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China's Three Secret Weapons on the Anti-Japanese Battlefield: Transformation from Large Oil Barrels
Fun history2015-09-05 15:46:31

do you know? Although China's weapons and equipment fell behind during the Anti-Japanese War, we still have some unknown "secret weapons" that played an important role in the Anti-Japanese War.

Let ’s introduce the “Levens” projectile.

The Levens projectile was named after its inventor and was first developed by Captain Levens of Britain during World War I. From 1916 to the mid-1930s, it has been one of the major chemical warfare weapons of the major powers of various countries. This weapon was modified and welded from a large snorkel or large oil barrel, and the projectile was a 3-gallon barrel filled with flammable fuel. In use, the projectile can project more than 180 meters of projectiles. After the explosion, the internal oil can be scattered on a relatively large area to ignite, and the comprehensive effect exceeds the flamethrowers at the time.

8.13 Help Shanghai

On August 13, 1937, the Japanese army forcibly landed in the Wusong River Bay area with its superior land, sea, and air force forces, and aggressively invaded Shanghai. The Chinese troops stationed in Shanghai fought back and the two sides fought fiercely. In view of the extremely limited number of artillery in our army, the Minister of the Ministry of Military Affairs of the National Government, He Yingqin, on August 15th ordered the Chemical Corps Corps under training in Nanjing to form a "Levins" projectile wing and set off for Shanghai to fight against Japan.

Three days after the order was issued, the "Levens" projectile wing arrived at the front line in Shanghai. The command required them to prepare everything for combat within two hours, and must destroy the Japanese headquarters in a seven-story reinforced concrete barracks near Hongkou Park. And cover artillery fire infantry to attack the enemy.

After the first round of salvo failed to hit the target, the projectile wing corrected the range and orientation, and in the second round of salvo the target's fourth floor. After the explosion of the yellow phosphorus incendiary bomb, the effect was astonishing. The Japanese army's command fire suddenly burst into the sky, the smoke billowed, and the sound of the enemy guns went silent. The highly encouraged officers and men continued to fire three rounds at this target until the observers reported that the enemy fortifications had completely collapsed before stopping the shelling. Immediately afterwards, the infantry infantry began to charge, and the sound of horns, guns, guns, and shouts rang through the sky, and our army successfully captured the predetermined positions. On the next day, newspapers of all sizes in Shanghai reported the victory of the Chinese army with prominent headlines.

"Air Hunter" anti-aircraft machine gun

After the War of Resistance, the Soviet Union provided the Kuomintang government with a large number of weapons and equipment, including 14,000 machine guns. Among these machine guns, the most popular for the Kuomintang army is the 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun. After obtaining these batches of anti-aircraft machine guns, the 21st Arsenal of the National Government began to imitate them. The fake anti-aircraft machine guns were supported by tripods, nearly 1.4 meters high, about 1.7 meters long, and the caliber was still 12.7 mm. They could be used to shoot low-altitude aircraft up to 800 meters in height. , And enemy paratroopers within 1500 meters.

"Air Hunter" defends Chongqing's airspace

During the Anti-Japanese War, the Kuomintang government retreated to Chongqing, and a large number of Japanese aircraft followed, and the bombing became a nightmare that the people of Chongqing had to face. In order to fight against Japanese air strikes, Chongqing has set up a large number of air defense forces to fight alongside the air force. In their equipment, there is a secret weapon dedicated to shooting enemy aircraft flying at low altitudes-an antiaircraft machine gun.

This kind of machine gun has a low cost. Although its lethality is not great, it is dense enough to drink a pot of little devils. Japanese aircraft often do not dare to lower the height of bombs, so the accuracy of high-altitude bombing is greatly reduced. "Someone called it an" air hunter "at the time," said a researcher at the Three Gorges Museum. "It was because of the heroic resistance of an antiaircraft machine gun that enemy planes did not dare to drop bombs close to the ground. None of the difficult years of the War of Resistance surrendered. "

Finale appearance: killing the enemy's heart, paper bombardment breaking the enemy's gall

As early as the end of 1936, the General Staff Headquarters of the National Government Military Committee proposed the idea of sending heavy bombers to bomb Japanese mainland in the 1937 "National Defense Operational Plan." After selection, Xu Huansheng and the remaining seven pilots were identified as the final candidates for the expedition in March 1938. When asked why he accepted such a dangerous task, Xu Huansheng answered categorically: "Young people can't just seek comfort and stability, they must fight against the enemy, and they must be determined to shed blood!"

In May 1938, the Chinese Air Force formulated the "Air Force's Domestic Attack Plan on the Enemy", preparing to use two Martin heavy bombers to conduct a cross-sea eastward expedition. This bomber has a theoretical range of 900 kilometers and was the only two long-range bombers that could fly to Japan at that time. Considering that the bombing of two planes alone could not only achieve the deterrent effect, it might also lead to large-scale retaliation by the Japanese army, so the National Government decided to use "secret weapons".

On the eve of the two planes' departure, the ordnance personnel moved boxes of "secret weapons" into the plane. If you open the box, you will find bundles of leaflets and brochures. The intention of the National Government is to use these "paper bombs" to "bomb" Japan's mainland. On the one hand, it breaks through the arrogant arrogance of the Japanese people who believes that Japan cannot be invaded. On the other hand, it awakens the anti-war awareness of the Japanese people. My determination to fight the Japanese people. Song Meiling , then Secretary General of the Aviation Commission, called the expedition a "humane expedition."

At 2:20 am on May 20, 1938, two Martin bombers flew close to the sea and reached Nagasaki Port. At 3 o'clock, the plane circled for one week and dropped the first batch of "paper bombs" with the help of city lights. For a time, snowflake-shaped leaflets were scattered all over Nagasaki. Subsequently, the aircraft made a semi-circular voyage north according to the original plan and flew to Sasebo, Saga, Kurume, Fukuoka and other places on Jiuzhou Island. In Fukuoka, the plane was discovered by the Japanese army, but it was unable to organize effective air defense for a while, but it was shot with searchlights. My crew was unmoved, dropping flares and dropping leaflets.

Due to limited fuel, the two Martin bombers circled in Japan for more than half an hour, and returned to the ship calmly after all the 2 million "paper bombs" they had taken were dropped. The next day, the citizens of Nagasaki, who got up early, picked up the flyer and saw that it was written in both Chinese and Japanese: "The invasion of China by the country is very sinful. If you don't tame it, the million flyers will become 10,000 tons of bombs. Quit it. "At the same time, this leaflet was circulated frantically in other cities, and the Japanese were worried for a while.

The Chinese Air Force ’s secret weapon "paper bomb" has achieved surprising results. The US " Washington Post" and the Soviet Union "Moscow News" have published articles praising the Chinese Air Force ’s flight to Japan to distribute leaflets. It is said that when Japan celebrated the 2600 years of the Royal Era in 1940, the commander of the joint fleet Fifty-six Yamamoto was very vigilant, and the troops will be deployed along the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea, and the coast of Japan to guard against it. Planes attacked the Japanese Imperial Palace, that would be a big deal! "

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