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Battle of Songhu: Why can't the 150,000 National Army resist the attack of the 50,000 Japanese Army?
Fun history2015-09-14 15:47:50

The 150,000 Kuomintang troops defending the capital against the 50,000 siege Japanese army, three times as many as the enemy, broke down in only 12 days! At that time, in the comparison of national power between China and Japan, the military power gap was comprehensive. Chiang Kai-shek knows that it is extravagant to tie the Japanese attack with the help of the Chinese family alone. Only by elevating the Sino-Japanese dispute to an international issue and triggering strong interference by the great powers in Japan can a weak China escape. In this context, Chiang Kai-shek, who has been forced to the corner, can only do a desperate job of breaking the net, that is, choosing the right time and the right place for a decisive battle with Japan. The Latin American and European powers and even the Soviet Union have stirred up Sino-Japanese disputes, which has caused Europe and the United States to aid China and arm China on a large scale. Only then can China hope to turn defeat into victory.

For this purpose, Chiang Kai-shek chose Shanghai as the place of decisive battle between China and Japan. First of all, Shanghai gathers diasporas from various countries and there are consulates in many countries. Once the Sino-Japanese decisive battle is ruthless, it will inevitably violate the interests of all countries. How can European and American powers remain indifferent? Secondly, Shanghai is located in the core area of Jiangsu and Zhejiang controlled by Chiang Kai-shek, which is not only a wealthy place for Chiang Kai-shek's government, but also a place where the Kuomintang army can easily gather. In August 1937, the "August 13th Shanghai Battle " started, and Chiang Kai-shek mobilized 750,000 horses to battle Shanghai with 300,000 air, sea, and air forces. Although the number of troops is more than that of Japan, due to the disparity in the comprehensive strength of the two countries ’military strengths, after three months of hard fighting, the battle ended with a heavy price of 300,000 KMT military casualties and forced retreat. The Japanese army with comprehensive advantages only suffered more than 40,000 casualties, and several of the Moroccan Divisions carefully crafted by Chiang Kai-shek were also severely damaged.

After the battle in Songhu, the Kuomintang army, which had been fragmented, was retreated to the front line of Nanjing. The Japanese army took advantage of the pursuit and pointed at Nanjing, the capital of the Chiang Kai-shek government. Chiang Kai-shek did not foresee the end of the battle in Nanjing, but he was still dreaming of the mediation of the League of Nations, and he looked forward to Japan's cliff. He even has the illusion that as long as the Kuomintang troops defending Nanjing can stay for one or two months, the international situation may change significantly, and countries that support China, including the Soviet Union, may send troops to force Japan to take over. hand. Chiang Kai-shek hoped that the army could stay for a month or two. In fact, the tiger-headed snake of the Battle of Shanghai and Shanghai caused great damage to the Kuomintang army, and the combat effectiveness and morale of the army plummeted. Chiang Kai-shek hurriedly cobbled together 150,000 troops to defend the capital Nanjing, but most of these 150,000 people were defeated by the remnants of the retreat from the battle of Songhu, including tens of thousands of recruits without combat experience. This made Nanjing's defense war frightening and the unwarmed soldiers panicked. At present, the enemies and soldiers are not only unwilling to become a city , but they are becoming a bird of surprise . The final defeat is unavoidable.

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