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Anecdotes of Nanyuan's Defence War: Japanese mines killed and injured in drills
Fun history2015-11-26 11:20:12

After the "September 18th Incident", in order to further strengthen the backbone of the army, at the end of 1936, Song Zheyuan hired Zhang Shouling as the head of education and established a military training group to train students in universities and middle schools. Song Zheyuan has been the head of the regiment. The military training regiment has two divisions, Xiyuan and Nanyuan. The school officially started in January 1937. His father Sun Lin (word Bo Jian, in his old age was named Shouren, Hulan, Heilongjiang. At this time he was a 29th Army officer teaching regiment instructor, major general) in the spring of 1936 from Nanjing to Beiping to join the 29th Army. At that time, the Twenty-ninth Army established an officer training regiment in Nanyuan to actively train cadres, deputy commander Yun Linge instructed the regiment leader, and his father served as an instructor instructor tactics instructor.

On July 7, 1937, the Anti-Japanese War broke out. Later, according to his father's recollection, in the early morning of that day, both his instructor and the student military training corps were operating in the big playground, and suddenly heard gunfire from the west, and the Japanese aircraft kept reconnaissance in the air. The twenty-ninth army unit of Nanyuan immediately went into preparation. On July 16, Song Zheyuan promulgated the "Zhanzi No. 1 Order" and deployed the officer's teaching team as the "Right District Team", with Xu Yizhi as the head of the regiment. Starting on the 17th, his father led officers to teach all members of the regiment and the two companies of the original special brigade to build fortifications in the area of Dahongmen, but on the 19th they received an order to demolish the fortifications. A large number of mines were planted during the military exercise by the deputy commander of the military commander of the Linqin Pavilion, because the situation changed so quickly that the mines had not been removed in time. Only the minefields were marked on the map, but they unexpectedly played an unexpected role in the future.

At this time, the garrison in Nanyuan consisted of a 37th Division, a member of the Ministry of Military Organs and officers led by Deputy Chief of the Army Corps, two regiments of the Special Agent Brigade Sun Yutian, and a cavalry regiment riding the Zheng Dazhang Division of the Ninth Division. There is also a military corps composed of warm-blooded students who joined the army after the "January 9th Movement" and who have not yet fired a gun. Due to the frequent deployment of Japanese troops in Pingjin, North China, on July 20, Deputy Chief of the Army Army ordered the excavation of trenches outside the Nanyuan military camp, and cleared the sorghum and corn blue yarn tents within 400 meters outside the camp. The regiment and the special agent brigade served as the front defense of Nanyuan, preventing the puppet army of the puppet Jidong Defense Communist Autonomous Government who invaded Nanhuang from Huangcun.

On the 27th, the Japanese army was preparing to attack Nanyuan. At that time, Song Zheyuan had realized that Nanyuan's defense was insufficient, and ordered the reserve team Zhao Dengyu to quickly settle in Nanyuan. Anxious to go to battle, when Zhao Dengyu arrived at Nanyuan, he brought only one regiment beside him, and the other two regiments of the one or two division encountered the Japanese army as soon as he arrived in the regiment. The Japanese army chose to start the attack at this moment.

After 4 am on the 28th, the Japanese army launched its first attack. At that time, Nanyuan was essentially a barracks, but the outer wall of the barracks was knocked down by the first batch of Japanese shells. The garrison positions were set in the trenches outside the courtyard walls. When the Japanese army rushed to the Nanyuan garrison, they stepped on those mines that had not been demolished, causing casualties. Although frustrated, the Japanese army still charged forward, and the soldiers in my army jumped out of the trenches and waged hand-to-hand combat with the enemy. Although some Japanese troops stormed into the Nanyuan barracks, because of the darkness, they fought each other without unified command. Xuanlinge led a military instructor regiment and a special agent brigade to fight back in time. In the white-blade battle, the veterans of the 29th Army specially trained the Japanese bayonet to break the sword . The melee combat was extremely powerful, including the Xuebing Regiment, who had a sharp knife and enemies to fight, successfully defeated the Japanese first attack. According to Japanese data, the 29th Army ’s fortifications are double-layered, and the second-line positions are slightly higher than the first-line positions, and the firepower equipment has almost no dead ends. Even if they were changed, they could not do better in fortifications than the 29th Army.

After the failure of the Japanese attack for the first time, at dawn on the 28th, Japanese planes came and bombed, and Nanyuan became a sea of fire in the sound of the bomb explosion. The garrison of the 29th Army, which has no air defense experience, suffered heavy losses and the communications system was completely destroyed. Around 8 o'clock, the Japanese army launched a second attack under the cover of fierce artillery fire. The Nanyuan defenders stubbornly resisted, but the attacking Japanese army quickly captured the frontline positions of the 29th Army, and the nephew was breached by the Japanese army in many places.

Song Zheyuan felt that the garrison was difficult to support and ordered Zhao Dengyu to withdraw from the army on the morning of the 28th. The content of this order, including Zhao's retreat route, was already betrayed to the Japanese army at the "fastest speed" by Pan Yugui, then a member of the Jicha Committee. Because the Nanyuan communication system was destroyed by the Japanese army, which caused the connection to be interrupted, they had to use the order to send orders. Each army received orders at different times, and then retreated to the city while fighting alone. At this time, because of the details of the 29th Army, the Japanese army had laid an ambush on the road to the retreat of Nanyuan on the road to Peiping. They placed machine guns in the fields and villages on both sides of the road, waiting for the Nanyuan guards to retreat.

At 4 pm, the retreating garrison in Nanyuan fell into the Japanese ambush circle in the area of Dahongmen. Due to lack of cover and no organization, both General Lin Pavilion and Zhao Dengyu were here. There were more than 7,000 Nanyuan garrisons, and the last 5,000 casualties, most of which were lost here. Father, they were also violently fired. He led some officers and men of the regiment to alternate cover and fight and retreat, and finally returned to Beiping with the stubble headed by Zheng Dazhang. Of the 1,700 students in the Xuebing Regiment, only 600 returned to live in Peiping. Not many students died on the land in Nanyuan.

On the night of the 28th, Song Zheyuan ordered the 29th Army to withdraw south. However, the traitor did not stop there. They provided a detailed blacklist for the Japanese army. When his father returned to Peiping with his disability and arrived home, it was about 7 pm. At that time, our family lived at No. 11 West Exit of Baimi Xie Street, Beiping. I remember that there was a big date tree in the courtyard. Since his father served as an instructor in the Twenty-nine Army, he has returned home once a week. However, since the " July 7 Incident ", he has been busy with military affairs and has not been home.

Early in the morning on the 30th, the local director of all consciences hurried to tell his father to evacuate Peiping, saying that the Japanese army was hunting him all over the city. The mother let his father go first. My father burned the documents related to the army and went to Qianmen Railway Station. He took the train to Tianjin with the help of an acquainted railway worker.

Four days later, the pregnant mother withdrew her three children to Tianjin. As soon as they got out of the alley, they saw the traitor taking the Japanese towards their home. Fortunately, the two rickshaws stopped at the entrance of the hutong, and the mother immediately pulled the children into the car. On the way, the mother was checked twice with the children. Fortunately, the prepared "certificates" were readily available, and she put a few more money into the hands of the "security team members" before they could pass safely. Due to excessive nervousness, the mother had a miscarriage as soon as she arrived in Tianjin.

After meeting in Tianjin, his father hurriedly arranged his family to live in the French Concession, and hurried to chase the troops. It was difficult for her mother to live with her family in Tianjin. Later, the family was able to maintain her family because of a monthly living allowance given to her by a surnamed Zhao . It wasn't until June or July 1938 that the mother learned that his father had been arranged by the National Government Military Commission Staff Headquarters to become an instructor at the Army University that had been relocated to Changsha.

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