On August 13, 1937, the gunshot went to the beach, and the Songhu Battle began. "It is better to be a war dead than a slave", countless soldiers hold this faith and donate their lives to the country . 78 years have passed, and we can no longer see the heroism when they killed their enemies in blood, but they willingly sacrificed their own tragedy for the motherland, which has long been cast into a monument to our national memory.
The first senior general who died in the battle
Huang Meixing, a talented student in the first phase of the Huangpu Military Academy , was the brigade commander and major general of the 264th Brigade of the 88th Division of the Ace Force when the Battle of Songhu broke out. In his career in the military, it was normal for the soldiers to take the lead and to kill Yashi, so that Huang Meixing's team had the title of "fighting force."
During the first few days of the Battle of Songhu, the 264th Brigade was ordered to hold Hongkou's position and wait for the opportunity to attack the Japanese Marine Corps Command. The Japanese army not only organized heavy troops to launch a group charge on the 264th brigade position, but also dispatched aircraft bombing. The battle situation often reversed within ten minutes. Huang Meixing simply set the brigade department on the front line for immediate disposal. Due to the prominent position, the brigade was hit by artillery fire many times. The deputy advised Huang Meixing to evacuate quickly. He shouted, "How can a soldier be afraid of death!"
At 1600 hours on August 14, 1937, the 264th Brigade not only disintegrated the Japanese offensive, but also pushed the front near the Japanese headquarters, and the resistance of the enemies became even more mad. In the evening, Huang Meixing observed a weakness in the Japanese defense line, and then telegraphed the division, saying that he would win the target before dark, and then he led the reserve team into street fighting. During the battle, a Japanese mortar shell exploded beside Huang Meixing. He unfortunately died as a nation and became the first senior Chinese general to sacrifice during the battle. In 1938, Mao Zedong spoke highly of the martyrs such as Huang Meixing in the "Speech Speech at the 13th Anniversary of the Death of Prime Minister Sun and Memorial of the Anti-Rivals" issued by Yan'an.
Coexistence with Baoshan City
Yao Ziqing and Huang Meixing are not only fellow citizens of Guangdong, but also brothers and sisters of Huangpu Military Academy. Compared with Huang Meixing's standard soldier image, Yao Ziqing, who wears a pair of glasses and is elegant and elegant, is more like a teacher. However, appearance is often "one-sided". As the main battalion commander of the KMT's 98th Division, 292nd Brigade, and 583th Regiment, Yao Ziqing was very brave on the battlefield. When the Ministry was ordered to go to the Shanghai front, he asked his wife: " Do n’t be sad if you do n’t know what to expect, but raise your children and filial honour.
On August 31, 1937, Yao Ziqing's ministry was ordered to guard Baoshan County, where the enemy was attacked on three sides. Although the chance of victory was slim, he still encouraged his subordinates to "swear coexistence and death with Baoshan." According to the Japanese 3rd Division Regiment's combat log, the division relied on the 68th Wing with the strongest fighting force to attack Baoshan. They wanted to use the help of naval guns to "bomb first, then occupy", and to take away Baoshan City, which had only a low wall barrier. . However, Yao Ziqing Camp is by no means a "soft persimmon". They combined short-range strikes, gap counter-attacks, house-to-house fights, and setting false targets to defeat Japanese invaders again and again. It was not until September 5th that the Japanese army strengthened the 11th Division to the front of Baoshan. After two days of fierce fighting, it broke the defense line of Yao Ziqing and entered the city.
On the morning of September 7th, the superior Japanese army poured into Baoshan City, and Yao Ziqing Camp, which had lost its organizational system, started a street fight with the enemy. Towards the end of the battle, the entire battalion sacrifice all but one of the soldiers who reported to the rear. Battalion commander Yao Ziqing also died in a street fight at the age of 28. It was precisely because of the tenacious fighting spirit of Yao Ziqing Camp that the 3rd Division of the Japanese Army, known for its fierceness, was also shocked. After the Japanese entered the city, the dead bodies were buried and buried, and they lined up to pay tribute.
The Highest Tier in the Battle
For the Northeast Army who lost its homeland as early as the "September 18 Incident" in 1931, it was a long-awaited event to be able to participate in the Songhu Battle. When the restraint of the "non-resistance" policy was relieved, these soldiers who had left their homeland We do not hesitate to use our lives to practice the swearing vows of "going back to our hometown".
The 67th Army, basically composed of Northeast children, entered the Shanghai-Shanghai Battlefield at the end of October 1937. At that time, the situation was extremely unfavorable to China. On November 5, the Japanese Army ’s 6, 18, 114th Division, and the 5th Division Landing at Jinshanwei and piercing the Songjiang River poses a flanking threat to the main force of the Chinese army, which is struggling along the Suzhou River. In order to give the large troops time to retreat, Lieutenant General Wu Keren, commander of the 67th Army, led Songbu to Songjiang on the evening of the 6th, blocking the way of the Japanese 6th Division.
After a long period of consumption, most Chinese troops have become tired. In the words of veteran Feng Yuxiang , "This battlefield is like a melting pot. Countless troops fill it in and melt!" However, after the 67th Army suffered heavy casualties, it was still fighting spirit. Even the Japanese army was deeply in awe. From November 6th to 8th, the dissatisfied 67th Army and the 6th Division of the Japanese Army, supported by heavy artillery and aircraft, started a street-to-house battle, and Wu Keren went to the front line to supervise the battle. On the night of the 8th, after completing the task of defending the city for three days, Wu Keren led the remaining thousands to break through Kunshan. However, he was not expected to be intercepted by the Japanese army the following evening. general.
"China's No Captive Air Force"
Northeast heroes who are eager to use their death to wash the snow of "non-resistance" are far more than Captain Wu Keren. Yan Haiwen, who had fled to Kannai because of the "September 18th Incident," regarded the Japanese invaders as his enemies. He wrote in his diary: "The Northeast is destroyed, the country will not be a country . The dignified Chinese nation was destroyed and destroyed by slaves Alas, it is sad. "In 1936, he became a member of the 5th Brigade of the Chinese Air Force and patrol along the Yangtze River.
After the Battle of Songhu broke out, Yan Haiwen's 5th brigade was ordered to support the front line. On August 17, the 5th Brigade planned to send 6 planes to support the 88th Division of the Army in siege of Hongkou Japanese Command. Yan Haiwen actively called for battle. He said to his superiors: "I am an exile, I want to fight back to my hometown, and to serve the Northeast Thirty million compatriots avenge! "Eventually, he was offered a chance to go on expedition. It is regrettable that when the bomber mission was about to return, Yan Haiwen's plane was hit by Japanese artillery fire and fell into the enemy's position due to the change of wind direction when parachuting. After the siege, Yan Haiwenning did not surrender, pulled out a portable pistol to kill many Japanese soldiers, and then used the last bullet from the puppet nation in the shout of "China's No Captive Air Force!" At the age of 21. Feeling the bravery of Yan Haiwen, the Japanese army built a grave for it, and the inscription on the grave was "The Tomb of the Warrior of the Air Force."
In October 1937, Tokyo, Japan, held the "Chinese Air Force Warriors Yan Haiwen Exhibition" to display its relics from life, and these relics did not return to China until the end of the Anti-Japanese War.
Oath with enemy ships
Shen Chongzheng is a graduate of Tsinghua University. In old China, he can be called "elite among the elite", not to mention he is also a member of the Tsinghua University football team. After the "September 18 Incident", Shen Chongzhen took the action to submit to Congrong, applied for the third phase of the Central Aviation School, stayed on to teach after graduation, and served as the captain of the 9th Squadron of the 2nd Air Force.
After the battle in Shanghai, Shen Chongzheng's 2nd brigade was equipped with bombers and was ready to attack. On the morning of August 14th, he and his comrades piloted 21 Northrop 2E light bombers and carried out volley bombs on Japanese ships in Wusongkou, Japanese-controlled public spinning mills, and Huishan Pier. Return. In the afternoon, the 21 aircraft of the whole group dispatched again in two batches, bombing the Japanese targets in Shanghai and achieving great results.
On August 19, Shen Chongzheng and his comrades flew seven planes and flew towards Shanghai via Changxing and Wuxing, bombing the Japanese ships near Laoshan. When the plane flew over Nanhui, the No. 904 plane he piloted malfunctioned, smoke was emitted from the tail, the plane slowed down, landed behind the fleet, and could land in its own position if it forced landed or parachuted. However, Shen Chongzhen and the pilot of the same plane, Chen Xichun, drove the failed fighter and its bombs from high altitude towards the Japanese warships on the nearby sea, and all went along with them. Shen Chongzhen was only 26 years old. In recognition of his bravery, the National Government presented him with the rank of Captain of the Air Force.
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