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Analysis of the historical background of the Battle of the Three Kingdoms
Interesting history2016-10-18 14:36:04

Although the violent Yellow Turban Uprising was suppressed in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, it severely cracked down on the rule of the landlord class in the Han Dynasty , causing the already rotten East Han regime to fall apart and survive . In the process of suppressing the Yellow Turban Uprising, the officials of the prefectures and counties in various regions monopolized the military and political power, and the landlords and powerful forces also organized "Ministry" (private armed) to occupy the site and form large and small separatist forces. They turned into a long-term struggle for power and mergers. The war caused a miserable scene in the Central Plains that "the bones are exposed in the wild and there are no chickens in thousands of miles."

搜狗截图16年10月18日1435_72.jpg

At that time, the separatist forces were mainly Yuan Shao of Hebei, Zhang Yang of Hanoi, Cao Cao of Yuyu, Lu Bu of Xuzhou, Yuan Shu of Yangzhou, Sun Ce of Jiangdong, Liubiao of Jingzhou, Gongsun of Youzhou, and Zhangxiu of Nanyang. As a result of the formation of a group of heroes, the two major groups, Yuan Shao and Cao Cao, have gradually grown in the years of these separate forces. [1] In 196 AD (the first year of Jian'an), Cao Cao welcomed the emperor and moved the capital to Xu County. From the beginning, he proclaimed the emperor to make the princes ("Four emperors enlist the Quartet"), and the power increased greatly. He defeated Lu Bu and Yuan Shu successively and occupied Luzhou and Xuzhou as well as some Yuzhou and Lili. In 199 AD (four years of Jian'an), Yuan Shao finally defeated Gongsun Yun. According to Youzhou, Jizhou, Qingzhou, and Bianzhou, he had all the land in Hebei, and he wanted to go south to compete for the world.

In this way, the two most important political and military groups in North China are inevitable. At first the situation was Yuan Qiang and Cao Wei. Yuan Shao has no worries about the future. He has a large population and can mobilize more than 100,000 troops. [2] Cao Cao was in the land of the Fourth War . In addition to Yuan Shao in the north, the generals in Guanzhong were still watching, Liu Biao and Zhang Xiu in the south refused to surrender, and Sun Ce in the southeast was eager to move. Liu Bei , who was temporarily attached, was also beautiful . Nonetheless, some people of insight at the time, including Cao Cao's concubine, Guo Jia , and Jia Fu under Zhang Xiu, and Liang Fu in Yangzhou, after a comprehensive analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of Cao and Yuan, thought Yuan Shao was forgiving and had no choice, they were all optimistic about Cao Cao, thinking that the situation would change in a direction favorable to Cao.

搜狗截图16年10月18日1435_73.jpg

In October 198 (three years of Jian'an), in October, Zhang Yang, the ward of Hanoi County, was killed by his subordinate Yang Chou when he wanted to rescue Lu Bu. Four years in Jian'an), Zhang Yang's former ministry killed Yang Chou and wanted Beitou Yuan Shao, Cao Cao's Shi Yan and Cao Ren broke through to gain Hanoi County, and expanded the sphere of influence to the north of the Yellow River [3]. In June, Yuan Shu died of illness. Zhang Xiu surrendered to Cao Cao in November [4]. Liu Biao sat and watched the success or failure [5], and Sun Ce was conservative Jiangdong. The situation became clearer.


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