had turned into a counterattack since last year. The German fascist battle in the European battlefield has been settled; the Japanese army in the Pacific battlefield has steadily retreated, and the US army ’s island-crossing offensive is approaching the Japanese mainland. The Japanese Air Force has suffered heavy losses and has lost control. At that time, the U.S. Air Force aircraft took off from its aircraft carrier. After completing the combat mission, it often no longer flew back to the carrier. It flew to Zhejiang Luzhou Airport for landing. There were also American aircraft crossing the coast such as Haimen, so I saw this aircraft at that time. Thought it was an ally. Just a few minutes, the big plane was taxiing across the river facing the town of Li. When the plane was about 30 meters away from us, I could see that this was a giant 4-engine seaplane with a large plaster mark on the tail. It turned out to be an enemy plane! What happened? Tight, immediately alert: how to deal with the sudden change of situation?-Our army was responsible for anti-smuggling and other tasks in addition to defensive tasks, so sometimes I did n’t wear military uniforms and I was wearing casual clothes. I was wearing a cotton robe that day. .
It ’s really late. At that time, the plane stopped for 7 or 8 meters when we were standing. At that time, the river was ebb, and the pontoon of the plane had touched the mud bank. It could no longer be forward. After stopping, from Three Japanese soldiers appeared in the cabin. From the perspective of wearing, all three were Zaku (school) officers. They boarded a small boat board next to the plane and pushed it with their hands, and the boat board leaned on the trestle. People crossed the trestle and came towards us.
At the same time, as I signaled the sentry not far away to conceal standby immediately, I stepped out of the crowd, took a few steps forward, and also went to the trestle pier to face the three men.
Ding: Elder Ruan, what happened to the three Japanese officers who went ashore?
Ruan: I was facing three Japanese officers. One of them asked me. He speaks Japanese. I learned simple Japanese at the military school, but I have forgotten it for a long time. I gestured to a pen-book conversation, but I didn't carry a pen with me, nor did I have paper. The other person took out a pen and paper and the conversation began.
I ask, what are you doing here?
The enemy did not answer my question directly, but asked, what is this place?
I answered, Haimen.
The enemy asked again, not Zhenhai?
I answered, not Zhenhai, but Haimen.
The enemy was shocked, and the three looked at each other with panic.
I ask, what do you want to do when you come ashore?
After the three of them discussed, they asked for something to eat
As I talked with the enemy, instead of dealing with it, I observed and considered it. At that time, I judged that these people were not officers who fought directly on the battlefield. It was estimated that they were staff members such as military staff and staff. There would never be only three of them on the plane. There will definitely be more senior officers on board, and this senior officer is certainly not a small one. At the same time, I observed that there was no gun position on the fuselage of this seaplane. This aircraft was not a fighter and had less gunfire. I quickly thought that I could take this opportunity, act on the camera, coax the crew ashore, and "catch me up" and catch them all alive. So I wrote on the paper: Yes, please come ashore and have something to eat.
The three talked lightly and wrote: OK, let's discuss it. In this way, the three Japanese officers hurriedly returned to the plane from the same way.
At this time, I also returned to the shore, and the sentry quickly returned to the squadron to summon the team and immediately brought weapons to the dock to stand by. As time passed, the sky gradually darkened, and the tide had fallen to seven or eight. The plane had all been stranded on the mud and could not move. I'm thinking about the next step to "take advantage of it". Suddenly, "bang" and "bang" sounded chaotic gunshots not far from the right rear, and they got closer and closer. In the dark, I saw more than ten people running along the river embankment, some holding long guns, some raising short guns, some wielding big knives , and yelling while shooting. It turned out that this was a group of newly recruited Zhedong escort team members who had yet to undergo training. They also saw the Japanese machine and rushed over in disorder. I yelled at them not to shoot, but nobody listened. It's no wonder that these people are habitually accustomed to on weekdays. Without training, they don't even know me, the local garrison commander.
At this time, our soldiers were also brought to the river by the squad leader (platoon leader), fully armed, and even carried a heavy machine gun that had never been used. At this moment the plane shot back with a pistol on the shore. This was already the case, and I ordered my department to fire when I saw this. The battle started. At that time, because we were standing high on the river embankment, and had a bank as a bunker, we had an absolute advantage in the terrain, and we had to fight more and less in terms of personnel. During the main gun battle, there were two heavy explosions from the aircraft, followed by flames from the cabin, presumably we hit the explosive part of the aircraft, and then the whole machine caught fire, and the flames soared into the sky. The counterattack stopped immediately. At this point, as the tide returned, the residual machine was swallowed up by the seawater. This sudden battle ended with our victory without any damage. The plane was submerged in the sea water, and the Zhedong escort team members also left.
Ding: What about those Japanese officers on the plane?
Ruan: The Japanese machine sank in the sea. After the battle, I organized the troops to clean up the battlefield separately. I found 4 Japanese corpses from a small wooden boat moored on the river, and then captured 5 people from another small wooden boat. Five more were caught in the county's Datian Port and Hehuang Bays. A total of 10 Japanese prisoners in these two batches were escorted to Taizhou Defence Command. After interrogation, Japanese prisoners confessed:
"What landed in Jiaojiang today is the newly developed 4-engine giant water transport aircraft developed by Japan. This aircraft is a dedicated landline for the commander of the Fourth Fleet of the South Branch of the (Japanese Army) and Zhengxiang of Lieutenant General Shanshan County. There are 15 people on board, including Major General of Shanxian, as well as staff, deputies, and crew members such as Da Zuo, Zhong Zuo, Shao Zuo, etc. (We) today after attending a military meeting held by (Japan) Commander-in-Chief of the Southern Dispatching Army and Lieutenant General Tanaka (in Guangzhou) On the way back to Kaohsiung, Taiwan from Guangzhou before noon, I saw American fighters patrolling several times over the coasts of Guangdong and Fujian. Because (Shanxian) is a transport aircraft, it is large in size and has no combat capabilities. Avoiding the ground, fleeing again and again, and fleeing from Guangdong to Fujian over Fujian. It took too long to return to avoid, and the fuel on board was exhausted, so it was impossible to continue sailing. The commander of the mountain county decided to land on the water surface of Zhenhai area in Minjiangkou, Japan. The driver on the plane regarded the Haimen of Jiaojiang Estuary as Zhenhai at the Minjiang Estuary, and landed by mistake. (The two terrains of Haimen and Zhenhai are quite similar, both are located south of a river's estuary. And two North Shore has a pagoda, also near two space distance, range up instantly.)
After being shot, the plane was stranded on the mud and could not move. It was all beaten. Soon, the aircraft exploded and caught fire. We escaped from the cabin and climbed into the boat. We wanted to escape out of the sea in the dark. Unexpectedly, there were no navigation tools in the boat. We Finally caught. When the plane exploded, the commander of the county did not climb out at the same time, and the situation was unknown later. "
According to the Japanese prisoner's confession, the basic situation is clear: there were 15 people on board, 4 killed, 10 people were caught in two successive batches, and 1 person was still missing. According to the Japanese prisoner's confession, it was judged that this person was Riyueshan County. Afterwards, the Japanese broadcaster said: Zhengxiang of Shanxian County died unfortunately and pursued the admiral.
(Zhengxiang, Yamagata, born in Yamaguchi, Japan, born in 1891. He graduated from the Japanese Naval Academy, Naval University, and studied military studies in the United Kingdom. He has served as the director of the Naval Aviation Headquarters, the captain of the Fengxiang warship, the instructor of the Naval University, and the Army University. Aviation instructor. In 1938, he was commander of the Third Joint Aviation Corps. He led naval aviation to invade our Yangtze River basin to cooperate with the Japanese Army's aggression. He later served as commander of the 26th Aviation Corps. He was the chief of the Kaohsiung Police Force in Taiwan. The commander of the Fourth Fleet is currently serving in the Pacific to fight against Britain and the United States. This person is known for his naval operations and aviation tactics in the Japanese military. He is a leader of the Japanese navy generals. He was awarded the Gold Medal three times during his lifetime. Gold Medal of First Class.)
Ding: Elder Ruan, in which year did you graduate from the Huangpu Military Academy ?
Ruan: I was in high school in Peiping (now Beijing) in 1937. On the eve of Lugouqiao ’s July 7th Incident, I participated in summer student concentration military training. The chief of the military training was the 37th Division 110th Brigade of the 29th Army. Brigadier General He Jizhen (member of the Chinese Communist Party underground, deputy commander of the Kuomintang Third Appeasement District during the Huaihai Campaign , and General Zhang Kexia led a three and a half division battlefield uprising). We received profound patriotism and anti-Japanese education during military training. At that time, the situation in North China was critical, and finally the "July 7th" incident happened, and military training was forced to end early. I left Peiping with my family and went to Nanjing. I moved to Wuchang before Nanjing fell. Soon after Wuchang, I went to Sichuan alone and went to Sichuan Hezhou National Second Middle School to continue my studies in high school. In the winter of 1938, the 16th term enrollment at the Huangpu Military Academy, I was admitted to the test, which ended my student life. ●
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