Speaking of the Lugou Bridge Incident , people often do n’t understand a question: Did n’t the Japanese army stay in the Northeast? When the Lugou Bridge Incident happened in 1937, North China was not occupied. Why did Wanping Lugou Bridge have Japanese devils? Where did they come from? Come?
To answer this question, we must start with the " Xin and Ugly Treaty ." On September 7, 1901, the Qing government was forced to sign with the powers the most humiliating "Treaty of Ugliness" in modern Chinese history. The adoption of the treaty not only extorted 450 million taels of silver from the Qing government, but also imposed many harsh conditions. One of them was that foreign troops could be stationed in Beijing and 12 strategic locations along the route from Beijing to Shanhaiguan. In fact, as early as 4 months before the signing of the "Ugly Treaty", the Japanese government announced the establishment of the "Qing State Garrison Army" in the name of "protecting overseas Chinese" and "road protection" (in 1912, it was changed to "Chinese Garrison Army"). ), Appointed Lieutenant General Oshima Jiuzhi as the first commander. The headquarters is located in Haiguang Temple, Tianjin, and the barracks are located in Haiguang Temple and Beijing Dongjiaomin Lane. The troops are deployed in Beijing, Tianjin, Tanggu, Qinhuangdao, Shanhaiguan and other places.
Among the Japanese troops that invaded China, the most famous is the " Kanto Army ." However, compared with the "Chinese Garrison", the "Kuandong Army" is just a "small character". It was founded in 1919, 18 years later than the "Chinese Garrison". The Lugou Bridge Incident in 1937 was the 3rd Brigade (battalion) of the 1st Infantry Brigade (Regiment) of the Chinese Garrison Army in Fengtai. At that time, Japan's "Chinese Garrison" had been stationed in Peiping for 36 years.
Why choose Lugou Bridge
The Japanese have always been known for their earnestness and meticulousness. The location of the trouble at Lugou Bridge is by no means a casual decision, but a premeditated one.
Lugou Bridge has been a strategic place and a throat of traffic since ancient times. The battle between defending the bridge and seizing it has never stopped. In the 20th century, another railway bridge was erected not far north of Lugou Bridge. In 1905, the Pinghan Railway, a major artery of China's transportation, opened to traffic through this line. In addition, there are two railway branch lines in Lugouqiao area, reaching Peiping and Tongxian, and connecting with Beining Line via Fengtai. In this way, the Lugouqiao area has become the meeting point of the three railway lines of Pinghan, Pingsui and Pingjin, and its strategic position is even more important.
As we all know, after the September 18th Incident captured the three eastern provinces of China, Japan ’s next goal is to seize North China, and Pingjin is the political, military, economic, and cultural core of North China. Peking ’s status is particularly important. The Japanese even thought: Winning Peiping, the rest will fall without a fight. "
By the eve of the July 7th Incident , the Japanese army had begun to surround Beiping on three sides:
To the east, there are the Japanese pseudo-government and its own army supported by the Japanese army; to the north, a pseudo-Mongolian and Xinjiang autonomous government headed by the German king; and to the southeast, the Japanese army occupied Fengtai. In this way, only the Lugou Bridge in the southwest of Peiping is still under the control of the Chinese army. Lugou Bridge is the only channel for Beiping to maintain external communications, and it has become a battleground between China and Japan. At that time, someone pointed out: "The gains and losses of Lugou Bridge are the survival of Beiping; the gains and losses of Beiping are the survival of the North China Plain; and the Northwest, Longhai Line, and even the Yangtze River are not threatened by it." Taking Lugou Bridge as the first target is by no means an interim decision for incidents, but a long-planned strategic step in launching a comprehensive war of aggression against China.
Where did the Japanese devil who revealed the Lugou Bridge come from?
Where did the "missing Japanese soldier" go
Prior to the July 7th Incident, the Japanese army repeatedly held exercises in the Lugouqiao area with the Chinese defenders as imaginary enemies and continued to provoke. On the morning of July 7, 1937, the Japanese army came to the north of Lugouqiao to perform exercises. In the afternoon, the 8th Company of the 3rd Battalion of the 1st Regiment of the Japanese Riverside Brigade stationed in Fengtai was led by the company commander Shimizu Jielang and set off from the barracks to the northwest of Longgou Temple in Lugou Bridge for night exercises.
At 7:30, the twilight came, and Kiyomizu Kiyoshi ordered the troops to start night exercises. Some Japanese officers and imaginary enemies immediately moved to the east. After the sky was completely dark, nearly 600 troops moved to the east where the enemy was supposed to be. At this time, there was no moon in the sky, and the city of Wanping in the night was looming . Inside and outside the city, swords are stretched out, and there is a tendency to break out.
In this dark night, the Japanese army implemented the long-planned aggressive plan step by step. Around 10:30, the 29th Army's garrison in Wanping suddenly heard a gunshot sounding from the Japanese military exercise position in the northeast of the city. In the silent night, the gunfire was so harsh that it attracted the close attention of the Wanping defenders.
After a short while, several Japanese troops came to Wanping City, claiming to have lost a soldier, demanded to enter the city for search, and were rejected by the city guards. The Japanese immediately surrounded the county of Wanping and opened fire. At the same time, Shimizu Jirou sent someone to Fengtai to report to the battalion commander Yimu Qingzhi, asking for support. Yi Muqing went directly to the report and immediately reported to the head of the 1st regiment of the boss, Mu Tiankou Lian. Mu Tian ordered Yi Mu to lead the 3rd Battalion to Lugou Bridge to help.
Like the September 18th Incident, the cause of the July 7th incident was also a Japanese self-directed performance. Afterwards, the Japanese once said that the "first shot" was released by "Communist students", which is naturally nonsense . The so-called "disappearance of soldiers" is also outrageous. The "missing" soldier was named Shimura Kijiro, a second-class soldier who left the team due to his release and soon returned to the team. After Kiyomizu Jiro knew about it, he deliberately did not report it. After the war, some people asked him why he didn't report at that time. Shimizu fumbled and said, "This is an unimaginable accident. It was my mistake. I don't remember it now." At 2 am on July 8th, the commander Ichiki Kiyoshi had learned of Shimura Kikurou's return, but thought: "Even the commander of the regiment ordered the negotiation and was suspended because of this. I do not know how China will publicize What about it? "So there was no cessation of military operations. However, since then, the Japanese have secretly changed the excuse for provocation from "missing soldiers" to "illegal shooting", and even simply denied that the Chinese side had been asked to search for "missing soldiers".
Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.
Women are rarely in power in history, and Lu Ye Wu Zetian and others' methods, even for many male compatriots, cannot be described in detail.
The six kings of the Ming Dynasty were founded, and then the interesting historical editors will bring the historical truth. Let ’s take a look! Xu Da of Wuning, Zhongshan, details
Fifth place Zhuge Liang, he was born in the official family's home. Young people often used the "Chinese First Phase" Guan Zhongzi to compare, but unfortunately there were details
Today's interesting history editor brought you some interesting things about Li Yifei. Welcome to read the comments. Details of Hangzhou in the Northern Song Dynasty
Today, the interesting history editor brought you some interesting things about the single queen. Welcome to read the comments. Shan's father is grass details
There are many heroes in ancient history. Have you heard Zhao Liangdong's story? Zhao Liangdong was born in the first year of the Qiqi Dynasty, Gansu. Details
Do you really know the Empress Xiaohuizhang? The interesting history editor will provide you with detailed related content. Fu Linchu ascended the throne, details
Follow the interesting history editor to explore the real stables in history. Let ’s talk about Zhuge Liang first, this man is a cautious detail
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you Zhu Gaochi's story. I hope it will be helpful to everyone. Ming Renzong Zhu Gao details
Ancient government officials have a two-day break or a single break? The interesting historical editor will explain it for you. "Peacock Flying Southeast" was originally called "Ancient Details
In the long history, Zhou Youzhe is a famous character, so do you know his story? Next details
In the long river of history, Lu Bu can be said to be very famous, so do you know his story? Next interesting details
Do you like Wei Qing ’s story? Today ’s interesting history editor will give you a detailed explanation ~ Wei Qing is a detail of the Western Han Dynasty
Do you like Xianfeng ’s story? Today ’s interesting history editor will give you a detailed explanation ~ Xianfeng is the last detail of the Qing Dynasty
Follow the interesting history editor to explore the true Wu Sangui in history. In 1644, Wu Sangui kept running for details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you Liu Bang's story. I hope it will be helpful to everyone. Mrs. Qi, no details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the story of Yongzheng. I hope it will be helpful to everyone. In the ancient due to system details
Take an inventory of the 5 couples in troubled times, and then the history editor will bring the historical truth, let's take a look! Meng Gao and details
Do you know what kind of wars happened after the invasion of China? The history editor will explain it for you. Details
Today, the editor of Fun History will bring you the road of titled Bai Jue. I hope it will be helpful to everyone. Bai Qi Shi Wu Details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the two weirdest wars in history! I hope it will be helpful to everyone. Details
Today, the editor of Fun History will bring you the loss of the Battle of Yiling and Shuhan. AD Details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the specific process of the battle of Baibiguan. I hope it can help you. In the " details
Do you know why Tang Jun can fight with one enemy and four against the battle of Baijiangkou? Next, the history editor will explain it for you. Details of AD 6
Today, the interesting history editor brought you the story of the battle of Baijiangkou. Interested readers can follow the editor for details.
Today's interesting history editor brought you the battle of why Zhao She could defeat Qin Guo? I hope it can help you. Details
Do you know when the battle at the Xiangji Temple was fought? I don't know if it's okay, the interesting history editor told you. Tang Dynasty details
Hello everyone, here is the interesting history editor. Today I will tell you about the pros and cons of taking over the party in the battle of Changping. Welcome to pay attention. Details
Today, the interesting history editor brings you the analysis of the defeat of the battle of the Salars of the Ming Army. I hope it can help you. Details
In the long history of history, Liu Bowen can be said to be very famous, so do you know his story? Next details
In the long history, Li Yu can be said to be very famous, so do you know his story? Next interesting details
Follow the interesting history editor to explore the true Wang Yuanzhi in history. Wang Yuanzhi was born in an ordinary family, for details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you Xu Da's story. I hope it can be helpful to everyone. Zhu Yuanzhang's establishment details
Today's interesting history editor brings you some strange things in the Ming Dynasty? I hope it can help you. Details
What is the "Three Strange Life" brought to you by the interesting history editor today? I hope it can help you. Recent little details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the story of Li Shimin's applause, and I hope it can be helpful to everyone. AD Details
The interesting history editor introduces a princess, a model of a good wife and mother, but she is really unhappy! Details of this public
Today's interesting history editor brings you some interesting things about the Emperor Jiajing. Welcome to read the comments. Details of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty
Today, the interesting history editor brings everyone to kill the prince, the princess and the monarch princess. Details
Today, the interesting editor of history brings you the entanglement between the three kingdoms of Han, Zhao, and Wei. I hope it can help you. Details in battle
Today, the interesting history editor brought you an article about what is the unity of man and nature. Welcome to read it ~ Said in detail
How much is the current 100,000 yuan worth in the Qing Dynasty? The following interesting history editor will introduce the relevant content in detail for everyone. Details
Today ’s interesting history editor brings you similar powers. How does the Governor lead the governor? Interested readers can follow the editor for details
Today's interesting history editor brings you how Qin Shihuang broke the art of synergy? I hope it can help you. Details
Today, the interesting history editor brought you the time when the Qing Dynasty began to weaken? I hope it can be helpful to everyone .
Today's interesting history editor brings you the cases of "诛 九族" in history? Interested readers can follow the small details
Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the territory of the Ming Dynasty, including Tibet? I hope it can help everyone. In details
Today's interesting history editor brought you the official functions of the Qing Dynasty to promote the governor? Interested readers can follow the editor for details
What kind of organization is "Mei Chuan Du"? Let me introduce the related content in detail. Song Tai details
Today's interesting history editor brings everyone to Jin Yong's novel. How many people have trained Jiuyin's white bone claws? Interested readers can learn more
Today ’s interesting history editor brings you why “youth learn Confucianism, middle-aged school Taoism, and old age Buddhism”? I hope for more details
Today, the interesting history editor brought you an article about Journey to the West, welcome to read ~ I don't know if you listen to the details
Today, what kind of people did the interesting history editor bring to you to participate in the Peach Club? I hope it can help you. West details
For those who are interested in "Journey to the West", the interesting historical editor brings detailed articles for your reference. Bodhizu details
Today, the interesting history editor prepared for everyone: Who said the "Three Views on the Destruction of Bamboo Books"? Interested friends, please come to details
Today, the interesting history editor brought you an article about the name of the girl named Jiagu. Welcome to read it ~ details
What is the oldest history book brought to you by the interesting history editor today? I hope it will be helpful to you. Speaking of this detail
Today, the interesting history editor brings you the saints in Chinese history? Interested readers can follow the editor to see the details
Today, the interesting editor of history brings you a selection of poetic names of baby Cui. I hope it will be helpful to you. Details