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Mysterious Inner Mongolia Cavalry Division in the Liao-Shen Campaign: Stop Liao Yaoxiang Corps
Fun history2015-09-25 11:40:40 Liao Yaoxiang Dai Anlan

During the three-year liberation war in the Northeast, an active Inner Mongolian cavalry unit consisting of soldiers of various ethnic groups, including Daur, Ewenki, Oroqen, Hui, Manchu and Han, was active. This cavalry was born in the flames of war and grew up in battle. It has participated in a series of battles and battles between the PLA and the Kuomintang Army for the Northeast. In particular, the Inner Mongolia Cavalry First Division (division commander Wang Haishan, political commissar Hu Zhaoheng) and the second division (division commander Bai Yinbrug, political commissar Hu Bingquan) worked closely with the main forces of the Northeast Field Army in the Liaoning-Shenzhen campaign and withstood severe tests and exercises. , Made a historic contribution to the liberation of the Northeast, and wrote a glorious chapter.

The 1st Cavalry Division was ordered to stop the Liao Yaoxiang Regiment that assisted Jinzhou

After the summer, autumn, and winter offensives of the PLA, the enemy forces in the northeast battlefield were guarded in three isolated areas of Changchun, Shenyang, and Jinzhou, and were in a state of inability to defend, to walk away, hesitate to wait and see, and contradictions . According to the decision of the Central Military Commission and Mao Zedong, the Northeast People's Liberation Army seized the opportunity of a decisive battle and first conducted a decisive battle with the Kuomintang troops on the northeast battlefield and launched the Liaoning-Shenzhen campaign, the eradication battle. Prior to the start of this great battle, the Inner Mongolia Cavalry Division was rehabilitated to protect the main forces of the Northeast Field Army, and was ordered to blockade and siege new enemies outside Shenyang.

In mid-March 1948, the Second Cavalry Division advanced to Tieling, Faku, and Zhangwu to monitor the enemies of Shenyang, then participated in the siege of new people, blocked Shenyang, prevented enemy raids, cracked down on enemy harassment and grabbed food. On August 8, the Second Cavalry Division (the 24th Regiment was temporarily absent) was ordered to withdraw from the Gegen Temple in Youqian Banner, Inner Mongolia for training, and handed over the task of blocking Shenyang and Xinmin to the First Cavalry Division. The First Division was ordered to enter the area of Faku, Zhangwu, Xinmin, and cooperate with the troops in the northern Liaoning military region to continue to monitor, blockade, and siege the enemy in the region, to rest, train, and conduct strategic decisive battles before the battle of the main forces of the Northeast Field Army. The preparation work and the implementation of a hidden strategy have played an avant-garde and vigilant role.

In September, according to the command of the Northeast Field Army Command, the 2nd Cavalry Division (including the 3rd Regiment of the First Division) performed the tasks of siege of Changchun and blocking the encroaching enemy of Changchun; the 1st Division (missing the 3rd Regiment) received the command of the 10th Column In the area of Heishan and Dahushan in the west of Liaoning Province, the Liao Yaoxiang Corps that was aided by Shenyang and Xinmin West was blocked.

The Liao-Shen Campaign was launched on September 12, 1948. On September 24th, the 1st Cavalry Division was ordered to set off in the rain overnight, crossing the Liuhe River westward for more than 150 miles, reaching the vicinity of Lijia Station, and blocking the new civilian enemy forces attempting to channel west. After several days of monitoring, no significant changes were found in the situation of the 71st Army, the enemy stationed in Xinmin. On September 30, the first division returned to the area between the Rangyang River and the Daliu River, taking Baima Factory as the center and actively conducting a broad and deep search.

On October 5, according to the order of the Tohoku Noji Division, Shizong changed the blocking task of the Cavalry First Division to the south of Banlamen, and carried out movement defense along the banks of the Rangyang River to prevent the enemy from crossing the river. On October 12, the main force of the enemy Liao Yaoxiang Corps entered the Zhangwu and Xinlitun areas, but progress was slowed by the Northeast Field Army. At this point, the main force of the PLA's attack on the Jin Dynasty has eliminated enemies around Jinzhou.

On October 13, the tenth column adjusted its force deployment based on changes in the enemy ’s situation, and ordered the first cavalry division to replace the 30th division of the tenth column at Banlamen to ensure the safety of the main wings. During the transfer to Xisunjiahuang, the first division was shot and bombed by enemy aircraft, with slight casualties. When the first division arrived, an enemy cavalry had invaded my positions such as Bajiazi, Chejiatun and Dongwangjiagangzi. The first division immediately organized a counterattack and expelled the enemy. The next day, the first division was instructed to hand over the Banlamen position to the second independent division in southern Liaoning, and moved to the first-line positions in the southern Sanjiazi, Mintun, and Shijiazi of the Ringanghe Station to face the Third and Second Brigade of the enemy cavalry. Defend.

On October 15, the Northeast Field Army captured Jinzhou. The good news came, which greatly inspired the victory confidence of all the cavalry commanders. On the same day, the First Cavalry Division received orders from the Northeast Division and quickly advanced to Tai'an, intercepting and fleeing enemies such as Fan Hanjie, deputy commander-in-chief of the Northeast "Zong Zong" who fled from the enemy of Jinzhou to Tai'an. The first division immediately organized an army operation without stopping , marching through the night, arrived in Tai'an at dawn the next day, and sent a search in the direction of Panshan and Goubangzi. Subsequently, he received a telegram from the Northeast Noji Division, and Fan Hanjie had been captured, asking the First Division to quickly return to Banlamen and Xida Ligangzi to perform the original mission.

As the first division entered Tai'an, the Third Cavalry of the enemy cavalry invaded the area of Banshangmen to search for harassment. On the evening of the 17th, the first division returned to Banlamen and Xigang Ligangzi after a day of marching, and unexpectedly captured several enemy cavalry scouts. On the 18th, the First Division fought several times with the enemy squads. The most worth mentioning was the Guojiawopu battle. In this battle, the power of the cavalry's mobility was fully demonstrated. About half an hour, the enemy cavalry fifth regiment commander Dai Daifeng and more than 20 people, and the deputy commander Liu Falin less than 30 people captured the victory. The commander of the Northern Military Region Commander Nie Heting and the political commissar Tao Zhu praised the report.

The Second Cavalry Division was ordered to participate in the siege of Changchun and wipe out the enemy of the siege

Starting from September 6, 1948, the Second Cavalry Division successively took the train from Gegen Temple to the Changchun Front Line. The troops got off at the designated stations between Baokang and Wohutun, and then switched to marching on horses. The whole division divided into several columns to advance toward Changchun. On September 10, the regiments and divisions successively arrived in Heilin Township, about 40 miles northwest of Changchun. After the Second Division reported to the Changchun Frontline Command Post, the former Chief of Staff of the solution party immediately visited the division headquarters to inspect the troops, listened to the report, clarified the combat mission, and reviewed and approved the second division's combat plan and military deployment: Changchun refers to the mobile unit, taking Helin Town as the center, occupying the established positions, and using a determined resistance to eliminate enemies that might break through and delay the enemy's actions. Or use timely maneuvering, flexibly use tactics such as side attack, pursuit, and cooperate with the main army to wipe out enemies.

In order to better complete the above-mentioned combat tasks, the leaders of the Second Division, while asking the troops to hurry up the time to build fortifications and stand by, they emphasized the following two tasks: first, to accurately grasp the changes in the enemy's situation and ensure communications; Former military training set off a wave of troop training.

To this end, the Second Division assigned a competent liaison staff to Changchun before, to keep abreast of changes in the enemy's situation and receive tasks in a timely manner, to communicate orders and instructions to ensure that the superior's orders are executed accurately and timely, and the combat tasks are successfully completed. In addition, the regiments made use of the time before the war to vigorously carry out large-scale military training activities centered on horse riding in accordance with the unified plan of the division headquarters. The military training activities of the regiments in the area of Heilin Town not only caused a sensation among the residents of the local villages and villages, they were praised by them, but also quickly spread to the KMT garrison in the city of Changchun. There are legends: "There are 50,000 Inner Mongolian cavalry in Heilin Town." Such rumors spread more and more, causing shock to the enemy, which in turn caused the enemy to be hit mentally. During the second division's intensified readiness in Heilin Township area, although the Changchun defenders had several tentative breakout operations, they were all annihilated by our siege forces and had to retract into the city.

On October 10, the defending enemy organized another main force to launch a desperate breakout operation with the cooperation of its air force. At 2 am on the same day, the enemy's vanguard began to attack from the siege forces of our city from the west gate of Changchun, attempting to break through the position and fled to Shenyang along the main railway line. The battle was fierce. Especially after dawn, the enemy began to cooperate in land and air combat, repeatedly pounding at the siege forces of our siege. Until noon, Changchun instructed the Second Division to quickly move to the Fanjiatun and Shengjiatun areas to prepare for a stand-by attack and cooperate with the main army to chase out enemies. The second division dispatched immediately and went to the designated area on standby. In the afternoon, there was news that Changchun's enemy breakout operation was shattered, and our country was launching a powerful political offensive to force the enemy to disarm and surrender. On the 17th, Zeng Zesheng, commander of the 60th Army of the KMT in the eastern district of the defending army, led an uprising. On the 19th, the KMT ’s new 7th Army officers and soldiers surrendered. Subsequently, Zheng Dongguo, the deputy commander-in-chief of the KMT Northeast "General Commander" and commander of the First Corps, led his troops to drop their weapons and surrender to the People's Liberation Army. At this point, Changchun declared liberation.

In the Montenegro and Dahushan obstruction battles, the first cavalry division experienced two fierce battles in the Hu's shack and Shimizukoko.

After I was wiped out by Jinzhou's defenders, Chiang Kai-shek miscalculated the situation and ordered Liao Yaoxiang's "Westward Marching Corps" to continue to attack Jinzhou in an attempt to attack the enemy north-south from the north and south, occupy Jinzhou, and open the channel for retreating to the customs.

The Central Military Commission and Mao Zedong made the correct decision and deployed a large-scale siege campaign in western Liaoning. The Northeast Field Army Headquarters accordingly ordered the tenth column and other units to resolutely block the Liao Yaoxiang Corps in the areas north of Heishan and Dahushan, and to move north from Jinzhou to gain time.

At 16:00 on October 17, Liao Yaoxiang's regiment invaded Xinlitun and continued its search in the direction of Montenegro. In order to resolutely drag down the enemy forces, and strive to annihilate the Liao Yaoxiang Corps in the movement, the Northeast Division commanded: the enemy advances to lead it forward, and the enemy stops to closely monitor it. At this time, the Inner Mongolia Cavalry First Division under the command of the Tenth Column, except that the three regiments had not yet returned to carry out the siege task outside Changchun, all the regiments of the First Regiment, the Second Regiment, and the Division were all engaged in combating the operations of the Liao Yaoxiang Corps.

In this task of blocking and ensuring the frontier security of the main position, the first division experienced two fierce battles-the Hujia shack battle and the Shimizu bubble war.

The Hujia shack position is a prominent part of my main position in defending Montenegro. It is located at the crossroads of the main traffic in western Liaoning. It is a must for the enemy to attack our frontline positions in Montenegro and Dahushan. The geographical location is very important. The First Division and the Second Regiment arrived at the Hu's shack on the night of the 21st and immediately built fortifications. On the afternoon of the 21st, it was found that more than 200 enemy cavalrymen were marching towards our position from the Sun's shack in a combat formation. After the enemy approached, a group suddenly launched a fierce fire at the enemy, and then carried on a horse assault and slashed. Chasing until dark, more than 100 people were attacked, wounded, and captured, giving the enemy a major blow. After the war, the enemy prisoners confessed: "We are afraid of the slash and slash of the Inner Mongolian cavalry." I did not have any casualties in this battle, and the results were outstanding, which greatly enhanced the confidence of the commanders in victory, and was rewarded by the Order of the Inner Mongolia Military Region.

At about 3 am on October 23, the prelude to the Montenegro blockade-the Hujia Shack Blockade-officially began. Under the cover of heavy artillery and aircraft, the enemy's 3rd Brigade of the 207th Division launched a fierce attack on the Hujia shack defense position of the Second Infantry Regiment of the Inner Mongolia Cavalry. The cavalry troops relied on simple fortifications, brave and courageous, and stubbornly resisted, and repelled the enemy's multiple charges with dense guns and grenades until white-bladed fighting. The head of a regiment still sustained his command when he was wounded. The two company commanders, Bu and Jiya, sustained serious injuries and could not lead the line of fire. They led the company to hold their positions until the last moment of their lives. In this way, the commanders of the Second Regiment clung to their positions and worked stubbornly for more than 7 hours. After completing the blocking task assigned by their superiors, they were ordered to withdraw from the position at noon and moved to the Dahushan area to continue their defense.

At 9:00 am on October 24th, with the support of intensive artillery fire and more than 10 planes, the enemy launched an attack on all ten vertical positions in Montenegro and Dahushan with a force of about 4 divisions. The Twelfth Division of the New Sixth Army of the enemy's elite troops advanced towards the flanks of Shimizu and Ziyang.

In order to combat the enemy ’s offensive arrogance, the leader of the first cavalry division made an immediate decision and ordered the two regiments and three companies to carry out a rapid and abnormal horse-riding charge on the left side of the enemy, forcing the 22nd Division of the New Sixth Army to shrink for a day and night Failed to move forward. This day and night earned precious time for my main force. Afterwards, it was learned that the enemy was panicked, and all the soldiers and soldiers were forced to cut down the trees, remove the door panels, launch the carts, and set up obstacles in front of their positions to prevent our cavalry troops from charging again.

That night, my main force was to rush to the front of Dahushan from Jinzhou. The 22nd Division took over the position of the 1st Cavalry Division. On the afternoon of the 25th, following the tenth vertical order, the 1st Cavalry Division was transferred to the Northwest High Force Plate, Sanjiazi area of Dahushan, and was replenished with weapons and ammunition to escort the wounded and prepare for the new task of chasing the enemy.

Inner Mongolian cavalry has made its due contribution to the liberation of the entire northeast

While Montenegro and Dahushan blocked the enemy, the main units of our main forces that captured Jinzhou, east, west, and east, day and night . The enemy Liao Yaoxiang Corps failed due to a frontal attack, and found that my main force was approaching from both sides, and then began to retreat toward Yingkou on the 25th. However, after being blocked by my second independent division and eight vertical columns, he turned around and broke into Shenyang. But at this time, the main forces of my various roads have arrived one after another, and the Liao Yaoxiang Corps has completely fallen into siege. After two days of fierce fighting on October 26 and 27, by the morning of 28, the Liao Yaoxiang Corps had been wiped out, and most of Liao and his senior army and division officers were captured.

At 12:00 on the 26th, the 1st Cavalry Division received orders to enter the seventeen households before and after the North-South Bridge, and then entered the Hou Dahu Mountain and the East Frontier to communicate with the ten verticals. When I learned that the Liao Yaoxiang Corps had been surrounded by me and was being annihilated, the first division was ordered to stand by. At 16:00 the next day, the first division was ordered to pass through Lijia Station to Huanghuadianzi to hunt down the enemy. Enemies in Dahushan, Heishan, Lijia, and Banlamen have been wiped out. Only the direction around the Yangyang River and Jiangtun is still fierce. On the vast battlefield that spans seven or eighty miles, there are troop stretchers along with the enemy, artillery, vehicles, heavy supplies abandoned by the enemy, and captives in groups. The first division then ordered the regiments to independently perform tasks on the 27th. A group entered the mouth of the Laodafang River to block the remaining enemies. At that time, about 1,000 enemies were crossing the river, and many people drowned. I seized a large number of weapons and ammunition. The division arrived at the North Sujia shack in Hudu, Mandu at noon on the 28th. On the 29th, the Headquarters of the Northeast Field Army ordered the columns to pursue the enemy in Shenyang, Yingkou, Haicheng, Liaoyang and other places. The division was scheduled to advance into Haicheng within 24 hours, but because the Liaohe Estuary had no bridges and no ferries, it delayed the river crossing time. On the 30th, the 1st Cavalry Division was ordered to eliminate all difficulties to cross the river, and marched to the Kalima Estuary of Liaozhong County, where the seven vertical and eight vertical rivers cross. They marched fast day and night and arrived in Teng'ao Fort, Haicheng County on November 3. .

After the liberation of Changchun, after the liberation of Changchun, the Northeast Field Army headquarters urgently ordered to advance to the north of Tieling to stop the enemy cavalry brigade from fleeing north in an effort to annihilate the enemy cavalry in the north of the Liaohe River. The leader of the second division immediately conveyed the mission and combat intention to the troops, and quickly searched and advanced to the north of Tieling. During the search operation, in addition to the night march of the 22nd Regiment of Cavalry, passing by Ajibaozi (northwest of Tieling, near the north bank of Liaohe River), it was found that the transport battalions of the 116th and 16th Divisions of the 53rd Army that were northward of Tieling and All enemies were wiped out in one fell swoop. No enemy cavalry was found. In order to prevent the enemy cavalry brigade from escaping the net, the second division decided to continue to organize search and raid activities in the area south of the Liaohe River. To this end, across the Liaohe River from the west of Tieling, the four cavalry regiments that belonged to them were deployed in a line and searched, but no enemy cavalry brigade was found. Finally, it was verified that the enemy cavalry brigade had already flowed to the western Liaoning area. The Second Division reported to the Northeast Field Army Headquarters. President Dong ordered the Second Division to march toward Shenyang quickly and participate in the battle to liberate Shenyang.

After receiving the mission, the second division marched towards Shenyang with a night march. After two nights of rapid march, at dawn on November 2nd, they reached Tawan and Beiling areas in the suburbs of Shenyang. At this time, in Shenyang City and the suburbs, except for the stubborn resistance of the KMT Youth Army's 207th Division in the Tiexi Industrial Zone, the fighting was basically over, and the city has returned to calm. In the afternoon of the same day, the Northeast Field Army eliminated the remnants of the Tiexi Industrial Zone and Shenyang was liberated.

The Liaoning-Shenzhen campaign lasted 52 days, annihilating and fighting for the uprising and surrendering more than 472,000 KMT troops. In the day and night of this great battle at home and abroad, under the command of the Northeast Field Army Headquarters, the Inner Mongolia Cavalry Division bravely and stubbornly completed the battle reconnaissance, long-range attack, sports defense, standing by the position, and pursuing fugitive enemies. This combat mission fully utilized the characteristics of the cavalry's rapid, mobile, flexible, brave, courageous, and courageous tradition, and made its due contribution to the liberation of the entire Northeast.

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