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Lugou Bridge Incident Suspense: Where did the Japanese come from?
Interesting history2015-07-28 09:55:43

Speaking of the Lugou Bridge Incident , people often do n’t understand a question: Did n’t the Japanese army stay in the Northeast? When the Lugou Bridge Incident happened in 1937, North China was not occupied. Why did Wanping Lugou Bridge have Japanese devils? Where did they come from? Come?

To answer this question, we must start with the " Xin and Ugly Treaty ." On September 7, 1901, the Qing government was forced to sign with the powers the most humiliating "Treaty of Ugliness" in modern Chinese history. The adoption of the treaty not only extorted 450 million taels of silver from the Qing government, but also imposed many harsh conditions. One of them was that foreign troops could be stationed in Beijing and 12 strategic locations along the route from Beijing to Shanhaiguan. In fact, as early as 4 months before the signing of the "Ugly Treaty", the Japanese government announced the establishment of the "Qing State Garrison Army" in the name of "protecting overseas Chinese" and "road protection" (in 1912, it was changed to "Chinese Garrison Army"). ), Appointed Lieutenant General Oshima Jiuzhi as the first commander. The headquarters is located in Haiguang Temple, Tianjin, and the barracks are located in Haiguang Temple and Beijing Dongjiaomin Lane. The troops are deployed in Beijing, Tianjin, Tanggu, Qinhuangdao, Shanhaiguan and other places.

Among the Japanese troops that invaded China, the most famous is the " Kanto Army ." However, compared with the "Chinese Garrison", the "Kuandong Army" is just a "small character". It was founded in 1919, 18 years later than the "Chinese Garrison". The Lugou Bridge Incident in 1937 was the 3rd Brigade (battalion) of the 1st Infantry Brigade (Regiment) of the Chinese Garrison Army in Fengtai. At that time, Japan's "Chinese Garrison" had been stationed in Peiping for 36 years.

Why choose Lugou Bridge

The Japanese have always been known for their earnestness and meticulousness. The location of the trouble at Lugou Bridge is by no means a casual decision, but a premeditated one.

Lugou Bridge has been a strategic place and a throat of traffic since ancient times. The battle between defending the bridge and seizing it has never stopped. In the 20th century, another railway bridge was erected not far north of Lugou Bridge. In 1905, the Pinghan Railway, a major artery of China's transportation, opened to traffic through this line. In addition, there are two railway branch lines in Lugouqiao area, reaching Peiping and Tongxian, and connecting with Beining Line via Fengtai. In this way, the Lugouqiao area has become the meeting point of the three railway lines of Pinghan, Pingsui and Pingjin, and its strategic position is even more important.

As we all know, after the September 18th Incident captured the three eastern provinces of China, Japan ’s next goal is to seize North China, and Pingjin is the political, military, economic, and cultural core of North China. Peking ’s status is particularly important. The Japanese even thought: Winning Peiping, the rest will fall without a fight. "

By the eve of the July 7th Incident , the Japanese army had begun to surround Beiping on three sides:

To the east, there are the Japanese pseudo-government and its own army supported by the Japanese army; to the north, a pseudo-Mongolian and Xinjiang autonomous government headed by the German king; and to the southeast, the Japanese army occupied Fengtai. In this way, only the Lugou Bridge in the southwest of Peiping is still under the control of the Chinese army. Lugou Bridge is the only channel for Beiping to maintain external communications, and it has become a battleground between China and Japan. At that time, someone pointed out: "The gains and losses of Lugou Bridge are the survival of Beiping; the gains and losses of Beiping are the survival of the North China Plain; and the Northwest, Longhai Line, and even the Yangtze River are not threatened by it." Taking Lugou Bridge as the first target is by no means an interim decision for incidents, but a long-planned strategic step in launching a comprehensive war of aggression against China.

Where did the Japanese devil who revealed the Lugou Bridge come from?

Where did the "missing Japanese soldier" go

Prior to the July 7th Incident, the Japanese army repeatedly held exercises in the Lugouqiao area with the Chinese defenders as imaginary enemies and continued to provoke. On the morning of July 7, 1937, the Japanese army came to the north of Lugouqiao to perform exercises. In the afternoon, the 8th Company of the 3rd Battalion of the 1st Regiment of the Japanese Riverside Brigade stationed in Fengtai was led by the company commander Shimizu Jielang and set off from the barracks to the northwest of Longgou Temple in Lugou Bridge for night exercises.

At 7:30, the twilight came, and Kiyomizu Kiyoshi ordered the troops to start night exercises. Some Japanese officers and imaginary enemies immediately moved to the east. After the sky was completely dark, nearly 600 troops moved to the east where the enemy was supposed to be. At this time, there was no moon in the sky, and the city of Wanping in the night was looming . Inside and outside the city, swords are stretched out, and there is a tendency to break out.

In this dark night, the Japanese army implemented the long-planned aggressive plan step by step. Around 10:30, the 29th Army's garrison in Wanping suddenly heard a gunshot sounding from the Japanese military exercise position in the northeast of the city. In the silent night, the gunfire was so harsh that it attracted the close attention of the Wanping defenders.

After a short while, several Japanese troops came to Wanping City, claiming to have lost a soldier, demanded to enter the city for search, and were rejected by the city guards. The Japanese immediately surrounded the county of Wanping and opened fire. At the same time, Shimizu Jirou sent someone to Fengtai to report to the battalion commander Yimu Qingzhi, asking for support. Yi Muqing went directly to the report and immediately reported to the head of the 1st regiment of the boss, Mu Tiankou Lian. Mu Tian ordered Yi Mu to lead the 3rd Battalion to Lugou Bridge to help.

Like the September 18th Incident, the cause of the July 7th incident was also a Japanese self-directed performance. Afterwards, the Japanese once said that the "first shot" was released by "Communist students", which is naturally nonsense . The so-called "disappearance of soldiers" is also outrageous. The "missing" soldier was named Shimura Kijiro, a second-class soldier who left the team due to his release and soon returned to the team. After Kiyomizu Jiro knew about it, he deliberately did not report it. After the war, some people asked him why he didn't report at that time. Shimizu fumbled and said, "This is an unimaginable accident. It was my mistake. I don't remember it now." At 2 am on July 8th, the commander Ichiki Kiyoshi had learned of Shimura Kikurou's return, but thought: "Even the commander of the regiment ordered the negotiation and was suspended because of this. I do not know how China will publicize What about it? "So there was no cessation of military operations. However, since then, the Japanese have secretly changed the excuse for provocation from "missing soldiers" to "illegal shooting", and even simply denied that the Chinese side had been asked to search for "missing soldiers".

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