Reason for victory
The battle of Guandu was a key battle between Yuan and Cao, which made the northern China from division to unification at that time. It had a very important impact on the development of the history of the three countries . Cao Jun's victory in this battle was not accidental. Although the war of annexation between Yuan Cao was a battle between feudal separatist forces, it achieved regional unification and objectively met the people's wishes.  The battle of Guandu was a famous battle in the end of Han Dynasty and even in Chinese history. After Guandu's First World War, Cao Cao finally reversed his previous disadvantages against Yuan Shao and laid the foundation for his unification of the North. Cao Cao was at a disadvantage at the beginning of the war, and all three of them depended on Cao Cao to reverse the predicament— 荀 彧 , 荀 荀 , Xu 攸 .
Participants from the two sides, 1. Cao Cao, Yu Liyang, and Yuan Shao held on to each other, and planned to return soldiers, and Yu Youxian devised a plan: "There are not enough soldiers in today's army, it's okay to split the situation. If you go to Yanjin, if you send the ferry to the latter, Shao Bixi responded, and then attacked the white horse with light soldiers, covering up his unpreparedness, and Yan Liang could capture it. "Cao Cao acted according to the plan, and it really broke Yuan Jun and beheaded Yan Liang. 2. Beginning in August of the first five years of Jian'an, the two armies once again stalemate in Guandu, and both sides have won and lost. Later, Cao Cao's lack of food coincided with the disagreement between Yuan Shao's strategist Xu You and the lieutenant general. Xu Youxian planned to burn Yuan Shao's rations, making Yuan Shao self-defeating without a fight. 3. Cao Cao had thought about giving up when he was at war and wrote to Xu Du's uncle. Cao Cao reminded Cao Cao: "When both sides of the war are exhausted, whoever retreats passively and who gives up who perishes. The fighter plane appears at this time." Finally, he helped Cao Cao to regain confidence and continue to persist. Cao Cao's ability to accept capable words and achieve ultimate victory is all about employing people. Xiu You and Xu You are both talented people who have provided strategies to help them avoid dangers. Xiu has a long-term strategic vision and can encourage and help Cao Cao to persist in fighting in critical times. This is a higher level of talent. From this perspective, the proper appointment of talents can be said to be "a count of thousands of enemies." As for Cao Cao, he is a talented person who knows how to use talents and is able to accept the words of others. Therefore, there is not much fear in Yuan Shaobing. As the so-called soldiers are not many, he cares whether they can be dispatched.
The battle of evaluation officials in the past is one of Mao Zedong's well-known examples of "the strengths and weaknesses of the two sides are different, and the weaker first makes a concession and then defeats the others" in Chinese history. The victory or defeat of the war depends on the political, military, and economic conditions of the two sides, but the most important thing is the military strength of the two sides. In the battle of Guandu, Cao Cao was obviously inferior to Yuan Shao, who had absolute advantages in both manpower and material resources. However, he defeated the crowd with a disadvantage, opposed the advantage, and finally won the victory . The way to win is worthy of future generations. Thoughtful. In this battle, Cao Cao chose good strategies, attacked and defended each other, repeatedly made surprise attacks, skillfully used fire and attack, and burned Yuan Jun's grain and grass. It played a significant role in achieving victory and concentratedly reflected Cao Cao's excellent military strategy and commanding ability. Famous battle examples.
On the other hand, Yuan Shao was internally discordant and proud of his enemies. He was stubborn in his own use, repeatedly rejected the correct suggestions of his subordinates, hesitated, and repeatedly lost opportunities. Eventually the forage was burned, the back road was copied, the army was shaken, the internal divisions were broken, and the whole army was defeated. For this war, famous officials and scholars of various ages also gave various evaluations: At the same time, Zhuge Liang mentioned in "Longzhong Dui": "Cao Cao is weaker than Yuan Shao compared to Yuan Shao. However, the operation can overcome Shao, and weak For the strong, not only the time, but also people seeking. "Liu Fang, Minister of Cao Wei, commented:" With the strength of the second Yuan, the Huainan ice disappeared, and the war was defeated by the government; The general situation can be seen. "Cao Wei literati Miao Xi once wrote" Kuandudu ", saying that Cao Gong and Yuan Shao fought, breaking it in Guandu. Said: "Ke Shao Guandu, by a white horse. Zombie bleeds, was wilderness. The thieves are like dogs and sheep, the king is still widowed. Sandy beaches, the wind is flying. The battle is not good, the soldiers are injured. Today is victory, what to look for! .Zhou wins the victory, Zhenji Fang. Tucheng breaks the city, Shenwu Suizhang. "
Western Qin Gaozu begged Gangui once said to his generals: " Xiao Cao Meng De took Yuan Benchu in Guandu, Lu Boyan destroyed Liu Xuande and Bai Di, and all were selected by power." The Northern Wei Dynasty Minister Lu Yuan commented: "Xi Wei Wuwu Yuan Shao was defeated by 10,000, and Xuan Xuan destroyed Qin by three thousand infantry. The change of victory and defeat depends on the need to be out of control and not in the public. " Song Confucian fan Jun believes that the battle of Guandu was won by oddity." Cao Cao and Yuan Shaoxiang held the official for more than a hundred days, and was disciplined and rebellious. Therefore, although the army was not outnumbered and not overwhelmed, it was strange that the soldiers won. Shao Chunchun and other soldiers, such as Jun Qiong, welcomed the grain movement in the north. Since the night, attacked Qiong, etc., it was learned that Cao Cao used it strangely. " Qing Dynasty scholar Zhao Yi commented:" The battle of Guandu, more than 100,000 Yuan Shaobing, Cao Caobing only one tenth, broke it. "The historian of the Republic of China Lu Simian commented:" Chun Yuqiong and others broke down and Zhang Jian returned. According to the " Three Kingdoms ", Yuan Shao's soldiers greatly contributed to this. This is probably because Yuan Shao's soldiers have been stationed for a long time. very peaceful, Suizhi a defeat of control. Chunyu Qiong Cao Cao attack, of course, there is courage, just solitary note Throw move, its capability, or in the fall lasting stick, can frustrate appear on Yuan Jun momentum. The success or failure of the military, of course, depends on the last five minutes, but also to be able to support the final five minutes, winning only qualification of miles. "
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