在线一本码道高清

How many people know that Songhu Anti-Japanese War and Songhu Battle are the same war?
Fun history2016-04-09 15:00:24

In 1932, when the Shanghai-Shanghai War broke out, then General Cai Tingjun, the deputy commander of the 19th Army, spoke this roar from the hearts of the Chinese children.

Songhu Anti-Japanese War, also known as the "January 28th" Incident (January 28th to March 3rd, 1932), the Chinese army resisted the invasion of Shanghai by Japanese troops invading China. In order to commemorate this war, Shanghai still had one or two. Eight Memorial Road.

Songhu Battle (August 13, 1937-November 12, 1937), also known as the August 13 Songhu Battle, was also a battle by the Chinese army against the Japanese invaders and invaders in Shanghai. It was the Sino-Japanese war against Japan. The first large-scale battle in China was also the largest and most violent battle in the Sino-Japanese War.

On the evening of January 28, the Japanese Marine Corps suddenly launched an attack on the 19th Army of the Kuomintang in Zhabei under the pretext of the so-called "Japanese monk being beaten", and then attacked Jiangwan and Wusong. The 19th Army, led by Captain Cai Tingzhang and Chief Commander Jiang Guangzhang , stood up.

After the "January 28th" Incident, Wang Jingwei , President of the National Government Administration, and Chiang Kai-shek , Chairman of the Military Commission, and others used the "Red Army to launch the Battle of Ganzhou during the Incident" as an excuse, and formally established a policy of "there must be peace inside the country".

After the July 7th Incident , the Japanese Navy sought challenges in the Shanghai area. On August 9, 1937, Japanese Navy Lieutenant Oyama Yufu and two others drove into Shanghai Hongqiao Airport to provoke and were shot dead by the garrison security team. Based on this incident, the Japanese sent warships to cruise the Huangpu River and the Yangtze River estuary as an offensive threat.

In order to seize the initiative of the war, Zhang Zhizhong , commander-in-chief of the Ninth Army, was ordered to advance the 87th and 88th divisions to Shanghai, and was ordered to launch a siege to the Japanese Marine Corps Hongkou Base in Shanghai on August 13 in an attempt to drive the enemy into the sea . The August 13th Battle of Songhu started.

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The Songhu Battle lasted three months. Both China and Japan invested heavily in the army. The number of casualties was huge. This was the first large-scale confrontation on the battlefield since the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War. Chinese officers and men resisted the fierce artillery fire of the Japanese army and gave their lives to defend the country. They persisted until the beginning of November and crushed the Japanese army's delusion of "destroying China in March."

Although these two battles ended in our defeat, millions of Chinese children did not succumb to the obscene power of Japanese fascists, and contributed their most precious efforts to the final victory of the war of aggression and national independence. Life has written a strong stroke in Chinese history. Two wars, the same place, the same enemy, the same patriotism.

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