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Background of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895
Interesting history2016-10-19 16:01:54

The Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War was a war fought by China in the late nineteenth century in order to resist Japanese aggression. Because the war broke out in 1894, the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War in the Western countries during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894. The leaders and commanders of China ’s Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 include Li Hongzhang and Ding Ruchang .

Li Hongzhang stills


Li Hongzhang stills

Starting from the Toshima naval battle that broke out in 1894, the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894 broke out. As the leader of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War, Ding Ruchang fought fiercely during the Anti-Japanese War, leading the soldiers to resist stubbornly the Japanese invasion. Although in the Yellow Sea battle, Ding Ruchang issued an order to meet the enemy in a "sandwich fish formation", trying to give the enemy a fierce blow. However, because the situation was urgent and the time was short, the Beiyang Fleet did not have enough time to form the expected formation. These directly led to the Qing Army's fleet in the battle has been in a state of headless and passive situation. During the battle of the Yellow Sea, the Beiyang Fleet lost five warships, while the Japanese did not lose one. As the leader of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, Ding Ruchang was responsible for the severe losses suffered by the Beiyang Fleet during the naval battle.

As another of the leaders of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War, Li Hongzhang did not directly participate in the command of the naval battle. Instead, as a representative of the Qing government, he signed the " Mamaguan Treaty " with the Japanese army after the defeat. In this treaty, China ceded Taiwan and its affiliated islands and the Liaodong Peninsula to Japan and compensated 200 million silver. As a diplomat of the Qing government, Li Hongzhang devoted himself to diplomatic abilities throughout his life. However, most of the treaties signed by him were unfair treaties against China, which undoubtedly became the biggest irony.

Background of the Sino-Japanese War

The outbreak of any war in the world has its specific historical background. In the recent history of the world, what is the background of the large-scale naval war between China and Japan, and what is the difference between the Chinese and Japanese sides around the background of the Sino-Japanese War, and why is there such a difference? From the background of the Sino-Japanese War, Is it possible to deduce the end of the Sino-Japanese War?

Sino-Japanese War


Sino-Japanese War

To understand the background of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, it is necessary to clarify the specific conditions of the three parties before the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895.

First of all, from the perspective of China, before the Sino-Japanese War, China was at the end of the Qing Dynasty, and it had been reduced from a feudal society to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, and the degree of colonization was constantly increasing. After the Opium War, the Qing Dynasty, the Westernization Movement , the purchase of warships and enhanced training, but the ruler's thinking has not been fundamentally reversed, and they still hope that the war will not occur, or that the great powers will mediate the war.

Secondly, from the perspective of Japan, Japan ’s social development requires its transformation from a capitalist society to an imperialist society. As a result, internal contradictions are extremely prominent and the funding for reform is seriously insufficient. Considering these factors, Japan has focused its attention on China. He has formulated a series of policies to invade China. To this end, Japan has begun to attach importance to the enhancement of military strength, hoping to win in one fell swoop against China.

Finally, from the perspective of the world's major powers, other countries are mostly on the sidelines of the war between China and Japan. The British, American, and German powers even hope to gain part of their benefits through Japanese aggression against China.

The different backgrounds of the two sides in the war have long been doomed to the end of this war, and China cannot escape the fate of failure.

Ding Ruchang in the Sino-Japanese War

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 Ding Ruchang was involuntarily reminiscent of Ding Ruchang's heroic resistance to the enemy during the Sino-Japanese War. Ding Ruchang was originally a general of the Huai Army, but later retired due to dissatisfaction with the court. During his retreat, he was constantly thinking about where he should go in the future. Li Hongzhang was the Governor at this time, so he decided to turn to Li Hongzhang.

Ding Ruchang portrait


Ding Ruchang portrait

Li Hongzhang also liked Ding Ruchang's ability. When Ding Ruchang was sent to defend the frontier in the northwest, Li Hongzhang lied about Ding Ruchang's illness and couldn't go to keep Ding Ruchang. Later, Li Hongzhang identified Ding Ruchang as the general of the Beiyang Sea Division. When the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War really began, Li Hongzhang ordered Ding Ruchang to escort troops to Toshima to resist the Japanese army, and launched the Yellow Sea war in the Yellow Sea. In the struggle, Ding Ruchang was also seriously injured. The Beiyang Marine Division was already scarred. Li Hongzhang believed that this had a lot to do with Ding Ruchang's mistakes, so he announced that Ding Ruchang was dismissed.

With the continuous development and expansion of the Beiyang Marine Division, Li Hongzhang continued to command Ding Ruchang to command in the Marine Division. During the Weihaiwei War, Ding Ruchang led Deng Shichang and others to fight again. This time their military strength was more advanced than before. The Japanese also I saw the majesty of the sailor. When the sailor clashed with the Japanese people, under the restraint of Ding Ruchang, no new fighting occurred. Later, Japan acknowledged the mistake and paid economic compensation to China. This also shows how powerful the sailor led by Ding Ruchang at that time. Ding Ruchang became a legend during the Sino-Japanese War.

Ding Ruchang became a historical highlight in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. Although Ding Ruchang had some shortcomings in this process, his credit was greater than his defects, and his role in the Sino-Japanese War cannot be ignored. Ding Ruchang was a national hero at the time.

Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War

Many wars have occurred in the modern history of China. Most of these wars were dominated by the invasion of China by major powers. Each war left the Chinese nation severely hurt, and every post-war brought large-scale injuries. As the prelude to the Second World War, the Sino-Japanese War was a scar in the hearts of all Chinese people. So what happened to the Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War, and what was the situation in the Chinese army? Why did the Japanese casualties and Chinese troops in the Sino-Japanese War be so huge What is the difference between the Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese military casualties? Can you draw some conclusions?

Sino-Japanese War


Sino-Japanese War

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was a war of Japanese aggression against China. The final result of this battle ended with the substantial victory of the Japanese army. So what were the casualties of the two sides after the battle?

From the perspective of the Japanese army, in this nearly nine-month war, the Japanese army invested about 240,000 people, of which the number of deaths and injuries reached about 130,000, but the actual number of deaths was only 11,000. About a hundred person-times, it can be said that although the Japanese were seriously injured, the amount of troop loss was not too great.

From the perspective of the Chinese army, during the Sino-Japanese War, due to the weakness and incompetence of the Qing government, they looked around and caused the loss of Chinese military forces and weapons. The Chinese army invested about 630,000 troops in this battle. After the battle, According to statistics, the number of deaths was as high as about 310,000, which almost damaged half of the troop strength.

The reason why the Japanese and Chinese troops have such a large difference in casualties is mainly due to the following two reasons.

First, the Japanese side has no worries and devoted all its efforts to fighting, while China has not fully demonstrated its internship but has placed its hopes on international mediation;

Second, before the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese side invested a lot of money in the construction of military forces, so the overall quality of the Japanese army was higher than that of the Chinese army.

Deng Shichang in the Sino-Japanese War

In the history of China being reduced to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, the Chinese people have also fought countless times, of which the Sino-Japanese War was one of the most famous. Speaking of the Sino-Japanese War, we must say that Deng Shichang, a patriotic hero who died in the war, once led the generals to fight fiercely with the Japanese army. Although he died unfortunately, he stayed in history because of his noble integrity. The Sino-Japanese War of Deng Shichang was admired as a patriotic label.

Deng Shichang Photos


Deng Shichang Photos

Deng Shichang was a famous naval general in the late Qing Dynasty . He was an authentic Cantonese and led the Beiyang Fleet to make a lot of contributions. Since China suffered the Opium War in 1840 and has become a British colony, both Korean and Chinese officials and the peasant class have fought a series of struggles, but all ended in failure. Seeing the status quo in China, Deng Shichang was distressed. It was not until the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War that broke out in 1894. Under the authorization of the monarch, Deng Shichang led his Beiyang Fleet to confront the Japanese army. Only then did the glory of the subsequent Sino-Japanese War of 1894 Tag of.

In the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, as a patriotic general, Deng Shichang fought with the belief of "existing with the motherland," and he did. Under the circumstances that both the equipment and the military strength were backward, Deng Shichang faced the Japanese army without any fear. In a Yellow Sea battle, due to Japanese raids, the Chinese army fought without preparation. Deng Shichang decided to let go. Although the ending was sad, Deng Shichang used his life to explain the patriotic integrity of a soldier. The Jiawu War Deng Shichang was also recorded in the history books and became the object of praise.

What are the signs of the Sino-Japanese War?

The signs of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 are divided into two types: the start sign and the end sign. The beginning of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was the Battle of Toshima. Prior to this, Japan had a clear plan. Because Japan was in a period of rapid development, Japan was preparing to expand to the outside world. Because North Korea and China were closest to Japan, Japan silently Plan how to start the Sino-Japanese War.

Sino-Japanese War portrait


Sino-Japanese War portrait

During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, the Minister of the Qing Dynasty Li Hongzhang created a team of Beiyang sailors to protect the security of the coast. Taiwan has been attacked many times by Japan, and coastal issues have to be taken seriously. Even so, Japan still began its offensive from the northeast coastal areas of China. Li Hongzhang led the Beiyang Marine Division to resist vigorously and launched a fierce struggle in the waters of Toshima. This also opened the prelude to the Sino-Japanese War and became a symbol of the Sino-Japanese War. The sign of the end of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War was even more eye-catching. China and Japan signed an unequal treaty in Maguan. China paid a large amount of gold and silver jewelry. At the same time, China further lost its national sovereignty and other countries ’invasion of China began. From importing goods to importing capital, Japan and other capitalist countries have continued to invest and build factories in China, and China ’s national capitalism has struggled under such circumstances.

Chinese nationals will never forget the sign of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, which is the history of humiliation in China. In the history teaching of Chinese middle schools, the sign of Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 will be emphasized, because the Chinese must keep in mind the history in order to keep moving forward. Especially for young people, only by keeping history in mind can they stir up their inner anger and work hard for the motherland's strength and make history the history after all, so as not to repeat the same mistakes.


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